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Journal Articles

Verification of a probabilistic fracture mechanics code PASCAL4 for reactor pressure vessels

Lu, K.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Miyamoto, Yuhei*; Hirota, Takatoshi*; Itabashi, Yu*; Nagai, Masaki*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Verification of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL

Li, Y.; Katsumata, Genshichiro*; Masaki, Koichi*; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Itabashi, Yu*; Nagai, Masaki*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/07

In Japan, a PFM analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to evaluate the through-wall cracking frequencies of Japanese reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and pressurized thermal shock transients. In this study, as a part of the verification activities, a working group was established in Japan, with seven organizations from industry, universities and institutes voluntarily participating as members. The source program of PASCAL was released to the members of the working group. Through one year activities, the applicability of PASCAL for structural integrity assessments of domestic RPVs was confirmed with great confidence. This paper presents the details of the verification activities of the working group including the verification plan, approaches and results.

JAEA Reports

Activities of working group on verification of PASCAL; Fiscal year 2015

Li, Y.; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Itabashi, Yu*; Nagai, Masaki*; Kanto, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Masahide*; Masaki, Koichi*

JAEA-Review 2017-005, 80 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-005.pdf:16.85MB

For the improvement of the structural integrity assessment methodology on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs), the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL has been developed and improved in JAEA based on latest knowledge. The PASCAL code evaluates the failure probabilities and frequencies of Japanese RPVs under transient events such as pressurized thermal shock considering neutron irradiation embrittlement. In order to confirm the reliability of the PASCAL as a domestic standard code and to promote the application of PFM on the domestic structural integrity assessments of RPVs, it is important to verify the probabilistic variables, functions and models incorporated in the PASCAL and summarize the verification processes and results as a document. On the basis of these backgrounds, we established a working group, composed of experts on this field besides the developers, on the verification of the PASCAL3 which is a PFM analysis module of PASCAL, and the source program of PASCAL3 was released to the members of working group. Through one year activities, the applicability of PASCAL in structural integrity assessments of domestic RPVs was confirmed with great confidence. This report summarizes the activities of the working group on the verification of PASCAL in FY2015.

Journal Articles

Comparison of stress intensity factor solutions for surface cracks with high aspect ratio

Nagai, Masaki*; Lu, K.; Kamaya, Masayuki*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2016 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), p.481 - 483, 2016/10

In nuclear power plants, a number of cracks attributed to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) have been detected in welds made with nickel alloy weld metals. One of the characteristics of these cracks is that crack aspect ratio $$a/l$$ is greater than 0.5, where a is the crack depth and $$l$$ is the crack length. When a crack is detected in components of nuclear power plants during in-service inspection, flaw evaluation is conducted according to the requirement of codes such as JSME Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants. Here, the stress intensity factor plays an important role for predicting crack growth behavior due to fatigue and/or SCC. Although several solutions of the stress intensity factor are already given in the JSME code, no solutions are available for the cracks with $$a/l >$$ 0.5. According to the current code, surface cracks with $$a/l >$$ 0.5 are characterized as semi-circular shape $$l = 2a$$. To evaluate these cracks in a rational manner, several solutions have been proposed for cracks with $$a/l >$$ 0.5. In this paper, comprehensive comparison was made between solutions for cracks $$a/l >$$ 0.5, and benchmark analysis on SCC crack growth was performed.

Journal Articles

Benchmark analyses of probabilistic fracture mechanics for cast stainless steel pipe

Hojo, Kiminobu*; Hayashi, Shotaro*; Nishi, Wataru*; Kamaya, Masayuki*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Masaki, Koichi*; Nagai, Masaki*; Okamoto, Toshiki*; Takada, Yasukazu*; Yoshimura, Shinobu*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(4), p.16-00083_1 - 16-00083_16, 2016/08

Performance demonstration certification of non-destructive inspection for cast stainless steel (CASS) has been planned but the target flaw depth to be detected has not been determined yet in Japan. The target flaw size is closely connected to the allowable flaw size which is determined by flaw evaluation of the rules on fitness-for-service. For rational mitigation of the acceptable flaw size, application of probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) is one of the useful countermeasures compared with deterministic approach. In this paper, benchmark problems for a CASS pipe were proposed with intention applying and verifying PFM codes. As the fracture modes, fatigue crack extension, plastic collapse and ductile crack initiation were assumed. Six organizations participated in the benchmark analysis and failure probabilities from them were compared. As a result the failure probability of each problem showed good agreement and the code for application of CASS issue has been verified.

Journal Articles

Robust zero-energy bound states around a pair-density-wave vortex core in locally noncentrosymmetric superconductors

Higashi, Yoichi*; Nagai, Yuki; Yoshida, Tomohiro*; Masaki, Yusuke*; Yanase, Yoichi*

Physical Review B, 93(10), p.104529_1 - 104529_10, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross sections of $$^{186}$$Os, $$^{187}$$Os, and $$^{189}$$Os for the Re-Os chronology

Segawa, Mariko; Masaki, Tomohiro*; Nagai, Yasuki*; Temma, Yasuyuki*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Mishima, Kenji*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Goriely, S.*; Koning, A.*; Hilaire, S.*

Physical Review C, 76(2), p.022802_1 - 022802_5, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:25.53(Physics, Nuclear)

Discrete as well as continuum $$gamma$$-ray energy spectra from the neutron capture by $$^{186}$$Os, $$^{187}$$Os, and $$^{189}$$Os have been taken for the first time at 5 $$leq$$ En $$leq$$ 90 keV by an anti-Compton NaI(Tl) spectrometer. The detection of a weak discrete $$gamma$$-ray, about 0.5% of total $$gamma$$-ray strength, demonstrates the high sensitivity of the present measurement. The energy spectra enabled us to accurately determine the reaction cross sections with a small systematic uncertainty. Based on the new cross sections, we re-estimate on the basis of a careful reaction cross section calculation the correction factor F$$_{sigma}$$ for the neutron capture on the 9.75-keV first excited state in $$^{187}$$Os as a function of stellar temperature, as required to derive the age of the Galaxy within the Re-Os chronology.

Oral presentation

$$sigma$$$$_{E2}$$ and $$sigma$$$$_{E1}$$ of the $$^{12}$$C($$alpha$$, $$gamma$$)$$^{16}$$O reaction obtained at E$$_{cm}$$ = 1.6 and 1.4 MeV

Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Segawa, Mariko; Ueda, Hitoshi*; Masaki, Tomohiro*; Mishima, Kenji*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Osaki, Toshiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Neutron induced reaction and Re/Os cosmochronometer, 3

Segawa, Mariko; Nagai, Yasuki*; Masaki, Tomohiro*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Mishima, Kenji*; Ueda, Hitoshi*; Temma, Yasuyuki*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Osaki, Toshiro*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Nuclear astrophysics study with pulsed neutrons

Segawa, Mariko; Nagai, Yasuki*; Masaki, Tomohiro*; Temma, Yasuyuki*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Mishima, Kenji*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Goriely, S.*; Koning, A.*; Hilaire, S.*

no journal, , 

The $$^{187}$$Re nucleus is known to be a good chronometer to derive the stellar duration of the r-process nuceosyntheis and deduce the age of universe. However, there are several problems inherent to this chronometer. In order to solve these problems, one must know both the production and depletion rates (via the excited state as well as the ground state) of $$^{187}$$Os and inelastic scattering cross section off the ground state (J$$^{pi}$$= 1/2$$^{-}$$) of $$^{187}$$Os to its excited 10 keV state (J$$^{pi}$$= 3/2$$^{-}$$) are needed. Hence, in the present study we aimed to accurately measure the neutron capture cross sections of $$^{186}$$Os, $$^{187}$$Os and $$^{189}$$Os, and the inelastic scattering cross section for $$^{187}$$Os for neutrons between 10 and 90 keV by developing a new experimental method.

Oral presentation

Neutron induced reaction and Re/Os chronometer

Segawa, Mariko; Nagai, Yasuki*; Masaki, Tomohiro*; Temma, Yasuyuki*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Makii, Hiroyuki*; Mishima, Kenji*; Ueda, Hitoshi*; Nakayoshi, Akira*; Ota, Takeshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

$$^{187}$$Re-$$^{187}$$Os pair is known as the most promising nuclear cosmochronometer with considerable potential. However, there remains non-trivial problems related to an excited neutron capture reaction of $$^{187}$$Os at a stellar temperature. Firstly, $$^{187}$$Os is produced and depleted by the slow process nucleosynthesis. Hence, it is necessary to obtain both the production and depletion rates of $$^{187}$$Os. Secondly, $$^{187}$$Os is depleted not only by its ground state neutron capture reaction but also by an excited state neutron capture reaction of $$^{187}$$Os in a stellar temperature. In the present study, we have measured the neutron capture reaction cross sections for $$^{186}$$Os, $$^{187}$$Os and $$^{189}$$Os accurately and neutron inelastic scattering reaction cross section for $$^{187}$$Os off the ground state of 1$$^{187}$$Os to its 9.75-keV first excited statein the neutron energy range from 10 to 100 keV. The measurements of the neutron capture reactions have been carried out by detecting a prompt $gamma$-ray by means fan anti-Compton NaI(Tl) spectrometer. The (n, n') reaction cross section for $^{187}$$Os has been measured with use of four 6Li-glass scintillation detectors. Based on these new capture cross sections, we reestimate on the basis of a careful reaction cross section calculation the correction factor F for the neutron capture on the 9.75-keV first excited state in $$^{187}$$Os as a function of stellar temperature, as required to derive the age of the galaxy within the Re-Os chronology.

Oral presentation

Behavior of cesium in the soil by heating

Yokozawa, Takuma; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Yamashita, Teruo; Nagai, Takayuki; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Naganuma, Masaki; Aoki, Katsumi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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