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Journal Articles

First observation of $$^{28}$$O

Kondo, Yosuke*; Achouri, N. L.*; Al Falou, H.*; Atar, L.*; Aumann, T.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Boretzky, K.*; Caesar, C.*; Calvet, D.*; Chae, H.*; et al.

Nature, 620(7976), p.965 - 970, 2023/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Intruder configurations in $$^{29}$$Ne at the transition into the island of inversion; Detailed structure study of $$^{28}$$Ne

Wang, H.*; Yasuda, Masahiro*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Poves, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Yoshida, Kazuki; et al.

Physics Letters B, 843, p.138038_1 - 138038_9, 2023/08

Detailed $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of the exotic neon isotope $$^{28}$$Ne has been performed using the one-neutron removal reaction from $$^{29}$$Ne. Based on an analysis of parallel momentum distributions, a level scheme with spin-parity assignments has been constructed for $$^{28}$$Ne and the negative-parity states are identified for the first time. The measured partial cross sections and momentum distributions reveal a significant intruder p-wave strength providing evidence of the breakdown of the N = 20 and N = 28 shell gaps. Only a weak, possible f-wave strength was observed to bound final states. Large-scale shell-model calculations with different effective interactions do not reproduce the large p-wave and small f-wave strength observed experimentally, indicating an ongoing challenge for a complete theoretical description of the transition into the island of inversion along the Ne isotopic chain.

Journal Articles

Influence of carbon concentration and magnetic transition on the austenite lattice parameter of 30Mn-C steel

Tomota, Yo*; Murakami, Toshio*; Wang, Y. X.*; Omura, Takahito*; Harjo, S.; Su, Y. H.; Shinohara, Takenao

Materials Characterization, 163, p.110243_1 - 110243_8, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:35.74(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Study on the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste generated from the dismantling of research reactors

Murakami, Masashi; Hoshino, Yuzuru; Nakatani, Takayoshi; Sugaya, Toshikatsu; Fukumura, Nobuo*; Sanda, Toshio*; Sakai, Akihiro

JAEA-Technology 2019-003, 50 Pages, 2019/06


Toward the establishment of a common approach to determine the radioactivity concentrations in dismantling wastes arising from research reactors, radionuclide concentrations in the reactor structure materials of aluminum, carbon steel, shield concrete, and graphite of TRIGA Mark II reactor at Rikkyo University, Japan, were evaluated with both radiochemical analysis and theoretical calculation. The measured nuclides by the radiochemical analysis were $$^{3}$$H, $$^{60}$$Co, and $$^{63}$$Ni in aluminum, $$^{3}$$H, $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{63}$$Ni, and $$^{152}$$Eu in carbon steel, $$^{3}$$H, $$^{60}$$Co, and $$^{152}$$Eu in shield concrete, and $$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{63}$$Ni, and $$^{152}$$Eu in graphite. Neutron-flux distributions and neutron-induced activities were computed with DORT and ORIGEN-ARP codes, respectively. Using the results of material composition analysis, radioactivity concentrations were conservatively predicted with good accuracy except for graphite material.

Journal Articles

Hydrological and climate changes in southeast Siberia over the last 33 kyr

Katsuta, Nagayoshi*; Ikeda, Hisashi*; Shibata, Kenji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Takuma*; Tani, Yukinori*; Takano, Masao*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Tanaka, Atsushi*; Naito, Sayuri*; et al.

Global and Planetary Change, 164, p.11 - 26, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:42.24(Geography, Physical)

Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate changes in Siberia were reconstructed by continuous, high-resolution records of chemical compositions from a sediment core retrieved from the Buguldeika Saddle, Lake Baikal, dating back to the last 33 cal. ka BP. The Holocene climate followed by a shift at ca. 6.5 cal. ka BP toward warm and dry, suggesting that the climate system transition from the glacial to interglacial state occurred. In the last glacial period, the deposition of carbonate mud from the Primorsky Range was associated with Heinrich events (H3 and H1) and the Selenga River inflow was caused by meltwater of mountain glaciers in the Khamar-Daban Range. The anoxic bottom-water during Allerod-Younger Dryas was probably a result of weakened ventilation associated with reduced Selenga River inflow and microbial decomposition of organic matters from the Primorsky Range. The rapid decline in precipitation during the early Holocene may have been a response to the 8.2 ka cooling event.

Journal Articles

Magnetic phase diagrams of YVO$$_{3}$$ and TbVO$$_{3}$$ under high pressure

Bizen, Daisuke*; Nakao, Hironori*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Fujioka, Jun*; Yasue, Toshio*; Miyasaka, Shigeki*; Tokura, Yoshinori*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(2), p.024715_1 - 024715_6, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.15(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic phase diagrams for $$R$$VO$$_{3}$$ ($$R$$ = Y, Tb) were determined by low temperature and high pressure neutron-diffraction techniques. We found that the magnetic ground state in TbVO$$_{3}$$ changes from ${it C}$-type spin ordering (${it C}$-SO) to ${it G}$-type spin ordering (${it G}$-SO) on application of pressure. The transition of the magnetic ground state also indicates that the ground state of the orbital ordering changes from ${it G}$-type orbital ordering (${it G}$-OO) to ${it C}$-type orbital ordering (${it C}$-OO). In YVO$$_{3}$$, the ${it G}$-SO and ${it C}$-OO phases set in simultaneously up to 6.2 GPa, and the disorder-[${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO] phase transition appears above 6 GPa. This is the first observation of a simultaneous spin and orbital order-disorder phase transition in perovskite-type transition-metal oxides $$R$$MO$$_{3}$$. The [${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO] phase is strongly stabilized with increasing pressure, and both the covalency effect and the superexchange interaction play roles in this stabilization.

Journal Articles

Charge collection properties of 6H-SiC diodes by wide variety of charged particles up to several hundreds MeV

Onoda, Shinobu; Iwamoto, Naoya; Murakami, Makoto; Oshima, Takeshi; Hirao, Toshio; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Kawano, Katsuyasu*; Nakano, Itsuo*

Materials Science Forum, 615-617, p.861 - 864, 2009/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06


The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

JAEA Reports

Physics design of advanced steady-state tokamak reactor A-SSTR 2

Nishio, Satoshi; Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Ueda, Shuzo; Polevoi, A.*; Kurita, Genichi; Tobita, Kenji; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Hu, G.; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Murakami, Yoshiki*; et al.

JAERI-Research 2000-029, 105 Pages, 2000/10


no abstracts in English

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