Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagihala, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03
Rare earths (4) and actinides (5) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPdAl and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.
Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ji, S.*; Arai, Masatoshi*; Shamoto, Shinichi
Condensed Matter (Internet), 4(3), p.69_1 - 69_10, 2019/09
The enhancement magnetic resonance mode of FeTeSe is limited around Q = (, 0). Q dependence is found to be consistent with a theoretical simulation of the magnetic resonance mode with the sign-reversing order parameter of swave.
Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kawakita, Yukinobu
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 567, p.61 - 64, 2019/08
Recently, we reported the phonon dynamical study of a polycrystalline NaI by using the dynamical structure factor in real-space transformed from the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) data. Our study has shown that the INS experiments under the conventional condition Q 5 can provide us a meaningful information on the phonon dynamics at around the first nearest neighbor distance on accepting the worse real-space resolution. These results suggest the possibility that a large amount of data which were previously obtained can be effectively reused. In this study, we will examine both the applicability and limitations of analysis for various types of materials whose INS data were obtained at the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS in J-PARC.
Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Wakai, Daisuke*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Iwahashi, Takaaki*; Kambara, Wataru*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 564, p.45 - 53, 2019/07
Details of the background, that is, unwanted signals accumulated by the data acquisition system of neutron instruments, observed by the cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS installed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC are reported. In the design phase of AMATERAS, we carefully considered the achievement of high signal-to-noise ratio, and possible countermeasures were implemented. Actually, recent scientific outputs from AMATERAS indicates that the spectrometer is one of excellent neutron instruments with low background. In spite of that, in nine years of AMATERAS operation, we have encountered unwanted signals due to various reasons, including gamma-rays emitted at materials on or near the beam line including the sample itself, scattered neutrons from the beam line devices, air scattering, electronic noise in data acquisition system, cosmic rays, T0 burst, and other unknown sources. In this report, we discuss the background observed by AMATERAS, especially in the conditions of without samples, comprehensively. The possible sources of these signals and the countermeasures considered against the above sources are discussed, which may be helpful to those who are engaged in other existing or planned neutron-scattering instruments.
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuura, Masato*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Seto, Hideki*; Ito, Shinichi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 562, p.148 - 154, 2019/06
Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Iimura, Soshi*; Muraba, Yoshinori*; Bang, J.*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Honda, Takashi*; Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; et al.
Physical Review B, 99(22), p.220505_1 - 220505_6, 2019/06
Inelastic neutron scattering was performed for an iron-based superconductor, where most of D (deuterium) replaces oxygen, while a tiny amount goes into interstitial sites. By first-principle calculation, we characterize the interstitial sites for D (and for H slightly mixed) with four equivalent potential minima. Below the superconducting transition temperature Tc = 26 K, new excitations emerge in the range 5-15 meV, while they are absent in the reference system LaFeAsOF. The strong excitations at 14.5 meV and 11.1 meV broaden rapidly around 15 K and 20 K, respectively, where each energy becomes comparable to twice of the superconducting gap. The strong excitations are ascribed to a quantum rattling, or a band motion of hydrogen, which arises only if the number of potential minima is larger than two.
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Murai, Naoki; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03
Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru*; Iida, Kazuki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.480 - 483, 2018/12
Recently there has been an increasing need for inelastic neutron scattering experiments under some special environments such as magnetic fields, pressure and high temperatures. In order to obtain high quality data, the unnecessary scattering caused by sample environmental apparatus should be suppressed as much as possible. We have developed an oscillating radial collimator with a view to satisfying users' needs, which is specialized for the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC.4SEASONS provides relatively high incident energies, and thus we chose hydrogen free metal sheets as the collimator blades. The control system of this oscillating radial collimator enables us to flexibly tune the oscillating pattern, such as the oscillating speed and oscillating angle. In this presentation, we report the performances and remaining issues of the newly developed oscillating radial collimator for 4SEASONS.
Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Kawakita, Yukinobu
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.351 - 354, 2018/12
The dynamic structure function in real space G() is deduced from the dynamical structure factor S() which can be obtained from inelastic neutron scattering measurement. In this study, we applied the G() analysis to NaI which is a typical alkali halide crystal. The optic and acoustic phonons of NaI are widely separated in energy because the difference in mass between the constituent atoms is large. These characteristic properties certainly help us to evaluate the G() features associated with the phonon modes. We measured the S() for NaI powder using the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC, and converted S() into G() by newly developed software which utilizes the maximum entropy method. Our analysis clearly demonstrated the G() of TO mode oscillates out of phase with that of LA mode, which is physically reasonable. Further analyses will be given in the presentation.
Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.291 - 296, 2018/12
There are elemental liquid metals with complex structures far from the hard sphere (HS) packing model. Liquid Bi has an asymmetric first peak in the structure factors S(Q). The pair distribution function g(r) exhibits strange distance ratio of 1:2 between the first and the second peaks. Since a HS model with two kinds of radius produces asymmetry of the main peak in S(Q), existence of short-lived covalent bonds was discussed. Contrarily, modulation of the atomic distribution by the Friedel oscillations of shielding electrons around metallic ions was discussed. To examine its bonding nature from viewpoints of dynamic correlation functions, we have measured neutron quasielastic scattering of liquid Bi by using cold disk chopper spectrometer installed at MLF of J-PARC. The van Hove function revealed that the shoulder structure located at a longer side of the first peak in g(r) exhibits a longer relaxation time than the main structures such as the first and second peaks.
Tamatsukuri, Hiromu*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iimura, Soshi*; Muraba, Yoshinori*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Sagayama, Hajime*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Kuramoto, Yoshio*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(17), p.174415_1 - 174415_6, 2018/11
Magnetic excitations in a heavily electron-doped antiferromagnet, LaFeAsOD, have been investigated using powder inelastic neutron scattering. Unlike other parent compounds of the iron-based superconductors, the magnetic excitation gap in LaFeAsOD was not detected down to the lowest measured temperature of 4 K. This result can be understood as a result of quasi-isotropy within the ab plane, which is consistent with the band calculation result that the orbital plays the dominant role in the magnetism of LaFeAsOH. In addition, the intensities of the magnetic excitations in this phase are much stronger than those in nondoped LaFeAsO. Even in the paramagnetic phase, the magnetic excitation in LaFeAsOD persists. These results corroborate recent studies showing that the electron doping enhances the localized nature in this system.
Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Kodama, Katsuaki; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Hong, T.*; Mutka, H.*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 8, p.16343_1 - 16343_6, 2018/11
Spin fluctuations are widely believed to play an important role as one of the most possible mechanisms for unconventional high-temperature superconductors. Here, the spin fluctuation in LaFePO is found at high energies such as 30-50 meV with comparable intensity to an optimally doped LaFeAs(O,F).
Metoki, Naoto; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(8), p.084708_1 - 084708_7, 2018/08
Inelastic neutron scattering experiments were carried out in order to study the -electron states of NdPdAlThe CEF levels at 0K, 35.4K, 88.3K, 101.5K, and 198.8K were clarified from the excitation spectra. The ground state contains the orbital with as a main component due to a large negative BK, which is the origin of the strong uniaxial anisotropy. The estimated magnetic moment, the calculated susceptibility, magnetization curve, and specific heat are in good agreement with the experimental data. The existence of a common charge distribution with CePdAl and PrPdAl. Indicates that a localized character is important even in actinide-based iso-structural compounds as actually observed in UPdAl and also NpPdAl, in which the valence crossover plays important role for the heavy fermion superconductivity.
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Murai, Naoki; Kira, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012030_1 - 012030_6, 2018/06
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Murai, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Honda, Takashi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Noda, Masaaki*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 8(1), p.9651_1 - 9651_8, 2018/06
Suekuni, Koichiro*; Lee, C. H.*; Tanaka, Hiromi*; Nishibori, Eiji*; Nakamura, Atsushi*; Kasai, Hidetaka*; Mori, Hitoshi*; Usui, Hidetomo*; Ochi, Masayuki*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; et al.
Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03
Thermoelectric materials for highly efficient devices must satisfy conflicting requirements of high electrical conductivity and low thermal conductivity. In this paper, we studied the crystal structure and phonon dynamics of tetrahedrites (Cu,Zn)(Sb,As)S. The results revealed that the Cu atoms in a planar coordination are rattling, which effectively scatter phonons. These findings provide a new strategy for the development of highly efficient thermoelectric materials with planar coordination.
Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawamura, Seiko; Ito, Shinichi*; Nakajima, Kenji
JAEA-Review 2017-031, 107 Pages, 2018/02
The joint user meeting for four direct-geometry neutron spectrometers in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, "DIRECTION 2017", was held at the Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center building on October 16th - 17th, 2017. This meeting was purposed to encourage the user activities on the four instruments 4SEASONS (BL01), HRC (BL12), AMATERAS (BL14), and POLANO (BL23), and was jointly organized by J-PARC MLF, KEK-IMSS, and CROSS. In this meeting, recent research activities using these instruments were reported in addition to the current status of the instruments, the sample environments, and software. This report compiles the presentation materials and their abstracts.
Shamoto, Shinichi; Ito, Takashi; Onishi, Hiroaki; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Matsuura, Masato*; Akatsu, Mitsuhiro*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Nakao, Akiko*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(5), p.054429_1 - 054429_9, 2018/02
Nuclear and magnetic structure and full magnon dispersions of yttrium iron garnet YFeO have been studied by neutron scattering. The lowest-energy dispersion below 14 meV exhibits a quadratic dispersion as expected from ferromagnetic magnons. The imaginary part of -integrated dynamical spin susceptibility "() exhibits a square-root energy-dependence in the low energies. The magnon density of state is estimated from the "() obtained on an absolute scale. The value is consistent with a single chirality mode for the magnon branch expected theoretically.
Lee, C. H.*; Nishida, Atsuhiro*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; Nishiate, Hirotaka*; Kunioka, Haruno*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Mizuguchi, Yoshikazu*
Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.023903_1 - 023903_4, 2018/01
Low energy phonons in LaOBiSSe are studied using inelastic neutron scattering. Dispersionless flat phonon branches that are mainly associated with a large vibration of Bi atoms are observed at a relatively low energy of = 6 - 6.7 meV. The phonon energy softens upon Se doping owing to its heavier atomic mass than S atom and the expansion of lattice constant. Simultaneously, the lattice thermal conductivity lowered upon Se doping as the same manner of the phonon softening. These suggest that despite the lack of an oversized cage in LaOBiSSe, rattling motions of Bi atoms can scatter phonon like rattling in cage compounds, contributing to enhance the thermoelectric property.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.