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Journal Articles

Stabilization processing of hazardous and radioactive liquid wastes derived from advanced aqueous separation experiments for safety handling and management of waste

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Motoyama, Risa; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kajinami, Akihiko*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.66 - 70, 2019/09

A wide variety of hazardous and radioactive liquid waste has generated derived from an advanced aqueous separation experiments in the Chemical Processing Facility. Therefore, they should be stabilized for the safety handling and management. In this study, we report a precipitation or an oxidation for hazardous materials, a solvent extraction for recovery of nuclear materials, and a concentration of solution by a freeze-drying method.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a Hot Laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 3; Volume reduction and stabilization of solid waste

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.191 - 194, 2019/04

High level radioactive solid waste is reduced the volume or stabilized in the Chemical Processing Facility in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A plastic product is molten with a heating mantle and reduced the volume. A non-flammable such as metal is cut with a band saw machine for reducing the volume. A used adsorbent in the extraction chromatograph process was heated with an electric furnace using non-radioactive materials, and the experimental result suggests that organic materials in the used adsorbent were decomposed stably.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a hot laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1; Overview and activities in chemical processing facility

Nomura, Kazunori; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(5), p.209 - 212, 2019/00

Journal Articles

Two-mode fission; Experimental verification and characterization of two fission-modes

Nagame, Yuichiro; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

Radiochimica Acta, 100(8-9), p.605 - 614, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.24(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Production and chemistry of transuranium elements

Nagame, Yuichiro; Hirata, Masaru; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry, p.817 - 875, 2011/02

Journal Articles

Nuclear-charge polarization at scission in proton-induced fission of $$^{233}$$U

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Tanikawa, Masashi*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

European Physical Journal A, 47(1), p.1 - 8, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:73.96(Physics, Nuclear)

The most probable charges of secondary fragments in the 11.5 MeV proton-induced fission of $$^{233}$$U were determined from the mass yields measured by the double time-of-flight method and the fractional cumulative and independent yields measured radiochemically and reported in literature. The nuclear-charge polarization of primary fragments at scission was obtained by correcting the secondary fragment mass for neutron evaporation. The results show that the nuclear-charge polarization is determined by the minimum potential energy of nuclei at scission and that it is nearly independent not only of mass and excitation energy but also of the neutron-to-proton ratio of the fissioning nucleus.

Journal Articles

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), investigated by cation-exchange chromatography

Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Tome, Hayato; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Miyashita, Sunao*; Mori, Tomotaka*; Suganuma, Hideo*; et al.

Chemistry Letters, 37(3), p.288 - 289, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:55.27(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We have investigated cation-exchange behavior of Rf together with the lighter homologues of the group-4 elements Zr and Hf, and the tetravalent pseudo-homologue Th, in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution using Automated Ion exchange separation apparatus coupled with the Detection system for Alpha spectroscopy (AIDA). The ${it K}$ $$_{d}$$ values of Zr, Hf, Th and Rf in HF/0.1 M HNO$$_{3}$$ were decreased with increasing the concentration of the fluoride ion [F$$^{-}$$], indicating the formation of the fluoride complexes. The sequence of the fluoride complexation strength is Zr $$sim$$ Hf $$>$$ Rf $$>$$ Th.

Journal Articles

Hexafluoro complex of rutherfordium in mixed HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Goto, Shinichi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 96(3), p.125 - 134, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:86.42(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Formation of an anionic fluoride-complex of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction was studied by an anion-exchange method based on an atom-at-a-time scale. It was found that the hexafluoro complex of Rf, [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$, was formed in the studied fluoride ion concentrations of 0.0005 - 0.013 M. Formation of [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ was significantly different from that of the homologues Zr and Hf, [ZrF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ and [HfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$; the evaluated formation constant of [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ is at least one-order of magnitude smaller than those of [ZrF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ and [HfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$.

Journal Articles

Nuclear-charge polarization at scission in the 12 MeV proton-induced fission of $$^{232}$$Th

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nakahara, Hiromichi*; Nagame, Yuichiro

European Physical Journal A, 33(2), p.231 - 236, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.37(Physics, Nuclear)

The most probable charges of secondary fragments, produced after neutron evaporation from primary fragments, have been evaluated using fractional cumulative and mass yields in the 12 MeV proton-induced fission of $$^{232}$$Th. The nuclear charge polarization of primary fragments at scission has been obtained by correcting the most probable charge of secondary fragments for neutron evaporation. The fragment mass dependence of the nuclear charge polarization at scission shows good agreement with that for thermal neutron-induced fission of $$^{235}$$U, indicating that the nuclear charge polarization is nearly insensitive to mass and excitation energy of the fissioning nucleus for asymmetric fission in the actinide region.

Journal Articles

Symmetric and asymmetric scission properties in the fission of pre-actinides through heavy actinides

Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Zhao, Y. L.*; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

Romanian Reports in Physics, 59(2), p.545 - 558, 2007/00

Existence of two kinds of scission configurations associated with symmetric and asymmetric fission modes is pointed out in the fission of actinides: elongated and compact configurations. Each scission property is discussed in terms of shape elongation evaluated from fragment total kinetic energy (TKE). Fragment deformation at scission is also discussed based on neutron multiplicity measurements. From the systematic study of the scission properties in a wide range of actinides, the bimodal fission observed in the spontaneous fission (SF) of the heavy actinides would be interpreted as the result of the presence of the two fission paths; the ordinary asymmetric fission path is still exiting while the symmetric one is bifurcated by strongly shell-influenced effects.

Journal Articles

Authorization of new elements

Nagame, Yuichiro; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

Nihon Butsuri Gakkai-Shi, 60(9), p.707 - 709, 2005/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Proton-neutron configurations in $$^{236g,m}$$Am and its EC-decay daughter $$^{236}$$Pu

Asai, Masato; Sakama, Minoru*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 23(3), p.395 - 400, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:68.77(Physics, Nuclear)

The EC decay of $$^{236}$$Am has been studied through $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. Two EC-decaying states have been found in $$^{236}$$Am with half-lives of 3.6 min and 2.9 min. In $$^{236}$$Pu, we have found the $$K^{pi}=0^{-}$$ octupole band and two-quasiparticle states one of which is a $$K$$ isomer with a 1.2 $$mu$$s half-life. The EC transitions from $$^{236g,m}$$Am to the two-quasiparticle states in $$^{236}$$Pu show small $$log ft$$ values of 4.8--5.3, which allowed us to assign proton-neutron configurations of $$^{236g,m}$$Am and the two-quasiparticle states.

Journal Articles

Chemical studies on rutherfordium (Rf) at JAERI

Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuo; Sato, Tetsuya; Hirata, Masaru; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 93(9-10), p.519 - 526, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:87.52(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

EC and $$alpha$$ decays of $$^{235}$$Am

Asai, Masato; Sakama, Minoru*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 22(3), p.411 - 416, 2004/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:48.84(Physics, Nuclear)

EC and $$alpha$$ decays of $$^{235}$$Am have been studied by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. Excited states in $$^{235}$$Pu have been established for the first time, and tentative spin-parity and Nilsson assignments were given to these levels. The ground state of $$^{235}$$Am was evaluated to be the $$pi 5/2^{-}[523]$$ state from the experimental results. It was found that the $$pi 5/2^{-}[523]$$ state in $$^{231}$$Np is located at $$<$$15~keV, which allowed us to determine the $$Q_{alpha}$$ value of $$^{235}$$Am as 6569$$^{+27}_{-12}$$~keV, in combination with the measured $$alpha$$-particle energy.

Journal Articles

Partition of total excitation energy between fragment pairs in asymmetric and symmetric fission modes

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Tanikawa, Masashi*; Zhao, Y. L.*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Nakahara, Hiromichi

Physical Review C, 70(1), p.014609_1 - 014609_10, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:67.92(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Hirata, Masaru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126(16), p.5219 - 5224, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:73.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction has been studied by anion-exchange chromatography on an atom-at-a-time scale. The anion-exchangechromatographic behavior of Rf was investigated in 1.9-13.9 M hydrofluoric acid together with those of the group-4 elements Zr and Hf produced in the $$^{18}$$O-induced reactions on Ge and Gd targets, respectively. It was found that the adsorption behavior of Rf on anion-exchange resin is quite different from those of Zr and Hf, suggesting the influence of relativistic effect on the fluoride complexation of Rf.

Journal Articles

Chemical studies of the heaviest elements

Nagame, Yuichiro; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Goto, Shinichi*; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Kaneko, Tetsuya; Sakama, Minoru*; Hirata, Masaru; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 734, p.124 - 135, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:57.83(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$-decays of neutron-deficient americium isotopes

Sakama, Minoru*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Goto, Shinichi*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Kawade, Kiyoshi*; et al.

Physical Review C, 69(1), p.014308_1 - 014308_11, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:73.27(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characteristics of asymmetric mass distribution in proton-induced fission of actinides

Goto, Shinichi*; Kaji, D.*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 255(1), p.73 - 76, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Primary fragment mass-yield distributions for asymmetric fission path of heavy nuclei

Zhao, Y. L.*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sueki, Keisuke*; Goto, Shinichi*; Tanikawa, Masashi*; Nakahara, Hiromichi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 255(1), p.67 - 72, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.19(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

77 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)