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Journal Articles

Evaluation of gamma-ray strength function based on measured gamma-ray pulse-height spectra in time-of-flight neutron capture experiments

Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Rovira, G.*; Hara, Kaoru*; Iwamoto, Osamu

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.17016_1 - 17016_4, 2020/09

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross-section measurement and resolved resonance analysis of $$^{237}$$Np

Rovira, G.*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Tosaka, Kenichi*; Matsuura, Shota*; Terada, Kazushi*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Segawa, Mariko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(1), p.24 - 39, 2020/01

Journal Articles

Applicability and limitations of $$G(r,E)$$ analysis transformed from the inelastic neutron scattering data

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kawakita, Yukinobu

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 567, p.61 - 64, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Recently, we reported the phonon dynamical study of a polycrystalline NaI by using the dynamical structure factor in real-space $$G(r,E)$$ transformed from the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) data. Our study has shown that the INS experiments under the conventional condition Q$$_{max}$$ $$sim$$ 5$AA$^{-1}$$ can provide us a meaningful information on the phonon dynamics at around the first nearest neighbor distance on accepting the worse real-space resolution. These results suggest the possibility that a large amount of $$S(Q,E)$$ data which were previously obtained can be effectively reused. In this study, we will examine both the applicability and limitations of $$G(r,E)$$ analysis for various types of materials whose INS data were obtained at the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS in J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Background issues encountered by cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS

Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Wakai, Daisuke*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Iwahashi, Takaaki*; Kambara, Wataru*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 564, p.45 - 53, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Details of the background, that is, unwanted signals accumulated by the data acquisition system of neutron instruments, observed by the cold-neutron chopper spectrometer AMATERAS installed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC are reported. In the design phase of AMATERAS, we carefully considered the achievement of high signal-to-noise ratio, and possible countermeasures were implemented. Actually, recent scientific outputs from AMATERAS indicates that the spectrometer is one of excellent neutron instruments with low background. In spite of that, in nine years of AMATERAS operation, we have encountered unwanted signals due to various reasons, including gamma-rays emitted at materials on or near the beam line including the sample itself, scattered neutrons from the beam line devices, air scattering, electronic noise in data acquisition system, cosmic rays, T0 burst, and other unknown sources. In this report, we discuss the background observed by AMATERAS, especially in the conditions of without samples, comprehensively. The possible sources of these signals and the countermeasures considered against the above sources are discussed, which may be helpful to those who are engaged in other existing or planned neutron-scattering instruments.

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:25.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurements of the $$^{243}$$Am neutron capture and total cross sections with ANNRI at J-PARC

Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Nakao, Taro*; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.479 - 492, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:58.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Phonon dynamics of NaI investigated by G($$r,E$$) analysis

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Kawakita, Yukinobu

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.351 - 354, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.93(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The dynamic structure function in real space G($$r,E$$) is deduced from the dynamical structure factor S($$Q,E$$) which can be obtained from inelastic neutron scattering measurement. In this study, we applied the G($$r,E$$) analysis to NaI which is a typical alkali halide crystal. The optic and acoustic phonons of NaI are widely separated in energy because the difference in mass between the constituent atoms is large. These characteristic properties certainly help us to evaluate the G($$r,E$$) features associated with the phonon modes. We measured the S($$Q,E$$) for NaI powder using the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC, and converted S($$Q,E$$) into G($$r,E$$) by newly developed software which utilizes the maximum entropy method. Our analysis clearly demonstrated the G($$r,E$$) of TO mode oscillates out of phase with that of LA mode, which is physically reasonable. Further analyses will be given in the presentation.

Journal Articles

Testing of time-of-flight neutron diffraction imaging using a high-resolution scintillator detector with wavelength-shifting fibers

Kawasaki, Takuro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Gong, W.*; Oikawa, Kenichi

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.460 - 463, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Anomaly of structural relaxation in complex liquid metal of bismuth; Dynamic correlation function of coherent quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.291 - 296, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.61(Physics, Condensed Matter)

There are elemental liquid metals with complex structures far from the hard sphere (HS) packing model. Liquid Bi has an asymmetric first peak in the structure factors S(Q). The pair distribution function g(r) exhibits strange distance ratio of 1:2 between the first and the second peaks. Since a HS model with two kinds of radius produces asymmetry of the main peak in S(Q), existence of short-lived covalent bonds was discussed. Contrarily, modulation of the atomic distribution by the Friedel oscillations of shielding electrons around metallic ions was discussed. To examine its bonding nature from viewpoints of dynamic correlation functions, we have measured neutron quasielastic scattering of liquid Bi by using cold disk chopper spectrometer installed at MLF of J-PARC. The van Hove function revealed that the shoulder structure located at a longer side of the first peak in g(r) exhibits a longer relaxation time than the main structures such as the first and second peaks.

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am with ANNRI at J-PARC

Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1198 - 1211, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:40.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Effect of water for the oxygen adsorption on surface of PtCo catalysts

Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju

NanotechJapan Bulletin (Internet), 11(4), 6 Pages, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulics technological strategy roadmap 2017; An Approach for continuous safety improvement of LWRs

Itoi, Tatsuya*; Iwaki, Chikako*; Onuki, Akira*; Kito, Kazuaki*; Nakamura, Hideo; Nishida, Akemi; Nishi, Yoshihisa*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(4), p.221 - 225, 2018/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Retreat from stress; Rattling in a planar coordination

Suekuni, Koichiro*; Lee, C. H.*; Tanaka, Hiromi*; Nishibori, Eiji*; Nakamura, Atsushi*; Kasai, Hidetaka*; Mori, Hitoshi*; Usui, Hidetomo*; Ochi, Masayuki*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:7.24(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Thermoelectric materials for highly efficient devices must satisfy conflicting requirements of high electrical conductivity and low thermal conductivity. In this paper, we studied the crystal structure and phonon dynamics of tetrahedrites (Cu,Zn)$$_{12}$$(Sb,As)$$_{4}$$S$$_{13}$$. The results revealed that the Cu atoms in a planar coordination are rattling, which effectively scatter phonons. These findings provide a new strategy for the development of highly efficient thermoelectric materials with planar coordination.

Journal Articles

Development of a bump cathode element for two-dimensional neutron detection

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(12), p.C12011_1 - C12011_8, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A neutron-detection element using circular cathode bumps was developed for two-dimensional neutron measurement, and an irradiation experiment was performed using a $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source. The element has triangularly arranged small-sized circular cathode bumps, and the bumps are linked together in the x- and y-directions for the detection of incident neutrons. The element was arranged in the pressure vessel with a fill gas of composition He/(15%)CF$$_{4}$$ at 0.7 MPa. The detector system using bump cathode element exhibited a two-dimensional uniformity with a response of 10.1%. The average intrinsic spatial resolution was 1.89 mm full width at half maximum in the sensitive region, calculated by taking into account the track lengths of the secondary particles.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross section measurements of $$^{120}$$Sn, $$^{122}$$Sn and $$^{124}$$Sn with the array of Ge spectrometer at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Nakamura, Shoji; Toh, Yosuke; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Hori, Junichi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11031_1 - 11031_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Developments of a new data acquisition system at ANNRI

Nakao, Taro; Terada, Kazushi; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Hori, Junichi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03021_1 - 03021_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.95

A new data acquisition system (DAQ system) in J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) ANNRI was developed. Increasing beam power of MLF in recent years allows beam line users to obtain high quantity experimental data yields. Compared to 2008, more than 20 times beam current is achieved in 2015. For the purpose to correspond strong beam power of MLF, a new DAQ system for the array of the Ge detectors in ANNRI is developed. The DAQ system is also going to be used for processing signals from a Li glass detector, which is under development at ANNRI for measurement of total neutron cross sections. Commissioning experiment of a new DAQ system at ANNRI was performed by using 0.1mmt Au sample with 500kW J-PARC proton beam power. An applicability of time-of-flight method for both neutron capture and total cross-sections measurements was checked. ADC and TDC nonlinearity, energy resolution, multi-channel coincidence and dead time performance for the array of the Ge detectors were also evaluated. The dead time value for Ge detectors was successfully decreased to 1/4 from the previous DAQ system with minor deterioration on energy resolution. The author would like to thank the accelerator and technical staff at J-PARC for operation of the accelerator and the neutron production target and for the other experimental supports. Present study includes the result of "Research and Development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides" entrusted to the Japan Atomic Energy Agency by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT).

Journal Articles

Research and development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11001_1 - 11001_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.14

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

Wetting induced oxidation of Pt-based nano catalysts revealed by ${{it in situ}}$ high energy resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Oji, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.1482_1 - 1482_8, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:63.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of Pt and Pt-Co nanoparticles with O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O adsorption revealed by in situ XAFS and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Cui, Y.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ikenaga, Eiji*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Li, R.*; et al.

ECS Transactions, 72(8), p.131 - 136, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:41.37

400 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)