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Journal Articles

Stability and synthesis of superheavy elements; Fighting the battle against fission - Example of $$^{254}$$No

Lopez-Martens, A.*; Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.03001_1 - 03001_6, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.51

Fission barrier height and its angular-momentum dependence have been measured for the first time in the nucleus with the atomic number greater than 100. The entry distribution method, which can determine the excitation energy at which fission starts to dominate the decay process, was applied to $$^{254}$$No. The fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No was found to be 6.6 MeV at zero spin, indicating that the $$^{254}$$No is strongly stabilized by the nuclear shell effects.

Journal Articles

Fission barrier of superheavy nuclei and persistence of shell effects at high spin; Cases of $$^{254}$$No and $$^{220}$$Th

Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 113(26), p.262505_1 - 262505_6, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:82.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission barrier heights of a shell-stabilized superheavy nucleus $$^{254}$$No have been determined as a function of spin up to 19$$hbar$$ through the measured distribution of entry points of $$gamma$$ deexcitations in the excitation energy vs. spin plane. The fission barrier height of $$^{254}$$No was determined to be 6.0 MeV at spin 15$$hbar$$, and 6.6 MeV at spin 0$$hbar$$ by extrapolation. This demonstrates that the shell effect actually enlarges the fission barrier in such heavy nuclei and keeps the barrier high even at high spin.

Journal Articles

Exploring the stability of super heavy elements; First measurement of the fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No

Henning, G.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 66, p.02046_1 - 02046_8, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.69

Fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No have been determined through the entry distribution method. The entry distribution is the initial distribution of excitation energy and spin from which the $$gamma$$ deexcitation starts in the fusion-evaporation reaction. The initial distribution is extracted from measured $$gamma$$-ray multiplicity and total $$gamma$$-ray energy. This paper describes the details of the entry distribution method, and reports the first determination of the fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No, which is the heaviest nucleus whose fission barrier has been measured.

Journal Articles

Photoneutron cross sections for Au

Ito, Osamu*; Utsunomiya, Hiroaki*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Yamagata, Tamio*; Kondo, Takeo*; Kamata, Masaki*; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Goko, Shinji*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1377, p.362 - 364, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.05

Journal Articles

Photoneutron cross sections for Au revisited; Measurements with laser Compton scattering $$gamma$$-rays and data reduction by a least-squares method

Ito, Osamu*; Utsunomiya, Hiroaki*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Kondo, Takeo*; Kamata, Masaki*; Yamagata, Tamio*; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Goko, Shinji*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(5), p.834 - 840, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:85.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Photoneutron cross section measurements were made for Au in the entire energy range of the ($$gamma$$,n) channel based on a direct neutron-counting technique with quasi-monochromatic $$gamma$$-rays produced in inverse Compton-scattering of laser photons with relativistic electrons. The data were analyzed with a least-squares method to deduce photoneutron cross sections. The analysis significantly reduced experimental uncertainties compared with those resulted from the photon difference method. The result is compared with the previous data by direct neutron-counting with $$gamma$$-rays produced in positron annihilation in flight and by photoactivation with bremsstrahlung. The present data are in good agreement with the previous data near neutron threshold, while there remain some discrepancies between the present and the previous data above 10 MeV.

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