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Journal Articles

Raman investigation of the CLADS-MADE-02 test debris to confirm the mechanism of the volatile and non-volatile boron compounds formation

Pshenichnikov, A.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of TopFuel 2021 (Internet), 12 Pages, 2021/10

Journal Articles

A BWR control blade degradation observed in situ during a CLADS-MADE-02 test under Fukushima Dai-Ichi Unit 3 postulated conditions

Pshenichnikov, A.; Kurata, Masaki; Nagae, Yuji

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(9), p.1025 - 1037, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Features of a BWR neutron absorber melt relocation in an oxidative environment during the CLADS-MADE-02 test

Pshenichnikov, A.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08

Journal Articles

Comparison of the observed Fukushima Dai-ichi Unit 2 debris with simulated debris from the CLADS-MADE-01 control blade degradation test

Pshenichnikov, A.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.416 - 425, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Visualization of the boron distribution in core material melting and relocation specimen by neutron energy resolving method

Abe, Yuta; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oishi, Yuji*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Nagae, Yuji; Sato, Ikken

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Abe, Yuta; Oishi, Yuji*; Kai, Tetsuya; Toh, Yosuke; Segawa, Mariko; Maeda, Makoto; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Masahide; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

In the decommissioning of the Fukushima-Daiichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant, it is essential to understand characteristics of the melted core materials. The estimation of boride in the real debris is of great importance to develop safe debris removal plans. Hence, it is required to investigate the amount of boron in the melted core materials with nondestructive methods. Prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) is one of the useful techniques to determine the amount of borides by means of the 478 keV prompt gamma-ray from neutron absorption reaction of boron. Moreover, it is well known that the width of the 478 keV gamma-ray peak is typically broadened due to the Doppler effect. The degree of the broadening is affected by coexisting materials, and can be recognized by the width of the prompt gamma-ray peak. As a feasibility study, the prompt gamma-ray from boride samples were measured using the ANNRI, NOBORU, and RADEN beamlines at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC).

Journal Articles

Development of three-dimensional distribution visualization technology for boron using energy resolved neutron-imaging system (RADEN)

Abe, Yuta; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oishi, Yuji*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Nagae, Yuji; Sato, Ikken

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

Journal Articles

On the degradation progression of a BWR control blade under high-temperature steam-starved conditions

Pshenichnikov, A.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00503_1 - 19-00503_10, 2020/06

Journal Articles

Segregation behavior of Fe and Gd in molten corium during solidification progress

Sudo, Ayako; Meszaros, B.*; Poznyak, I.*; Sato, Takumi; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 533, p.152093_1 - 152093_8, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

New research programme of JAEA/CLADS to reduce the knowledge gaps revealed after an accident at Fukushima-1; Introduction of boiling water reactor mock-up assembly degradation test programme

Pshenichnikov, A.; Kurata, Masaki; Bottomley, D.; Sato, Ikken; Nagae, Yuji; Yamazaki, Saishun

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.370 - 379, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:71.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Raman characterization of the simulated control blade debris to understand the boric compounds transformations during severe accidents

Pshenichnikov, A.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(2), p.19-00477_1 - 19-00477_8, 2020/04

Journal Articles

Oxidation kinetics of silicon carbide in steam at temperature range of 1400 to 1800$$^{circ}$$C studied by laser heating

Pham, V. H.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki; Bottomley, D.; Furumoto, Kenichiro*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 529, p.151939_1 - 151939_8, 2020/02

AA2019-0197.pdf:1.61MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:62.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Oxidation of silicon carbide in steam studied by laser heating

Pham, V. H.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki; Furumoto, Kenichiro*; Sato, Hisaki*; Ishibashi, Ryo*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.670 - 674, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Fundamental study on segregation behavior in U-Zr-Fe-O system during solidification process

Sudo, Ayako; Mizusako, Fumiki*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sato, Takumi; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 18(3), p.111 - 118, 2019/08

Cooling rate of molten core materials during solidification significantly affects the segregation of major constituents of fuel debris. To understand general tendency of the segregation, liquefaction/solidification tests of simulated corium (UO$$_{2}$$, ZrO$$_{2}$$, FeO, B$$_{4}$$C and sim-FP oxides) were performed. Simulated corium was heated up to 2600$$^{circ}$$C under Ar atmosphere and then cooled down with two different cooling processes; furnace cooling (average cooling rate is approximately 744$$^{circ}$$C/min) and slow cooling (cooling rate in 2600$$^{circ}$$C$$sim$$2300$$^{circ}$$C is 5$$^{circ}$$C/min and in 2300$$^{circ}$$C$$sim$$1120$$^{circ}$$C is approximately 788$$^{circ}$$C/min). Element analysis detected three oxide phases with different composition and one metal phase in both solidified samples. Solubility of FeO in these oxide phases was mostly fixed to be 12$$pm$$5at% in both samples, which is in reasonable accordance with the value estimated from UO$$_{2}$$-ZrO$$_{2}$$-FeO phase diagrams. However, a significant grain-growth of one oxide phase, rich in Zr-oxide, was detected only in the slowly cooled sample. The composition of this particular oxide phase is comparable to the initial average composition. The condensation is considered to be caused by the connection of remaining liquid agglomerates during slow solidification.

Journal Articles

Characterization of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Unit 2 sediments / debris based on the on-site video investigations in comparison to the debris obtained after integral CLADS-MADE-01 test

Pshenichnikov, A.; Kurata, Masaki; Nagae, Yuji

Dai-24-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Features of a control blade degradation observed ${it in situ}$ during severe accidents in boiling water reactors

Pshenichnikov, A.; Yamazaki, Saishun; Bottomley, D.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(5), p.440 - 453, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:85.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Heterogeneity of BWR control blade degradation under steam-starved conditions

Pshenichnikov, A.; Yamazaki, Saishun; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

The Behaviour of materials in case of solidified absorber melt - oxidized BWR channel box interaction revealed after CLADS-MADE-01 test

Pshenichnikov, A.; Kurata, Masaki; Nagae, Yuji; Yamazaki, Saishun

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

High-temperature interaction between zirconium and UO$$_2$$

Shirasu, Noriko; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

High temperature interaction tests between UO$$_{2}$$ and Zr were performed at around 2173 K, to make clear the UO$$_{2}$$/ $$alpha$$-Zr(O) interaction and the mechanism of degradation, for developing the improved models for advanced severe accident analysis codes. A Zr plate was inserted in a UO$$_{2}$$ crucible, and heat treated at 2173 K in stream of Ar. After the heat-treatment, the samples were subjected to surface microanalysis. The middle region of Zr sample shows streak-like structures which are extended towered the top. It is confirmed that the streak-like structures were mainly consist of U from the EDX results, and the structures revealed that the U-rich phase was liquid during the heat-treatment. It seems that the U-rich liquid grew selectively toward the area where the oxygen concentration was low.

Journal Articles

Validation and verification for the melting and eutectic models in JUPITER code

Chai, P.; Yamashita, Susumu; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of 9th Conference on Severe Accident Research (ERMSAR 2019) (Internet), 14 Pages, 2019/03

In order to obtain a precise understanding of molten material behavior inside RPV and to improve the accuracy of the SA code, a new computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code with multi-phase, multi-physics models, which is called JUPITER, was developed. It optimized the algorithms of the multi-phase calculation. Besides, the chemical reactions are also modeled carefully in the code so that the melting process could be treated precisely. A series of verification and validation studies are conducted, which show good agreement with analytical solutions and previous experiments. The capabilities of the multi-physics models in JUPITER code provide us another useful tool to investigate the molten material behaviors in the relevant severe accident scenario.

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