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Journal Articles

Eco-friendly carboxymethyl cellulose nanofiber hydrogels prepared via freeze cross-linking and their applications

Sekine, Yurina; Nankawa, Takuya; Yunoki, Shunji*; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Teppei*

ACS Applied Polymer Materials (Internet), 2(12), p.5482 - 5491, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:70.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a cross-linking method using freeze concentration and used it to synthesize a new type of carboxymethyl cellulose nanofiber (CMCF) hydrogel with high compressive strength ($$>$$ 80 MPa) and high compressive recoverability. The hydrogels were prepared by adding an aqueous solution of citric acid (CA) to a frozen CMCF sol and then thawing the sol. The reaction between the freeze-concentrated CMCF and CA created a rigid porous structure that reflected the ice crystal structure. Their cross-linked structure has a high stability to compressive stress. Bentonite was immobilized on a CMCF hydrogel by adding bentonite to the CMCF sol before freeze cross-linking. The CMCF-bentonite hydrogel showed high adsorptivity for chemical dyes. The physically cross-linked CMCF hydrogels are non-toxic, metal-free, and simple to prepare, and thus they may be useful as sustainable materials in various fields.

Journal Articles

Design and trial fabrication of a dismantling apparatus for irradiation capsules of solid tritium breeder materials

Hayashi, Kimio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Onose, Shoji; Ishida, Takuya; Nakamichi, Masaru; Takatsu, Hideyuki; Nakamura, Mutsumi*; Noguchi, Tsuneyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.1083 - 1086, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Investigation and design of the dismantling process of irradiation capsules containing tritium, 2; Detailed design and trial fabrication of capsule dismantling apparatus and investigation of glove box facility

Hayashi, Kimio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Onose, Shoji; Ishida, Takuya; Nakamichi, Masaru; Katsuyama, Kozo; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Hasegawa, Teiji; Kodaka, Hideo; Takatsu, Hideyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-007, 168 Pages, 2009/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-007.pdf:31.88MB

In-pile functional tests of breeding blankets have been planned by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), using a test blanket module (TBM) which will be loaded in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). In preparation for the in-pile functional tests, JAEA has been being performed irradiation experiments of lithium titanate (Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$), which is the first candidate of solid breeder materials for the blanket of the demonstration reactor (DEMO) under designing in Japan. The present report describes (1) results of a detailed design and trial fabrication tests of a dismantling apparatus for irradiation capsules which were used in irradiation experiments by the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) of JAEA, and (2) results of a preliminary investigation of a glove box facility for post-irradiation examinations (PIEs). In the detailed design of the dismantling apparatus, datailed specifications and the installation methods were examined, based on results of a conceptual design and basic design. In the trial fabrication, cutting tests were curried out by making a mockup of a cutting component. Furthermore, a preliminary investigation of a glove box facility was carried out in order to secure a facility for PIE work after the capsule dismantling, which revealed a technical feasibility.

JAEA Reports

Investigation and design of the dismantling process of irradiation capsules containing tritium, 1; Conceptual investigation and basic design

Hayashi, Kimio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Onose, Shoji; Ishida, Takuya; Kodaka, Hideo; Katsuyama, Kozo; Kitajima, Toshio; Takahashi, Kozo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Nakamichi, Masaru; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2008-010, 68 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Technology-2008-010.pdf:11.31MB

In-pile functional tests of breeding blankets for fusion reactors have been planned by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), using a test blanket module (TBM) which will be loaded in ITER. The present report describes a conceptual investigation and a basic design of the dismantling process for irradiation capsules which were used in irradiation experiments by the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) of JAEA. In the present design, the irradiation capsule is cut by a band saw; the released tritium is recovered safely by a purge-gas system, and is consolidated into a radioactive waste form. Furthermore, adoption of the inner-box enclosing the dismantling apparatus has brought a prospect to be able to utilize an existing hot cell (beta-$$gamma$$ cell) equipped with usual wall material permeable to tritium, without extensive refurbishing of the cell. Thus, the present study has indicated the feasibility of the present dismantling process for the irradiated JMTR capsules containing tritium.

Oral presentation

Effect of electron irradiation on the property of electrochemical hydrogen absorption by a Mm-Ni based alloy

Muraki, Keita*; Nakagawa, Takuya*; Kishimoto, Masahiko*; Abe, Hiroshi; Hiraki, Takeshi*; Uchida, Hirohisa*

no journal, , 

In this study, we examined the effect of electron irradiation on the surface of a hydrogen storage alloy in order to improve the initial activation. We measured the initial rate of hydrogen absorption in an electrochemical process, and found that the electron irradiation treatment in the atmosphere is more effective than that in the vacuum or helium gas. Based on results of surface analysis of the alloy by ESCA, we found the existence of non-stoichiometric oxides of rare earths. As well known, non-stoichiometric rare earth oxides such as CeO$$_{x}$$ and LaO$$_{x}$$ has a high ability to dissociate covalent molecules like H$$_{2}$$O. This paper demonstrates an effective surface treatment of electron irradiation, and the important catalytic actions of rare earth oxides in the surface to improve the initial activation of the alloy.

Oral presentation

Phytoremediation of radioactive contaminated soil; Screening for plant species with high absorption capacity of Cs and Sr

Goto, Yukari*; Nakagawa, Takuya*; Makino, Yuko*; Yamada, Satoshi*; Yamada, Mina*; Sakoda, Akihiro; Ishimori, Yuu

no journal, , 

Tottori University and Japan Atomic Energy Agency started a joint study to develop an environmental remediation technique for agricultural soil. Nine plants were water-cultured and examined for screening. A few were selected as candidates for demonstrations in fields. Preselected plants were mainly halophytes. Easily cultivated and harvested plants without harmful effect on new agriculture were also considered. Seedings prepared were first grown for a certain term. Additive-free, $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{88}$$Sr groups, which are both stable isotopes, were then made. Stems, leaves and roots were harvested, in principle, two weeks after the addition, to measure K, Ca, Mg, Sr and Cs concentrations in them. It was concluded that New Zealand spinach and ice plant were most adequate for removing contaminants from surface soil. The two accumulate Cs and Sr mostly in the shoots, are prostrate, and spread the roots shallowly. For valid application, growth-phase dependences of absorption and distribution, growth property and root distribution should be elucidated. Finally, the application study plan was developed based on screening test results.

Oral presentation

Performance tests of a mask fitting tester for use in nuclear facilities

Nakagawa, Masahiro; Kato, Takuya; Nojima, Shun; Sakai, Toshiya; Shishido, Nobuhito; Umehara, Takashi

no journal, , 

Mask fitting tester "MT-03" is widespread as educational equipment in medical institution and industrial organization. However, there are few examples introduced in order to check the protection performance of purifying respirators in nuclear facilities. In this study, we compared protection factors obtained by MT-03 and those obtained by Mask-man test apparatus "MT-100N". As a result, although the change of measurement result is larger and measured value is higher than that of MT-100N, it was found that protection performance can be checked appropriately.

Oral presentation

Evaluation of radiation resistance of activated sludge used for nitrate ion decomposition

Nakagawa, Akinori; Kogawara, Takafumi; Onizawa, Takashi*; Hanada, Keiji; Nakayama, Takuya; Meguro, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of high-strength cellulose nanofiber hydrogels by freeze-crosslinking

Sekine, Yurina; Nankawa, Takuya; Miura, Daisuke*; Yunoki, Shunji*; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Teppei*

no journal, , 

We developed a crosslinking method using freeze concentration and used it to synthesize a cellulose nanofiber hydrogel with high compressive strength. The reaction between the freeze-concentrated cellulose nanofiber and citric acid created a rigid porous structure. Without the freeze crosslinking method, the complex of the cellulose nanofiber sol and citric acid produced hydrogels, which easily collapsed under compressive stress. We will give a presentation on the crosslinking method and the chemical and physical properties of the hydrogel.

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