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Journal Articles

A First glimpse at the shell structure beyond $$^{54}$$Ca; Spectroscopy of $$^{55}$$K, $$^{55}$$Ca, and $$^{57}$$Ca

Koiwai, Takuma*; Wimmer, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Duguet, T.*; Holt, J. D.*; Miyagi, Takayuki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 827, p.136953_1 - 136953_7, 2022/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of the ground-state spin inversion in the neutron-rich $$^{47,49}$$Cl isotopes

Linh, B. D.*; Corsi, A.*; Gillibert, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chen, S.*; Chung, L. X.*; Duguet, T.*; G$'o$mez-Ramos, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(4), p.044331_1 - 044331_16, 2021/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Pairing forces govern population of doubly magic $$^{54}$$Ca from direct reactions

Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Direct proton-knockout reactions of $$^{55}$$Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of $$^{54}$$Ca were investigated through $$gamma$$-ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of $$^{55}$$Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of $$^{54}$$Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.

Journal Articles

Formation process of swamp sediments of the Karako Lowland in northern Shimabara Peninsula, Western Japan

Nakanishi, Toshimichi*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Yamasaki, Keiji*; Hong, W.*; Fujita, Natsuko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Horikawa, Yoshiyuki*; Sato, Eiichi*; Kimura, Haruo*; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki*

Nagoya Daigaku Nendai Sokutei Kenkyu, 5, p.38 - 43, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

First spectroscopic study of $$^{51}$$Ar by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction

Juh$'a$sz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.98(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The nuclear structure of $$^{51}$$Ar was studied by the ($$p$$,2$$p$$) reaction using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of $$^{51}$$Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.

Journal Articles

Microscopic analyses on Zr adsorbed IDA chelating resin by PIXE and EXAFS

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kubota, Toshio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.54 - 59, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

A Geochemical approach for identifying marine incursions; Implications for tsunami geology on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan

Watanabe, Takahiro; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Sawai, Yuki*; Hosoda, Norihiro*; Nara, Fumiko*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Komai, Takeshi*

Applied Geochemistry, 118, p.104644_1 - 104644_11, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:74.86(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Possible tsunami inundation areas can be predicted from the distribution of paleo tsunami deposits, which are mainly composed of marine-derived sands and muds on land. Such exotic sandy and muddy layers have been identified by multiple approaches. However, there still remain uncertainties and other useful proxies need to be investigated for the identification of tsunami deposits. Here we show the geochemical signatures of modern tsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of Northeast Japan (2011 Tohoku tsunami), as well as those paleo tsunami deposits, which were taken from the Tohoku District (Jogan, ca. 1080 calibrated ages before present [cal BP] and Yayoi, ca. 2000 cal BP). A geochemical ternary diagram (Seawater-Rock-(As+Metals)) enables the weathering trend of tsunami deposits over ca. 2000 years in the Sendai Plain in the Tohoku to be shown. In the paleo tsunami layers from the Tohoku, the Na/Ti atomic ratios markedly increased to 23.4, and the average values were 19.3$$pm$$3.0 (Jogan and Yayoi tsunami deposits), which were clearly higher than those of other layers (soil deposits, 10.3$$pm$$3.5 on average). These results show that the Na/Ti ratio is a useful indicator of marine incursions in our case. Our rapid and simple method using the Na/Ti ratio can be easily applied to the Tohoku, and it may contribute to the detection of unrecorded muddy tsunami deposits.

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of Zr adsorbed on IDA chelating resin using Micro-PIXE

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Toshio*

QST-M-23; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2018, P. 59, 2020/03

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:97.21(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10


 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:92.26(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$^{14}$$C ages and calendar years of Japanese nails measured with accelerator mass spectrometry

Nagata, Kazahiro*; Furunushi, Yasuko*; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*

Tetsu To Hagane, 105(4), p.488 - 491, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.55(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The Japanese nails had been produced by the traditional ironmaking way of Tatara until the Edo period since the late of 6 Century. The quality of the Japanese nails is affected from steel produced by Tatara in each age. The $$^{14}$$C ages of 3 Japanese nails collected at shrines and temples at their repair were measured with accelerator mass spectrometry and calibrated to calendar years. Each $$^{14}$$C age provided plural calendar year periods with definite probabilities, and one of the periods determined in comparison with the history of temples and their repair records. The production ages of nails used in the Daibutuden of the Todaiji temple, the living quarters of the Manjuin temple and the Zaoudo of the Yoshino-Kongoji temple are before 1692, the 12 Century and before 1592, respectively, when they were repaired or reconstructed.

Journal Articles

Analysis on adsorbent for spent solvent treatment by micro-PIXE and EXAFS

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; et al.

International Journal of PIXE, 29(01&02), p.17 - 31, 2019/00

The spent PUREX solvent containing U and Pu is generated from the reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel. The nuclear material removal is important for the safe storage or disposal of the spent solvent. Our previous study revealed that the adsorbent with the iminodiacetic acid (IDA) functional group is one of the most promising materials for designing the nuclear material recovery process. Accordingly, an IDA-type adsorbent was synthesized by using graft polymerization technology or a chemical reaction to improve the adsorption rate and capacity. The synthesized IDA-type adsorbent was characterized by micro particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses. The micro-PIXE analysis revealed that Zr was adsorbed on the whole synthesized adsorbents and quantified the microamount of adsorbed Zr. Moreover, EXAFS suggested that Zr in the aqueous solution and solvent can be trapped by the IDA group with different mechanisms.

Journal Articles

Hydrological and climate changes in southeast Siberia over the last 33 kyr

Katsuta, Nagayoshi*; Ikeda, Hisashi*; Shibata, Kenji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Takuma*; Tani, Yukinori*; Takano, Masao*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Tanaka, Atsushi*; Naito, Sayuri*; et al.

Global and Planetary Change, 164, p.11 - 26, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.34(Geography, Physical)

Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate changes in Siberia were reconstructed by continuous, high-resolution records of chemical compositions from a sediment core retrieved from the Buguldeika Saddle, Lake Baikal, dating back to the last 33 cal. ka BP. The Holocene climate followed by a shift at ca. 6.5 cal. ka BP toward warm and dry, suggesting that the climate system transition from the glacial to interglacial state occurred. In the last glacial period, the deposition of carbonate mud from the Primorsky Range was associated with Heinrich events (H3 and H1) and the Selenga River inflow was caused by meltwater of mountain glaciers in the Khamar-Daban Range. The anoxic bottom-water during Allerod-Younger Dryas was probably a result of weakened ventilation associated with reduced Selenga River inflow and microbial decomposition of organic matters from the Primorsky Range. The rapid decline in precipitation during the early Holocene may have been a response to the 8.2 ka cooling event.

Journal Articles

AMS radiocarbon age of the Kurodake pyroclastic-flow deposit in Kuju volcanic group, SW Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nagaoka, Shinji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Kobayashi, Tetsuo*

Fukuoka Daigaku Rigaku Shuho, 48(1), p.1 - 5, 2018/03

Kuju volcanic group, located in central Kyushu, Japan, consists of over twenty volcanoes (lava domes as well as small stratovolcanoes). The Kurodake is largest lava dome with a volume of 1.6 km$$^{3}$$, and generated Kurodake pyroclastic-flow (Kj-Kd) and ash-fall (Kj-KdA) deposits. To refine age of the Kurodake eruption, we conducted radiocarbon dating of a charcoal fragment in the Kj-Kd with an AMS system at Tono Geoscience Center, JAEA. The obtained $$^{14}$$C date, 1505$$pm$$40 BP, can correspond to 1310-1423 cal BP (probability= 74.6%), 1430-1442 cal BP (2.4%) and 1456-1521 cal BP (23.0%) in 2$$sigma$$ confidence level. The medium probability date, 1391 cal BP, is consistent with the stratigraphy and gives the reliable age for the Kj-Kd.

Journal Articles

AMS radiocarbon dates of pyroclastic-flow deposits on the southern slope of the Kuju Volcanic Group, Kyushu, Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nagaoka, Shinji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Kobayashi, Tetsuo*

Radiocarbon, 59(2), p.483 - 488, 2017/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:21.86(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We present here results of AMS $$^{14}$$C dating to refine the history of the middle and western parts of the Kuju Volcanic Group, located in middle Kyushu, Japan, which consists of more than 20 lava domes and cones. $$^{14}$$C dating has conducted by AMS (JAEA-AMS-TONO) under the Common-Use Facility Program of JAEA. The Handa PF deposits, which are products of the largest eruption of the group, were dated to $$sim$$53.5 ka BP. The Shirani and Muro PF deposits, which are block-and-ash flows, were dated to 44 to $$>$$50 cal ka BP and 35$$sim$$39 cal ka BP, respectively. These ages can be correlated with the TL ages for the lava domes. Therefore, both TL and $$^{14}$$C methods can be useful tools in establishing the eruptive sequence of lava domes and pyroclastic flows. This study also demonstrates that these eruptive activities occurred after the Handa pfl, the biggest eruption during the last 150 kyrs without a significant time interval.

Journal Articles

$$^{14}$$C ages and calendar years of Japanese swords measured with accelerator mass spectrometry

Nagata, Kazahiro*; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*

Tetsu To Hagane, 102(12), p.736 - 741, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.67(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Steel of Japanese swords has been produced with Tatara process from iron sand and charcoal. Carbon dissolved in steel was absorbed from wooden charcoal fuel at the production of the steel. From the decay of $$^{14}$$C activity in the steel, the $$^{14}$$C age of Japanese sword can be determined. The $$^{14}$$C ages of 4 Japanese swords were calibrated to a few calendar years. There are several generations of the same names of sword masters. The year of production of each sword was determined from the calendar year and the sword master's name cut in the grip of his sword after taking the age of charcoal into account. The oldest calendar year with high probability agreed with the age of sword master.

Journal Articles

Activation, Radiation shielding materials

Sukegawa, Atsuhiko; Iida, Hiromasa*; Itoga, Toshio*; Okumura, Keisuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Konno, Chikara; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Takashi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Hoshasen Shahei Handobukku; Kisohen, p.299 - 356, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

RICE-W (Radiocarbon Intercomparison on Chemical Experiments, Water series) program; An Examination of the precipitation method

Minami, Masayo*; Takahashi, Hiroshi*; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Kokubu, Yoko; Ito, Shigeru*; Nakamura, Toshio*

Nagoya Daigaku Kasokuki Shitsuryo Bunsekikei Gyoseki Hokokusho, 26, p.132 - 137, 2015/03

We have started a Radiocarbon Intercomparison on Chemical Experiments, Water series (RICE-W) program to examine whether carbon isotopic fractionation and carbon contamination occur or not on $$^{14}$$C analysis of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in water by different sample preparation and storage methods. Eight water samples of four kinds (surface seawater, ground water, hot spring water, and sodium bicarbonate solution) have already analyzed by six AMS laboratories in Japan, and the results obtained are gradually being published. Here, we report the progress of RICE-W program briefly, and then give consideration to the result using the precipitation method, by which DIC is precipitated into SrCO$$_{3}$$ or BaCO$$_{3}$$, and then oxidized with H$$_{3}$$PO$$_{4}$$ to extract CO$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Stratigraphy and AMS radiocarbon dates of cored sediments (IrBH-2) from the Irosin Caldera, the Philippines

Mirabueno, M. H. T.*; Torii, Masayuki*; Laguerta, E. P.*; Delos Reyes, P. J.*; Fujiki, Toshiyuki*; Bariso, E. B.*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Danhara, Toru*; Kokubu, Yoko; et al.

Chigaku Zasshi, 123(5), p.751 - 760, 2014/10

Core drilling at site IRBH-2 within Irosin caldera, southern Luzon, reached 50 m. Systematic logging and documentation were done to describe the sediments. AMS $$^{14}$$C dates were obtained for plant fragments from the peaty layers. Lahars and fluvial deposits were the predominant deposits in the core sequence. The upper 12 m was comprised mostly by andesitic fluvial and minor lahars. Eight fallouts were intercalated with reworked sediments from depth interval of 20 to 50 m. The refractive index measurement of analyzed samples indicated that post-caldera eruptions generated andesite, dacite and minor rhyolite. The similarity in petrographic characteristics between the rhyolite fallout and the Irosin ignimbrite indicates that small-scale eruptions involving magma from the caldera event occurred during post-caldera stage.Young radiocarbon dates obtained from the peaty layers shows that volcaniclastic deposits in the upper levels were likely derived from the eruptions of Bulusan volcano.

JAEA Reports

The Investigation related to the study on the method to withdraw the in-vessel transfer machine; Observation of the structure in the reactor vessel of the fast breeder reactor Monju

Harigae, Hitoshi; Takagi, Tsuyohiko; Hamano, Tomoharu; Nakamura, Shoichi; Oba, Toshio; Ebashi, Masaaki; Okuda, Eiichi; Kinoshita, Tomonobu

JAEA-Technology 2013-014, 150 Pages, 2013/07


In-Vessel Transfer Machine (IVTM) came off from the gripper claw in the Auxiliary Handling Machine (AHM) and fell at a height of approximately two meters during a withdrawal work of the IVTM in the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) Monju. The withdrawal work of IVTM from the reactor vessel by AHM was performed. The work, however, was suspended due to the excessive load alarm. To grasp the situation of the IVTM fall, observation of the machine was necessary. An interior observation and an exterior observation of the dropped IVTM were performed. As a result of these observations, the radially deformed lower end of the upper guide tube was observed at the connection part, and it was jammed in the fuel throat sleeve when the dropped IVTM was withdrawn. Based on this information, the IVTM could be safely withdrawn from the reactor vessel with the fuel throat sleeve.

114 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)