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Journal Articles

Long term hydrogen absorption behavior and hydrogen embrittlement of titanium overpack under anaerobic condition

Taniguchi, Naoki; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Nakanishi, Tomoaki*; Nakayama, Takenori*; Masugata, Tsuyoshi*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 56(12), p.576 - 584, 2007/12

The long term hydrogen absorption behavior and the possibility of hydrogen embrittlement were studied for titanium overpack for high level radioactive waste disposal. The results of galvanostatic cathodic polarization tests showed that as the cathodic current density is lowered, the amount of absorbed hydrogen for a constant cathodic charge was increased as well as hydrogen permeated into inside of titanium. The hydrogen absorption ratio for a cathodic current density equivalent to the corrosion rate under anaerobic condition was estimated to nearly 100 percent, and the amount of absorbed hydrogen for 1000 years was evaluated to be 400 ppm. The mechanical property of titanium containing hydrogen depended on not only hydrogen concentration but also hydrogen distribution type. The more hydrogen distribution is uniform, the degree of embrittlement was larger. It was expected that the rupture of titanium overpack with 6 mm thickness would be initiated if the crack size in titanium is over about 2-3 mm under the stress corresponds to yield strength.

JAEA Reports

Study on Long-Term Corrosion Behavior of High Corrosion Resistant Metal Overpack under Reducing Condition

Wada, Ryutaro*; Nishimura, Tsutomu*; Nakanishi, Tomoaki*; Nakayama, Takenori*; Sakashita, Shinji*; Fujiwara, Kazuo*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*

JNC TJ8400 2005-001, 224 Pages, 2004/02


For repository container material of high-level radioactive waste, titanium and nickel-base alloys have been investigated as high corrosion resistance metal. In this study, the effects of environmental and material factors on hydrogen absorption of titanium were investigated experimentally. As for nickel-base allys, previous studies on corrosion behavior were serched.

JAEA Reports

Study on Hydrogen Absorption of Titanium Overpack

Wada, Ryutaro*; Nishimura, Tsutomu*; Nakanishi, Tomoaki*; Fujiwara, Kazuo*; Inoue, Takao*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*; Masugata, Tsuyoshi*

JNC TJ8400 2003-092, 246 Pages, 2003/02


Titanium is being studied for the high-level radioactive waste package material. Titanium has good corrosion resistance, however there is the possibility of hydrogen embrittlement with absorption of hydrogen in reducing condition. Experimental studies were performed to evaluate the hydrogen absorption behaviors of titanium in reducing condition. The failure model of the titanium overpack was also examined from the viewpoint of fracture mechanism in order to evaluate the fracture behavior of the titanium overpack caused by the hydrogen absorption. (1) Scratch test was conducted in reduce condition. The surface films on the titanium specimen were analyzed to examine the changes of the existing films and the growth phenomena of the regenerated films on the titanium specimen. (2)The long-term reaction test of the titanium specimen using the glass-seal ampoules maintaining reducing condition was conducted and analyses of the hydrogen gas generation and absorption quantitative as well as the generated film evaluation were performed. (3) Under reducing condition, the electrochemical acceleration tests of the titanium specimen were conducted. The effect of acceleration rate on the hydrogen absorption and surface film was evaluated, and the prediction as to the hydrogen absorption behavior at a natural state was also made. (4) The prediction of the maximum residual stress and the evaluation of crack growth of the titanium overpack based on the previous studies were performed. Feasibility of the modeling of fracture phenomenon with existing analysis technique was examined and the items to be developed were also discussed.

Oral presentation

Hydrogen embrittlement behavior of titanium overpacks in low oxygen concentration environment

Taniguchi, Naoki; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Yui, Mikazu; Nakanishi, Tomoaki*; Nakayama, Takenori*; Masugata, Tsuyoshi*; Tateishi, Tsuyoshi*

no journal, , 

Titanium (including titanium alloy) is one of the candidate materials of overpacks for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, and required long term integrity against the groundwater for more than 1000 years. As the corrosion of titanium occurs, hydrogen is generated since the deep underground environment is originally low oxygen concentration condition. There is a possibility that the titanium overpack will be attackd by the hydrogen embrittlement due to long term hydrogen absorption. In this study, the amount of hydrogen and the possibility of embrittlement were investigated based on the experimental data on the corrosion rate, hydrogen absorption behavior, mechanical proparty of titanium containing hydrogen.

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