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Journal Articles

Simple pretreatment method for tritium measurement in environmental water samples using a liquid scintillation counter

Nakasone, Shunya*; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 16, p.2405035_1 - 2405035_5, 2021/02

Removal of impurities such as organic and other types of dissolved matters from environmental water samples is required for precise analysis of tritium with a liquid scintillation counting method. In general, a distillation method is a conventional one for tritium analysis in environmental water samples, but is a time-consuming process that takes 24 hours for removal of impurities. We have proposed a rapid pretreatment method for tritium analysis, that uses ion exchange resins. In this study, we performed batch experiments, to evaluate the effectiveness of the ion exchange resins on the tritium measurement. The results obtained demonstrated that removal of impurities in the sample water by ion exchange resins can be achieved during a short period of time (i.e., in 5 min).

Journal Articles

Anomaly of structural relaxation in complex liquid metal of bismuth; Dynamic correlation function of coherent quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.291 - 296, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.07(Physics, Condensed Matter)

There are elemental liquid metals with complex structures far from the hard sphere (HS) packing model. Liquid Bi has an asymmetric first peak in the structure factors S(Q). The pair distribution function g(r) exhibits strange distance ratio of 1:2 between the first and the second peaks. Since a HS model with two kinds of radius produces asymmetry of the main peak in S(Q), existence of short-lived covalent bonds was discussed. Contrarily, modulation of the atomic distribution by the Friedel oscillations of shielding electrons around metallic ions was discussed. To examine its bonding nature from viewpoints of dynamic correlation functions, we have measured neutron quasielastic scattering of liquid Bi by using cold disk chopper spectrometer installed at MLF of J-PARC. The van Hove function revealed that the shoulder structure located at a longer side of the first peak in g(r) exhibits a longer relaxation time than the main structures such as the first and second peaks.

Journal Articles

An Approach for remote nondestructive testing method for concrete structure using laser-generated ultrasonic

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Kaori*

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/00

Testing of concrete structures in NPPs is needed to guarantee hereafter workability. Recent work says Core Concrete Reaction advances erosion of the concrete structures of Fukushima NPPs and it's difficult to estimate the correct depth of CCR. In addition, it is clear that seawater intrusion makes the rebar in the concrete structures corroded, thus, advanced remote testing methods for the deterioration should be considered. Gap or decrease of the adhesiveness between rebar and outer concrete appears in its deterioration process. We had a sense of possibility introducing a new testing method based on that. The concept is to propagate laser-excited ultrasonic gathering the information about the deterioration inside and received at distance with LDV. In this work, we investigate and report how it has the effect on propagating ultrasonic along the rebar to decrease adhesiveness between the rebar and the concrete experimentally.

Oral presentation

Development and operation status of TANPOPO (space exposure of organic substances and microbes, and capture of stardusts and microbes)

Yamagishi, Akihiko*; Yokobori, Shinichi*; Hashimoto, Hirofumi*; Yano, Hajime*; Imai, Eiichi*; Okudaira, Kyoko*; Kawai, Hideyuki*; Kobayashi, Kensei*; Tabata, Makoto*; Nakagawa, Kazumichi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D on $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc separation-concentration apparatus based on solvent extraction and column chromatography

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Nishikata, Kaori; Shibata, Akira; Nakamura, Natsuki; Tanase, Masakazu*; Shiina, Takayuki*; Ota, Akio*; Kawabata, Masako*; Takeuchi, Nobuhiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Time-space correlation function of liquid metals with complex static structure deduced from pulsed neutron experiment

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

no journal, , 

There are many polyvalent liquid metals with complex structure which cannot be reproduced by random packing model. To explain such complexity, coexistence of metallic and covalent bonds, dynamic model of short-lived covalent bonds, and quasi-crystal model where Peierls distortion still remains even in liquid phase have been proposed from structure analyses and theoretical calculations. To obtain concrete picture experimentally for complex structure, it is indispensable to measure dynamic structure with precise statistical accuracy. We performed inelastic neutron scattering of liquid bismuth by using AMATERAS installed at MLF in J-PARC and deduced its time-space correlation function. We got evidence that structure of Peierls distortion remains even in liquid by evaluating difference in relaxation time at specific atomic distances characterized by double layered structure.

Oral presentation

Structural relaxation and time-space correlation function of liquid metals with complex structure

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

no journal, , 

We have performed coherent quasielastic neutron scattering experiment for liquid polyvalent metals which has complicated static structure not reproduced by a hard-sphere packing model, by utilizing AMATERAS spectrometer in J-PARC. It has been considered that, for Bi and Sb, a double-layered structure originated from Peierls distortion which is seen in solid crystalline phase remains even in their liquid phases. We have succeeded in detection of such Peierls distortion structure in liquid by difference in structural relaxation time at corresponding charateristic interatomic distances in the deduced time-space correlation function.

Oral presentation

Real time and real space analysis for atomic dynamics in liquids

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

no journal, , 

We have developed analysis method to reduce the so-call van Hove function, a time-space correlation function, through the regularization method for coherent quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) of liquids. In principle, the van Hove function in r-t space can be obtained by double Fourier transform from dynamic structure factor in Q-E space. Instead of a direct function estimation of the van Hove function through the regularization method which easily involves systematical deviation of the calculated dynamic structure factor from the experimental dynamic structure factor, we used a mediation function between them and estimated it through the regularization method. We will discuss with the properties of the mediation function and the obtained van Hove function and the calculated dynamic structure factor with an example of liquid metals with complex static structure such as Bi and Sb whose QENS were measured by AMATERAS spectrometer in J-PARC.

Oral presentation

Improvement of environmental tritium behavior model; Calculation of OBT concentration in plants using the MOGRA code

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; et al.

no journal, , 

To ensure safety of fusion facilities, it is important to develop evaluation methods for tritium transfer in the environment. For estimation of tritium transfer in the terrestrial environment, we had developed a simple compartment model using the Migration Of GRound Additions (MOGRA) code. The model was composed by an air-soil-plant system. The target source terms were HT and HTO in the air. In addition, wet deposition was modeled by input of HTO to the system by rainfall. Tritium in the plant was divided into free water tritium (FWT) and organically bound tritium (OBT). The tritium concentration in the environmental medium was trial calculated for chronic and accidental HTO releases to the atmosphere, as preliminary calculation run of the model.

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