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Journal Articles

Bridging the nuclear structure gap between stable and super heavy nuclei

Seweryniak, D.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Ahmad, I.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Robinson, A.*; Tandel, S. K.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 834(1-4), p.357c - 361c, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.28(Physics, Nuclear)

Experimental data on single-particle energies in nuclei around Z=100 and N=152 play an important role to test validity of theoretical predictions for shell structure of superheavy nuclei. We found high-K two-quasiparticle isomers in $$^{252}$$No and $$^{254}$$No, and evaluated energies of proton single-particle orbitals around Z=100. We also found a new high-K three quasiparticle isomer in $$^{257}$$Rf. Energies of neutron single-particle orbitals were also evaluated from experimental data of the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{257}$$Rf. Comparisons between the present experimental data and various theoretical calculations for the proton single-particle orbitals indicate that the calculation by using the Woods-Saxon potential gives the best agreement with the data.

Journal Articles

$$K^{pi}=8^{-}$$ isomers and $$K^{pi}=2^{-}$$ octupole vibrations in $$N=150$$ shell-stabilized isotones

Robinson, A. P.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Ahmad, I.*; Tandel, S. K.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Nakatsukasa, Takashi*; Seweryniak, D.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 78(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_6, 2008/09

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:9.37(Physics, Nuclear)

Isomers have been identified in $$^{246}$$Cm and $$^{252}$$No with quantum number $$K^{pi}=8^{-}$$, which decay through $$K^{pi}=2^{-}$$ rotational bands built on octupole vibrational states. For $$N=150$$ isotones with atomic number $$Z=94$$$$sim$$102, the $$K^{pi}=8^{-}$$ and 2$$^{-}$$ states have remarkably stable energies, indicating neutron excitations. An exception is a singular minimum in the 2$$^{-}$$ energy at $$^{246}$$Cm, due to the additional role of proton configurations.

Journal Articles

First-principles electron dynamics simulation for optical breakdown of dielectrics under an intense laser field

Otobe, Tomohito; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Iwata, Junichi*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Nakatsukasa, Takashi*; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 77(16), p.165104_1 - 165104_5, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:118 Percentile:3.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We present a first-principle calculation for optical dielectric breakdown induced by an intense laser field. We employ the time-dependent density-functional theory, solving the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation in real time and real space. The calculation shows a qualitative change of electron dynamics as the laser intensity increase, above 7$$times$$10$$^{14}$$ W/cm$$^2$$. Following the pulse, the excited electron exhibit a coherent plasma oscillation.

Journal Articles

First-principles electron dynamics simulation for optical breakdown of dielectrics under intense laser field

Otobe, Tomohito; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Iwata, Junichi*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Nakatsukasa, Takashi*; Bertsch, G. F.*

RIKEN Accelerator Progress Report, Vol.41, P. 185, 2008/00

We simulate the optical breakdown process of dielectrics under the intense laser field employing the first-principle method. Our result for the diamond, which is typical dielectrics, shows the saturation of the energy absorption and electron excitation. We found also the induced field by the surface charge becomes out of phase to the applied field.

Oral presentation

First-principle calculation for break down of transparent material under the intense laser field

Otobe, Tomohito; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Iwata, Junichi*; Nakatsukasa, Takashi*; Bertsch, G. F.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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