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Journal Articles

Experimental characterization of concrete removal by high-power quasicontinuous wave fiber laser irradiation

Nguyen, P. L.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Tomonori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Hasegawa, Noboru*; Kawachi, Tetsuya*

Journal of Laser Applications, 29(4), p.041501_1 - 041501_11, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:54.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research on removal technologies of fuel debris and in-vessel structures using laser light (II); Research activities on FY2013

Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Nguyen, P. L.; Matsunaga, Yukihiro

JAEA-Research 2014-018, 41 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Research-2014-018.pdf:42.21MB

In decommissioning works of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, it is required that fuel debris solidifying mixed materials of fuels and in-vessel structures should be removed. The fuel debris is considered to have characteristics, such as indefinite shapes, porous bodies, multi-compositions, higher hardness, etc. from the knowledge in the U.S. and the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant. Laser lights are characterized by higher power density, local processability, remote controllabilitiy, etc. and can be performed thermal cutting and crushing-up for various materials which does not depend on fracture toughness. This report describes a research program and research activities in FY2013 aiming at developing removal system of fuel debris by the use of laser lights.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:71.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.64(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:157 Percentile:98.45(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Model calibration of small and large-scale laboratory THM experiments of the MX-80 bentonite

Chijimatsu, Masakazu*; B$"o$rgesson, L.*; Fujita, Tomo; Hernelind, J.*; Jussila, P.*; Nguyen, T. S.*; Rutqvist, J.*; Jing, L.*

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Coupled T-H-M-C Processes in Geo-systems; Fundamentals, Modeling, Experiments and Applications (GeoProc 2006), p.254 - 260, 2006/05

In Task A of DECOVALEX-THMC, five research teams study the influence of THM coupling on the safety of the near-field of a typical geological repository for high-level radioactive waste. In order to refine the analyses, the teams calibrated their models with laboratory experiments, including: swelling pressure tests, water uptake tests, thermally gradient tests, and the CEA mock-up THM experiment. This paper describes the mathematical models used by the teams, and compares the results of their calibration with the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Influence of coupled THM phenomena on the safety of a spent fuel repository; A Near-field study

Nguyen, T. S.*; B$"o$rgesson, L.*; Chijimatsu, Masakazu*; Fujita, Tomo; Hernelind, J.*; Jussila, P.*; Rutqvist, J.*; Jing, L.*

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Coupled T-H-M-C Processes in Geo-systems; Fundamentals, Modeling, Experiments and Applications (GeoProc 2006), p.141 - 149, 2006/05

In order to demonstrate the feasibility of geological disposal of spent CANDU fuel in Canada, a safety assessment was performed for a hypothetical repository in the Canadian Shield. The assessment shows that such repository would meet international criteria for dose rate; however, uncertainties in the assumed evolution of the repository were identified. Such uncertainties could be resolved by the consideration of coupled Thermal-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) processes. In Task A of the DECOVALEX-THMC project, THM models will be refined and used to perform near-field simulations of the evolution of the repository in order to address the above uncertainties. This paper presents the definition and rationale of Task A and the preliminary results.

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 5; Characteristics of geometry recognition performance for laser scanning device in laser cutting processes

Yamada, Tomonori; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 1; Outline of the study

Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 9; Generalization of influence factor on high powered fiber laser cutting performance

Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima fuel debris using laser light, 10; Evaluation of transient temperature characteristics during a laser cutting process by the SPLICE code

Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Yamada, Tomonori; Nguyen, P. L.; Yoshiuji, Takahiro*; Kondo, Atsuya*; Furutani, Akira*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Oral presentation

Laser cutting and crushing for indefinite shape materials

Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 12; Response surface method of underwater laser cutting performance

Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of fiber laser cutting and crushing applied to the removal technology of fuel debris and in-vessel structures

Yamada, Tomonori; Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

In the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi NPPs, remote handling techniques are necessary to remove the fuel debris which is solidified by mixed molten materials composed of fuels and in-vessel structures. In terms of remote handling, a laser beam can penetrate a narrow gap and it can shoot the substance without reactive force. Thus, a laser has been expected as one of the useful decommissioning tools. In this paper, to evaluate the cutting and crushing performances, we performed thick metal cutting and ceramics crushing using a fiber laser. A continuous wave mode and pulsed mode make it possible to cut a 30 mm thick SS400 steel plate and to crush a 10 mm thick alumina pellet. Moreover, we succeeded to cut a metal-ceramic mixture materials using fiber laser, in combination with x-y-z tri-axes control system and laser scanner. It is hoped that the outcome of the present study would be of some use to develop remote cutting and crushing technique for the decommissioning.

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 13; Characteristic evaluation of optical signal emitted from molten metal during laser cutting process

Hanari, Toshihide; Yamada, Tomonori; Takebe, Toshihiko; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of pulsed laser irradiation on concrete using a QCW laser system

Nguyen, P. L.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Hanari, Toshihide; Terada, Takaya; Yamada, Tomonori; Kawachi, Tetsuya

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Study on removal technologies for Fukushima's fuel debris using laser light, 14; Characteristic evaluation for laser cutting process of thick metal plates by an adaptive control system

Hanari, Toshihide; Yamada, Tomonori; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Nguyen, P. L.; Nakamura, Masaki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of characteristic of pulsed laser irradiation on concrete using a QCW laser system

Nguyen, P. L.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Matsunaga, Yukihiro; Terada, Takaya; Yamada, Tomonori; Kawachi, Tetsuya

no journal, , 

24 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)