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Journal Articles

Electrical and crystallographic study of an electrothermodynamic cycle for a waste heat recovery

Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 2(11), p.1800067_1 - 1800067_8, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.77(Green & Sustainable Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Pyroelectric power generation with ferroelectrics (1-x)PMN-xPT

Kim, J.*; Yamanaka, Satoru*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Takeda, Masatoshi*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 512(1), p.92 - 99, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Relationship between the material properties and pyroelectric-generating performance of PZTs

Yamanaka, Satoru*; Kim, J.*; Nakajima, Akira*; Kato, Takanori*; Kim, Y.*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Baba, Masaaki*; Yamada, Noboru*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 1(3-4), p.1600020_1 - 1600020_6, 2017/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Basic study on radiation degradation of potassium nickel ferrocyanide

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Takahatake, Yoko; Nakamura, Masahiro; Nakajima, Yasuo

Proceedings of 2014 Nuclear Plant Chemistry Conference (NPC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dissolution behavior of (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$-based simulated fuel debris in nitric acid

Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Ishihara, Miho; Yano, Kimihiko; Kaji, Naoya; Nakajima, Yasuo; Washiya, Tadahiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.996 - 1005, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.5(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Co-processing of uranium and plutonium for sodium-cooled fast reactor fuel reprocessing by acid split method for plutonium partitioning without reductant

Nakahara, Masaumi; Koma, Yoshikazu; Nakajima, Yasuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(11), p.1062 - 1070, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:68.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The acid split method for Pu partitioning without reductant was investigated for improving nuclear proliferation resistance, safety, and cost. A practical acid split flow sheet was configured using a extraction calculation code, and countercurrent experiment was carried out based on their calculation results. 0.15 mol/dm$$^{3}$$ HNO$$_{3}$$ was supplied at 21$$^{circ}$$C for the Pu stripping. The Pu content of the U/Pu product increased to 2.28 times larger than that of the feed solution. In addition, the Pu leakage to the U product was 0.47%. The experimental results indicate that the proposed flow sheet is effective for fast reactor fuel reprocessing.

Journal Articles

Plutonium partitioning in uranium and plutonium co-recovery system for fast reactor fuel recycling with enhanced nuclear proliferation resistance

Nakahara, Masaumi; Koma, Yoshikazu; Nakajima, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.539 - 542, 2013/09

In order to develop a fast reactor fuel reprocessing, countercurrent extraction experiments for Pu reduction partitioning method with hydroxylamine nitrate and acid split method without Pu reductant were carried out. In the Pu reduction method, a part of U was co-recovered with Pu because the U scrubbing part can be deleted in the Pu partitioning section. On the other hand, acid split method experimental results indicate that almost all Pu was recovered with U by supplying diluted HNO$$_{3}$$ solution in the Pu partitioning section. This study shows that not only Pu reduction partitioning but also acid split methods are effective for fast reactor fuel reprocessing.

Journal Articles

Corrosion behavior of a titanium alloy in hot nitric acid condensate

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Sano, Yuichi; Nakajima, Yasuo; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Nojima, Yasuo*; Fujine, Sachio*

Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 7(6), p.1090 - 1096, 2013/06

The corrosion behavior of a titanium-5% tantalum alloy (Ti-5Ta) in hot nitric acid condensate was investigated to understand aging behavior of reprocessing equipments. On the basis of long-term immersion tests, it was determined that the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in nitric acid condensate is accelerated with an increase in the concentration. The corrosion rate was nearly constant during the immersion test and the coupons suffered from uniform corrosion. In addition, it is important to note that the nitric acid concentration in the condensate increased on addition of metal salts to the heated nitric acid solution. The larger valence of metal ions was contributed to the increase in the concentration of nitric acid condensate. Consequently, the metal salt in the heated nitric acid solution accelerates the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the condensate. Therefore, the nitric acid condensate condition should be carefully considered for the corrosion environment of titanium and its alloys.

Journal Articles

Single crystal growth and magnetic anisotropy of hexagonal PuGa$$_{3}$$

Haga, Yoshinori; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Arai, Yasuo; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Ikeda, Shugo*; Sakai, Hironori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Nakamura, Akio; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(Suppl.B), p.SB007_1 - SB007_4, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Washing of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystals with nitric acid aqueous solution to improve crystal quality

Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakajima, Yasuo; Koizumi, Tsutomu

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 51(46), p.15170 - 15175, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:87.1(Engineering, Chemical)

In the crystal washing experiment using the uranyl nitrate solution containing Ce, the Ce in the mother liquor was attached to the surface of the uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystals and tend to be removed by the washing operation with low HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration washing solution. In the crystallization experiments using the dissolver solution of irradiated fast reactor core fuel, the decontamination factors of liquid impurities were improved by crystal washing. On the other hand, the decontamination factors of solid impurities decreased with several washings because uranyl nitrate hexahydrate is more soluble than the solid impurities in an HNO$$_{3}$$ solution.

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of fission products with tri-${it n}$-butyl phosphate by countercurrent multistage extraction in a uranium, plutonium, and neptunium co-recovery system

Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakajima, Yasuo; Koizumi, Tsutomu

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 51(40), p.13245 - 13250, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:78.91(Engineering, Chemical)

To study the extraction behavior of fission products, the countercurrent multistage experiments were carried out with centrifugal contactors in the U, Pu, and Np co-recovery system. Neptunium was co-recovered with U and Pu using tri-${it n}$-butyl phosphate. The experimental results show that Zr was removed with a low HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration scrubbing solution and Tc was decontaminated using a high HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration solution. Other fission products were effectively decontaminated in the system.

Journal Articles

Corrosion study of titanium-5% tantalum alloy in hot nitric acid condensate

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Sano, Yuichi; Nakajima, Yasuo; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Nojima, Yasuo*; Fujine, Sachio*

Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering and the ASME 2012 Power Conference (ICONE-20 & POWER 2012) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2012/07

A long-term corrosion tendency and metal salt effect in heating nitric acid solution on corrosion behavior of titanium-5% tantalum alloy (Ti-5Ta) in hot nitric acid condensate condition were mainly researched to discuss the aging behavior of reprocessing equipments such as evaporators made of titanium or its alloy. The hot pure nitric acid solution with continuous renewing such as the nitric acid condensate condition is severe corrosion environment for their materials because of the corrosion inhibition effect from titanium ions as corrosion products or oxidizing ions in nitric acid solution. From the results of the long-term corrosion test for total 11,000 hrs, the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the nitric acid condensate was accelerated with increase of the nitric acid concentration in the condensate. The corrosion rate was nearly constant during the immersion time and the test coupons suffered a uniform corrosion. Thus, from the viewpoints of nitric acid corrosion, the life-time of the reprocessing equipments made of titanium or its alloy will be roughly estimated based on the results of average corrosion rate in operation. It was also found that the kind and concentration of metal salt in the heating nitric acid solution gave a remarkable effect on the concentration of nitric acid vapor and the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the hot nitric acid condensate. Most of the evaporators for reprocessing plants include metal ions in the heating nitric acid solution, so the metal salt effect is one of the corrosion factors to control the corrosion behavior of titanium alloy in condensate. The nitric acid concentration in the condensate increases by adding the metal salts in the heating nitric acid solution, in addition, the larger valence of metal ions was contributed to the increase of nitric acid concentration in the condensate. Consequently, the metal salts effect in the heating nitric acid solution accelerates the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the nitric acid condensate.

Journal Articles

U-Pu-Zr metal fuel fabrication for irradiation test at JOYO

Nakamura, Kinya*; Kato, Tetsuya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2012/00

The first irradiation campaign of U-Pu-Zr metal fuel in Japan is planned in the experimental fast reactor JOYO. In the fabrication of U-Pu-Zr fuel, two methods were adopted for preparing U-Pu alloy from the oxide; one is the electrochemical reduction and the other is the electrorefining followed by reductive extraction. Injection casting for U-Pu-Zr slug was carried out after adding U and Zr metals to meet the target specifications of the irradiated fuel. Several conditions of Na-bonding process were determined from the results of tests using simulated metal fuel pins. Based on these results, six U-Pu-Zr fuel pins for the irradiation tests are now being fabricated.

Journal Articles

The Solubility and diffusion coefficient of helium in uranium dioxide

Nakajima, Kunihisa; Serizawa, Hiroyuki; Shirasu, Noriko; Haga, Yoshinori; Arai, Yasuo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 419(1-3), p.272 - 280, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:17.54(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The solubility and diffusion coefficient of helium in the single-crystal UO$$_{2}$$ samples were determined by a Knudsen-effusion mass-spectrometric method. The measured helium solubilities were found to lie within the scatter of the available data, but to be much lower than those for the polycrystalline samples. The diffusion analysis was conducted based on a hypothetical equivalent sphere model and the simple Fick's law. The helium diffusion coefficient was determined by using the pre-exponential factor and activation energy as the fitting parameters for the measured and calculated fractional releases of helium. The optimized diffusion coefficients were in good agreement with those obtained by a nuclear reaction method reported in the past. It was also found that the pre-exponential factors of the determined diffusion coefficients were much lower than those analyzed in terms of a simple interstitial diffusion mechanism.

Journal Articles

Establishment of technological basis for fabrication of U-Pu-Zr ternary alloy fuel pins for irradiation tests in Japan

Kikuchi, Hironobu; Nakamura, Kinya*; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Arai, Yasuo; Ogata, Takanari*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.323 - 331, 2011/12

A high-purity Ar gas atmosphere glovebox accommodating injection casting and sodium-bonding apparatuses was newly installed in Plutonium Fuel Research Facility (PFRF) of Oarai Research and Development Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Past experiences in PFRF led to the establishment of technological basis of fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel pin for the first time in Japan. After the injection casting of U-Pu-Zr alloy, the metallic fuel pins are fabricated by welding upper- and lower end plugs with cladding tube of ferritic-martensitic steel. Subsequent to the sodium bonding for filling the annular gap region between the U-Pu-Zr alloy and cladding tube with the melted sodium, the fuel pins are subjected to the inspection for irradiation tests. This paper summarizes the equipment of the apparatuses and the technological basis for fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel pins for the coming irradiation test in the experimental fast test reactor JOYO.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for the irradiation test at experimental fast test reactor Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Uozumi, Koichi*; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.245 - 256, 2011/12

Sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements were fabricated for the first time in Japan for the irradiation test in the experimental fast test reactor JOYO. U-20Pu-10Zr fuel slugs of 200 mm in length and approximately 5 mm in diameter were fabricated in a small-scale injection casting furnace. Each fuel slug was loaded into the ferritic martenstic stainless steel (PNC-FMS) cladding tube with the sodium thermal bond, thermal insulator and reflector in a helium gas atmosphere glove box. After top-end plug welding to the cladding tube and heat treatment of the welding area, each fuel element was subjected to the sodium bonding process. After the inspection such as element length, gas plenum length and helium-leak tightness, six metallic fuel elements are transported to the JOYO site for the coming irradiation test.

Journal Articles

Fundamental research on behavior of helium in MA-bearing oxide fuel

Arai, Yasuo; Serizawa, Hiroyuki; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Takano, Masahide; Sato, Isamu; Katsuyama, Kozo; Akie, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Motoe; Shirasu, Noriko; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/12

High amount of He is generated in MA-bearing fuel during irradiation and storage periods compared with that in U or U-Pu fuel. Laboratory scale experiments, post irradiation examinations and modeling study were carried out in order to understand the He behavior in MA-bearing oxide fuel. Diffusion characteristics of He in single-crystal UO$$_{2}$$ were investigated by the Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry. Effects of the He accumulation on lattice and bulk expansion of oxide pellets were examined by use of alpha-decay of $$^{244}$$Cm. Post irradiation examinations of 0.5%Am-MOX fuel irradiated at a fast test reactor JOYO were carried out, concentrating on the He behavior in the fuel pellets. A model describing the He behavior in MA-MOX fuel was constructed based on the principle processes, such as generation, diffusion, equilibrium and release to outer gaseous phase. By use of the model as a subroutine of a conventional fuel behavior analysis code, the He behavior in MA-MOX fuel for fast reactors was simulated.

Journal Articles

MA recovery experiments from genuine HLLW by extraction chromatography

Watanabe, So; Senzaki, Tatsuya; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Koma, Yoshikazu; Nakajima, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2011/12

Extraction chromatography experiments with two promising flow-sheets on genuine high level liquid wastes were carried out for demonstrating the feasibility of the method. One flow-sheet consists of CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P and HDEHP/SiO$$_{2}$$-P adsorbent columns, and the other consists of TODGA/ SiO$$_{2}$$-P and isoHex-BTP/SiO$$_{2}$$-P adsorbent columns. Although recovery yields of MA and decontamination factors of FPs obtained by those experiments were lower than the required values, the second flow-sheet is expected to achieve the required performance providing that some minor improvements on the flow-sheet or the adsorbents are applied.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for irradiation test at Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/12

CRIEPI and JAEA have fabricated sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements for the first time in Japan as a collaborative research, for use in the irradiation test at the experimental fast test reactor Joyo. The irradiation test aims to assess the irradiation behavior of the fuel and the internal wastage of the stainless-steel cladding by rare-earth fission products at a maximum cladding temperature above 873 K. U-20 wt% Pu-10 wt% Zr alloy fuel slugs of 200 mm length were fabricated in an injection-casting furnace using U metal, U-Pu alloy and Zr metal. Two types of fuel slug were fabricated, i.e., 5.05 mm and 4.95 mm in diameter, and loaded into a ferritic-martensitic stainless-steel cladding tubes, respectively. After top-end-plug welding to the cladding tube, each fuel element was subjected to sodium bonding to fill the annular gap between the fuel slug and the cladding with melted sodium. The fabrication results indicated that the characteristics of the fuel elements were within the required specifications.

Journal Articles

Study on cleaing solvents using activated alumina in PUREX process

Arai, Yoichi; Ogino, Hideki; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Kase, Takeshi; Nakajima, Yasuo

Proceedings in Radiochemistry, 1(1), p.71 - 74, 2011/09

Solvent cleanup method using activated alumina was discussed in this study. This method was one of candidate to remove TBP/$$n$$-dodecane degradation products. The degradation sample of 30% TBP/$$n$$-dodecane was prepared by irradiation (1.6 MGy) using $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-source. The absorbed dose for sample was almost 1.6 MGy. The degradation products were qualitatively analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). After the irradiation, solvent cleanup was performed by activated alumina and the cleanup using alumina was examined by phase separation test with 3M HNO$$_{3}$$. As the result, it was found that hexane and long-chain alcohols were mainly generated as the n-dodecane degradation products by irradiation, and almost 70% of the TBP/$$n$$-dodecane degradation products were removed and the phase separation performance were improved by the cleanup using activated alumina.

152 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)