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JAEA Reports

Neutron shielding reinforcement in the JMTR hot laboratory

Ito, Masayasu; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tayama, Yoshinobu; Kanazawa, Yoshiharu; Yonekawa, Minoru; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Omi, Masao; Iwamatsu, Shigemi

JAEA-Technology 2011-022, 44 Pages, 2011/07

JAEA-Technology-2011-022.pdf:3.29MB

Hot laboratory are facilities that execute the post irradiation examination of sample irradiated in material testing reactors etc. The handling of high burn-up fuel is scheduled in the JMTR (Japan Materials Testing Reactor) hot laboratory with JMTR re-operate in FY 2011. This report describes evaluation, production and installation of shielding of the hot cells in the JMTR hot laboratory.

JAEA Reports

Renewal plan of the JMTR hot laboratory for the irradiation test of high burn-up fuels in FY2008

Sozawa, Shizuo; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Hayashi, Koji; Tayama, Yoshinobu; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yonekawa, Minoru; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Kanazawa, Yoshiharu; Omi, Masao

JAEA-Technology 2009-070, 27 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-070.pdf:7.46MB

Refurbishment of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), which is recognized as one of important facilities in Japan for safety research, is in progress by the JAEA. In Extensive safety research of light-water reactor (LWR) fuels and materials under a contract with the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency of Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, the irradiation tests are planned in order to examine integrity of the LWR fuels and structure materials. For the irradiation tests of high burnup fuels and irradiated materials in the JMTR, modification of the hot laboratory facilities are needed, which are (1) making of application books for strengthening JMTR hot-lab. cell-shielding, (2) the capsule assembling device of detailed design, (3) safety analysis for domestic transportation cask and (4) confirmatory testing of diamond drill of fuel-rod center-hole processing device.

JAEA Reports

Development of welding techniques for assembling of IASCC Test Capsule

Shibata, Akira; Kawamata, Kazuo; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Shimizu, Michio*; Kanazawa, Yoshiharu; Matsui, Yoshinori; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Sozawa, Shizuo; Tayama, Yoshinobu; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2008-029, 40 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Technology-2008-029.pdf:25.78MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is considered to be one of the key issues from a viewpoint of the life management of core components in the aged Light Water Reactors. The in-situ crack extension examination and the in-situ constant load tensile test in the reactor are required for the study of IASCC. There are, however, some technical hurdles to be overcome for the experiments. For this in-situ IASCC test, techniques for assembling pre-irradiated specimens into an capsule in a hot cell by remote handling are necessary. In this report, I describe the establishment of those remote assembling techniques and development of new welding apparatus and the TIG upset welding for stainless tube of 3 mm in thickness. Already IASCC capsules having pre-irradiated CT specimens were remotely assembled using these techniques in the hot cell for performing crack growth tests under irradiation in JMTR. And eight in-situ IASCC capsules have been finished successfully in JMTR.

Journal Articles

Development of JCDS, a computational dosimetry system at JAEA for boron neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 74, p.021010_1 - 021010_7, 2007/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison and analysis of BNCT radiation dose between gold wire and JCDS measurement

Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Mizobuchi, Keiji*; Nagahiro, Shinji*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Proceedings of 12th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-12), p.60 - 61, 2006/10

We compared and evaluated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) radiation dose between gold wire measurement and JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS). Gold wire analysis demonstrates the actual BNCT dose though it dose not reflect the real the maximum and minimum dose in tumor tissue. We can conclude that JCDS is precise and high-reliable dose planning system for BNCT.

Journal Articles

Comparison of BNCT radiation dose between BSH-based intra-operative BNCT and BSH, BPA-based non-operative BNCT

Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Mizobuchi, Keiji*; Nagahiro, Shinji*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Proceedings of 12th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-12), p.62 - 63, 2006/10

We compared and evaluated BNCT radiation dose using JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) between BSH-base intra-operative BNCT and BSH, BPA-based non-operative BNCT. In comparison of BNCT radiation dose, BSH-based intra-operative BNCT was 1.4-2.1 times higher than BSH, BPA-basednon-operative BNCT.

Journal Articles

Correlation between BNCT radiation dose and histopathologocal findings in BSH-based intra-operative BNCT for malignant glioma

Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Mizobuchi, Keiji*; Nagahiro, Shinji*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Proceedings of 12th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-12), p.35 - 36, 2006/10

We analyzed the correlation between boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) radiation dose and histopathological findings of autopsy or salvage surgery. For the complete remission of glioblastoma (GBM) after BNCT, minimum gross tumor volume (GTV) and clinical target volume (CTV) dose should be 65 and 45 Gy-Eq as a JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) dose.

Journal Articles

Crystal and magnetic structures and their temperature dependence of Co$$_{2}$$Z-type hexaferrite (Ba, Sr)$$_{3}$$Co$$_{2}$$Fe$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$ by high-temperature neutron diffraction

Takada, Yukio*; Nakagawa, Takashi*; Tokunaga, Masatoshi*; Fukuta, Yasunari*; Tanaka, Takayoshi*; Yamamoto, Takao*; Tachibana, Takeshi*; Kawano, Shinji*; Ishii, Yoshinobu; Igawa, Naoki

Journal of Applied Physics, 100(4), p.043904_1 - 043904_7, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:61 Percentile:11.14(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of computational dosimetry system "JCDS" for neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Hoshasen, 31(4), p.287 - 297, 2005/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of magnetic moment orientation in Co$$_{2}$$Z-type hexaferrite estimated by high-temperature neutron diffraction

Takada, Yukio*; Nakagawa, Takashi*; Fukuta, Yasunari*; Tokunaga, Masatoshi*; Yamamoto, Takao*; Tachibana, Takeshi*; Kawano, Shinji*; Igawa, Naoki; Ishii, Yoshinobu

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 44(5A), p.3151 - 3156, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:94.9(Physics, Applied)

We investigated the correlation between the thremomagnetic curve of Co$$_{2}$$Z-Type hexagonal barium ferrite, Ba$$_{3}$$Co$$_{1.8}$$Fe$$_{24.2}$$O$$_{41}$$ and its magnetic moment direction. The thermomagnetic curve shows two significant magnetization slumps at 540K and 680K. High-temperature neutron diffraction experiment and Rietveld analyses indicate that temperature rise from 523 to 573K makes the magnetic moments turn to the c-axis from a direction parallel to the c-plane most significantly.The change in average orientation of the magnetic moments must be induced by the disappearence of the contribution of cobalt to magnetism in this temperature.

Journal Articles

Development of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Murayama, Yoji; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Monte Karuro Keisanho Kodoka No Genjo; Dai-3-Kai Monte Karuro Shimyureshon Kenkyukai Hobunshu, p.185 - 194, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of dose calculation accuracy for BNCT dosimetry by the multi-voxel method in JCDS

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Nakai, Kei*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Matsumura, Akira*

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 61(5), p.1045 - 1050, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.08(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

To carry out the BNCT clinical trials based on accurate dosimetry of several absorbed doses given to a patient, we have developed JCDS which can determine the absorbed doses by numerical simulation. The aim of this study is to improve the accuracy of the BNCT dosimetry efficiently. We have developed the multi-voxel calculation method reconstructing the original voxel model by combining of several voxel cell sizes such as in 5mm, 10mm and 20mm voxel cell. To verify the accuracy of the multi-voxel method, the calculation results were compared with the phantom experimental data. These results proved that the multi-voxel calculation enables JCDS to more accurately estimate the absorbed doses to a patient by efficient calculations.

Journal Articles

Radiation injury of boron neutron capture therapy using mixed epithermal- and thermal neutron beams in patients with malignant glioma

Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Nagahiro, Shinji*; Mizobuchi, Keiji*; Toi, Hiroyuki*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 61(5), p.1063 - 1067, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:52.27(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Rise-to-power test in high temperature engineering test reactor in the high temperature test operation mode; Test progress and summary of test results up to 30MW of reactor thermal power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takada, Eiji*; Tochio, Daisuke; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Nojiri, Naoki; Goto, Minoru; Shibata, Taiju; Ueta, Shohei; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-063, 61 Pages, 2004/10

JAERI-Tech-2004-063.pdf:3.14MB

The High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) is a graphite moderated and gas cooled reactor with the thermal power of 30MW and the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C/950$$^{circ}$$C. Rise-to-power test in the HTTR was performed from March 31th to May 1st in 2004 as phase 5 test up to 30MW in the high temperature test operation mode. It was confirmed that the thermal reactor power and the reactor outlet coolant temperature reached to 30MW and 950$$^{circ}$$C respectively on April 19th in the single operation mode using only the primary pressurized water cooler. The parallel loaded operation mode using the intermediate heat exchanger and the primary pressurized water cooler was performed from June 2nd and JAERI (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute) obtained the certificate of the pre-operation test on June 24th from MEXT (Ministry of Education Culture Sports Science and Technology) after all the pre-operation tests were passed successfully in the high temperature test operation mode. Achievement of the reactor-outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C is the first time in the world. It is possible to extend highly effective power generation with a high-temperature gas turbine and produce hydrogen from water with a high-temperature. This report describes the results of the high-temperature test operation of the HTTR.

Journal Articles

Verification of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Japanese Journal of Medical Physics, Vol.23, Supplement 3, p.292 - 295, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Clinical review of the Japanese experience with boron neutron capture therapy and a proposed strategy using epithermal neutron beams

Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Pooh, K. H.*; Kobayashi, Toru*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uyama, Shinichi*; Matsumura, Akira*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 62(1), p.87 - 99, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:105 Percentile:17.74

Our concept of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is selective destruction of tumor cells using the heavy-charged particles Yielded through 10B(n, alpha)7 Li reactions. In the analysis of side effects due to radiation, we included all the 159 patients treated between 1977 and 2001. With respect to the radiation dose (i.e. physical dose of boron n-alpha reaction), the new protocol prescribes a minimum tumor volume dose of 15Gy or, alternatively, a minimum target volume dose of 18Gy. The maximum vascular dose should not exceed 15Gy (physical dose of boron n-alpha reaction) and the total amount of gamma rays should remain below 10Gy, including core gamma rays from the reactor and capture gamma in brain tissue. The outcomes for 10 patients who were treated by the new protocol using a new mode composed of thermal and epithermal neutrons are reported.

JAEA Reports

Test plans of the high temperature test operation at HTTR

Sakaba, Nariaki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Eiji*; Nojiri, Naoki; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Ueta, Shohei; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Nakazawa, Toshio; Ashikagaya, Yoshinobu; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2003-043, 59 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-043.pdf:2.54MB

HTTR plans a high temperature test operation as the fifth step of the rise-to-power tests to achieve a reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950 degrees centigrade in the 2003 fiscal year. Since HTTR is the first HTGR in Japan which uses coated particle fuel as its fuel and helium gas as its coolant, it is necessary that the plan of the high temperature test operation is based on the previous rise-to-power tests with a thermal power of 30 MW and a reactor outlet coolant temperature at 850 degrees centigrade. During the high temperature test operation, reactor characteristics, reactor performances and reactor operations are confirmed for the safety and stability of operations. This report describes the evaluation result of the safety confirmations of the fuel, the control rods and the intermediate heat exchanger for the high temperature test operation. Also, problems which were identified during the previous operations are shown with their solution methods. Additionally, there is a discussion on the contents of the high temperature test operation. As a result of this study, it is shown that the HTTR can safely achieve a thermal power of 30MW with the reactor outlet coolant temperature at 950 degrees centigrade.

JAEA Reports

Development of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy (Cooperative research)

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Nose, Tadao*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uchiyama, Junzo

JAERI-Tech 2003-002, 49 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-002.pdf:5.22MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Verification of the JAERI computational dosimetry system for neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.529 - 534, 2002/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Clinical review of boron neutron capture therapy and a proposed strategy using epithermal neutron beams in Japan

Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Pooh, K. H.*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uyama, Shinichi*; Kobayashi, Toru*; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.1113 - 1116, 2002/09

To make a new protocol using epithermal neutron beam for high-grade glioma patients, we elucidated the relationship between the radiation dose, histological tumor grade, and clinical outcome. One hundred and eighty-three patients with kinds of brain tumors were treated by BNCT since 1968, however, we performed a retrospective study of 105 patients with glial tumors treated in Japan between 1978 and 1997. As for the radiation side effect, we analyzed all patients(n=159) treated between 1977 and 2001. Ten patients with glioblastoma were treated according to the new protocol using epithermal neutron.

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