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Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:140 Percentile:99.81(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Retreat from stress; Rattling in a planar coordination

Suekuni, Koichiro*; Lee, C. H.*; Tanaka, Hiromi*; Nishibori, Eiji*; Nakamura, Atsushi*; Kasai, Hidetaka*; Mori, Hitoshi*; Usui, Hidetomo*; Ochi, Masayuki*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:90.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Thermoelectric materials for highly efficient devices must satisfy conflicting requirements of high electrical conductivity and low thermal conductivity. In this paper, we studied the crystal structure and phonon dynamics of tetrahedrites (Cu,Zn)$$_{12}$$(Sb,As)$$_{4}$$S$$_{13}$$. The results revealed that the Cu atoms in a planar coordination are rattling, which effectively scatter phonons. These findings provide a new strategy for the development of highly efficient thermoelectric materials with planar coordination.

Journal Articles

Effect of rattling motion without cage structure on lattice thermal conductivity in LaOBiS$$_{2-x}$$Se$$_x$$

Lee, C. H.*; Nishida, Atsuhiro*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; Nishiate, Hirotaka*; Kunioka, Haruno*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Mizuguchi, Yoshikazu*

Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.023903_1 - 023903_4, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:82.58(Physics, Applied)

Low energy phonons in LaOBiS$$_{2-x}$$Se$$_x$$ are studied using inelastic neutron scattering. Dispersionless flat phonon branches that are mainly associated with a large vibration of Bi atoms are observed at a relatively low energy of $$E$$ = 6 - 6.7 meV. The phonon energy softens upon Se doping owing to its heavier atomic mass than S atom and the expansion of lattice constant. Simultaneously, the lattice thermal conductivity lowered upon Se doping as the same manner of the phonon softening. These suggest that despite the lack of an oversized cage in LaOBiS$$_{2-x}$$Se$$_x$$, rattling motions of Bi atoms can scatter phonon like rattling in cage compounds, contributing to enhance the thermoelectric property.

Journal Articles

Radial density distribution in irradiated FBR MOX fuel pellets

Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Nuclear Technology, 189(3), p.312 - 317, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A high resolution X-ray CT technique was developed, which made it possible to obtain fine X-ray CT images of an irradiated fuel assembly. In addition, the density distributions in the irradiated MOX fuel pellet could be continually measured, using the relationship between the densities and CT values. These results were compared to the one obtained by metallographical method. As results, it was found that the relative change of radial density distributions in the irradiated fuel pellet can be measured more accurately by the X-ray CT technique than by the metallographical examination.

Journal Articles

Experimental study and empirical model development for self-leveling behavior of debris bed using gas-injection

Cheng, S.; Tagami, Hirotaka; Yamano, Hidemasa; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Nakamura, Yuya*; Takeda, Shohei*; Nishi, Shimpei*; Zhang, B.*; Matsumoto, Tatsuya*; et al.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 1(4), p.TEP0022_1 - TEP0022_16, 2014/08

Journal Articles

Positive-negative dual-tone sensitivities of ZEP resist

Oyama, Tomoko; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Oshima, Akihiro*; Washio, Masakazu*; Tagawa, Seiichi*

Applied Physics Express, 7(3), p.036501_1 - 036501_3, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:26.55(Physics, Applied)

A chlorinated polymer ZEP is a main-chain scission type (positive-tone) high-sensitivity resist. However, we found that ZEP changes to negative-tone with a high dose of electron beam irradiation. The sensitivities to a 100 kV electron beam as a dual-tone are evaluated with various developers. Owing to different solvation strengths, the resist sensitivity varied with different developers in the positive-tone region. On the other hand, it was found that the threshold dose for the positive-negative inversion is independent of the developer. According to an analysis using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopy, we found that the amount of chlorine atoms and terminal double bonds generated by chain scission determines the threshold of the P-N inversion. This result provides important information for possible ZEP applications such as a dual-tone resist.

Journal Articles

A Methodological study extending an empirical model to predict self-leveling behavior of debris beds with non-spherical particles

Cheng, S.; Tagami, Hirotaka; Yamano, Hidemasa; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Nakamura, Yuya*; Zhang, B.*; Matsumoto, Tatsuya*; Morita, Koji*

Proceedings of International Conference on Power Engineering 2013 (ICOPE 2013) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2013/10

Journal Articles

A Simple approach to the prediction of transient self-leveling behavior of debris bed

Cheng, S.*; Kai, Takayuki*; Gondai, Yoji*; Nakamura, Yuya*; Fuke, Fusata*; Zhang, B.*; Matsumoto, Tatsuya*; Morita, Koji*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Tagami, Hirotaka; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Symposium on Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Experimental evidence of nonthermal acceleration of relativistic electrons by an intensive laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physical Review E, 83(2), p.026401_1 - 026401_6, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:63.88(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An energy distribution function of energetic particles in the universe or cosmic rays is well represented by a power-law spectrum, therefore, nonthermal acceleration is essential to understand the origin of cosmic rays. A possible candidate for the origin of cosmic rays is wakefield acceleration at relativistic astrophysical perpendicular shocks. Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma.

Journal Articles

Model experiment of cosmic ray acceleration due to an incoherent wakefield induced by an intense laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 18(1), p.010701_1 - 010701_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:61.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma. An intensive laser pulse was propagated in a plasma tube created by imploding a hollow polystyrene cylinder, as the large amplitude light waves propagated in the upstream plasma at an astrophysical shock. Nonthermal electrons were generated, and the energy distribution functions of the electrons have a power-law component with an index of 2.

Journal Articles

Feasible evaluation of neutron capture therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma using selective enhancement of boron accumulation in tumour with intra-arterial administration of boron-entrapped water-in-oil-in-water emulsion

Yanagie, Hironobu*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Nakamura, Takemi; Higashi, Shushi*; Ikushima, Ichiro*; Morishita, Yasuyuki*; Shinohara, Atsuko*; Fujiwara, Mitsuteru*; Suzuki, Minoru*; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ICNCT-14) (CD-ROM), p.157 - 160, 2010/10

Journal Articles

Correlation between laser accelerated MeV proton and electron beams using simple fluid model for target normal sheath acceleration

Tampo, Motonobu; Awano, Shinya*; Bolton, P.; Kondo, Kiminori; Mima, Kunioki*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Stephens, R. B.*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 17(7), p.073110_1 - 073110_5, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:43.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Superthermal and efficient-heating modes in the interaction of a cone target with ultraintense laser light

Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Chrisman, B.*; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Borghesi, M.*; Kondo, Kiminori; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Tampo, Motonobu; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Yabuuchi, Toshinori*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(4), p.045009_1 - 045009_4, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:74.58(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Interactions between a relativistic-intensity laser pulse and a cone-wire target are studied by changing the focusing point of the pulse. The pulse, when focused on the sidewall of the cone, produced superthermal electrons with an energy $$>$$10 MeV, whereas less energetic electrons $$sim$$1 MeV were produced by the pulse when focused on the cone tip. Efficient heating of the wire was indicated by significant neutron signals observed when the pulse was focused on the tip. Particle-in-cell simulation results show reduced heating of the wire due to energetic electrons produced by specularly reflected light at the sidewall.

Journal Articles

Spectrum modulation of relativistic electrons by laser wakefield

Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 93(8), p.081501_1 - 081501_3, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:20.01(Physics, Applied)

Energetic electrons were generated by the interaction of a high-intensity laser pulse with a plasma preformed from a hollow plastic cylinder via laser-driven implosion. The spectra of a comparatively high-density plasma had a bump around 10 MeV. Simple numerical calculations explained the spectra obtained in this experiment. This indicates that the plasma tube has sufficient potential to convert a Maxwellian spectrum to a comparatively narrow spectrum.

Journal Articles

Fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas by petawatt laser light

Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Sentoku, Yasuhiko*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Kondo, Kiminori; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Shiraga, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physical Review Letters, 100(16), p.165001_1 - 165001_4, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:66.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We produced cylindrically imploded plasmas, which have the same density-radius product of the imploded plasma $$rho$$R with the compressed core in the fast ignition experiment and demonstrated efficient fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas with an ultraintense laser light. The coupling efficiency from the laser to the imploded column was 14%-21%, implying strong collimation of energetic electrons over a distance of 300 micron of the plasma. Particle-in-cell simulation shows confinement of the energetic electrons by self-generated magnetic and electrostatic fields excited along the imploded plasmas, and the efficient fast heating in the compressed region.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional X-ray CT image of irradiated FBR fuel assembly

Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Yasuo; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 97(1), p.620 - 621, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Conference report for the 16th Topical Conference on High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics

Hatae, Takaki; Kondoh, Takashi; Suzuki, Takahiro; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; Ishikawa, Masao*; Nakamura, Hirotaka*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 82(8), p.540 - 543, 2006/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of the fuel pin deflection in an assembly irradiated in FBR "JOYO"

Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Yasuo; Matsumoto, Shinichiro; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 94(1), p.771 - 772, 2006/06

no abstracts in English

58 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)