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Journal Articles

High-efficiency contact grating fabricated on the basis of a Fabry-Perot type resonator for terahertz wave generation

Yoshida, Fumiko; Nagashima, Keisuke; Tsubouchi, Masaaki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Maruyama, Momoko; Sugiyama, Akira

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(1), p.012201_1 - 012201_5, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:30.64(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped pulse amplification laser system for intense terahertz pulse generation

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nagashima, Keisuke; Maruyama, Momoko; Tsubouchi, Masaaki; Yoshida, Fumiko; Kono, Nanase; Mori, Michiaki; Sugiyama, Akira

Optics Express (Internet), 23(11), p.15057 - 15064, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:79.87(Optics)

We have developed a 1 kHz repetition picosecond laser system dedicated for intense terahertz (THz) pulse generation. The system comprises a chirped pulse amplification laser equipped with a Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier. At room temperature, the Yb:YAG thin-disk regenerative amplifier provides pulses having energy of over 10 mJ and spectral bandwidth of 1.2 nm. The pulse duration achieved after passage through a diffraction grating pair compressor was 1.3 ps. By employing this picosecond laser as a pump source, THz pulses having a peak frequency of 0.3 THz and 4 $$mu$$J of energy were generated by means of optical rectification in an Mg-doped LiNbO$$_{3}$$ crystal.

Journal Articles

High power laser developments with femtosecond to nanosecond pulse durations for laser shock science and engineering

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06

We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.

Journal Articles

Development of high resistant anti-reflection coating by using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nagashima, Keisuke; Okada, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Tateno, Ryo*; Furukawa, Yasuyuki*; Sugiyama, Akira

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8885, p.88851Z_1 - 88851Z_6, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:87.47

We designed and fabricated high damage-resistant AR coating using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers. As a result of irradiation test using 500 ps pulses at 1 kHz, the damage threshold of the AR coating was estimated to be over 36 J/cm$$^{2}$$ (average value). We also fabricated high reflection (HR) mirrors using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers added on Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers and measured damage threshold of them for 7 ns, 500 ps, and 1 ps pulses.

Journal Articles

Ultra-intense, high spatio-temporal quality petawatt-class laser system and applications

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(1), p.214 - 250, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:51.34(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper reviews techniques for improving the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality in an ultra-intense laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe the design, performance, and characterization of our laser system, which has the potential for achieving a peak power of 600 TW. We also describe applications of the laser system in the relativistically dominant regime of laser-matter interactions and discuss a compact, high efficiency diode-pumped laser system.

Journal Articles

Negative effect of crystallization on the mechanism of laser damage in a HfO$$_{2}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer

Tateno, Ryo*; Okada, Hajime; Otobe, Tomohito; Kawase, Keigo*; Koga, J. K.; Kosuge, Atsushi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sugiyama, Akira; Kashiwagi, Kunihiro*

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(12), p.123103_1 - 123103_3, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.87(Physics, Applied)

Elucidation of the mechanisms of laser damage is indispensable in realizing high resistance mirrors for the next generation of ultra-short pulse high intensity lasers. In this study, the surface and a section of the laser-damaged area of a laser mirror were observed with a laser microscope and a transmission electron microscope (cross-sectional TEM), respectively. A grain boundary of HfO$$_{2}$$ microcrystal was observed in the damaged area. This observation, and an evaluation of the mirror's damage resistance showed that the formation of crystals in the multilayer mirror is one of the major determinants of damage resistance.

Journal Articles

Temporal contrast enhancement of petawatt-class laser pulses

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Optics Letters, 37(16), p.3363 - 3365, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:86(Optics)

We demonstrate the temporal contrast enhancement in a petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. An extra saturable absorber, introduced downstream a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier, has improved the temporal contrast in the system to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the sub-nanosecond time scale at 70 TW power level. We have achieved 28 J of uncompressed broadband output energy with this system, indicating the potential for reaching peak powers near 600 TW.

Journal Articles

Increase in the beam intensity of the linac-based slow positron beam and its application at the Slow Positron Facility, KEK

Wada, Ken*; Hyodo, Toshio*; Yagishita, Akira*; Ikeda, Mitsuo*; Osawa, Satoshi*; Shidara, Tetsuo*; Michishio, Koji*; Tachibana, Takayuki*; Nagashima, Yasuyuki*; Fukaya, Yuki; et al.

European Physical Journal D, 66(2), p.37 - 40, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:86(Optics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02

We demonstrate a compact, high-spatiotemporal-quality, high-intensity diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system that incorporates a nonlinear preamplifier based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). The stretched pulses are amplified in the OPCPA preamplifier and the following Yb:YAG main amplifier to $$sim$$100 mJ at 10 Hz. The broadband amplified beam quality of 1.1 (horizontal direction) and 1.4 (vertical direction) times diffraction limited and pulse compression down to 470 fs with contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ have been achieved successfully.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of submicroJoule, spatially coherent soft-X-ray laser pumped by 0.1 Hertz, 10 Joule, picosecond laser

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki; Tanaka, Momoko; Kishimoto, Maki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sugiyama, Akira

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 48(12), p.120212_1 - 120212_3, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:74.06(Physics, Applied)

We have demonstrated the fully spatial coherent 13.9-nm laser with output energy of submicroJoule by means of the double target geometry by using new driver system. The power amplifiers providing tow beams with 10-J energy and picoseconds duration at the repetition rate of 0.1 Hz. The obtained 13.9-nm laser pulse with 10$$^{10}$$ coherent photons will enable us to make single-shot pump-probe observation of non-periodic ultrafast phenomena.

Journal Articles

High-precision measurement of the spectral width of the nickel-like molybdenum X-ray laser

Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sasaki, Akira; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Kishimoto, Maki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kunieda, Yuichi; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 163(1), p.012062_1 - 012062_4, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:67.16

The precise knowledge about the wavelength and the spectral width of the lasing line is important for the applications of X-ray lasers, and especially for the spectral width, it is good benchmark of the atomic code because it depends on the electron collisional excitation and de-excitation rate coefficient. Only a few measurements of the spectral width of the laser line have been reported, because the spectral width of the X-ray laser is so narrow that the required spectral resolution is quite high. In this study, we took the nickel-like molybdenum X-ray laser as an example, and measure the spectral width by use of the high resolution spectrometer in order to compare it with a theoretical one.

Journal Articles

Quantum beams open up the future, 1

Nagashima, Akira; Fujii, Yasuhiko

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 50(11), p.696 - 700, 2008/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of the temporal profile of the amplification gain of the transient collisional excitation neonlike manganese X-ray laser medium

Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sasaki, Akira; Kishimoto, Maki; Sukegawa, Kota; Tanaka, Momoko; Tai, R. Z.*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nishikino, Masaharu; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

Physical Review A, 76(4), p.043805_1 - 043805_5, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:67.32(Optics)

We firstly demonstrated the measurement of temporal profile of the amplification gain of the transient collisional excitation (TCE) X-ray laser with the solid target by use of X-ray diagnostic beam injection technique. In this experiment, higher-order harmonic light at a wavelength of 26.9 nm was injected into the neon-like manganese plasma as X-ray laser medium, and the amplified signal was observed. The obtained buildup time of the amplification gain was 23 ps measured from the time of the main pumping laser pulse, and the lifetime of the amplification gain was 27 ps. This result was in good agreement with the theoretical simulation by using an atomic kinetics code.

Journal Articles

In search of zonal flows by using direct density fluctuation measurements

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Ido, Takeshi*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(10), p.1611 - 1625, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:80.94(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

It was found that the envelope of the ambient density fluctuation of the drift wave turbulence has spectral peaks aroound zonal flow frequencies. A method to detect the zonal flow using this characteristic was considered using the JFT-2M density fluctuation data. There is a possibility that the zonal flow will be able to be detected in the future burning plasmas by using the density fluctuations measured by some density fluctuation measurement by such as the microwave reflectometer and so on.

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of the fluctuations and poloidal flow on JFT-2M tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Ido, Takeshi*; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Oasa, Kazumi; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

We report on the potential/density fluctuations in the JFT-2M tokamak. We identified a geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) and its electric field structure. The GAM interacts with the background turbulence in consistent with a drift wave - zonal flow theory. The GAM modulates the turbulence, and the suppression depends on the direction and gradient of the flow velocity in consistent with a theory. During the H-mode, the GAM disappears presumably due to the suppression of the turbulence. We analysed the low frequency potential oscillation during the H-mode. A wavelet analysis showed a low frequency characteristic potential fluctuations (several handred kHz), which disappears in the L-mode and at the occurence of ELM. Observed poloidal flow is about 20 times as large as that of the GAM during the H-mode. If the potential has a spatial inhomogineity, there is a possibility that this low frequency fluctuation comes from the EXB flow or the zonal flow.

Journal Articles

High quality laser-produced proton beam generation by phase rotation

Noda, Akira*; Nakamura, Shu*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Shirai, Toshiyuki*; Tongu, Hiromu*; Soda, Hikaru*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Kado, Masataka; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

International Journal of Modern Physics B, 21(3&4), p.319 - 330, 2007/02

Laser ion production has been studied for downsizing of the accelerator dedicated for cancer therapy. For optimization of various parameters such as pre-pulse condition, target position, laser spot size on target, laser pulse width and so on, time of flight (TOF) measurement utilizing the detected signal by a plastic scintillation counter played an essential role for real time measurement. Protons up to 900 keV and 600 keV are produced from the thin foil targets of Ti 3 micron and 5 micron in thickness, respectively. Modification of the energy distribution of the laser-produced ions with Maxwell distribution by utilizing an RF electric field synchronized to the pulse laser, which is the rotation of the ion beam in the longitudinal phase space (phase rotation), has been demonstrated for the first time.

Journal Articles

Advanced studies by using the geodesic acoustic mode measurements; Experimental identification of the separatrix location and search for zonal flows from the envelope of turbulent density fluctuations

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ito, Sanae*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Ido, Takeshi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ejiri, Akira*; et al.

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (CD-ROM), 31F, 4 Pages, 2007/00

The recent results on the identification of the outer most magnetic surface and on the identification of the characteristic of the zonal flow are presented by using the measured data of the zonal flow which is a plasma flow in the tokamak plasma. The positon of the outermost magnetic surface was identified using the characteristic of the oscillating zonal flow called as the geodesic acoutic mode (GAM) that the mode exists only in the closed magnetic surface, and the position of the surface was in agreement with that by the magnetic equilibrium reconstruction. Some coincidence with the drift wave - zonal flow theory was obtained by using the finding that the envelope of the density fluctuation of the background turbulence is modulated by the GAM.

Journal Articles

Development of laser driven proton sources and their applications

Daido, Hiroyuki; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Mori, Michiaki; Ma, J.-L.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR 2007) (CD-ROM), p.77 - 79, 2007/00

We are developing a proton accelerator using an intense lasers with a focused intensity of $$>$$ 10$$^{17}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$. To monitor proton energy spectra as well as plasma parameters at each laser shot, we are using real time detectors. The proton energy of MeV is stably obtained for applications.

Journal Articles

Compatibility of reduced activation ferritic steel wall with high performance plasma on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Bakhtiari, M.*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kurita, Genichi; Takechi, Manabu; Kasai, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(11), p.966 - 971, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:48.91(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study of nonlinear processes in edge turbulence of toroidal plasmas

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Shinohara, Koji; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Uehara, Kazuya; Kusama, Yoshinori; Ida, Katsumi*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; Okamura, Shoichi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 1(9), p.041_1 - 041_15, 2006/09

Nonlinear processes between meso-scale structures and turbulent fluctuations in the edge region of the toroidal plasmas were studied using the bispectrum analysis. In the JFT-2M tokamak, divertor plasmas were investigated as well as the limiter plasmas, and the amplitude and phase of the bispectrum function of the potential fluctuation were found to be consistent with an analysis of the drift wave-zonal flow system. In the CHS machine, the edge plasmas during the H-mode were investigated. It was found that the edge potential begins to decrease before the decrease of the intensity of the deuterium line (by about 30ms), and the edge fluctuations are found to be composed of low frequency MHD fluctuations, drift wave like broad band electrostatic fluctuations and high frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. Nonlinear coupling between the MHD fluctuations and the electrostatic fluctuations or the electromagnetic fluctuations were found for the first time.

132 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)