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Journal Articles

Complementary characterization of radioactivity produced by repetitive laser-driven proton beam using shot-to-shot proton spectral measurement and direct activation measurement

Ogura, Koichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4), p.048003_1 - 048003_2, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:9.14(Physics, Applied)

A proton beam driven by a repetitive high-intensity-laser is utilized to induce a $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)$$^{7}$$Be nuclear reaction. The total activity of $$^{7}$$Be are evaluated by two different methods. The activity obtained measuring the decay $$gamma$$-rays after 1912 shots at 1 Hz is 1.7$$pm$$0.2 Bq. This is in good agreement with 1.6$$pm$$0.3 Bq evaluated from the proton energy distribution measured using a time-of-flight detector and the nuclear reaction cross-sections. We conclude that the production of activity can be monitored in real time using the time-of-flight-detector placed inside a diverging proton beam coupled with a high-speed signal processing system.

Journal Articles

Laser-driven proton generation with a thin-foil target

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ma, J.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

NIFS-PROC-85, p.30 - 33, 2011/02

The experiment of proton generation is performed for developing the laser-driven ion source. We observe proton signals in the laser-plasma interaction by using a thin-foil target. To get higher energy protons the size of the preformed plasma is reduced by changing the laser contrast level. In the high-contrast laser pulse case the maximum energy of the protons generated at rear side of the target increases.

Journal Articles

Proton generation and terahertz radiation from a thin-foil target with a high-intensity laser

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ma, J.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.702 - 705, 2010/09

High-intensity laser and thin-foil interactions produce high-energy particles, hard X-ray, high-order harmonics, and terahertz (THz) radiation. A proton beam driven by a high-intensity laser has received attention as a compact ion source for medical applications. In this study we have tested simultaneous generation of protons and THz radiation from a thin-foil target. We use a Ti:sapphire laser system (J-KAREN) at JAEA. A laser beam is focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror at the thin-foil target. We observed the high-energy proton in the rear side of the target and THz radiation in the reflected direction. Next, high energy protons are observed by reducing the size of preformed plasma.

Journal Articles

Characterization of electron self-injection in laser wake field acceleration due to the parametric resonance

Zhidkov, A.*; Koga, J. K.; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Fujii, Takashi*; Oishi, Yuji*; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physics of Plasmas, 17(8), p.083101_1 - 083101_6, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:40.58(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Characteristics of light reflected from a dense ionization wave with a tunable velocity

Zhidkov, A.*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Fujii, Takashi*; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.

Physical Review Letters, 103(21), p.215003_1 - 215003_4, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:64.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Novel technique for monitoring the reproducibility of laser tape-target interactions using an X-ray pinhole camera

Ogura, Koichi; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Li, Z.*; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Kado, Masataka; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Journal of the Vacuum Society of Japan, 52(10), p.570 - 574, 2009/10

For accurate control of relativistic laser-plasma interaction under the repetitive operation, we have to measure and control the laser irradiation conditions such as laser parameters, the target shooting accuracy and so on as well as measuring proton parameter on each laser shot. The displacement of the laser shooting position on a tape target, that are used in the high energy proton generation using an ultra-short Ti:sapphire laser system, is measured by observing an X-ray image from laser plasma with an X-ray pinhole camera for each laser shot. The displacement of the shooting position on the target is about 20micron and the accuracy of the target positioning is within 20micron which is small enough for present laser focusing optics with an F number of 3.6 (f=179mm). The technique contributes to accurate control of a repetitive laser driven proton accelerators.

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration using temporally-controlled high-intensity laser pulses

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Bulanov, S. V.; Bolton, P. R.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 37(6), p.449 - 454, 2009/06

The acceleration of protons driven by a high-intensity laser is comprehensively investigated via control of the target density by using ASE just before the time of the main-laser interaction. Two cases were investigated for which the ASE intensity differed by three orders of magnitude: In the low contrast case the beam centre for higher energy protons is shifted closer to the laser-propagation direction of 45$$^{circ}$$, while the center of lower-energy beam remains near the target normal direction. Particle-in-cell simulations reveal that the characteristic proton acceleration is due to the quasistatic magnetic field on the target rear side with the magnetic pressure sustaining a charge separation electrostatic field.

Journal Articles

Proton-induced nuclear reactions using compact high-contrast high-intensity laser

Ogura, Koichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 2(6), p.066001_1 - 066001_3, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:50.28(Physics, Applied)

Protons with energies up to 3.5 MeV have been generated by a 10 Hz compact laser with an intensity of about 10$$^{20}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$, focused on a 7.5 mm thick polyimide target. These protons were used to induce a nuclear reaction of $$^{11}$$B(p,n)$$^{11}$$C. A total activity of 11.1 Bq was created after 60-shot laser irradiation. The possibility of thin layer activation (TLA) using a high-intensity ultra-short pulsed laser is discussed.

Journal Articles

Focusing and spectral enhancement of a repetition-rated, laser-driven, divergent multi-MeV proton beam using permanent quadrupole magnets

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daito, Izuru; Ikegami, Masahiro; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 94(6), p.061107_1 - 061107_3, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:86.92(Physics, Applied)

A pair of conventional permanent magnet quadrupoles is used to focus a 2.4 MeV laser-driven proton beam at a 1 Hz repetition rate. The magnetic field strengths are 55 T/m and 60 T/m for the first and second quadrupoles respectively. The proton beam is focused to a spot size (full width at half maximum) of 2.7$$times$$8 mm$$^{2}$$ at a distance of 650 mm from the source. This result is in good agreement with a Monte Carlo particle trajectory simulation.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous generation of UV harmonics and protons from a thin-foil target with a high-intensity laser

Sagisaka, Akito; Daido, Hiroyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Ma, J.-L.; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Mori, Michiaki; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 36(4), p.1812 - 1816, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:17.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

We observe UV harmonics and protons with a thin-foil target irradiated with a high-intensity Ti:sapphire laser. The laser intensity dependency of UV harmonics and proton signal is measured by varying the distance between the target surface and the best focus of the laser beam. In the case of appropriate condition for proton generation with a maximum energy of $$sim$$2.7 MeV, the weak broad spectrum in the UV region is generated. The UV harmonics up to fourth-order are generated as the target is moved away from the best focus position. In this condition the maximum energy of protons is reduced to $$sim$$1 MeV.

Journal Articles

New method to measure the rise time of a fast pulse slicer for laser ion acceleration research

Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Ma, J.*; Sagisaka, Akito; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 36(4), p.1872 - 1877, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:29.01(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A dependence of cut-off proton kinetic energy on laser prepulse duration has been observed. ASE pedestal duration is controlled by a fast electro-optic pulse slicer where the risetime is estimated to be 130 ps. We demonstrate a new correlated spectral technique for determining this risetime using a stretched, frequency chirped pulse.

Journal Articles

Efficient production of a collimated MeV proton beam from a Polyimide target driven by an intense femtosecond laser pulse

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daido, Hiroyuki; Yogo, Akifumi; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Ma, J.-L.; Sagisaka, Akito; Mori, Michiaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 15(5), p.053104_1 - 053104_10, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:84.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

High-flux energetic protons whose maximum energies are up to 4 MeV are generated by an intense femtosecond Titanium Sapphire laser pulse interacting with a 7.5, 12.5, and 25$$mu$$m thick Polyimide tape targets. The laser pulse energy is 1.7 J, duration is 34 fs, and intensity is 3$$times$$10$$^{19}$$Wcm$$^{-2}$$. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) has the intensity contrast ratio of 4$$times$$10$$^{-8}$$. The conversion efficiency from laser energy into proton kinetic energies of $$sim$$3% is achieved, which is comparable or even higher than those achieved in the previous works with nanometer-thick targets and the ultrahigh contrast laser pulses ($$sim$$10$$^{-10}$$).

Journal Articles

Laser ion acceleration via control of the near-critical density target

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bulanov, S. V.; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Oishi, Yuji*; Nayuki, Takuya*; Fujii, Takashi*; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

Physical Review E, 77(1), p.016401_1 - 016401_6, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:112 Percentile:97.44(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The duration-controlled amplified spontaneous emission with intensity of $$10^{13}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ is used to convert a 7.5 $$mu$$m thick polyimide foil into a near-critical plasma, in which the $$p$$-polarized, 45 fs, $$10^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ laser pulse generates 3.8 MeV protons, emitted at some angle between the target normal and the laser propagation direction of 45$$^{circ}$$. Particle-in-cell simulations reveal that the efficient proton acceleration is due to generation of the quasistatic magnetic field on the target rear side with the magnetic pressure inducing and sustaining a charge separation electrostatic field.

Journal Articles

Laser-driven proton acceleration from a near-critical density target

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Oishi, Yuji*; Nayuki, Takuya*; Fujii, Takashi*; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 112, p.042034_1 - 042034_4, 2008/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.63

In this work, we present a new method to enhance the proton generation by a 10$$^5$$-contrast laser. High-energy protons up to 3.8 MeV are observed with 7.5-$$mu$$m-thick insulator (Polyimide) target irradiated by a laser pulse having energy of 0.8 J and an intensity of 10$$^{19}$$-W/cm$$^2$$. Using two time-of-flight (TOF) spectrometers simultaneously in different directions, we measure the direction dependency of proton-energy spectra. As a result, we find that high-energy component of proton beam is shifted away from the target normal toward the laser-propagation direction, when the laser is focused with 45$$^{circ}$$ incident angle. The TOF measurements over 130 laser shots confirm that the generation of the high-energy protons, which are steered away from the target normal, depends strongly on the laser-focusing condition.

Journal Articles

On the production of flat electron bunches for laser wakefield acceleration

Kando, Masaki; Fukuda, Yuji; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki; Chao, A. W.*; Pitthan, R.*; Schuler, K.-P.*; Zhidkov, A. G.*; et al.

Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 105(5), p.916 - 926, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:63.32(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We suggest a novel method for injection of electrons into the acceleration phase of particle accelerators, producing low emittance beams appropriate even for the demanding high energy Linear Collider specifications. We discuss the injection mechanism into the acceleration phase of the wake field in a plasma behind a high intensity laser pulse, which takes advantage of the laser polarization and focusing. As shown in three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of the interaction of an elongated in transverse direction laser pulse with an underdense plasma, the electrons, injected via the transverse wake wave breaking and accelerated by the wake wave, perform betatron oscillations with different amplitudes and frequencies along the two transverse coordinates. The polarization and focusing geometry lead to a way to produce relativistic electron bunches with asymmetric emittance (flat beam). An approach for generating flat laser accelerated ion beams is briefly discussed.

Journal Articles

Protons and electrons generated from a 5-$$mu$$m thick copper tape target irradiated by s-, circularly-, and p-polarized 55-fs laser pulses

Li, Z.*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Bulanov, S. V.; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

Physics Letters A, 369(5-6), p.483 - 487, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:51.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The energy spectra of energetic protons emitted in the normal direction from a 5-$$mu$$m thick copper tape irradiated by p-, circularly-, and s-polarized 55-fs laser pulses with intensity of 8-9$$times$$10$$^{18}$$W/cm$$^{2}$$ are measured together with the angular distribution and energy spectra of hot electrons by the target normal direction. The protons with energy up to 1.34 MeV in the rear target normal direction and hot electrons in the laser propagation direction are found. The characters of protons and electrons driven by the circularly-polarized irradiation are close to that driven by the p-polarized one, which is much different from the case at laser intensity of 2-3$$times$$10$$^{18}$$W/cm$$^{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous proton and X-ray imaging with femtosecond intense laser driven plasma source

Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daido, Hiroyuki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Li, Z.*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 46(9A), p.5853 - 5858, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:53.63(Physics, Applied)

A laser-driven proton beam with a maximum energy of a few MeV is stably obtained using an ultra-short and high-intensity Titanium Sapphire laser. At the same time, keV X-ray is also generated at almost the same place where protons are emitted. Here, we show the successful demonstration of simultaneous proton and X-ray projection images of a test sample placed close to the source with a resolution of $$sim$$10$$mu$$m, which is determined from the source sizes. Although the experimental configuration is very simple, the simultaneity is better than a few hundreds of ps. A CR-39 track detector and imaging plate, which are placed as close as possible to the CR-39, are used as detectors of protons and X-ray. The technique is applicable to the precise observation of microstructures.

Journal Articles

Characterization of an intense laser-produced preformed plasma for proton generation

Sagisaka, Akito; Daido, Hiroyuki; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Hayashi, Yukio; Mori, Michiaki; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Yogo, Akifumi; Kado, Masataka; Fukumi, Atsushi*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 51(1), p.442 - 446, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.99(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The recent progress of the laser driven accelerators which include high power laser driven electrons and ions are reviewed. The studies at JAEA Kansai are mainly described. Based on the recent progres, the various aspects of the applications are also reviewed.

Journal Articles

Laser prepulse dependency of proton-energy distributions in ultraintense laser-foil interactions with an online time-of-flight technique

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Li, Z.*; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nakamura, Shu*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Shirai, Toshiyuki*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 14(4), p.043104_1 - 043104_6, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:62 Percentile:88.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Fast protons are observed by a newly-developed $textit{online}$ time-of-flight spectrometer, which provides $textit{shot-to-shot}$ proton-energy distributions immediately after the irradiation of a laser pulse having an intensity of $$sim 10^{18}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ onto a 5-$$mu$$m-thick copper foil. The maximum proton energy is found to increase when the intensity of a fs-prepulse arriving 9 ns before the main pulse increases from 10$$^{14}$$ to 10$$^{15}$$ W/cm$$^2$$. Interferometric measurement indicates that the preformed-plasma expansion at the front surface is smaller than 15 $$mu$$m, which corresponds to the spatial resolution of the diagnostics. This sharp gradient of the plasma makes a beneficial effect on increasing the absorption efficiency of the main-pulse energy, resulting in the increase in the proton energy. This is supported by the result that the X-ray intensity from the laser plasma clearly increases with the prepulse intensity.

Journal Articles

Focusing quality of a split short laser pulse

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Oishi, Yuji*; Nayuki, Takuya*; Fujii, Takashi*; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Nakajima, Kazuhisa

Review of Scientific Instruments, 78(3), p.036102_1 - 036102_3, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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