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Journal Articles

Photoneutron detection in lightning by gadolinium orthosilicate scintillators

Wada, Yuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review D, 101(10), p.102007_1 - 102007_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash observed in a winter thunderstorm

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review Letters, 123(6), p.061103_1 - 061103_6, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Termination of electron acceleration in thundercloud by intracloud/intercloud discharge

Wada, Yuki*; Bowers, G. S.*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Smith, D.*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 45(11), p.5700 - 5707, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:13.82(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Photonuclear reactions triggered by lightning discharge

Enoto, Teruaki*; Wada, Yuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Sato, Yosuke*; Nakano, Toshio*; et al.

Nature, 551(7681), p.481 - 484, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:2.82(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

High-resolution Compton cameras based on Si/CdTe double-sided strip detectors

Odaka, Hirokazu*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Hagino, Koichi*; Saito, Shinya*; Sato, Tamotsu*; Sato, Goro*; Watanabe, Shin*; Kokubun, Motohide*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 695, p.179 - 183, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:13.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a new Si/CdTe semiconductor double-sided strip detector (DSD) Compton camera. The camera consists of a 500-$$mu$$m-thick Si-DSD and four layers of 750-$$mu$$m-thick CdTe-DSDs all of which have common electrode configuration segmented into 128 strips on each side with pitches of 250$$mu$$m. In order to realize high angular resolution and to reduce size of the detector system, a stack of DSDs with short stack pitches of 4 mm is utilized to make the camera. Taking advantage of the excellent energy and position resolutions of the semiconductor devices, the camera achieves high angular resolutions of 4.5 degrees at 356 keV and 3.5 degrees at 662 keV. To obtain such high resolutions together with an acceptable detection efficiency, we demonstrate data reduction methods including energy calibration using Compton scattering continuum and depth sensing in the CdTe-DSD. We also discuss imaging capability of the camera and show simultaneous multi-energy imaging.

Journal Articles

Applications and imaging techniques of a Si/CdTe Compton $$gamma$$-ray camera

Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; Hagino, Koichi*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Saito, Shinya*; Sato, Tamotsu*; Sato, Goro*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 37, p.859 - 866, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:3.66

By using new Compton camera consisting of silicon double-sided strip detector (Si-DSD) and CdTe-DSD developed for the ASTRO-H mission, an experiment was conducted to study its feasibility for advanced hotspot monitoring. In addition to hotspot imaging already provided by commercial imaging systems, the identification of the variety of radioisotopes is realized thanks to the good energy resolution given by the semiconductor detectors. Three radioisotopes of $$^{133}$$Ba (356 keV), $$^{22}$$Na (511 keV) and $$^{137}$$Cs (662 keV) were individually imaged by applying event selection in the energy window and the $$gamma$$-ray images was correctly overlapped by an optical picture. The detection efficiency of 1.68$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ (effective area: 1.7$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ cm$$^2$$) and angular resolution of 3.8$$^{circ}$$ were obtained by stacking five detector modules for 662 keV $$gamma$$-ray. The higher detection efficiency required in a specific use can be achieved by stacking more detector modules.

Journal Articles

High-temperature continuous operation of the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro; Ogawa, Masuro; Komori, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Toshio*; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Nishihara, Tetsuo; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.290 - 300, 2011/12

A high temperature (950$$^{circ}$$C) continuous operation has been performed for 50 days on the HTTR from January to March in 2010, and the potential to supply stable heat of high temperature for hydrogen production for a long time was demonstrated for the first time in the world. This successful operation could establish technological basis of HTGRs and show potential of nuclear energy as heat source for innovative thermo-chemical-based hydrogen production, emitting greenhouse gases on a "low-carbon path" for the first time in the world.

Journal Articles

Experimental results of the $$gamma$$-ray imaging capability with a Si/CdTe semiconductor Compton camera

Takeda, Shinichiro*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Okuyama, Sho*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Watanabe, Shin*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Tajima, Hiroyasu*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 56(3), p.783 - 790, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:46 Percentile:3.65(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Observation of an energetic radiation burst from mountain-top thunderclouds

Tsuchiya, Harufumi*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Torii, Tatsuo; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Torii, Shunsuke*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Yamaguchi, Takahiro*; Kato, Hiroshi*; Okano, Shinji*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(25), p.255003_1 - 255003_4, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:10.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

During thunderstorms on 2008 September 20, a simultaneous detection of $$gamma$$-rays and electrons was made at a mountain observatory in Japan located 2770 m above sea level. Both emissions, lasting 90 seconds, were associated with thunderclouds rather than lightning. The photon spectrum, extending to 10 MeV, can be interpreted as consisting of bremsstrahlung $$gamma$$-rays arriving from a source which is 60-130 m in distance at 90% confidence level. The observed electrons are likely to be dominated by a primary population escaping from an acceleration region in the clouds.

JAEA Reports

Test plans of the high temperature test operation at HTTR

Sakaba, Nariaki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Eiji*; Nojiri, Naoki; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Ueta, Shohei; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Nakazawa, Toshio; Ashikagaya, Yoshinobu; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2003-043, 59 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-043.pdf:2.54MB

HTTR plans a high temperature test operation as the fifth step of the rise-to-power tests to achieve a reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950 degrees centigrade in the 2003 fiscal year. Since HTTR is the first HTGR in Japan which uses coated particle fuel as its fuel and helium gas as its coolant, it is necessary that the plan of the high temperature test operation is based on the previous rise-to-power tests with a thermal power of 30 MW and a reactor outlet coolant temperature at 850 degrees centigrade. During the high temperature test operation, reactor characteristics, reactor performances and reactor operations are confirmed for the safety and stability of operations. This report describes the evaluation result of the safety confirmations of the fuel, the control rods and the intermediate heat exchanger for the high temperature test operation. Also, problems which were identified during the previous operations are shown with their solution methods. Additionally, there is a discussion on the contents of the high temperature test operation. As a result of this study, it is shown that the HTTR can safely achieve a thermal power of 30MW with the reactor outlet coolant temperature at 950 degrees centigrade.

JAEA Reports

Rise-to-power test in High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor; Test progress and summary of test results up to 30MW of reactor thermal power

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Shimakawa, Satoshi; Nojiri, Naoki; Takeda, Takeshi; Saikusa, Akio; Ueta, Shohei; Kojima, Takao; Takada, Eiji*; Saito, Kenji; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-069, 87 Pages, 2002/08

JAERI-Tech-2002-069.pdf:10.12MB

Rise-to-power test in the HTTR has been performed from April 23rd to June 6th in 2000 as phase 1 test up to 10MW, from January 29th to March 1st in 2001 as phase 2 test up to 20MW in the rated operation mode and from April 14th to June 8th in 2001 as phase 3 test up to 20MW in the high temperature test operation mode. Phase 4 test to achieve the thermal reactor power of 30MW started from October 23rd in 2001. On December 7th it was confirmed that the thermal reactor power reached to 30MW and the reactor outlet coolant temperature reached to 850$$^{circ}$$C. JAERI obtained the certificate of pre-operation test from MEXT because all the pre-operation tests by MEXT were passed successfully. From the test results of rise-up-power test up to 30MW, the performance of reactor and cooling system were confirmed, and it was confirmed that an operation of reactor facility could be performed safely. Some problems to be solved were found through tests. By means of solving them, the reactor operation with the reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C will be achievable.

Oral presentation

The Experimental results of a $$gamma$$-ray imaging with a Si/CdTe semiconductor Compton camera

Takeda, Shinichiro*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Watanabe, Shin*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Okuyama, Sho*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Tajima, Hiroyasu*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Application of double-sided silicon strip detectors for a Si/CdTe Compton camera

Aono, Hiroyuki*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Watanabe, Shin*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Okuyama, Sho*; Tajima, Hiroyasu*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Radiation measurements associated with lightning and thunderclouds in winter at the coastal area of the Japan Sea

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Enoto, Teruaki*; Wada, Yuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Sato, Yosuke*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

15 (Records 1-15 displayed on this page)
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