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Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conductor design of CS and EF coils for JT-60SA

Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Edaya, Masahiro; Ichige, Toshikatsu*; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; della Corte, A.*; Di Zenobio, A.*; Muzzi, L.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), p.212 - 215, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:66.49(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The maximum magnetic field and maximum current of CS and EF coils is 9 T, 20 kA and 6.2 T, 21 kA, respectively. The conductor for CS is Nb$$_{3}$$Sn CIC conductor with JK2LB conduit. On the other hand, EF coil conductors are NbTi CIC conductor with SS316LN conduit. In order to reduce the pressure drop and to raise the temperature margin against large AC loss and nuclear heating, central spiral is introduced inside cable. The Tcs margin and stability analyses of the CS and EF coils are performed by using the one-dimensional fluid analysis code with transient heat loads. These coils have enough high Tcs and stability margin against the operational scenario.

Journal Articles

JT-60SA toroidal field magnet system

Pizzuto, A.*; Semeraro, L.*; Zani, L.*; Bayetti, P.*; Cucchiaro, A.*; Decool, P.*; della Corte, A.*; Di Zenobio, A.*; Dolgetta, N.*; Duchateau, J. L.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), p.505 - 508, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:64.99(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The Broader Approach agreement between Europe and Japan includes the construction of a fully superconducting tokamak, the JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA), as a satellite experiment to ITER. Toroidal field (TF) magnet which consists of 18 D-shaped coils will be provided to Japan by EU. TF coil main constituents are conductor, winding pack, joints, casing and current leads. The design criteria about conductor and structure were discussed between JA and EU adopted to fulfill the machine requirements. The results of the analyses performed by EU and JA to define and assess the TF magnet system conceptual design, are reported and commented.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA

Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; della Corte, A.*; Muzzi, L.*; Turt$`u$, S.*; Di Zenobio, A.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), p.441 - 446, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:71.68(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The upgrade of JT-60U magnet system to superconducting coils (JT-60SA) has been decided by both parties of Japan and EU in the framework of the Broader Approach agreement. The magnet system for JT-60SA consists of 18 toroidal field (TF) coils, a central solenoid (CS) with four modules, seven equilibrium field (EF) coils. TF case encloses the winding pack and is the main structural component. CS consists of four winding pack modules with its pre-load structure. Seven EF coils are attached to the TF coil cases through supports which include flexible plates. Since CS modules are operated at high magnetic field, Nb$$_{3}$$Sn superconductor is used. While NbTi superconductor is used in TF coils and EF coils. The magnet system has large heat load from nuclear heating by DD fusion and large AC loss from control actions. This paper descries the technical requirements, the operational interface and the conceptual design of the superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA.

Journal Articles

A New design for JT-60SA Toroidal field coils conductor and joints

Zani, L.*; Pizzuto, A.*; Semeraro, L.*; Ciazynski, D.*; Cucchiaro, A.*; Decool, P.*; della Corte, A.*; Di Zenobio, A.*; Dolgetta, N.*; Duchateau, J. L.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), p.216 - 219, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.09(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The upgrade of JT-60U to JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA), a fully superconducting tokamak, will be performed in the framework of the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Europe (EU) and Japan. In particular, the Toroidal Field (TF) system, which includes 18 coils, is foreseen to be procured by France, Italy and Germany. This work covers activities from design and manufacturing to shipping to Japan. The present paper is mainly devoted to the analyses that lead to the conductor design and to the technical specifications of the joints for the JT-60SA TF coils. The conductor geometry is described, which is derived from Cable-In-Conduit concept and adapted to the actual JT-60SA tokamak operating conditions, principally the ITER-like scenario. The reported simulations and calculations are particularly dealing with the stability analysis and the power deposition during normal and off-normal conditions (AC losses, nuclear heating). The final conductor solution was selected through a trade-off between scientific approach and industrial technical orientation. Besides, the TF system connections layout is shown, derived from the industrially assessed twin-box concept, together with the associated thermo-hydraulic calculations ensuring a proper temperature margin.

Journal Articles

Predictive analysis of the ITER poloidal field conductor insert (PFCI) test program

Zanino, R.*; Astrov, M.*; Bagnasco, M.*; Baker, W.*; Bellina, F.*; Ciazynski, D.*; Egorov, S. A.*; Kim, K.*; Kvitkovic, J. L.*; Lacroix, B.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 17(2), p.1353 - 1357, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:30.54(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The PFCI will be tested at JAEA Naka, inside the bore of the ITER Central Solenoid Model Coil. The main test program are the DC characterization of the conductor, the measurement of AC losses in conductor, the hydraulic characterization, the stability and the quench propagation, and the effects of cycling electromagnetic load. Based on and in support of this test program, an extensive campaign of predictive analysis has been initiated on a subset of the above-mentioned test program items and the results of the comparison of selected predictions from different laboratories will be presented and discussed. A sudden quench at 5.7-6.2 K and 45 kA is predicted. The computed temperature increase at the winding outlet is about 0.5 K for the pulse. These results will be compared with the experiment and used for an accurate prediction of the PF coil performance.

Journal Articles

Implications of NbTi short-sample test results and analysis for the ITER Poloidal Field Conductor Insert (PFCI)

Zanino, R.*; Bagnasco, M.*; Baker, W.*; Bellina, F.*; Bruzzone, P.*; della Corte, A.*; Ilyin, Y.*; Martovetsky, N.*; Mitchell, N.*; Muzzi, L.*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 16(2), p.886 - 889, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:42.11(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

As the test of the PFCI is foreseen at JAERI Naka, Japan, it is essential to consider in detail the lessons learned from the short NbTi sample tests, as well as the issues left open after them, in order to develop a suitable test program of the PFCI aimed at bridging the extrapolation gap between measured strand and future PF coil performance. Here we consider in particular the following issues: (1) the actual possibility to quench the PFCI conductor in the TCS tests before quenching the intermediate joint, (2) the question of the so-called sudden or premature quench, based on SULTAN sample results, applying a recently developed multi-solid and multi-channel extension of the Mithrandir code to a short sample analysis; (3) the feasibility of the AC losses calorimetry in the PFCI. These results show that Tcs measurement and the calorimetric measurement of AC losses will be carried out successfully. However, we need further analytic works for the problem of the sudden quench.

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