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Journal Articles

Nanoscale heterogeneity induced by nonmagnetic Zn dopants in the quantum critical metal CeCoIn$$_5$$; $$^{115}$$In NQR/NMR and $$^{59}$$Co NMR study

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Ronning, F.*; Thompson, J. D.*; Ramakrishna, S. K.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Suzuki, Kohei*; Oshima, Yoshiki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 104(8), p.085106_1 - 085106_12, 2021/08

Antiferromagnetism in a prototypical quantum critical metal CeCoIn$$_5$$ is known to be induced by slight substitutions of non-magnetic Zn atoms for In. In nominally 7% Zn substituted CeCoIn$$_5$$, an antiferromagnetic (AFM) state coexists with heavy fermion superconductivity. Heterogeneity of the electronic states is investigated in Zn doped CeCoIn$$_5$$ by means of nuclear quadrupole and magnetic resonances (NQR and NMR). Site-dependent NQR relaxation rates $$1/T_1$$ indicate that the AFM state is locally nucleated around Zn substituents in the matrix of a heavy fermion state, and percolates through the bulk at the AFM transition temperature $$T_{rm N}$$. At lower temperatures, an anisotropic superconducting (SC) gap below the SC transition temperature $$T_{rm c}$$, and the SC state permeates through the AFM regions via a SC proximity effect. Applying an external magnetic field induces a spin-flop transition near 5 T, reducing the volume of the AFM regions. Consequently, a short ranged inhomogeneous AFM state survives and coexists with a paramagnetic Fermi liquid state at high fields.

Journal Articles

$$^{239}$$Pu nuclear magnetic resonance in the candidate topological insulator PuB$$_4$$

Dioguardi, A. P.*; Yasuoka, Hiroshi*; Thomas, S. M.*; Sakai, Hironori; Cary, S. K.*; Kozimor, S. A.*; Albrecht-Schmitt, T. E.*; Choi, H. C.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Thompson, J. D.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035104_1 - 035104_6, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We present a detailed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of $$^{239}$$Pu in bulk and powdered single-crystal plutonium tetraboride (PuB$$_4$$), which has recently been investigated as a potential correlated topological insulator. The $$^{239}$$Pu NMR spectra are consistent with axial symmetry of the shift tensor showing for the first time that $$^{239}$$Pu NMR can be observed in an anisotropic environment and up to room temperature. The temperature dependence of the $$^{239}$$Pu shift, combined with a relatively long spin-lattice relaxation time ($$T_1$$), indicate that PuB$$_4$$ adopts a nonmagnetic state with gaplike behavior consistent with our density functional theory calculations. The temperature dependencies of the NMR Knight shift and $$T^{-1}$$ imply bulk gaplike behavior confirming that PuB$$_4$$ is a good candidate topological insulator.

Journal Articles

Liquid-like thermal conduction in intercalated layered crystalline solids

Li, B.; Wang, H.*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Zhang, Q.*; Feygenson, M.*; Yu, H. L.*; Wu, D.*; Ohara, Koji*; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

Nature Materials, 17(3), p.226 - 230, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:71 Percentile:96.98(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:98.76(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping

Deng, Z.*; Zhao, K.*; Gu, B.; Han, W.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Wang, X. C.*; Li, X.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Yu, R. C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(8), p.081203_1 - 081203_5, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:66 Percentile:92.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Oral presentation

NMR study of Zn- and Ni-substitution effect in heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn$$_5$$

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Ronning, F.*; Ramakrishna, S. K.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; To, Hideki*; et al.

no journal, , 

In heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn$$_5$$, slight Zn substitutions for In atoms induce antiferromagnetism, while slight Ni substitutions for Co atoms suppress superconductivity. The both substituted CeCoIn$$_5$$ exhibit non- fermi-liquid behaviors near the phase boundaries which have been detected by magnetization and specific heat measurements. We have performed NMR experiments in these systems to investigate the microscopic effects by substituents. We will discuss about the spin fluctuations near the boundaries by NMR relaxation rates.

Oral presentation

Heterogeneous electronic state by Zn-substitutions in heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn$$_5$$

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Ronning, F.*; Ramakrishna, S. K.*; Reyes, A. P.*; Suzuki, Kohei*; Oshima, Yoshiki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Substitutions of In sites by Zn atoms in heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn$$_5$$ is reported to induce an antiferromagnetic order by Yokoyama et al. in Ibaraki University. Near the critical region, non-Fermi-liquid behavior has been observed in magnetization and specific heat. We have performed NMR measurements to reveal the spin fluctuations near the critical region.

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