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Journal Articles

Broader Approach activities and the progress of the research

Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Denki Hyoron, 96(6), p.17 - 23, 2011/06

Broader Approach (BA) activities are the joint project of Japan and Europe, which advances it on a parallel with ITER for the early realization of the fusion energy. It was decided by MEXT in October, 2005 to enforce IFERC and IFMIF/EVEDA in Rokkasho-mura and satellite tokamak in Naka-shi. After that, fusion energy agreement of Japan and Europe was concluded for BA activities. Japan Atomic Energy Agency was specified as Japan domestic agency by MEXT. This work for the BA activities has an important role of ITER support and study for DEMO reactor.

Journal Articles

Fusion research and development in the ITER era, 2

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akiba, Masato

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 50(8), p.500 - 505, 2008/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion research and development in the ITER, 1

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akiba, Masato

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 50(7), p.426 - 433, 2008/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research and development of nuclear fusion

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Seki, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Mori, Masahiro; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Takashi; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Genshiryoku Handobukku, p.906 - 1029, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear fusion

Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Karyoku Genshiryoku Hatsuden, 58(10), p.1038 - 1046, 2007/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:52.03(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:48.16(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting, 15

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Nakano, Tomohide; Iio, Shunji*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Ono, Yasushi*; Sugihara, Masayoshi; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(11), p.960 - 961, 2005/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conference summary; Progress in experiments on confinement, plasma-material interactions and innovative confinement concepts

Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Nuclear Fusion, 45(10), p.S13 - S31, 2005/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper summarizes the results presented at the 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference 2004 in the sessions of confinement, plasma-wall interaction and innovative confinement concept. The highlights of the presentations are as follows. Long pulse operation with high beta and high bootstrap fraction much longer than the current diffusion time has been achieved. The discharge scenario optimization and its extrapolation towards ITER have progressed remarkably. Significant progress has been made in understanding of global confinement and transport physics.

Journal Articles

Advanced tokamak research on JT-60

Kishimoto, Hiroshi; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Nuclear Fusion, 45(8), p.986 - 1023, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:74.58(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The Japanese large tokamak JT-60 has been focusing its research emphases to develop a high performance plasma, namely high confinement, high temperature and high density, and to sustain it non-inductively for a long time with possible minimization of external power input. The first demonstration of high bootstrap current discharges in a high-poloidal-beta mode (high-$$beta$$p) and the concept development of a steady-state tokamak reactor SSTR based on this experimental achievement initiated the so-called "advanced tokamak research". The first observation of internal transport barriers in the JT-60 high-$$beta$$p mode was followed by the world-wide explorations of reversed shear discharges associated with internal transport barriers. The advanced tokamak research is now the major trend of the current tokamak development. A new concept of compact ITER was developed and proposed in the context of this advanced tokamak approach pursued on JT-60.

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:92.22(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Chujo, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Cho, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:25.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent results of JT-60 toward steady-state Tokamak reactor

Ninomiya, Hiromasa

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 45(4), p.243 - 248, 2003/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Reports from Meetings of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity), 4

Takamura, Shuichi*; Wakatani, Masahiro*; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Kamada, Yutaka; Yatsu, Kiyoshi*; Hatae, Takaki; Sugihara, Masayoshi; Iio, Shunji*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Kawano, Yasunori

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 79(1), P. 70, 2003/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Noninductive current drive and steady-state operation in JT-60U

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Ide, Shunsuke; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Naito, Osamu; Matsuoka, Mamoru*; Kondoh, Takashi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.255 - 277, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:96.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Studies on non-inductive current drive and development of an integrated steady-state high performance operation in JT-60 are reviewed. Experiments on lower hybrid current drive in JT-60 haven shown a large non-inductive current up to 3.5MA, high current drive efficiency of 3.6x1019m-2A/W. Basic studies on LH waves in JT-60 have contributed to understand current drive physics. Significant progress in neutral beam current drive has been made in JT-60 by testing the performance of negative ion based NBI (N-NBI). The CD efficiency of ~1.5x1019m-2A /W, and N-NB driven current of ~1MA have been demonstrated in N-NBCD. Strongly localized driven current by electron cyclotron current drive was identified with a fundamental O-mode scheme. Efficiency of 0.5x1019m-2A/W and EC driven current of 0.2MA were achieved and suppression of neo-classical tearing mode was demonstrated. Based on these developments, two integrated steady-state operation scenarios were developed in JT-60, which are reversed magnetic shear (R/S) plasmas and high bp ELMy H-mode. In these operation regimes, discharges have been sustained near the steady-state current profile under full non-inductive current drive. High performance plasmas with a high nDotETio and at high normalized density were also produced under fully non-inductive condition in high bp ELMy H-mode and R/S mode.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:51.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

Journal Articles

Development and operational experiences of the JT-60U tokamak and power supplies

Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Matsukawa, Makoto; Ando, Toshiro; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Masaki, Kei; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Kodama, Kozo; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.368 - 385, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper reviews developments of the JT-60U tokamak and coil power supplies and their operational experiences obtained to date. The JT-60U is a large tokamak upgraded from the original JT-60 to obtain high plasma current, large plasma volume and highly elongated divertor configurations. In the modification, all components inside the bore of toroidal magnetic field coils, a vacuum vessel, poloidal magnetic field coils (PF-coils), divertor etc., were renewed. Furthermore, boron carbide converted CFC tiles were used as divertor tiles to reduce erosion of carbon-base tiles. Later, a semi-closed divertor with pumps was installed in the replacement of the open divertor. Various technologies and ideas introduced to develop these components their operational experiences provide important data for designing future tokamaks. Also, major troubles that had influence on the JT-60U operations are described. As a maintenance issue for tokamaks using deuterium fueling gas, a method for reducing radiation exposure of in-vessel workers are introduced.

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