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JAEA Reports

Development of the desalting method for gross alpha activity determination (Contract research)

Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Nagaoka, Mika; Nakano, Masanao; Ono, Yosuke; Suitsu, Yuichi

JAEA-Technology 2021-011, 39 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA-Technology-2021-011.pdf:1.56MB

In the Analyzed Liquid Treatment Facility of Japan Nuclear Fuel Co., Ltd. (JNFL) MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant (J-MOX), the interfere by salts with the analysis of gross alpha activity concentration analysis will be caused during the treatment process. Therefore, JNFL devised the desalting method using a solid-phase extraction chromatography. Japan Atomic Energy Agency carried out the experimental study to confirm the validity of this desalting method for the treatment liquid based on the contract with JNFL. This study consists of three experiments as follows: Step 1 - Selection of an optical solid-phase extraction agent, Step 2 - Evaluation of variation optical solid-phase extraction agent, and Step 3 - Application of the imitation liquid waste. The result of Step 1 determined the solid-phase extraction agent (InertSep ME-2) and the optimum condition (aspiration method by manifold (about 5-10 mL/min), 3M nitric acid as eluent, pH: 5, and no adjustment of ionic valence). Then, the result of Step 2 and 3 made sure the validation of this method by obtaining over 70% recovery for the imitation liquid waste sample of the Analyzed Liquid Treatment Facility of J-MOX.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2019

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Kubota, Tomohiro; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-070, 120 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-070.pdf:2.47MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2019. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2019

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-069, 163 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-069.pdf:4.78MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2019 to March 2020. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Supercritical water pretreatment method for analysis of strontium and uranium in soil (Andosols)

Nagaoka, Mika; Fujita, Hiroki; Aida, Taku*; Guo, H.*; Smith, R. L. Jr.*

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 168, p.109465_1 - 109465_6, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:83.53(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

The radioactivities in the environmental samples are analyzed to monitor the nuclear power facilities. The pretreatment of radioactive nuclides of alpha and beta emitters in the environmental samples is performed with acid to decompose organic matter and extract object nuclide such as $$^{90}$$Sr, U and Pu. However, the pretreatment methods are time-consuming and used many concentrated acid solutions that are unsafe and hazardous. Therefore, we develop to the new pretreatment method using supercritical water instead of acid. Hydrothermal pretreatment of soils (Andosols) from Ibaraki prefecture (Japan) was used to improve methods for monitoring radioactive Sr and U. Calcined samples were pretreated with subcritical or supercritical water (SCW) followed by extraction with 0.5 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions. With SCW pretreatment, recoveries of Sr and U were 70% and 40%, respectively. Experimental recoveries obtained can be described by a linear relationship in water density. The proposed method is robust and can lower environmental burden of routine analytical protocols.

Journal Articles

Distribution and settling behavior of americium-241 in the tropical East Pacific

Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Nagaoka, Mika; Nakanishi, Takashi*

Science of the Total Environment, 753, p.142087_1 - 142087_10, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:69.33(Environmental Sciences)

The distribution of the anthropogenic radionuclide americium-241 ($$^{241}$$Am), a decay product of $$^{241}$$Pu discharged from atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons, was investigated to resolve its horizontal and vertical migration in the Tropical East Pacific. We analyzed $$^{241}$$Am concentrations in seawater samples collected in 2003. On comparing the $$^{241}$$Am concentrations with the previously determined concentrations of $$^{239+240}$$Pu in the same samples, the vertical profiles of $$^{241}$$Am were found to be similar to those of $$^{239+240}$$Pu. At some stations, the maximum concentration of $$^{241}$$Am occurred 100-200 m deeper than that of $$^{239+240}$$Pu. The $$^{241}$$Am/$$^{239+240}$$Pu ratios in the North Pacific and South Pacific were comparable to one another, and were typical of the ratio for the Pacific. The $$^{241}$$Am distribution was influenced by the water mass at depths below 400 m. The $$^{241}$$Am data support the view there is a current flowing at depths of 400-3000 m from the North Pacific through the equator to the South Pacific. In addition, the $$^{241}$$Am vertical profile was explained by using a box model that considers the decay of $$^{241}$$Pu and adsorption and scavenging by suspended particles. The different depths for the maximum concentrations of $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{239+240}$$Pu observed at some stations were well explained by the model and by the distribution of CaCO$$_{3}$$ particles. The residence time of $$^{241}$$Am in the Pacific was also estimated by using the model.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2018

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2019-045, 120 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-045.pdf:2.54MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2018. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2017

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-028, 120 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-028.pdf:2.69MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2017. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2016

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-037, 119 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2017-037.pdf:2.58MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2016. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2016

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Koike, Yuko; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-028, 177 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Review-2017-028.pdf:3.61MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2016 to March 2017. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Fluctuation tendency of radioactive cesium in surface soil

Fujita, Hiroki; Maehara, Yushi; Nagaoka, Mika; Koarashi, Jun

KEK Proceedings 2017-6, p.35 - 39, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in marine samples offshore Ibaraki Prefecture

Nagaoka, Mika; Matsubara, Natsumi; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao

KEK Proceedings 2017-6, p.212 - 217, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-001, 115 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-001.pdf:3.57MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2015. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Matsubara, Natsumi; Maehara, Yushi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-035, 179 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2016-035.pdf:4.2MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2015 to March 2016. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Performance test of automatic analysis system of strontium-90 in environmental sample

Fujita, Hiroki; Nojima, Takehiro; Nagaoka, Mika; Osawa, Takahito; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Ono, Hironobu*

KEK Proceedings 2016-8, p.168 - 172, 2016/10

An automatic analysis system was developed to analyze Strontium-90 ($$^{90}$$Sr) radioactivity in environmental sample for 2013-2015. Various kinds of ashed environmental samples were used in performance tests of the automatic system. These tests were successful without any system trouble. However, $$^{90}$$Sr concentration had not been measured using the samples analyzed by the system. In this research, $$^{90}$$Sr concentration in seaweed sample was compared by between the system's analysis and worker's one. Moreover, the system was improved in each analysis process.

Journal Articles

Investigation to evaluate the influence of the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi NPS accident for environmental monitoring about marine organisms

Nagaoka, Mika; Matsubara, Natsumi; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao

KEK Proceedings 2016-8, p.134 - 138, 2016/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Atmospheric discharge of $$^{14}$$C from the Tokai reprocessing plant; Comprehensive chronology and environmental impact assessment

Koarashi, Jun; Fujita, Hiroki; Nagaoka, Mika

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(4), p.546 - 553, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:55.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Quantitative evaluation of the atmospheric discharge of radiocarbon ($$^{14}$$C) is of primary importance for accurately assessing the radioecological impact of the operation of the Tokai reprocessing plant (TRP). However, monitoring the atmospheric $$^{14}$$C discharge was not conducted at the TRP prior to October 1991. The main purpose of this study was to establish the chronology of atmospheric $$^{14}$$C discharges for the entire operation period (1977-2014). We found strong correlation between the $$^{14}$$C discharge and spent fuel reprocessing data obtained after October 1991; we used this correlation to estimate the monthly $$^{14}$$C discharges in the 1977-1991 period. The total amount of atmospheric $$^{14}$$C discharge was estimated at 7741 $$pm$$ 217 GBq for the entire period. Tree-ring $$^{14}$$C analysis and model calculations using the established discharges were conducted to assess the excess $$^{14}$$C concentrations around the TRP in the past. The results indicated no significant radioecological impact of atmospheric $$^{14}$$C discharges from the TRP.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Mizutani, Tomoko; Isozaki, Tokuju*; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-034, 175 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-034.pdf:8.13MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2014 to March 2015. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

Journal Articles

Development of automatic analysis system of Strontium-90 in environmental sample

Nojima, Takehiro; Fujita, Hiroki; Nagaoka, Mika; Osawa, Takahito; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Ono, Hironobu*

KEK Proceedings 2015-4, p.111 - 115, 2015/11

Automatic strontium-90 analysis system was developed for environmental sample in this research. The system was successful to do wet ashing, chemical separation and ion exchange processes using robot, automatic heating system and so on. Hand-made control program can operate the system by itself.

Journal Articles

Temporal variations of radionuclides in seabed sediments off Ibaraki coast

Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Watanabe, Hitoshi

KEK Proceedings 2015-4, p.214 - 218, 2015/11

The radiological impact of the radionuclides released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station to the sea offshore of Ibaraki has been studied in this research. Fifty-one seabed sediments were collected in 2012, 2013 and 2014, respectively. Then, all samples were measured for the activities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs and some samples were analyzed for the activities of $$^{90}$$Sr. The results indicated that the activities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs were elevated by the accident and showed a decreasing tendency between 2012 and 2014. The tendency of activity in Kuji Riverestuary area was different from Ibaraki coast area. The difference could be caused by geological feature and grain size of seabed sediment etc. On the other hand, $$^{90}$$Sr activities were ND-0.26 Bq/kg dry. It was no correlation between $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs activity. The $$^{90}$$Sr activity released by the accident was small influence on seabed sediment collected around sea offshore of Ibaraki.

Journal Articles

Spatial distribution of radionuclides in seabed sediments off Ibaraki coast after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Sumiya, Shuichi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1305 - 1308, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:79.58(Chemistry, Analytical)

Various kinds of radionuclides were released into the atmosphere and the sea from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) by the accident and then reached around our laboratories. Therefore the accident influence on our environment was investigated to measure the concentrations of cesium-134 ($$^{134}$$Cs), cesium-137 $$^{137}$$Cs, strontium-90 ($$^{90}$$Sr) and plutonium isotopes in seabed sediments. The values for $$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 6.1 to 300 Bq/kg (dry wt) and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs /$$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 0.48 to 0.77. The highest point of $$^{137}$$Cs concentration was observed at the northernmost station near Kitaibaraki City and the concentration was similar to report by MEXT.

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