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Journal Articles

The Joint evaluated fission and fusion nuclear data library, JEFF-3.3

Plompen, A. J. M.*; Cabellos, O.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; Fleming, M.*; Algora, A.*; Angelone, M.*; Archier, P.*; Bauge, E.*; Bersillon, O.*; Blokhin, A.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 56(7), p.181_1 - 181_108, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1

The Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion nuclear data library 3.3 is described. New evaluations for neutron-induced interactions with the major actinides $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu, on $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{23}$$Na, $$^{59}$$Ni, Cr, Cu, Zr, Cd, Hf, W, Au, Pb and Bi are presented. It includes new fission yileds, prompt fission neutron spectra and average number of neutrons per fission. In addition, new data for radioactive decay, thermal neutron scattering, gamma-ray emission, neutron activation, delayed neutrons and displacement damage are presented. JEFF-3.3 was complemented by files from the TENDL project. The libraries for photon, proton, deuteron, triton, helion and alpha-particle induced reactions are from TENDL-2017. The demands for uncertainty quantification in modeling led to many new covariance data. A comparison between results from model calculations using the JEFF-3.3 library and those from benchmark experiments for criticality, delayed neutron yields, shielding and decay heat, reveals that JEFF-3.3 is excellent for a wide range of nuclear technology applications, in particular nuclear energy.

Journal Articles

Neutron-hole states in $$^{131}$$Sn and spin-orbit splitting in neutron-rich nuclei

Orlandi, R.; Pain, S. D.*; Ahn, S.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Schmitt, K. T.*; Bardayan, D. W.*; Catford, W. N.*; Chapman, R.*; Chipps, K. A.*; Cizewski, J. A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 785, p.615 - 620, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:34.57(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:3.46(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

The CIELO collaboration; Progress in international evaluations of neutron reactions on Oxygen, Iron, Uranium and Plutonium

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Pigni, M.*; Dunn, M.*; Leal, L.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02001_1 - 02001_9, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:1.23

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides ($$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu) that significantly impact criticality in nuclear technologies with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality.

Journal Articles

Stability and synthesis of superheavy elements; Fighting the battle against fission - Example of $$^{254}$$No

Lopez-Martens, A.*; Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 131, p.03001_1 - 03001_6, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:46.38

Fission barrier height and its angular-momentum dependence have been measured for the first time in the nucleus with the atomic number greater than 100. The entry distribution method, which can determine the excitation energy at which fission starts to dominate the decay process, was applied to $$^{254}$$No. The fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No was found to be 6.6 MeV at zero spin, indicating that the $$^{254}$$No is strongly stabilized by the nuclear shell effects.

Journal Articles

Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Guguchia, Z.*; Khasanov, R.*; Morenzoni, E.*; Munsie, T. J. S.*; Hallas, A. M.*; Wilson, M. N.*; Cai, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12519_1 - 12519_8, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:34.31(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Fission barrier of superheavy nuclei and persistence of shell effects at high spin; Cases of $$^{254}$$No and $$^{220}$$Th

Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 113(26), p.262505_1 - 262505_6, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:16.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission barrier heights of a shell-stabilized superheavy nucleus $$^{254}$$No have been determined as a function of spin up to 19$$hbar$$ through the measured distribution of entry points of $$gamma$$ deexcitations in the excitation energy vs. spin plane. The fission barrier height of $$^{254}$$No was determined to be 6.0 MeV at spin 15$$hbar$$, and 6.6 MeV at spin 0$$hbar$$ by extrapolation. This demonstrates that the shell effect actually enlarges the fission barrier in such heavy nuclei and keeps the barrier high even at high spin.

Journal Articles

Emergent antiferromagnetism out of the "hidden-order" state in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$; High magnetic field nuclear magnetic resonance to 40 T

Sakai, Hironori; Urbano, R. R.*; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Suzuki, Michito; Kuhns, P. L.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Tobash, P. H.*; Ronning, F.*; Bauer, E. D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(23), p.236401_1 - 236401_5, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:43.05(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Very high field $$^{29}$$Si-NMR measurements using a fully $$^{29}$$Si-enriched URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ single crystal were carried out in order to microscopically investigate the "hidden order" (HO) state and adjacent magnetic phases in the high field limit. At the lowest measured temperature of 0.4 K, a clear anomaly reflecting a Fermi surface instability near 22 T inside the HO state is detected by the $$^{29}$$Si shift, $$^{29}K_c$$. Moreover, a strong enhancement of $$^{29}K_c$$ develops near a critical field $$H_{rm c}simeq 35.6$$ T, and the $$^{29}$$Si-NMR signal disappears suddenly at $$H_{rm c}$$, indicating the total suppression of the HO state. Nevertheless, a weak and shifted $$^{29}$$Si-NMR signal reappears for fields higher than $$H_{rm c}$$ at 4.2 K, providing evidence for a magnetic structure within the magnetic phase caused by the Ising-type anisotropy of the uranium ordered moments.

Journal Articles

The CIELO Collaboration; Neutron reactions on $$^1$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu

Chadwick, M. B.*; Dupont, E.*; Bauge, E.*; Blokhin, A.*; Bouland, O.*; Brown, D. A.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.1 - 25, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:88 Percentile:1.1(Physics, Nuclear)

CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) provides a new working paradigm to facilitate evaluated nuclear reaction data advances. It brings together experts from across the international nuclear reaction data community to identify and document discrepancies among existing evaluated data libraries, measured data, and model calculation interpretations, and aims to make progress in reconciling these discrepancies to create more accurate ENDF-formatted files. The focus will initially be on a small number of the highest-priority isotopes, namely $$^{1}$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu. This paper identifies discrepancies between various evaluations of the highest priority isotopes. The evaluated data for these materials in the existing nuclear data libraries are reviewed, and some integral properties are given. The paper summarizes a program of nuclear science and computational work needed to create the new CIELO nuclear data evaluations.

Journal Articles

Exploring the stability of super heavy elements; First measurement of the fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No

Henning, G.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 66, p.02046_1 - 02046_8, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:22.25

Fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No have been determined through the entry distribution method. The entry distribution is the initial distribution of excitation energy and spin from which the $$gamma$$ deexcitation starts in the fusion-evaporation reaction. The initial distribution is extracted from measured $$gamma$$-ray multiplicity and total $$gamma$$-ray energy. This paper describes the details of the entry distribution method, and reports the first determination of the fission barrier heights of $$^{254}$$No, which is the heaviest nucleus whose fission barrier has been measured.

Journal Articles

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping

Deng, Z.*; Zhao, K.*; Gu, B.; Han, W.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Wang, X. C.*; Li, X.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Yu, R. C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(8), p.081203_1 - 081203_5, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:6.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

First prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element; The $$^{256}$$Rf

Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The first prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element, $$^{256}$$Rf, has been performed successfully. A development of an intense isotopically enriched $$^{50}$$Ti beam using the MIVOC method enabled us to perform this experiment. A rotational band up to a spin of 20 $$hbar$$ has been discovered in $$^{256}$$Rf, and its moment of inertia has been extracted. These data suggest that there is no evidence of a significant deformed shell gap at $$Z$$ = 104.

Journal Articles

Shell-structure and pairing interaction in superheavy nuclei; Rotational properties of the $$Z$$=104 nucleus $$^{256}$$Rf

Greenlees, P. T.*; Rubert, J.*; Piot, J.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Asfari, Z.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; Dorvaux, O.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 109(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_5, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:46 Percentile:10.65(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Rotational band structure of the $$Z$$=104 nucleus $$^{256}$$Rf has been observed for the first time using an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopic technique. This nucleus is the heaviest among the nuclei whose rotational band structure has ever been observed. Thus, the present result provides valuable information on the single-particle shell structure and pairing interaction in the heaviest extreme of nuclei. The deduced moment of inertia indicates that there is no deformed shell gap at $$Z$$=104, which is predicted in a number of current self-consistent mean-field models.

Journal Articles

Li(Zn,Mn)As as a new generation ferromagnet based on a I-II-V semiconductor

Deng, Z.*; Jin, C. Q.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Wang, X. C.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Feng, S. M.*; Chen, L. C.*; Yu, R. C.*; Arguello, C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 2, p.1425_1 - 1425_5, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:118 Percentile:6.04(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In a prototypical ferromagnet (Ga,Mn)As based on a III-V semiconductor, substitution of divalent Mn atoms into trivalent Ga sites leads to severely limited chemical solubility and metastable specimens available only as thin films. The doping of hole carriers via (Ga,Mn) substitution also prohibits electron doping. To overcome these difficulties, Masek et al. theoretically proposed systems based on a I-II-V semiconductor LiZnAs, where isovalent (Zn,Mn) substitution is decoupled from carrier doping with excess/deficient Li concentrations. Here we show successful synthesis of Li$$_{1+y}$$(Zn$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_x$$)As in bulk materials. We reported that ferromagnetism with a critical temperature of up to 50 K is observed in nominally Li-excess compounds, which have p-type carriers.

Journal Articles

Electronic inhomogeneity in a Kondo lattice

Bauer, E. D.*; Yang, Y.-F.*; Capan, C.*; Urbano, R. R.*; Miclea, C. F.*; Sakai, Hironori; Ronning, F.*; Graf, M. J.*; Balatsky, A. V.*; Movshovich, R.*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(17), p.6857 - 6861, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:15.54(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Here, we report a manifestation of electronic inhomogeneity in a strongly correlated $$f$$-electron system, using CeCoIn$$_5$$ as an example. A thermodynamic analysis of its superconductivity, combined with nuclear quadrupole resonance measurements, shows that nonmagnetic impurities (Y, La, Yb, Th, Hg, and Sn) locally suppress unconventional superconductivity, generating an inhomogeneous electronic "Swiss cheese" due to disrupted periodicity of the Kondo lattice. Our analysis may be generalized to include related systems, suggesting that electronic inhomogeneity should be considered broadly in Kondo lattice materials.

Journal Articles

Phenomenon identification and ranking tables (PIRTs) for loss-of-coolant accidents in pressurized and boiling water reactors containing high burnup fuel

Boyack, B. E.*; Motta, A. T.*; Peddicord, K. L.*; Alexander, C. A.*; Andersen, J. G. M.*; Blaisdell, J. A.*; Dunn, B. M.*; Ebeling-Koning, D.*; Fuketa, Toyoshi; Hache, G.*; et al.

NUREG/CR-6744, 455 Pages, 2001/12

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

NMR/NQR study on the superconductivity and magnetism of Pu compounds

Yasuoka, Hiroshi; Koutroulakis, G.*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Tobash, P. H.*; Richmond, S.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Ronning, F.*; Thompson, J. D.*; Clark, D. L.*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

High-field $$^{29}$$Si-NMR study of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Urbano, R. R.*; Kuhns, P. L.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Ronning, F.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Thompson, J. D.*

no journal, , 

The heavy fermion superconductor URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ with $$T_{rm c}=1.7$$ K shows the "hidden order" at $$T_{rm O}=17.5$$ K. Below 1 K, it shows a first-order-transition at $$H_{rm c}sim 35$$ T from the hidden order phase to the magnetically ordered phase. The $$T$$-$$H$$ phase diagram for URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ above 35 T is known to be complicated but the details in the each phase above 35 T are unknown. We have been investigating the electronic state by means of $$^{29}$$Si-NMR in the higher field. The NMR experiment was done at National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Tallahassee, FL, U.S.A.).

Oral presentation

High magnetic field NMR study of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Sakai, Hironori; Urbano, R. R.*; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Kuhns, P. L.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Ronning, F.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Thompson, J. D.*

no journal, , 

In order to microscopically investigate what happens around $$sim$$22 T and just above $$sim$$36 T in the lowest temperature, we have performed $$^{29}$$Si-NMR shift measurement using a $$^{29}$$Si-fully-enriched single crystal of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. We have found a shift anomaly around 22 T and a critical increase toward $$sim$$36 T, corresponding to a slight change of total density of states (DOS) at $$sim$$22 T and increase of DOS toward $$sim$$36 T. Although the $$^{29}$$Si-NMR signal was lost by field sweeping just above $$sim$$36 T at the lowest temperature, the $$^{29}$$Si-NMR spectrum has been successfully obtained at 4.2 K in the magnetic phase just above $$sim$$36 T. From the spectral shape, we will discuss a possible magnetic structure in the magnetic phase.

Oral presentation

Neutron hole states in $$^{131}$$Sn studied via the $$^{132}$$Sn(d,t)$$^{131}$$Sn reaction

Orlandi, R.; Pain, S. D.*; Bardayan, D. W.*; Gross, C. J.*; Smith, M. S.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Ahn, S.*; Jones, K. L.*; Pittman, S. T.*; Schmitt, K. T.*; et al.

no journal, , 

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