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Journal Articles

Integral experiments of technetium-99 using fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI"

Nakamura, Shoji; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(12), p.1318 - 1329, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The present study performed fast-neutron capture cross-section measurement of $$^{99}$$Tc by an activation method using a fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI" of the University of Tokyo. Technetium-99 samples were irradiated with reactor neutrons using a pneumatic system. Reaction rates of $$^{99}$$Tc were obtained by measuring decay gamma rays emitted from $$^{100}$$Tc. The neutron flux at an irradiation position was monitored with gold foils. The fast-neutron capture cross section of $$^{99}$$Tc at neutron energy of 85 keV was derived as 0.432$$pm$$0.023 barn by using the reaction rates of $$^{99}$$Tc, evaluated cross-section data and the fast-neutron flux spectrum of the YAYOI reactor. The present study agreed with the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-4.0.

Journal Articles

Measurements of the neutron capture cross section of $$^{243}$$Am around 23.5 keV

Kodama, Yu*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hori, Junichi*; Shibahara, Yuji*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11

Journal Articles

Thermal-neutron capture cross-section measurement of tantalum-181 using graphite thermal column at KUR

Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(10), p.1061 - 1070, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a well-thermalized neutron field, it is principally possible to drive a thermal-neutron capture cross-section without considering an epithermal neutron component. This was demonstrated by a neutron activation method using the graphite thermal column (TC-Pn) of the Kyoto University Research Reactor. First, in order to confirm that the graphite thermal column was a well-thermalized neutron field, neutron irradiation was performed with neutron flux monitors: $$^{197}$$Au, $$^{59}$$Co, $$^{45}$$Sc, $$^{63}$$Cu, and $$^{98}$$Mo. The TC-Pn was confirmed to be extremely thermalized on the basis of Westcott's convention, because the thermal-neutron flux component took a constant value regardless of the sensitivity of each flux monitor to epithermal neutrons. Next, as a demonstration, the thermal-neutron capture cross section of $$^{181}$$Ta(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{182m+g}$$Ta reaction was measured using the graphite thermal column, and then derived to be 20.5$$pm$$0.4 barn, which supported the evaluated value of 20.4$$pm$$0.3 barn. The $$^{181}$$Ta nuclide could be useful as a flux monitor that complements the sensitivity between $$^{197}$$Au and $$^{98}$$Mo monitors.

Journal Articles

Thermal-neutron capture cross-section measurement of $$^{237}$$Np using graphite thermal column

Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Shibahara, Yuji*

KURNS Progress Report 2020, P. 94, 2021/08

The present study selected $$^{237}$$Np among radioactive nuclides and aimed to converge a contradiction between reported thermal-neutron capture cross sections. Neutron irradiation was carried out using the graphite thermal column equipped with the Kyoto University Research Reactor. A solution equivalent to 950 Bq order of radioactivity was pipetted out of a $$^{237}$$Np standard solution and dropped onto a fiber filter, which was then dried with an infrared lamp to prepare a $$^{237}$$Np sample. The $$^{237}$$Np sample was quantified using 312-keV gamma ray emitted from $$^{233}$$Pa in a radiation equilibrium with $$^{237}$$Np. To monitor a thermal-neutron flux component at an irradiation position, the $$^{237}$$Np sample was irradiated together with several stable nuclides as neutron flux monitors: $$^{45}$$Sc, $$^{59}$$Co, $$^{98}$$Mo, $$^{181}$$Ta and $$^{197}$$Au. The reaction rate of $$^{237}$$Np was obtained from gamma-ray yields given by $$^{238}$$Np and $$^{233}$$Pa, and then the thermal-neutron capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np was derived.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross sections of curium isotopes measured with ANNRI at J-PARC

Kawase, Shoichiro*; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakamura, Shoji; Segawa, Mariko; Toh, Yosuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.764 - 786, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Neutron beam filter system for fast neutron cross-section measurement at the ANNRI beamline of MLF/J-PARC

Rovira Leveroni, G.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Terada, Kazushi*; Kodama, Yu*; Nakano, Hideto*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1003, p.165318_1 - 165318_10, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Abe, Yuta; Oishi, Yuji*; Kai, Tetsuya; Toh, Yosuke; Segawa, Mariko; Maeda, Makoto; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Masahide; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

In the decommissioning of the Fukushima-Daiichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant, it is essential to understand characteristics of the melted core materials. The estimation of boride in the real debris is of great importance to develop safe debris removal plans. Hence, it is required to investigate the amount of boron in the melted core materials with nondestructive methods. Prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) is one of the useful techniques to determine the amount of borides by means of the 478 keV prompt gamma-ray from neutron absorption reaction of boron. Moreover, it is well known that the width of the 478 keV gamma-ray peak is typically broadened due to the Doppler effect. The degree of the broadening is affected by coexisting materials, and can be recognized by the width of the prompt gamma-ray peak. As a feasibility study, the prompt gamma-ray from boride samples were measured using the ANNRI, NOBORU, and RADEN beamlines at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC).

Journal Articles

Thermal-neutron capture cross sections and resonance integrals of the $$^{243}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{rm 244g}$$Am and $$^{243}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{rm 244m+g}$$Am reactions

Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(3), p.259 - 277, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Research and development were made for accuracy improvement of neutron capture cross section data on $$^{243}$$Am among minor actinides. First, the emission probabilities of decay $$gamma$$ rays were obtained with high accuracy, and the amount of the ground state of $$^{244}$$Am produced by reactor neutron irradiation of $$^{243}$$Am was examined by $$gamma$$-ray measurement. Next, the total amount of isomer and ground states was examined by $$alpha$$-ray measurement. Thermal-neutron capture cross sections and resonance integrals were derived both for the $$^{243}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{rm 244g}$$Am and for $$^{243}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{rm 244m+g}$$Am reactions.

Journal Articles

High-spin states in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Discovery of a new low energy neutron resonance of $$^{89}$$Y

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Toh, Yosuke; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Saito, Tatsuhiro*; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Huang, M.*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Igashira, Masayuki*

European Physical Journal A, 57(1), p.4_1 - 4_4, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Formation of $$alpha$$ clusters in dilute neutron-rich matter

Tanaka, Junki*; Yang, Z.*; Typel, S.*; Adachi, Satoshi*; Bai, S.*; Van Beek, P.*; Beaumel, D.*; Fujikawa, Yuki*; Han, J.*; Heil, S.*; et al.

Science, 371(6526), p.260 - 264, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:99.26(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

By employing quasi-free $$alpha$$-cluster-knockout reactions, we obtained direct experimental evidence for the formation of $$alpha$$ clusters at the surface of neutron-rich tin isotopes. The observed monotonous decrease of the reaction cross sections with increasing mass number, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction, implies a tight interplay between $$alpha$$-cluster formation and the neutron skin.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of gamma-ray strength function based on measured gamma-ray pulse-height spectra in time-of-flight neutron capture experiments

Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Rovira, G.*; Hara, Kaoru*; Iwamoto, Osamu

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.17016_1 - 17016_4, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.19

Journal Articles

Fast neutron capture reaction data measurement of minor actinides for development of nuclear transmutation systems

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hori, Junichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Terada, Kazushi*; Rovira, G.*; Matsuura, Shota*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.01044_1 - 01044_4, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.98

Journal Articles

Optimized TES microcalorimeters with 14 eV energy resolution at 30 keV for $$gamma$$-ray measurements of the $$^{229}$$Th isomer

Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Konno, Ryohei*; Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*; Yamasaki, Noriko*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Takimoto, Misaki; et al.

Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 200(5-6), p.452 - 460, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Measurement for thermal neutron capture cross sections and resonance integrals of the $$^{243}$$Am(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{rm 244g}$$Am, $$^{rm 244m+g}$$Am reactions

Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Shibahara, Yuji*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 132, 2020/08

Research and development were made for accuracy improvement of neutron capture cross section data on $$^{243}$$Am among minor actinides. First, the emission probabilities of decay $$gamma$$ rays were obtained with high accuracy, and the amount of the ground state of $$^{244}$$Am produced by reactor neutron irradiation of $$^{243}$$Am was examinded by $$gamma$$-ray measurement. Next, the total amount of isomer and ground states was examoned by $$alpha$$-ray measurement.

Journal Articles

Measurement of cesium isotopic ratio by thermal ionization mass spectrometry for neutron capture reaction studies on $$^{135}$$Cs

Shibahara, Yuji*; Nakamura, Shoji; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 325(1), p.155 - 165, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

The measurements of isotopic ratios of Cs samples by thermal ionization mass spectrometry were performed for the analysis of their samples used to evaluate nuclear data obtained for $$^{135}$$Cs. To obtain a high intensity and stable ion beam, the effects of additive agents on the ionization of Cs were examined. The effect of silicotungstic acid on the ionization of Cs was the largest among the additive agents studied in the present study, while the silicotungstic acid also showed the largest isobaric interference of polyatomic ions. It was demonstrated that as small as 2$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$ g of a Cs sample was sufficient to achieve the analytical precision required to measure the $$^{135}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio in the case where an additive agent of TaO/glucose was employed. After examining of the analytical conditions, such as the interference effect due to Ba, the measurements of the isotopic ratios of two Cs samples used in our study using TIMS were conducted, and it was discussed how much the ratios contributed to evaluation of the neutron capture cross-section of $$^{135}$$Cs.

Journal Articles

Measurements of thermal-neutron capture cross-section of cesium-135 by applying mass spectrometry

Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.388 - 400, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The thermal-neutron capture cross-section ($$sigma_{0}$$) and resonance integral(I$$_{0}$$) were measured for the $$^{135}$$Cs(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{136}$$Cs reaction by an activation method and mass spectrometry. We used $$^{135}$$Cs contained as an impurity in a normally available $$^{137}$$Cs standard solution. An isotope ratio of $$^{135}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs in a standard $$^{137}$$Cs solution was measured by mass spectrometry to quantify $$^{135}$$Cs. The analyzed $$^{137}$$Cs samples were irradiated at the hydraulic conveyer of the research reactor in Institute for Integral Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. Wires of Co/Al and Au/Al alloys were used as neutron monitors to measure thermal-neutron fluxes and epi-thermal Westcott's indices at an irradiation position. A gadolinium filter was used to measure the $$sigma_{0}$$, and a value of 0.133 eV was taken as the cut-off energy. Gamma-ray spectroscopy was used to measure induced activities of $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{136}$$Cs and monitor wires. On the basis of Westcott's convention, the $$sigma_{0}$$ and I$$_{0}$$ values were derived as 8.57$$pm$$0.25 barn, and 45.3$$pm$$3.2 barn, respectively. The $$sigma_{0}$$ obtained in the present study agreed within the limits of uncertainties with the past reported value of 8.3$$pm$$0.3 barn.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross-section measurement and resolved resonance analysis of $$^{237}$$Np

Rovira, G.*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Tosaka, Kenichi*; Matsuura, Shota*; Terada, Kazushi*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Segawa, Mariko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(1), p.24 - 39, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:84.6(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Neutron capture reaction data measurement of minor actinides in fast neutron energy region for study on nuclear transmutation system

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hori, Junichi*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Shibahara, Yuji*; Terada, Kazushi*

JAEA-Conf 2019-001, p.193 - 197, 2019/11

Journal Articles

Energy of the $$^{229}$$Th nuclear clock isomer determined by absolute $$gamma$$-ray energy difference

Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Nakamura, Keisuke; Takimoto, Misaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Konashi, Kenji*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:86.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

486 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)