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Journal Articles

Manufacturing technology and material properties of high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel forgings for ITER TF coil cases

Oshikawa, Takumi*; Funakoshi, Yoshihiko*; Imaoka, Hiroshi*; Yoshikawa, Kohei*; Maari, Yasutaka*; Iguchi, Masahide; Sakurai, Takeru; Nakahira, Masataka; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo

Proceedings of 19th International Forgemasters Meeting (IFM 2014), p.254 - 259, 2014/09

ITER is a large-scale experiment that aims to demonstrate that it is possible to produce commercial energy from fusion. ITER Toroidal Field Coil Case (hereinafter referred to as "ITER TFCC") is one of the important components of ITER. The ITER TFCC materials are made of high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel and having various configurations. The ITER TFCC material which manufactured by JCFC has a complex configuration with heaver thickness than other materials. It is difficult to form near net shape to delivery configuration by ordinary open die forging method such as upset and stretching, because the ITER TFCC materials manufactured by JCFC have a complex configuration. Therefore ingot weight and lead time of machining increase when ITER TFCC materials are forged by ordinary open die forging method. Moreover, in order to get good attenuation at Ultrasonic examination, it is necessarily to make fine and uniform grain of the material. However, it is impossible to control grain size of austenitic stainless steel by heat treatment. The grain becomes fine and uniform by only forging process with suitable condition. Therefore, JCFC has studied suitable forging method to become near net shape to delivery configuration and also to get fine grain of center of the material. Based on these result, ITER TFCC materials were manufactured. This innovative forging process led to reduce the weight of ingot compared with general forging. And it had good Ultrasonic attenuation. It was confirmed that the results of material test and nondestructive examination satisfied the requirements of Japan domestic agency (hereinafter referred to as "JADA"). Moreover, the test coupons were taken from center of thick part of product and used for various tests. As the result of tests, it was confirmed that results of material test satisfied the requirements of JADA. It is clear that this innovative forging method is very suitable process for manufacturing of ITER TFCC materials.

Journal Articles

Thermoresponsive extraction of cadmium(II) ions by poly(TPEN-NIPA) gels; Effect of chain length and branched spacer structure on gel formation and extraction behavior

Inaba, Yusuke*; Tsumagari, Takayuki*; Kida, Tatsuya*; Watanabe, Wataru*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Fukuoka, Sachio*; Mori, Atsunori*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*; Takeshita, Kenji*

Polymer Journal, 43(7), p.630 - 634, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:39.61(Polymer Science)

${it N,N,N',N'}$-(tetrakis-2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) derivatives bearing a polymerizable double bond in the substituent structure of the pyridine ring are synthesized and subjected to copolymerization with ${it N}$-isopropylacrylamide in the presence of AIBN. The obtained poly(TPEN-NIPA) gels show thermo-responsive swelling/shrinking behaviors and are employed for the extraction of cadmium(II) ion from the aqueous solution to examine the relationship of the gel characteristics and the extraction performance. The polymer gels composed of the TPEN derivative bearing C3, C4, C10 and branched C3 spacer chains are synthesized and temperature-dependent extraction behavior of cadmium ion is compared. These gels extract Cd(II) ion efficiently from the aqueous solution in the swelling state at 5$$^{circ}$$C, while little extraction is observed at 45$$^{circ}$$C with shrinking. It is found that poly(TPEN-NIPA) gel of branched C3 spacer (C3b) shows the excellent thermoresponsive extraction performance.

Journal Articles

Thermo-responsive extraction of cadmium(II) ion with TPEN-NIPA gel; Effect of the number of polymerizable double bond toward gel formation and the extracting behavior

Fukuoka, Sachio*; Kida, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Tsumagari, Takayuki*; Watanabe, Wataru*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Mori, Atsunori*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*; Takeshita, Kenji*

Tetrahedron, 66(9), p.1721 - 1727, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:50.38(Chemistry, Organic)

N,N,N',N'-(tetrakis-2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) derivatives bearing the different number (1-4) of a double bond moiety on the pyridine ring are synthesized and subjected to copolymerization with N-isopropylacrylamide in the presence of AIBN. The obtained poly(TPEN-NIPA)gels show thermo-responsive swelling/shrinking behaviors and are employed for the extraction of cadmium(II) ion from the aqueous solution to examine the relationship of the gel characteristics and the extraction performance. The polymer gels composed of the TPEN derivative bearing three or four double bonds exhibit temperature-dependent change of swelling and shrinking in water. These gels extract CdII ion efficiently from the aqueous solution in the swelling state at 5$$^{circ}$$C, while little extraction was observed at 45$$^{circ}$$C with shrinking.

JAEA Reports

Development of Equipment for Disposal of Contaminated Sodium (2)

Tomioka, Yutaka*; Saigusa, Moriyuki*; Nakajima, Nobuo*; Osawa, Yasutaka*

PNC TN251 77-13, 32 Pages, 1977/05

PNC-TN251-77-13.pdf:2.95MB

The transport behavior of trace-amount of radio nuclides such as $$^{131}$$I and $$^{137}$$Cs ($$^{134}$$Cs) in sodium have been studied on both conditions of normal sodium-steam reaction and sodium burning brought by excess steam supplying. trapping of these radio nuclides transported into gas phase in gas bubbler or scrubber, which is a component of waste gas treatment system, was also discussed. main experimental results were as follows: (1) under the normal sodium-steam reaction, partition ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs trans-ported into gas phase was 4$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$, while those of $$^{131}$$I and $$^{24}$$Na were one hundred times smaller than that of 134cs. Chemical forms of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{131}$$I transported into gas phase were estimated to be cesium hydroxide and inorganic iodine such as nai, respectively. (2) when the sodium burning occurred by excess steam supplying, partitionratios of $$^{24}$$Na, $$^{131}$$I increased 250$$sim$$500 times larger than those under the normal sodium-steam reaction, while for $$^{134}$$Cs, it increased about 25 times larger than that under normal reaction. sma

Oral presentation

Synthesis of TPEN [${it N,N,N',N'}$-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine] derivatives bearing hydrophobic substituents

Inaba, Yusuke*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Fukuoka, Sachio*; Mori, Atsunori*; Takeshita, Kenji*; Matsumura, Tatsuro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Synthesis of TPEN derivatives bearing polymerizable functional groups

Fukuoka, Sachio*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Mori, Atsunori*; Takeshita, Kenji*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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