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論文

Low-momentum direct-photon measurement in Cu + Cu collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他448名*

Physical Review C, 98(5), p.054902_1 - 054902_11, 2018/11

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

We have measured direct photons for $$p_T< 5~$$GeV/$$c$$ in minimum bias and 0% - 40% most central events at midrapidity for Cu$$+$$Cu collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV. The $$e^{+}e^{-}$$ contribution from quasi-real direct virtual photons has been determined as an excess over the known hadronic contributions in the $$e^{+}e^{-}$$ mass distribution. A clear enhancement of photons over the binary scaled $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ fit is observed for $$p_T < 4$$ GeV/$$c$$ in Cu$$+$$Cu data. The $$p_T$$ spectra are consistent with the Au$$+$$Au data covering a similar number of participants. The inverse slopes of the exponential fits to the excess after subtraction of the $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ baseline are 285$$pm$$53(stat)$$pm$$57(syst)~MeV/$$c$$ and 333$$pm$$72(stat)$$pm$$45(syst)~MeV/$$c$$ for minimum bias and 0% - 40% most central events, respectively. The rapidity density, $$dN/dy$$, of photons demonstrates the same power law as a function of $$dN_{rm ch}/deta$$ observed in Au$$+$$Au at the same collision energy.

論文

Production of $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ mesons in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 98(5), p.054903_1 - 054903_11, 2018/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:49.68(Physics, Nuclear)

Production of $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ mesons has been measured at midrapidity in Cu$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV. Measurements were performed in $$pi^0(eta)rightarrowgammagamma$$ decay channel in the 1(2)-20 GeV/$$c$$ transverse momentum range. A strong suppression is observed for $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ meson production at high transverse momentum in central Cu$$+$$Au collisions relative to the $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ results scaled by the number of nucleon-nucleon collisions. In central collisions the suppression is similar to Au$$+$$Au with comparable nuclear overlap. The $$eta/pi^0$$ ratio measured as a function of transverse momentum is consistent with $$m_T$$-scaling parameterization down to $$p_T=$$2 GeV/$$c$$, its asymptotic value is constant and consistent with Au$$+$$Au and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ and does not show any significant dependence on collision centrality. Similar results were obtained in hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as in $$e^+e^-$$ collisions in a range of collision energies $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=$$ 3-1800 GeV. This suggests that the quark-gluon-plasma medium produced in Cu$$+$$Cu collisions either does not affect the jet fragmentation into light mesons or it affects the $$pi^0$$ and $$eta$$ the same way.

論文

Measurement of $$phi$$-meson production at forward rapidity in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV and its energy dependence from $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV to 7 TeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他351名*

Physical Review D, 98(9), p.092006_1 - 092006_13, 2018/11

 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the differential cross section of $$phi$$(1020) meson production at forward rapidity in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=$$510 GeV via the dimuon decay channel. The integrated cross section in the rapidity and $$p_T$$ ranges $$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$ and $$2 < p_T < 7$$ GeV/$$c$$ is $$sigma_phi=2.79 pm 0.20,{rm (stat)} pm 0.17,{rm (syst)} pm 0.34, {rm (norm)} times 10^{-2}$$~mb. The energy dependence of $$sigma_phi$$ ($$1.2 < |y|<2.2$$; $$2<p_T<5$$ GeV/$$c$$) is studied using the PHENIX measurements at $$sqrt{s}=$$200 and 510 GeV and the Large-Hadron-Collider measurements at $$sqrt{s}=$$2.76 and 7 TeV. The experimental results are compared to various event generator predictions (pythia6, pythia8, phojet, ampt, epos3, and epos-lhc).

論文

Cross section and longitudinal single-spin asymmetry $$A_L$$ for forward $$W^{pm}rightarrowmu^{pm}nu$$ production in polarized $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他423名*

Physical Review D, 98(3), p.032007_1 - 032007_14, 2018/08

We have measured the cross section and single spin asymmetries from forward $$W^{pm}rightarrowmu^{pm}nu$$ production in longitudinally polarized $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV using the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The cross sections are consistent with previous measurements at this collision energy, while the most forward and backward longitudinal single spin asymmetries provide new insights into the sea quark helicities in the proton. The charge of the $$W$$ bosons provides a natural flavor separation of the participating partons.

論文

Measurement of emission angle anisotropy via long-range angular correlations with high-$$p_T$$ hadrons in $$d$$$$+$$Au and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他468名*

Physical Review C, 98(1), p.014912_1 - 014912_16, 2018/07

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

We present measurements of two-particle angular correlations between high-transverse-momentum ($$2<p_T<11$$ GeV/$$c$$) $$pi^0$$ observed at midrapidity ($$|eta|<0.35$$) and particles produced either at forward ($$3.1<eta<3.9$$) or backward ($$-3.7<eta<-3.1$$) rapidity in $$d$$$$+$$Au and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV. The azimuthal angle correlations for particle pairs with this large rapidity gap in the Au-going direction exhibit a ridge-like structure that persists up to $$p_T{approx}6$$ GeV/$$c$$ and which strongly depends on collision centrality, which is a similar characteristic to the hydrodynamical particle flow in A+A collisions. The ridge-like structure is absent in the $$d$$-going direction as well as in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions, in the transverse-momentum range studied. The results indicate that the ridge-like structure is shifted in the Au-going direction toward more central collisions, similar to the charged-particle pseudorapidity distributions.

論文

L$'{e}$vy-stable two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations in $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV Au$$+$$Au collisions

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他448名*

Physical Review C, 97(6), p.064911_1 - 064911_22, 2018/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:18(Physics, Nuclear)

We present a detailed measurement of charged two-pion correlation functions in 0%-30% centrality $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV Au$$+$$Au collisions by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The data are well described by Bose-Einstein correlation functions stemming from L$'e$vy-stable source distributions. Using a fine transverse momentum binning, we extract the correlation strength parameter $$lambda$$, the L$'e$vy index of stability $$alpha$$ and the L$'e$vy length scale parameter $$R$$ as a function of average transverse mass of the pair $$m_T$$. We find that the positively and the negatively charged pion pairs yield consistent results, and their correlation functions are represented, within uncertainties, by the same L$'e$vy-stable source functions. The $$lambda(m_T)$$ measurements indicate a decrease of the strength of the correlations at low $$m_T$$. The L$'e$vy length scale parameter $$R(m_T)$$ decreases with increasing $$m_T$$, following a hydrodynamically predicted type of scaling behavior. The values of the L$'e$vy index of stability $$alpha$$ are found to be significantly lower than the Gaussian case of $$alpha=2$$, but also significantly larger than the conjectured value that may characterize the critical point of a second-order quark-hadron phase transition.

論文

Measurements of $$e^+e^-$$ pairs from open heavy flavor in $$p+p$$ and $$d+A$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他497名*

Physical Review C, 96(2), p.024907_1 - 024907_19, 2017/08

AA2017-0466.pdf:2.14MB

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:11.96(Physics, Nuclear)

We report a measurement of $$e^+e^-$$ pairs from semileptonic heavy-flavor decays in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV. The $$e^+e^-$$ pair yield from $$bbar{b}$$ and $$cbar{c}$$ is separated by exploiting a double differential fit done simultaneously in dielectron invariant mass and $$p_T$$. We used three different event generators, ${sc pythia}$, ${sc mc@nlo}$, and ${sc powheg}$, to simulate the $$e^+e^-$$ spectra from $$bbar{b}$$ and $$cbar{c}$$ production. The data can be well described by all three generators within the detector acceptance. However, when using the generators to extrapolate to $$4pi$$, significant differences are observed for the total cross section. These difference are less pronounced for $$bbar{b}$$ than for $$cbar{c}$$. The same model dependence was observed in already published $$d+A$$ data. The $$p+p$$ data are also directly compared with $$d+A$$ data in mass and $$p_T$$, and within the statistical accuracy no nuclear modification is seen.

論文

Missing-mass spectroscopy with the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ reaction to search for $$^6_Lambda$$H

本多 良太郎*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(1), p.014005_1 - 014005_23, 2017/07

AA2017-0465.pdf:1.08MB

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:23.71(Physics, Nuclear)

We searched for the bound state of the neutron-rich $$Lambda$$-hypernucleus $$^6_Lambda$$H, using the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ double charge-exchange reaction at a $$pi^-$$ beam momentum of 1.2 GeV/$$c$$ at J-PARC. A total of $$1.4 times 10^{12}$$ $$pi^-$$ was driven onto a $$^6$$Li target of 3.5 g/cm$$^2$$ thickness. No event was observed below the bound threshold, i.e., the mass of $$^4_Lambda$$H+$$2n$$, in the missing-mass spectrum of the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ reaction in the $$2^{circ} < theta_{pi K} <20^{circ}$$ angular range. Furthermore, no event was found up to 2.8 MeV/c$$^2$$ above the bound threshold.

論文

Cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetry of muons from open heavy-flavor decays in polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$=200 GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他431名*

Physical Review D, 95(11), p.112001_1 - 112001_15, 2017/06

AA2017-0235.pdf:0.72MB

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:47.13(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetries of $$mu^-$$ and $$mu^+$$ from open heavy-flavor decays in polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV were measured by the PHENIX experiment during 2012 at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Because heavy-flavor production is dominated by gluon-gluon interactions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV, these measurements offer a unique opportunity to obtain information on the trigluon correlation functions. The measurements are performed at forward and backward rapidity ($$1.4 < |y| < 2.0$$) over the transverse momentum range of $$1.25 < p_T < 7$$ GeV/$$c$$ for the cross section and $$1.25 < p_T < 5$$ GeV/$$c$$ for the asymmetry measurements. The obtained cross section is compared to a fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics calculation. The asymmetry results are consistent with zero within uncertainties, and a model calculation based on twist-3 three-gluon correlations agrees with the data.

論文

Measurements of $$B to J/psi$$ at forward rapidity in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他425名*

Physical Review D, 95(9), p.092002_1 - 092002_18, 2017/05

AA2017-0101.pdf:1.49MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:55.92(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report the first measurement of the fraction of $$J/psi$$ mesons coming from $$B$$-meson decay ($$F_{B to J/psi}$$) in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV. The measurement is performed using the forward silicon vertex detector and central vertex detector at PHENIX, which provide precise tracking and distance-of-closest-approach determinations, enabling the statistical separation of $$J/psi$$ due to $$B$$-meson decays from prompt $$J/psi$$. The measured value of $$F_{B to J/psi}$$ is $$8.1% pm 2.3%{(rm stat)} pm1.9% {(rm syst)}$$ for $$J/psi$$ with transverse momenta $$0 < p_T < 5$$ GeV/$$c$$ and rapidity $$1.2<|y|<2.2$$. The measured fraction $$F_{B to J/psi}$$ at PHENIX is compared to values measured by other experiments at higher center of mass energies and to fixed-order-next-to-leading-logarithm and color-evaporation-model predictions. The $$bbar{b}$$ cross section per unit rapidity $$[dsigma/dy(pp to bbar{b})]$$ extracted from the obtained $$F_{B to J/psi}$$ and the PHENIX inclusive $$J/psi$$ cross section measured at 200 GeV scaled with color-evaporation-model calculations, at the mean $$B$$ hadron rapidity $$y=pm 1.7$$ in 510 GeV $$p+p$$ collisions, is $$3.63_{-1.70}^{+1.92}$$ $$mu$$b. It is consistent with the fixed-order-next-to-leading-logarithm calculations.

論文

Angular decay coefficients of $$J/psi$$ mesons at forward rapidity from $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他389名*

Physical Review D, 95(9), p.092003_1 - 092003_13, 2017/05

AA2017-0100.pdf:0.69MB

We report the first measurement of the full angular distribution for inclusive $$J/psirightarrowmu^{+}mu^{-}$$ decays in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV. The measurements are made for $$J/psi$$ transverse momentum $$2 < p_{T} < 10$$ GeV/$$c$$ and rapidity $$1.2 < y < 2.2$$ in the Helicity, Collins-Soper, and Gottfried-Jackson reference frames. In all frames the polar coefficient $$lambda_{theta}$$ is strongly negative at low $$p_{T}$$ and becomes close to zero at high $$p_{T}$$, while the azimuthal coefficient $$lambda_{phi}$$ is close to zero at low $$p_{T}$$, and becomes slightly negative at higher $$p_{T}$$. The frame-independent coefficient $$tilde{lambda}$$ is strongly negative at all $$p_{T}$$ in all frames. The data are compared to the theoretical predictions provided by nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics models.

論文

Nonperturbative-transverse-momentum effects and evolution in dihadron and direct photon-hadron angular correlations in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他462名*

Physical Review D, 95(7), p.072002_1 - 072002_19, 2017/04

AA2017-0102.pdf:1.1MB

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:33.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Dihadron and isolated direct photon-hadron angular correlations are measured in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV. Correlations of charged hadrons of $$0.7 < p_T < 10$$ GeV/$$c$$ with $$pi^0$$ mesons of $$4 < p_T < 15$$ GeV/$$c$$ or isolated direct photons of $$7 < p_T < 15$$ GeV/$$c$$ are used to study nonperturbative effects generated by initial-state partonic transverse momentum and final-state transverse momentum from fragmentation. The nonperturbative behavior is characterized by measuring the out-of-plane transverse momentum component $$p_{rm out}$$ perpendicular to the axis of the trigger particle, which is the high-$$p_T$$ direct photon or $$pi^0$$. Nonperturbative evolution effects are extracted from Gaussian fits to the away-side inclusive-charged-hadron yields for different trigger-particle transverse momenta ($$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$). The Gaussian widths and root mean square of $$p_{rm out}$$ are reported as a function of the interaction hard scale $$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$ to investigate possible transverse-momentum-dependent evolution differences between the $$pi^0$$-$$h^pm$$ and direct photon-$$h^{pm}$$ correlations and factorization breaking effects. The widths are found to decrease with $$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$, which indicates that the Collins-Soper-Sterman soft factor is not driving the evolution with the hard scale in nearly back-to-back dihadron and direct photon-hadron production in $$p+p$$ collisions. This behavior is in contrast to Drell-Yan and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering measurements.

論文

Studies of high density baryon matter with high intensity heavy-ion beams at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; 原田 寛之; 坂口 貴男*; 中條 達也*; 江角 晋一*; 郡司 卓*; 長谷川 勝一; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 956, p.850 - 853, 2016/12

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:26.65(Physics, Nuclear)

We are designing a large acceptance heavy-ion spectrometer at J-PARC based on a Toroidal magnet to measure hadrons, lepton pairs, and event-by-event fluctuations. We are also designing a closed geometry spectrometer to measure hypernuclei to study weak decays and magnetic moments. In this presentation, the preliminary version of the designed acceleration scheme, as well as the spectrometers and their expected performance and physics results are presented.

論文

Azimuthally anisotropic emission of low-momentum direct photons in Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他545名*

Physical Review C, 94(6), p.064901_1 - 064901_14, 2016/12

AA2016-0473.pdf:0.66MB

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:4.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured second- and third-order Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distributions of direct photons emitted at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV for various collision centralities. Combining two different analysis techniques, results were obtained in the transverse momentum range of $$0.4 < p_T < 4.0$$ GeV/$$c$$. At low $$p_T$$ the second-order coefficients, $$v_2$$, are similar to the ones observed in hadrons. Third-order coefficients, $$v_3$$, are nonzero and almost independent of centrality. These new results on $$v_2$$ and $$v_3$$, combined with previously published results on yields, are compared to model calculations that provide yields and asymmetries in the same framework. Those models are challenged to explain simultaneously the observed large yield and large azimuthal anisotropies.

論文

Measurements of double-helicity asymmetries in inclusive $$J/psi$$ production in longitudinally polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 今井 憲一; 長谷川 勝一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他328名*

Physical Review D, 94(11), p.112008_1 - 112008_10, 2016/12

AA2016-0475.pdf:0.51MB

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:59.4(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report the double-helicity asymmetry, $$A_{LL}^{J/psi}$$, in inclusive $$J/psi$$ production at forward rapidity as a function of transverse momentum $$p_T$$ and rapidity $$|y|$$. The data analyzed were taken during $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV longitudinally polarized $$p+p$$ collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in the 2013 run using the PHENIX detector. At this collision energy, $$J/psi$$ particles are predominantly produced through gluon-gluon scatterings, thus $$A_{LL}^{J/psi}$$ is sensitive to the gluon polarization inside the proton. We measured $$A_{LL}^{J/psi}$$ by detecting the decay daughter muon pairs $$mu^+mu^-$$ within the PHENIX muon spectrometers in the rapidity range $$1.2<|y|<2.2$$. In this kinematic range, we measured the $$A_{LL}^{J/psi}$$ to be $$0.012 pm 0.010 ({rm stat}) pm 0.003 ({rm syst})$$. The $$A_{LL}^{J/psi}$$ can be expressed to be proportional to the product of the gluon polarization distributions at two distinct ranges of Bjorken $$x$$: one at moderate range $$x cong 5 times 10^{-2}$$ where recent data of jet and $$pi^0$$ double helicity spin asymmetries have shown evidence for significant gluon polarization, and the other one covering the poorly known small-x region $$x cong 2 times 10^{-3}$$ Thus our new results could be used to further constrain the gluon polarization for $$x < 5 times 10^{-2}$$.

論文

Measurements of directed, elliptic, and triangular flow in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$=200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 94(5), p.054910_1 - 054910_18, 2016/11

AA2016-0472.pdf:0.98MB

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:13.07(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of anisotropic flow Fourier coefficients ($$v_n$$) for inclusive charged particles and identified hadrons $$pi^{pm}$$, $$K^{pm}$$, $$p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ produced at midrapidity in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV are presented. The data were collected in 2012 by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). The particle azimuthal distributions with respect to different-order symmetry planes $$Psi_n$$, for $$n=$$1, 2, and 3 are studied as a function of transverse momentum $$p_T$$ over a broad range of collision centralities. Mass ordering, as expected from hydrodynamic flow, is observed for all three harmonics. The charged-particle results are compared with hydrodynamical and transport model calculations. We also compare these Cu+Au results with those in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the same $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ and find that the $$v_2$$ and $$v_3$$, as a function of transverse momentum, follow a common scaling with $$1/(epsilon_n N_{rm part}^{1/3})$$.

論文

Measurement of the higher-order anisotropic flow coefficients for identified hadrons in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他385名*

Physical Review C, 93(5), p.051902_1 - 051902_8, 2016/05

AA2016-0390.pdf:0.48MB

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:5.92(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of the anisotropic flow coefficients $$v_2{Psi_2 }$$, $$v_3{Psi_3 }$$, $$v_4{Psi_4 }$$, and $$v_4{Psi_2 }$$, for identified particles ($$pi^{pm}$$, $$K^{pm}$$, and $$p+bar{p}$$) at midrapidity, obtained relative to the event planes $$Psi_m$$ at forward rapidities in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}} =$$ 200 GeV, are presented as a function of collision centrality and particle transverse momenta $$p_T$$. The $$vn$$ coefficients show characteristic patterns consistent with hydrodynamical expansion of the matter produced in the collisions. For each harmonic $$n$$, a modified valence quark-number $$N_q$$ scaling [plotting $$v_n{Psi_m}/(N_q)^{n/2}$$ versus transverse kinetic energies $$(KE_{T})/N_q$$] is observed to yield a single curve for all the measured particle species for a broad range of $$KE_{T}$$. A simultaneous blast-wave model fit to the observed $$v_n{Psi_m}/(p_T)$$ coefficients and published particle spectra identifies radial flow anisotropies $$rho_n{Psi_m}$$ and spatial eccentricities $$s_n{Psi_m}$$ at freeze-out. These are generally smaller than the initial-state participant-plane geometric eccentricities $$epsilon_n{Psi_m^{PP}}$$ as also observed in the final eccentricity from quantum interferometry measurements with respect to the event plane.

論文

Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology

西内 満美子*; 榊 泰直*; Esirkepov, T. Zh.*; 西尾 勝久; Pikuz, T. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Pirozhkov, A. S.*; 匂坂 明人*; et al.

Plasma Physics Reports, 42(4), p.327 - 337, 2016/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:42.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

ペタワットレーザーと原子核物理学の技術を組み合わせることで、エキゾチック原子核の性質の測定を決定的に可能にする。数値シミュレーションとレーザー駆動実験により、我々は論文、西内等、Phys. Plasmas 22, 033107 (2015)で提案された「レーザー駆動エキゾチック核抽出-加速法」の展望について紹介する。この方法の特徴は、(1)フェムト秒ペタワットレーザーを、外部イオンビームによって破砕された原子核標的に照射し、(2)そして生成された短寿命の重エキゾチック原子核を数GeVの多価電荷としてまとめて一気に加速する、という画期的な方法である。

論文

Forward $$J/psi$$ production in U + U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034903_1 - 034903_12, 2016/03

AA2015-1022.pdf:0.96MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:52.92(Physics, Nuclear)

The invariant yields, $$dN/dy$$, for $$J/psi$$ production at forward rapidity ($$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$) in U+U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV have been measured as a function of collision centrality. The invariant yields and nuclear-modification factor $$R_{AA}$$ are presented and compared with those from Au + Au collisions in the same rapidity range. Additionally, the direct ratio of the invariant yields from U + U and Au + Au collisions within the same centrality class is presented, and used to investigate the role of $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence. Two different parametrizations of the deformed Woods-Saxon distribution were used in Glauber calculations to determine the values of the number of nucleon-nucleon collisions in each centrality class, $$N_{rm coll}$$, and these were found to give significantly different $$N_{rm coll}$$ values. Results using $$N_{rm coll}$$ values from both deformed Woods-Saxon distributions are presented. The measured ratios show that the $$J/psi$$ suppression, relative to binary collision scaling, is similar in U + U and Au + Au for peripheral and midcentral collisions, but that $$J/psi$$ show less suppression for the most central U + U collisions. The results are consistent with a picture in which, for central collisions, increase in the $$J/psi$$ yield due to $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence becomes more important than the decrease in yield due to increased energy density. For midcentral collisions, the conclusions about the balance between $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence and suppression depend on which deformed Woods-Saxon distribution is used to determine $$N_{coll}$$.

論文

Single electron yields from semileptonic charm and bottom hadron decays in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他426名*

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034904_1 - 034904_29, 2016/03

AA2015-1023.pdf:2.82MB

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:4.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured open heavy flavor production in minimum bias Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV via the yields of electrons from semileptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. Previous heavy flavor electron measurements indicated substantial modification in the momentum distribution of the parent heavy quarks owing to the quark-gluon plasma created in these collisions. For the first time, using the PHENIX silicon vertex detector to measure precision displaced tracking, the relative contributions from charm and bottom hadrons to these electrons as a function of transverse momentum are measured in Au + Au collisions. We compare the fraction of electrons from bottom hadrons to previously published results extracted from electron-hadron correlations in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV and find the fractions to be similar within the large uncertainties on both measurements for $$p_T>$$ 4 GeV/$$c$$. We use the bottom electron fractions in Au + Au and $$p + p$$ along with the previously measured heavy flavor electron $$R_{AA}$$ to calculate the $$R_{AA}$$ for electrons from charm and bottom hadron decays separately. We find that electrons from bottom hadron decays are less suppressed than those from charm for the region 3$$<p_T<$$ 4 GeV/$$c$$.

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