Kuwahara, Akira; Aiba, Yasuaki*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Nankawa, Takuya; Matsui, Makoto*
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 33(7), p.1150 - 1153, 2018/07
Although high-temperature plasma sources have been used for direct isotope analysis of solid samples, the spectral resolution of diode laser absorption spectroscopy in high-temperature plasma is limited by the Doppler broadening of atomic absorption lines. Thus, a decrease in translational temperature is necessary to enhance the spectral resolution and distinguish isotope shifts due to mass number. In this study, a supersonic plasma wind tunnel, also called an arc-jet plasma wind tunnel, was used to enhance spectral resolution drastically, and a demonstration was carried out using natural stable xenon isotopes. As a result, the temperature was found to be about 180 K and the spectral resolution was about one order of magnitude higher than that of the conventional high-temperature source. Additionally, the method proposed herein was verified by using two xenon isotopes.
Kuwahara, Akira; Aiba, Yasuaki*; Nankawa, Takuya; Matsui, Makoto*
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 33(5), p.893 - 896, 2018/05
no abstracts in English
Ishizaki, Manabu*; Akiba, Sae*; Otani, Asako*; Hoshi, Yuji*; Ono, Kenta*; Matsuba, Mayu*; Togashi, Takanari*; Kanaizuka, Katsuhiko*; Sakamoto, Masatomi*; Takahashi, Akira*; et al.
Dalton Transactions, 42(45), p.16049 - 16055, 2013/12
We have revealed the fundamental mechanism of specific Cs adsorption into Prussian blue (PB) in order to develop high-performance PB-based Cs adsorbents in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident. We compared two types of PB nanoparticles with formulae of Fe[Fe(CN)]3xHO (x = 10-15) (PB-1) and (NH)0.70Fe1.10[Fe(CN)]1.7HO (PB-2) with respect to the Cs adsorption ability. The synthesised PB-1, by a common stoichiometric aqueous reaction between 4Fe and 3[Fe(CN)], showed much more efficient Cs adsorption ability than did the commercially available PB-2.
Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Nankawa, Takuya; Onuki, Toshihiko
Chemistry Letters, 42(8), p.888 - 890, 2013/08
no abstracts in English
Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*; Kawamoto, Toru*; Asai, Miyuki*; Fukushima, Chikako*; Na, H.*; Kurihara, Masato*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Arisaka, Makoto; Nankawa, Takuya
Electrochimica Acta, 87, p.119 - 125, 2013/01
A novel electrochemical adsorption system using a nanoparticle film of copper (II) hexacyanoferrate (III) was proposed for selectively removing cesium from wastewater. This system can be used for cesium separation without extra chemical reagents or any filtration treatment. Cesium uptake and elution can be simply controlled by switching the applied potentials between anodes and cathodes. Data from batch kinetic studies well fitted the intraparticle diffusion equation, reflecting a two-step process: a steepest ascent portion followed by a plateau extending to the equilibrium. The effective cesium removal with a high distribution coefficient ( 510 mL/g) can be adopted in a large pH range from 0.3 to 9.2, and in the presence of several diverse coexisting alkaline cations, suggesting it can be taken as a promising technology for actual nuclear wastewater treatment.
Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*; Kawamoto, Toru*; Asai, Miyuki*; Fukushima, Chikako*; Kurihara, Masato*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Arisaka, Makoto; Nankawa, Takuya
Electrochemistry Communications, 25, p.23 - 25, 2012/11
We first synthesized water-dispersed nanoparticle copper hexacyanoferrate (CuHCF) ink and then coated its nanoparticles on electrodes to electrochemically remove cesium from wastewater. Cesium uptake and elution can be controlled by switching the potentials between anodes and cathodes. Effective cesium removal can be adopted in a large pH range from 0.2 to 8.9, and in the presence of several diverse coexisting alkaline cations, suggesting that it can be taken as a promising technology for actual radioactive wastewater treatment. The prepared CuHCF nanoparticles can be simply and uniformly coated on electrodes by wet process like conventional printing methods, so any sizes or patterns are feasible at low cost, which indicated the potential as a promising sorption electrode of large size in the columns for sequential removal and recycle of Cs from wastewater.
Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Onuki, Toshihiko; Fujii, Tsutomu*; Iefuji, Haruyuki*
Geomicrobiology Journal, 29(5), p.470 - 476, 2012/05
We screened 4908 non-essential gene deletion mutant yeast strains for uranium sensitivity and low accumulation by growth in agar medium containing uranium. All mutant strains grew successfully on agar media containing 0 or 0.5 mM uranium for one week at 30 centigrade. Thirteen strains with single gene deletions showed reduced growth in the agar medium containing 0.5 mM uranium and were identified as uranium-sensitive mutant strains. The phosphate transporter genes of PHO86, PHO84, PHO2, and PHO87 were among the deleted genes in the uranium-sensitive mutant strains, suggesting that genes concerned with phosphate transport contribute to uranium tolerance. Seventeen single-deletion strains showed lower uranium accumulation than the wild-type after exposure to agar medium containing 0.5 mM uranium, and were identified as mutant strains with low uranium accumulation.
Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Nankawa, Takuya; Francis, A. J.*; Onuki, Toshihiko
Radiochimica Acta, 98(7), p.397 - 402, 2010/07
no abstracts in English
Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Ozaki, Takuo; Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Francis, A. J.*
Geomicrobiology Journal, 27(3), p.225 - 230, 2010/04
The recent research results on the interation of heavy-elements and microorganisms are shown. (1) Adsorption of Pu(IV), Th(IV) and Eu(III)-DFO complexes on bacteria, (2) Biodegradation of Eu(III) in the presence of malic acids.
Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Onuki, Toshihiko
Chemistry Letters, 38(11), p.1090 - 1091, 2009/11
We report the first in situ and real-time observation of UV-vis absorption spectra of uranium electrodeposited on indium-tin-oxide electrodes by slab optical waveguide spectroscopy. An absorption peak around 670 nm was distinguished after a 30-min holding period at -0.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy confirmed the presence of uranium(IV) in the uranium electrodeposited on the ITO electrode.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Ozaki, Takuo; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Francis, A. J.*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(1), p.55 - 59, 2009/01
Model analysis of the transformation of Pu(VI) in a mixture of a common soil bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, and kaolinite clay was carried out. When we assumed in the model analysis that reduction rate of Pu(V) to Pu(IV) was higher on B. subtilis than on kaolinite, the estimated fractions of Pu in the solution and in the mixture, oxidation states of Pu in the solution and in the mixture were in good agreement with the measured ones. On the contrary, assumption that reduction rate of Pu(V) to Pu(IV) was the same on kaolinite as on gave wrong prediction of Pu association with the mixture. These results strongly suggested the electron transfer from the bacteria to Pu(V) on the bacterial cell to be reduced to Pu(IV) during the accumulation of Pu(VI) to the mixture.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Ozaki, Takuo; Kozai, Naofumi; Nankawa, Takuya; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Sakai, Takuro; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Francis, A. J.*
Chemical Geology, 253(1-2), p.23 - 29, 2008/07
We examined the changes in the chemical states of Ce(III) during the formation of manganese oxide occasioned by Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria. The oxidation states of Ce and Mn then were measured by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES). We also determined the elemental distributions in the bacteria and precipitates by Scanning-Proton Induced X-ray Emission (S-PIXE). We found that the precipitation of Ce is preceded by its accumulation by the bacterium, followed by its oxidization to Ce(IV) by the Mn(III, IV)-containing precipitates that the bacteria generate.
Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori; Ozaki, Takuo; Francis, A. J.; Onuki, Toshihiko
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(3), p.251 - 256, 2008/03
Sorption of U(VI) on the 4-mercaptopyridine self-assembled-monolayer (4-PyS-SAM) on Au(111) was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Cyclic voltammograms (CV) of the 4-PyS-SAM working electrode was obtained by contact with 1 mM UO(NO) solution, 1 mM UO(NO) and 50 mM acetic acid solution, or 1 mM UO(NO) and 50 mM oxalic acid solution for 6 h at pH 4. Reduction current of uranium(VI) to U(V) was detected in the CV. The CV of the U(VI) associated 4-PyS-SAM after transporting to U(VI) free 0.1 M NaClO4 solution showed that the reduction current was detected in the cases of UO(NO) and U(VI)-acetate, but not in the case of U(VI)-oxalate solutions, indicating that U(VI) was adsorbed on the 4-PyS-SAM from the UO(NO) and U(VI)-acetate solutions, but not from U(VI)-oxalate solution. These results suggests that stability of U(VI)-4-PyS-SAM is not so high that U(VI)-4-PyS-SAM cannot be formed in the presence of 50 mM oxalate.
Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Fujii, Tsutomu*; Iefuji, Haruyuki*; Francis, A. J.; Onuki, Toshihiko
Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 8(2), p.133 - 136, 2007/10
Protein expression of grown in the medium containing U(VI) and U(VI) was examined by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. of BY4743 was grown in medium containing U of 0, 2.0, and 5.0 10 M or U of 2.5 10 (radioactivity was higher by 350 times than 2.0 10 M U) and 5.0 10 M for 112 h at 30C. The growths of the yeast grown in the above media were in the following order: control 2.5 10 M U 2.0 10 M U 5.0 10 M U 5.0 10 M U. This result indicated that not only radiological but also chemical effect of U reduced the growth of the yeast. The concentrations of U in the medium containing U or U decreased, suggesting U accumulation by the yeast cells. The 2-D gel electrophoresis analysis showed the appearance of several spots after exposure to U or to U but not in the control containing no uranium. These results show that the yeast cells exposed to U express several specific proteins.
Suzuki, Yoshinori; Nankawa, Takuya; Ozaki, Takuo; Onuki, Toshihiko; Francis, A. J.*; Enokida, Yoichi*; Yamamoto, Ichiro*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(9), p.1227 - 1232, 2007/09
We examined electrochemical redox reactions of UO in organic acid (oxalic, malonic, succinic, adipic, L-malic, and L-tartaric acids) solutions using cyclic voltammetry. A redox reaction of UO/UO and an oxidation reaction of U(IV) were observed. The peak potentials of the UO reduction showed a good linear relationship with the log of the stability constants of 1:1 UO-organic complexes. We also revealed the redox reactions of UO in the presence of malonic or oxalic acids between pH 1 and 6.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Ozaki, Takuo; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Francis, A. J.
Environmental Science & Technology, 41(9), p.3134 - 3139, 2007/05
We investigated the interactions of Pu(VI) with Bacillus subtilis, kaolinite clay, and a mixture of the two to determine and delineate the role of the microbes in regulating the environmental mobility of Pu. The amount of Pu sorbed by B. subtilis increased with time, but had not reached equilibrium in 48 h, whereas equilibrium was attained in kaolinite within 8 h. After 48 h, the oxidation state of Pu in the solutions exposed to B. subtilis and the mixture had changed to Pu(V), whereas the oxidation state of Pu associated with B. subtilis and the mixture was Pu(IV). In contrast, there was no change in the oxidation state of Pu in the solution or on kaolinite after exposure to Pu(VI). SEM-EDS analysis indicated that most of the Pu in the mixture was associated with B. subtilis. These results suggest that Pu(IV) is preferably sorbed to bacterial cells in the mixture, and that Pu(VI) is reduced to Pu(V) and Pu(IV).
Wada, Atsushi*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Yamanoi, Yoshinori*; Nankawa, Takuya; Namiki, Kosuke*; Yamasaki, Mikio*; Murata, Masaki*; Nishihara, Hiroshi*
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 80(2), p.335 - 345, 2007/02
Lanthanide complexes with linear and cyclic octadentate oligopyridine-amine ligands were synthesized, and their molecular structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. All of the complexes had a distorted capped square antiprism (CSAP) geometry, and the coordination environments of lanthanide complexes were more distortedfor the complexes with the linear ligand than those with the cyclic ligand. The Eu complexes with the linear ligand showed more intense emissions, which were attributed to the D F transition, than the complex withthe cyclic ligand in acetonitrile, which can be attributed to the distortion in the coordination environments. These results indicate that the coordination environments of lanthanide complexes, and thus the luminescence properties, can be controlled by tuning the geometrical structures of polydentate ligands.
Suzuki, Yoshinori; Nankawa, Takuya; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Ozaki, Takuo; Onuki, Toshihiko; Francis, A. J.; Tsushima, Satoru*; Enokida, Yoichi*; Yamamoto, Ichiro*
Radiochimica Acta, 94(9-11), p.579 - 583, 2006/11
We examined the reduction behavior of UO in citrate media at pH 2.0-7.0 by column electrodes. At pH 2.0, UO was reduced to U(IV) through a one-step reduction process, while it was reduced to U(IV) through a two-step reduction process at pH 3.0-5.0. The reduction potential of UO shifted to lower values with an increase in pH from 2.0 to 7.0. At pH 6.0 and 7.0, UO was not reduced to U(IV) completely at the electrode potential above -0.8 V. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and speciation calculation of UO in citrate media indicated that uranium existed as a mainly UO at pH 2-3, and a predominant species at pH 3-5 was [(UO)Cit]. At pH 5-7, polymeric complexes were present. These findings suggest that the reduction of UO is more difficult by polymerization of UO with citric acid at higher pHs.
Nankawa, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Ozaki, Takuo; Onuki, Toshihiko; Francis, A. J.*
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 408-412, p.1329 - 1333, 2006/02
We studied the biodegradation of Eu(III)-malic acid complexes by . Ten milimolar Malic acid was degraded in the absence and in the presence of Eu(III) of 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mM. The degradation rate of malic acid increased with decreasing the ratios of Eu(III) to malic acid. These results suggest that the toxicity of Eu(III) can be masked through its complexation with malic acid. The degradation of malic acid was followed by the production of unidentified metabolites which were associated with Eu(III). One of the unidentified organic acids was analysed to be pyruvic acid. Our findings suggest that metabolites can influence the environmental behavior of Eu(III) by biologically transformed through subsequent complexation with Eu(III).
Ozaki, Takuo; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Nankawa, Takuya; Yoshida, Takahiro; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kimura, Takaumi; Francis, A. J.*
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 408-412, p.1334 - 1338, 2006/02
We investigated the interactions of Eu(III) with the common soil bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens and organic ligands, such as malic acid, citric acid, and a siderophore (DFO). Malic acid formed complexes with Eu(III), but degradation of malic acid was observed when the ratio of malic acid to Eu(III) was high. Citric acid formed a stoichiometric complex with Eu(III) that was not degraded by P. fluorescens. Adsorption of Eu(III) from the DFO complex occurred as a free ion dissociated from DFO and not as the Eu(III)-DFO complex. Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy analysis showed that adsorption of Eu(III) on P. fluorescens was through a multidentate and predominantly inner-spherical coordination.