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Journal Articles

Estimation of flow field in natural convection with density stratification by local ensemble transform Kalman filter

Ishigaki, Masahiro*; Hirose, Yoshiyasu; Abe, Satoshi; Nagai, Toru*; Watanabe, Tadashi*

Fluids (Internet), 7(7), p.237_1 - 237_18, 2022/07

Journal Articles

Estimated isotopic compositions of Yb in enriched $$^{176}$$Yb for producing $$^{177}$$Lu with high radionuclide purity by $$^{176}$$Yb($$d,x$$)$$^{177}$$Lu

Nagai, Yasuki*; Kawabata, Masako*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Motoishi, Shoji*; Saeki, Hideya*; Motomura, Arata*; Minato, Futoshi; Ito, Masatoshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(4), p.044201_1 - 044201_10, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Recently, $$^{177}$$Lu is considered as one of the most important medical RIs for treating neuroendocrine tumors. A plan to produce $$^{177}$$Lu with high purity by using enriched $$^{176}$$Yb samples with irradiation of deuteron beams in accelerators has been discussed. However, since the other Yb isotopes contained in the Yb sample interacts with deuterons, Lu isotopes other than $$^{177}$$Lu are produced as impurities. Since the purity of $$^{177}$$Lu is important for medical use, a method to evaluate the impurity of Lu has been required. In this study, we proposed a new method to estimate production yields of each Lu isotopes in Yb samples with arbitrary isotopic compositions by using excitation functions of Yb($$d,x$$)Lu reactions and the particle transport calculation code PHITS. The method plays an important role in discussing the isotopic composition of enriched samples to produce high-purity $$^{177}$$Lu using accelerators.

Journal Articles

Spectrum collapse of disordered Dirac Landau levels as topological non-Hermitian physics

Matsushita, Taiki*; Nagai, Yuki; Fujimoto, Satoshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.074703_1 - 074703_7, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.72(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anomalous radioisotope production for $$^{68}$$ZnO using polyethylene by accelerator neutrons

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Minato, Futoshi; Kawabata, Masako*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We found anomalously large yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu by neutron irradiation on a $$^{68}$$ZnO sample in a polyethylene shield. Neutron beams are generated from the $$^{9}$$Be($$d,n$$) reaction for 50 MeV deuterons. The yields obtained were more than 20 times larger than those in the unshielded sample. On the other hand, the yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu from a metallic $$^{68}$$Zn sample and the yields of $$^{67}$$Cu, $$^{65}$$Ni and $$^{65}$$Zn from the $$^{68}$$ZnO and $$^{68}$$Zn samples were almost insensitive to the shield conditions. This finding would provide us a unique capability of accelerator neutrons to simultaneously produce a large amount of several radioisotopes, including proton induced reaction products, by using a single sample. The experimental data were compared with the yields estimated by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System and the result was discussed.

Journal Articles

Disorder-induced exceptional and hybrid point rings in Weyl/Dirac semimetals

Matsushita, Taiki*; Nagai, Yuki; Fujimoto, Satoshi*

Physical Review B, 100(24), p.245205_1 - 245205_9, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:77.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$^{99}$$Mo yield using large sample mass of MoO$$_{3}$$ for sustainable production of $$^{99}$$Mo

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Kawabata, Masako*; Minato, Futoshi; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*; Ito, Masatoshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(4), p.043201_1 - 043201_5, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:58.33(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurement and estimation of the $$^{99}$$Mo production yield by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n,2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo

Minato, Futoshi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Kawabata, Masako*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Nagai, Yasuki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(11), p.114803_1 - 114803_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:55.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the yield of $$^{99}$$Mo, the mother nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc used in nuclear diagnostic procedure. $$^{99}$$Mo was produced by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n$$,$$2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo using neutrons with thermal energy up to about 40 MeV, provided by C($$d$$,$$n$$). The $$^{99}$$Mo yield agrees with an estimated yield with the use of the latest data of C($$d$$,$$n$$) and the evaluated cross section given in the JENDL. Based on this, a new calculation was carried out to produce $$^{99}$$Mo to seek for a good economical condition. Various conditions such as the $$^{100}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ sample mass, the distance between the carbon target and the sample, the radius of the deuteron beam, and the neutron irradiation time were considered. The calculated $$^{99}$$Mo yield indicates that about 30% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand in Japan can be fulfilled with a single accelerator. The elusion of $$^{99m}$$Tc from the $$^{99}$$Mo twice per day would meet about 50% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand.

Journal Articles

Utilization of $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs in the environment to identify the reactor units that caused atmospheric releases during the Fukushima Daiichi accident

Chino, Masamichi; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Katata, Genki; Mikami, Satoshi; Torii, Tatsuo; Saito, Kimiaki; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.31376_1 - 31376_14, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:98.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Source term estimation for the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident by combined analysis of environmental monitoring and plant data through atmospheric dispersion simulation

Nagai, Haruyasu; Terada, Hiroaki; Chino, Masamichi; Katata, Genki; Mikami, Satoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.4044 - 4052, 2015/08

JAEA has estimated the atmospheric releases of radionuclide during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FNPS1) accident by comparing measurements of air concentration of a radionuclide or its dose rate in the environment with the ones calculated by atmospheric transport and deposition model (ATDM). To improve our source term, we are trying to develop more sophisticated estimation method and use new information from severe accident analysis and observation data. As the first step of new trial, we used $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios of inventories in FNPS1 reactors Unit 1 to 3 and those in surface deposition. By considering temporal change in $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio of released plume and ATDM simulations, spatial distribution of $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio in surface deposition was explained. This result can be used to specify from which reactor the dominant release occurred for each time period, and consequently provide useful information to severe accident analysis for the FNPS1 case.

Journal Articles

Design and performance of high-pressure PLANET beamline at pulsed neutron source at J-PARC

Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Arima, Hiroshi*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Yamada, Akihiro*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakatani, Takeshi; Seto, Yusuke*; Nagai, Takaya*; Utsumi, Wataru; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 780, p.55 - 67, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:62 Percentile:99.14(Instruments & Instrumentation)

PLANET is a time-of-flight (ToF) neutron beamline dedicated to high-pressure and high-temperature experiments. The large six-axis multi-anvil high-pressure press designed for ToF neutron diffraction experiments enables routine data collection at high pressures and high temperatures up to 10 GPa and 2000 K, respectively. To obtain clean data, the beamline is equipped with the incident slits and receiving collimators to eliminate parasitic scattering from the high-pressure cell assembly. The high performance of the diffractometer for the resolution ($$Delta$$ $$d$$/$$d$$ $$sim$$ 0.6%) and the accessible $$d$$-spacing range (0.2-8.4 ${AA}$) together with low-parasitic scattering characteristics enables precise structure determination of crystals and liquids under high pressure and temperature conditions.

Journal Articles

First measurement of the radionuclide purity of the therapeutic isotope $$^{67}$$Cu produced by $$^{68}$$Z($$n$$,$$x$$) reaction using $$^{rm nat}$$C($$d$$,$$n$$) neutrons

Sato, Nozomi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Watanabe, Satoshi; Ishioka, Noriko; Kawabata, Masako; Saeki, Hideya; Nagai, Yasuki; Kin, Tadahiro*; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(7), p.073201_1 - 073201_4, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:64.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have for the first time demonstrated that the therapeutic nuclide of $$^{67}$$Cu produced by $$^{68}$$Zn($$n$$,$$x$$)$$^{67}$$Cu has highest radionuclide purity compared to previous ones. We measured a $$gamma$$-ray spectrum of the reaction product produced by bombarding an enriched $$^{68}$$Zn sample with neutrons with a HPGe detector. The neutrons were obtained by $$^{rm nat}$$C($$d$$,$$n$$) using 41 MeV deuterons provided from Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Relative production yields of impurity radionuclides such as $$^{65}$$Zn to $$^{67}$$Cu are extremely low, which allow us to chemically separate $$^{67}$$Cu from an irradiated $$^{68}$$Zn sample with a few steps and to reuse high cost an enriched $$^{68}$$Zn sample. The present result strongly suggest that the $$^{68}$$Zn($$n$$,$$x$$)$$^{67}$$Cu reaction is the most promising route to produce high quality $$^{67}$$Cu and could solve a longstanding problem of establishing an appropriate production method of $$^{67}$$Cu.

Journal Articles

Pressure responses of portlandite and H-D isotope effects on pressure-induced phase transitions

Iizuka, Riko*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Ushijima, Daichi*; Nakano, Satoshi*; Sano, Asami; Nagai, Takaya*; Yagi, Takehiko*

Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 38(10), p.777 - 785, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:32.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The pressure responses of portlandite and the isotope effect on the phase transition were investigated at room temperature from single-crystal Raman and IR spectra and from powder X-ray diffraction using diamond anvil cells under quasi-hydrostatic conditions in a helium pressure-transmitting medium. Phase transformation and subsequent peak broadening observed from the Raman and IR spectra of Ca(OH)$$_{2}$$ occurred at lower pressures than those of Ca(OD)$$_{2}$$. In contrast, no isotope effect was found on the volume and axial compressions observed from powder X-ray diffraction patterns. X-ray diffraction lines attributable to the high-pressure phase remained up to 28.5 GPa, suggesting no total amorphization in a helium pressure medium within the examined pressure region. These results suggest that the H-D isotope effect is engendered in the local environment surrounding H(D) atoms.

Journal Articles

$$s_{pm}$$-like spin resonance in the iron-based nodal superconductor BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.65}$$P$$_{0.35}$$)$$_2$$ observed using inelastic neutron scattering

Ishikado, Motoyuki; Nagai, Yuki; Kodama, Katsuaki; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(14), p.144517_1 - 144517_5, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:72.9(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We performed inelastic neutron scattering on a powder sample of iron-based superconductor BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.65}$$P$$_{0.35}$$)$$_2$$ with $$T_c$$ = 30 K. Although this system is expected to have line nodes in its superconducting order parameter, we have observed spin resonance at the same scattering vector as that appeared in the $$s_{pm}$$-wave iron-based superconductors without line nodes. Moreover, the resonance enhancement, which can be a measure of the area of sign reversal between the hole and electron Fermi surfaces (FSs), is comparable to those without line nodes. These facts indicate that the sign reversal between the FSs is still dominant in this system, and the line nodes should create only limited area of sign-reversal on a single FS. Hence the system can hold higher Tc than the other iron-based superconductors with nodal symmetry, such as LaFePO$$_{1-y}$$ and KFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ ($$T_c <$$ 10 K).

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Efficient production of a collimated MeV proton beam from a Polyimide target driven by an intense femtosecond laser pulse

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daido, Hiroyuki; Yogo, Akifumi; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Ma, J.-L.; Sagisaka, Akito; Mori, Michiaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 15(5), p.053104_1 - 053104_10, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:84.59(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

High-flux energetic protons whose maximum energies are up to 4 MeV are generated by an intense femtosecond Titanium Sapphire laser pulse interacting with a 7.5, 12.5, and 25$$mu$$m thick Polyimide tape targets. The laser pulse energy is 1.7 J, duration is 34 fs, and intensity is 3$$times$$10$$^{19}$$Wcm$$^{-2}$$. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) has the intensity contrast ratio of 4$$times$$10$$^{-8}$$. The conversion efficiency from laser energy into proton kinetic energies of $$sim$$3% is achieved, which is comparable or even higher than those achieved in the previous works with nanometer-thick targets and the ultrahigh contrast laser pulses ($$sim$$10$$^{-10}$$).

Journal Articles

Introduction to plasma fusion energy

Takamura, Shuichi*; Kado, Shinichiro*; Fujii, Takashi*; Fujiyama, Hiroshi*; Takabe, Hideaki*; Adachi, Kazuo*; Morimiya, Osamu*; Fujimori, Naoji*; Watanabe, Takayuki*; Hayashi, Yasuaki*; et al.

Kara Zukai, Purazuma Enerugi No Subete, P. 164, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

BiScO$$_3$$: Centrosymmetric BiMnO$$_3$$-type oxide

Belik, A. A.*; Iikubo, Satoshi; Kodama, Katsuaki; Igawa, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Maie, Makoto*; Nagai, Takuro*; Matsui, Yoshio*; Stefanovich, S. Y.*; Lazoryak, B. I.*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(3), p.706 - 707, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:109 Percentile:89.76(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The crystal structure of BiScO$$_3$$ have been determined by neutron diffraction and electron diffraction measurements. All experimental results shows space group of BiScO$$_3$$ is C2/c, which has a center of symmetry.

Journal Articles

Design of an injector for the ERL test facility

Hajima, Ryoichi; Nagai, Ryoji; Iijima, Hokuto; Nishitani, Tomohiro; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Osawa, Satoshi*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*

Proceedings of 3rd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 31st Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.753 - 755, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research of single-event burnout in bipolar transistors

Hirao, Toshio; Shindo, Hiroyuki*; Kuboyama, Satoshi*; Nagai, Yuki*; Ohira, Hideharu*; Ito, Hisayoshi; Matsuda, Sumio*

JNC TN7200 2001-001, p.66 - 68, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

54 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)