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Journal Articles

Cabling technology of Nb$$_3$$Sn conductor for ITER central solenoid

Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Matsui, Kunihiro; Kawano, Katsumi; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Uno, Yasuhiro; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4802404_1 - 4802404_4, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:73.53(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is procuring all amounts of Nb$$_3$$Sn conductors for Central Solenoid (CS) in the ITER project. Before start of mass-productions, the conductor should be tested to confirm superconducting performance in the SULTAN facility, Switzerland. The original design of cabling twist pitches is 45-85-145-250-450 mm, called normal twist pitch (NTP). The test results of the conductors with NTP was that current shearing temperature (Tcs) is decreasing due to electro-magnetic (EM) load cycles. On the other hand, the results of the conductors with short twist pitches (STP) of 25-45-80-150-450 mm show that the Tcs is stabilized during EM load cyclic tests. Because the conductors with STP have smaller void fraction, higher compaction ratio during cabling is required and possibility of damage on strands increases. The technology for the cables with STP was developed in Japanese cabling suppliers. The several key technologies will be described in this paper.

Journal Articles

Removal of fission products in the spent electrolyte using iron phosphate glass as a sorbent

Amamoto, Ippei; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*; Takasaki, Yasushi*; Shibayama, Atsushi*; Yano, Tetsuji*; Nakada, Masami; Okamoto, Yoshihiro

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2010) (CD-ROM), p.503 - 508, 2010/10

The main objective of this development is to recycle the purified eutectic medium of the pyroreprocessing, delaying its disposal for as long as possible. We have introduced the simple filtration method to remove the rare earth element (REE) particles which were formed due to the conversion of REE chlorides to phosphates. Here, the iron phosphate glass is used as a filtration medium for the removal of FP particles. However, some soluble FP such as compounds of alkali-metals, alkaline-earth metals, etc. still remain in the eutectic medium. This time around, on an experimental basis, the iron phosphate glass has been used as a sorbent instead, to remove the soluble FP. We have obtained some positive results and have intention to incorporate it into the spent electrolyte recycle process as a part of the FP separation and immobilization system.

Oral presentation

Evaluation of the tube-voltage dependence of organ doses in X-ray CT scans using Monte-Carlo calculation

Koba, Yusuke*; Matsumoto, Shinnosuke*; Nakada, Yoshihiro*; Kasahara, Tetsuji*; Akahane, Keiichi*; Okuda, Yasuo*; Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Yoshitake, Takayasu*; Hasegawa, Takayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Many of the CT devices are in Japan. It is guessed that exposure doses of Japanese derived from CT scans are higher than others. Thus, it is needed to properly manage scan conditions and exposure doses of individual patients. JAEA developed WAZA-ARI under the collaboration research project with the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) and the Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences. Practical use of new version WAZA-ARI named WAZA-ARIv2 began on January 30, 2015 at the web server in NIRS. In WAZA-ARIv2, users can calculate patients doses by using only standard condition (120 kV) of X-tube voltage. In recent years, CT scans at low tube voltage against pediatric patients with high radiosensitivity are increasing. In this study, spectrum of X-ray derived from CT scan at low tube voltage was examined, and was defined in "usrsors.f" file of PHITS. We reported the characteristics of X-ray and organ doses derived from CT scan at low tube voltage (80 kV).

Oral presentation

Calculating dose distribution from diagnostic CT depending on age and physique size of patients; Development of dose assessment web - system WAZA-ARI

Ono, Koji*; Koba, Yusuke*; Matsumoto, Shinnosuke*; Nakada, Yoshihiro*; Okuda, Yasuo*; Akahane, Keiichi*; Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Yoshitake, Takayasu*; Hasegawa, Takayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

In medical treatment, CT scan is useful diagnostic method. On the other hand, exposure doses derived from CT scans are dependent on body sizes of patients. Therefore, consideration of body sizes is essential for accurate dose assessment of individual patients. JAEA developed the CT dose calculator, WAZA-ARIv2 under the collaboration research project with the National Institute of Radiological Sciences and the Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences. WAZA-ARIv2 enable users to accurately calculate exposure doses of patients with sexes, ages (0y, 1y, 5y, 10y, 15y and adult) and fatness (small, large and extra-large body sizes). In the future, we will be plans to add the dose calculation functions corresponding to the scan conditions at low tube voltage and multi-detector row (more 80) CT devices to WAZA-ARIv2. We reported the system and future plans of WAZA-ARIv2 corresponding to dose calculation of patients with various body sizes.

Oral presentation

Analysis of effects of body sizes on organ doses due to CT examinations by using voxel phantoms

Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Koba, Yusuke*; Ono, Koji*; Yoshitake, Takayasu*; Hasegawa, Takayuki*; Katsunuma, Yasushi*; Kasahara, Tetsuji*; Okuda, Yasuo*; Nakada, Yoshihiro*; et al.

no journal, , 

JAEA is now developing CT dose calculator named WAZA-ARIv2 in cooperation with the National Institute of Radiological Sciences. WAZA-ARIv2 has been opened to the public as full-dress uses on January 2015. WAZA-ARIv2 can perform dose assessment against 4 different body physiques by using the organ dose database, which were constructed on the basis of adult Japanese phantoms with 4 body sizes (-2$$sigma$$, average, +2$$sigma$$, +5$$sigma$$). In this study, it was found that salivary gland doses are independent on BMI, whereas lung doses are dependent on BMI. The differences in the effects of BMI on absorbed doses between salivary glands and lungs might be caused by the difference in thickness of subcutaneous soft tissues between head and thorax.

Oral presentation

Analysis of organ doses by CT diagnosis for patients of optional physique by using voxel phantoms

Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Koba, Yusuke*; Ono, Koji*; Yoshitake, Takayasu*; Hasegawa, Takayuki*; Katsunuma, Yasushi*; Kasahara, Tetsuji*; Okuda, Yasuo*; Nakada, Yoshihiro*; et al.

no journal, , 

WAZA-ARIv2 is developed as the web-based open system for CT dose calculator under joint research of JAEA, NIRS (now, QST) and Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences. WAZA-ARIv2 can provide organ doses under consideration of the body physiques (BMI = 18, 22, 28, 37) of patients with average height of adult Japanese by using voxel phantoms developed by JAEA. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between variations of organ doses and body indices. It was found that effects of weight variations on organ doses were larger than those of height variations. Generally, thickness of the subcutaneous soft tissues is easily changed by variations of weight rather than those of height. This fact may cause the differences in variations of organ doses between weight and height.

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