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Journal Articles

Disk and washer coupled cavity linac design and cold-model for muon linac

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Naito, Fujio*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Kitamura, Ryo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Iinuma, Hiromi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012097_1 - 012097_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

A disk and washer (DAW) coupled cavity linac (CCL) has been developed for a middle velocity part in a muon linac to measure muon anomalous magnetic moment and search for electric dipole moment. I will accelerate muons from $$v/c$$ = $$beta$$ = 0.3 to 0.7 at an operational frequency of 1.3GHz. In this poster, the cavity design, beam dynamics design, and the cold-model measurements will be presented.

Journal Articles

The First replacement of the RF window of the ACS cavity

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012079_1 - 012079_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In 2013, the Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities were installed to the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac. Since then, the ACS cavities have been stably running. Although any serious problem induced by the RF window had not yet observed, we decided to replace the RF window of one ACS cavity by the newly manufactured one. The major motivations of the replacement are to check the surface condition of the RF window which have been under operation for nearly five years, to confirm that the new RF window fully meets specifications, and to learn how much time is required for high-power conditioning of the new RF window. By making use of the summer maintenance period of 2018, we carried out the replacement. This was the first experience for us to replace the RF window installed to the ACS cavity in the linac accelerator tunnel. As for the removed RF window, there was no any abnormal warning found with the visual examination. At the resuming of the cavity operation after the maintenance period, we conducted the high-power conditioning in a measured manner. It took around fifty hours so that the targeted peak power was stably input to the cavity through the new RF window. The ACS cavity with the new RF window is now stably operating.

Journal Articles

VSWR adjustment for ACS cavity in J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012080_1 - 012080_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, negative hydrogen beams are accelerated from 190 MeV to 400 MeV by Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities. The RF input coupler of the ACS21 cavity, which is the twenty-first (the last) accelerating cavity in the order of beam acceleration, had a comparatively larger Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) value than the other ACS cavities. Therefore, we designed and manufactured a rectangular waveguide which has a capacitive iris to adjust the coupling factor of the ACS21 cavity. By making use of the summer maintenance period in 2018, we installed the newly manufactured waveguide to the cavity. Consequently, the VSWR of the ACS21 was successfully decreased to the target value which leads to the critical coupling under the nominal accelerating condition with 50-mA peak beam current.

Journal Articles

Numerical and experimental study of H$$^{-}$$ beam dynamics in J-PARC LEBT

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Otani, Masashi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.519 - 521, 2019/01

Transport process of negative hydrogen ion (H$$^{-}$$) in LEBT (Low Energy Beam Transport) is investigated by comparison of experimental and numerical results. A three dimensional Particle-In-Cell (PIC) particle transport model has been developed in order to take into account (i) axial magnetic field by two solenoids in J-PARC LEBT and (ii) radial electric field by space charge (SC) effect. Ratio of H$$^-$$ beam particles inside the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) acceptance to the total particles at the RFQ entrance is calculated for different current conditions in LEBT solenoid 1 and 2. The results are compared with RFQ transmission rate measured in the J-PARC linac commissioning. The double peak of RFQ transmission rate to the solenoid applied current seen in the measurement is explained by the calculation results. The results indicate that presence of the LEBT orifice for differential pumping plays a role as a collimator to reduce emittance at RFQ entrance.

Journal Articles

Status of development on LaB$$_6$$ filament arc-driven multi-cusp ion source for iBNCT

Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Toshikazu*; Honda, Yosuke*; Sato, Masaharu*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.385 - 387, 2018/10

Journal Articles

Observation of plasma density oscillation with doubled value of RF frequency in J-PARC RF ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.020008_1 - 020008_3, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:1.18

Journal Articles

Low-reflection RF window for ACS cavity in J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Ao, Hiroyuki*; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067(5), p.052009_1 - 052009_6, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, the Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities have been stably operating. To maintain this operation availability, we manufactured three pillbox-type RF windows for the ACS cavities in fiscal year 2015 and 2017. It is desirable to minimize the RF reflection of the RF window to prevent standing waves from exciting between the cavity and the RF window, and not to significantly change the optimized coupling factor between the cavity and the waveguide. To realize the minimization, the relative permittivities of the ceramic disks of the RF windows were evaluated by measuring the resonant frequencies of the pillbox cavity containing the ceramic disk. On the basis of the evaluated relative permittivities, the pillbox-part lengths of the RF windows were determined. The measured Voltage Standing Wave Ratios (VSWRs) of the manufactured RF windows are just about 1.08 and these are applicable for the practical use.

Journal Articles

High density plasma calculation of J-PARC RF negative ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030017_1 - 030017_11, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:4.77

From September 2014, operation of Cs-seeded, multi-cusp, Radio Frequency (RF), hydrogen negative ion source (J-PARC source) has been started. The operation for 1,000 hours of J-PARC source has been achieved with H$$^{-}$$ beam current 45 mA and duty factor of 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz). In the present study, mechanisms of hydrogen plasma ramp-up and H$$^{-}$$ production/transport processes in the steady state (which lasts for few 100 us) are investigated by numerical modeling for RF plasma. In the simulation, charged particle (e, H$$^{+}$$, H$$_2^{+}$$, and Cs$$^{+}$$) transport, time variations of inductive and capacitive electromagnetic field, collision processes between charged and neutral (H, H$$_{2}$$) particles are solved simultaneously. The model is applied to KEK parallel computation System-A with 32 nodes and 256 GB memory in order to solve high density RF plasma up to around 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ with adequate statisticity. In the presentation, time variations of plasma density distributions and average energy are shown with electromagnetic field variations.

Journal Articles

LEBT commissioning of the J-PARC LINAC

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Naito, Fujio*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo; et al.

Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.251 - 253, 2017/05

After upgrade of J-PARC Linac in 2014, Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) beam commissioning of the J-PARC LINAC has been made for improving H$$^{-}$$ beam intensity extracted from Linac. Currents of two solenoid coils and steering magnets in LEBT are optimized with extraction and acceleration voltages for static acceleration in ion source (IS) which decides on an initial emittance diagram of H$$^{-}$$ beam. As a result of LEBT and IS parameter optimization, beam transmission rate of RFQ has been reached up to 96% in 50 mA H$$^{-}$$ current operation. Moreover, PIC-MC (Particle-In-Cell Monte-Carlo) simulation models developed for H$$^{-}$$ transport in LEBT. Comparison between experimental and numerical results are presented to clarify beam physics from IS exit to RFQ entrance.

Journal Articles

Beam commissioning of the linac for iBNCT

Naito, Fujio*; Anami, Shozo*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Uota, Masahiko*; Ouchi, Toshikatsu*; Onishi, Takahiro*; Oba, Toshiyuki*; Obina, Takashi*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1244 - 1246, 2016/11

The proton linac installed in the Ibaraki Neutron Medical Research Center is used for production of the intense neutron flux for the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The linac consists of the 3-MeV RFQ and the 8-MeV DTL. Design average beam current is 10mA. Target is made of Beryllium. First neutron production from the Beryllium target was observed at the end of 2015 with the low intensity beam as a demonstration. After the observation of neutron production, a lot of improvement s was carried out in order to increase the proton beam intensity for the real beam commissioning. The beam commissioning has been started on May 2016. The status of the commissioning is summarized in this report.

Journal Articles

Numerical study of plasma generation process and internal antenna heat loadings in J-PARC RF negative ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Nishida, Kenjiro*; Mochizuki, Shintaro*; Mattei, S.*; Lettry, J.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B128_1 - 02B128_3, 2016/02


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:72.83(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A numerical model of plasma transport and electromagnetic field in the J-PARC RF ion source has been developed to understand relation between antenna coil heat loadings and plasma production/transport processes. From the calculation, the local plasma density increase is observed in the region close to the antenna coil. The magnetic field line with absolute magnetic flux density 30-120 Gauss results in the magnetization of electron which leads to high local ionization rate. The results suggest that modification of magnetic configuration can be made to reduce plasma heat flux onto the antenna.

Journal Articles

Development of a proton accelerator for OIST BNCT

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Higashi, Yasuo*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Kurokawa, Shinichi*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshioka, Masakazu*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.948 - 950, 2015/09

An accelerator based boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility is being planned at Okinawa institute of science and technology (OIST). The proton accelerator consists of a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac and a drift tube linac (DTL). The reqired beam power is 60 kW. The present beam energy and current are 10 MeV and 30 mA, respectively. The pulse length is 3.3 ms and the repetition rate is 60 Hz, therefore, the duty factor is 20%. In this paper, present designof this compact, midium current, high duty proton linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Development of RF chopper system at J-PARC Linac, 2

Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Sawabe, Yuki; Sugimura, Takashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.944 - 947, 2015/09

Two RF-deflecting cavities as a chopper and a beam scraper have been used in the MEBT1 between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We replaced with a newly fabricated RF chopper to decrease beam loss for the operation with 50 mA. We installed two new scrapers to absorb the higher power of the deflected beam by the RF chopper. This paper describes the RF chopper system and beam irradiation test results of the scraper.

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of RF chopper system at J-PARC Linac

Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Ikegami, Masanori*; Kubota, Chikashi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.858 - 861, 2014/06

Two RF-deflecting cavities as a chopper and a beam scraper have been used in the MEBT between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We plan to increase a peak beam current up to 50 mA by replacing an ion source and a RFQ after the summer shutdown in 2014. Beam loss occurs in the RF chopper for the 50 mA operation. Moreover, the beam scraper cannot fully stand the beam load with 50 mA, 0.5 ms, 3 MeV, and 25 Hz. We have studied the new RF chopper cavity by using HFSS code and the tandem scraper system with two scrapers.

Journal Articles

Beam monitoring system for RFQ test stand of J-PARC linac

Miyao, Tomoaki*; Miura, Akihiko; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Sugimura, Takashi*; Ouchi, Nobuo; Oguri, Hidetomo; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Naito, Fujio

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1049 - 1052, 2014/06

In J-PARC linac, a project for energy and intensity upgrade has been progressed using 50 mA RFQ(Radio-Frequency-Quadrupole) linac cavity. Because the RFQ had already fabricated, test stand for its performance test was newly produced. In the test stand, we designed and fabricated the monitoring system including beam current monitors for the beam transmission measurement and the beam phase monitors for the energy measurement. We will refer the detail of the monitoring system and the data obtained during the performance test. New testing devices are also mentioned.

Journal Articles

Beam loss occurred at DTL cavity in J-PARC linac

Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ito, Takashi; Hirano, Koichiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Maruta, Tomofumi; Tamura, Jun; Ikegami, Masanori*; Naito, Fujio*

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.653 - 655, 2013/08

The beam operation of J-PARC linac was suspended until December 2011 due to the damage by the Tohoku earthquake in March 2011. After resumed the operations, we measured the residual radiation along with the beam line during a short interval. Because the higher residual radiation was detected at the surface of drift tube linac (DTL) cavity by radiation survey, we installed the scintillation beam loss monitors (BLM) at the points where the higher radiation was detected to understand the cause of the radiation. Even the DTL section is low energy part of the linac, fine structure of the beam loss was observed by the scintillation BLM. And we measured the beam loss occurred at the DTL with the parameters of beam orbit and cavity settings. Also, the BLM is employed for the linac tuning. In this paper, the result of the radiation measurement and beam loss signals obtained by the scintillation BLMs are presented.

Journal Articles

Dielectric constant measurement using resonant frequencies for minimizing the reflection of pillbox RF windows

Ao, Hiroyuki; Asano, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Jun; Ouchi, Nobuo; Takata, Koji*; Naito, Fujio*

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1124 - 1126, 2013/08

In the case of the RF window operated with the standing-wave cavity coupled to waveguides using coupling apertures, the reflection of the RF window affects the total coupling factor (voltage standing wave ratio, VSWR) consisted of the RF window and the cavity. Hence, the reflection (VSWR) of the RF window should be minimized not to change the cavity VSWR optimized separately, and to prevent standing waves between the RF window and the cavity. For minimizing the VSWR of the pillbox-type RF window, this report proposes that the dielectric constant of the ceramic is measured directly using the resonant frequency in the fabrication process of the RF window. In this work, three RF windows are fabricated additionally using the same type ceramic (NTK HA95), the small VSWR $$(< 1.05)$$ could be achieved using this procedure. This result also shows that the dielectric constant increases linearly with increasing the density.

Journal Articles

High-power test and thermal characteristics of a new radio-frequency quadrupole cavity for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex linac

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Hori, Toshihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo; Sato, Fumiaki; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Sugimura, Takashi*; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 16(4), p.040102_1 - 040102_8, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:33.22(Physics, Nuclear)

We performed a high-power test of a new radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ II) for the J-PARC linac. RFQ II was developed as a spare RFQ because the operating J-PARC RFQ has suffered from a sparking problem. First, the conditioning of RFQ II was carried out; after 50 h of conditioning, RFQ II became very stable with a nominal power and duty of 330 kW and 3%, respectively. Next the thermal properties were measured because the resonant frequency of RFQ II is tuned by changing the temperature of the cooling water. The frequency response was measured and compared to finite-element method simulation results, confirming that the simple two-dimensional model reproduces the experimental data well. The differences in the field distribution with changes in the rf loading and the cooling-water temperature were also measured, and no serious field distortion was observed. Therefore, we conclude that RFQ II can perform well as a high-power rf cavity.

Journal Articles

Recent progress with the J-PARC RFQs

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Naito, Fujio*

Proceedings of 26th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2012) (Internet), p.972 - 974, 2012/09

In this paper, we will report recent topics about J-PARC RFQs. First, the operating RFQ (RFQ I) have been recovered from the long shutdown due to the earthquake. This RFQ have been suffered from breakdown problem since 2008, therefore we have been developing a back-up RFQ (RFQ II). In April 2012, the high power test was successfully performed. It was confirmed to be able to stably operate at nominal power and duty factor (333 kW and 3%). Finally, we are fabricating a new RFQ for the beam-current upgrade of the J-PARC linac (RFQ III). The brazing of the first unit will be done in this September. The status of these RFQs are described.

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