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Journal Articles

Optomechanical response of a strongly interacting Fermi gas

Helson, V.*; Zwettler, T.*; Roux, K.*; Konishi, Hideki*; Uchino, Shun; Brantut, J.-P.*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(3), p.033199_1 - 033199_10, 2022/09

We study a Fermi gas with strong, tunable interactions dispersively coupled to a high-finesse cavity. Upon probing the system along the cavity axis, we observe a strong optomechanical Kerr nonlinearity originating from the density response of the gas to the intracavity field. Measuring the non-linearity as a function of interaction strength, we extract the zero-frequency density response function of the Fermi gas, and find an increase by a factor of two from the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer to the Bose-Einstein condensate regime. The results are in quantitative agreement with a theory based on operator-product expansion, expressing the density response in terms of universal functions of the interactions, the contact and the internal energy of the gas.

Journal Articles

Oxidation of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) surface using supersonic seeded oxygen molecular beam

Katsube, Daiki*; Ono, Shinya*; Takayanagi, Shuhei*; Ojima, Shoki*; Maeda, Motoyasu*; Origuchi, Naoki*; Ogawa, Arata*; Ikeda, Natsuki*; Aoyagi, Yoshihide*; Kabutoya, Yuito*; et al.

Langmuir, 37(42), p.12313 - 12317, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.5(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the oxidation of oxygen vacancies at the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) using supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) of oxygen. The oxygen vacancies at the top-surface and sub-surface could be eliminated by the supply of oxygen using an SSMB. These results indicate that the interstitial vacancies can be mostly assigned to oxygen vacancies, which can be effectively eliminated by using an oxygen SSMB. Oxygen vacancies are present on the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) when it is untreated before transfer to a vacuum chamber. These vacancies, which are stable in the as-grown condition, could also be effectively eliminated using the oxygen SSMB.

Journal Articles

Main findings, remaining uncertainties and lessons learned from the OECD/NEA BSAF Project

Pellegrini, M.*; Herranz, L.*; Sonnenkalb, M.*; Lind, T.*; Maruyama, Yu; Gauntt, R.*; Bixler, N.*; Morreale, A.*; Dolganov, K.*; Sevon, T.*; et al.

Nuclear Technology, 206(9), p.1449 - 1463, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:97.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Main findings, remaining uncertainties and lessons learned from the OECD/NEA BSAF Project

Pellegrini, M.*; Herranz, L.*; Sonnenkalb, M.*; Lind, T.*; Maruyama, Yu; Gauntt, R.*; Bixler, N.*; Morreale, A.*; Dolganov, K.*; Sevon, T.*; et al.

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.1147 - 1162, 2019/08

Journal Articles

In situ XAFS and HAXPES analysis and theoretical study of cobalt polypyrrole incorporated on carbon (CoPPyC) oxygen reduction reaction catalysts for anion-exchange membrane fuel cells

Asazawa, Koichiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Nishihata, Yasuo; Saputro, A. G.*; Nakanishi, Hiroshi*; Kasai, Hideaki*; Artyushkova, K.*; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(44), p.25480 - 25486, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:46.45(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

From laboratory to field; ${it OsNRAMP5}$-knockdown rice is a promising candidate for Cd phytoremediation in paddy fields

Takahashi, Ryuichi*; Ishimaru, Yasuhiro*; Shimo, H.*; Bashir, K.*; Senoura, Takeshi*; Sugimoto, Kazuhiko*; Ono, Kazuko*; Suzui, Nobuo; Kawachi, Naoki; Ishii, Satomi; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 9(6), p.e98816_1 - e98816_7, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:85(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:71.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration in subcritical density plasma via interaction of intense laser pulse with cluster-gas target

Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A.*; Tampo, Motonobu; Pikuz, T.*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Yogo, Akifumi; Sakaki, Hironao; Kameshima, Takashi*; et al.

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science VII, p.225 - 240, 2011/05

We present substantial enhancement of the accelerated ion energies up to 10-20 MeV per nucleon by utilizing the unique properties of the cluster-gas target irradiated with 40-fs laser pulses of only 150 mJ energy, corresponding to approximately tenfold increase in the ion energies compared to previous experiments using thin foil targets. A particle-in-cell simulation infers that the high energy ions are generated at the rear side of the target due to the formation of a strong dipole vortex structure in sub-critical density plasmas. The demonstrated method can be important in the development of efficient laser ion accelerators for hadron therapy and other applications.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:157 Percentile:98.45(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

High spatiotemporal-quality petawatt-class laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

Applied Optics, 49(11), p.2105 - 2115, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:85.14(Optics)

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 30-J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers in excess of 500-TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier as a front-end in the system, for the compressed pulse without pumping the final amplifier we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{10}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescales, and is near 10$$^{12}$$ on the nanosecond timescale prior to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. Using diffractive optical elements for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green pump laser in a Ti:sapphire final amplifier, we have successfully generated broadband high-energy output with a near-perfect top-hat-like intensity distribution.

Journal Articles

Isoscalar giant resonances in the Sn nuclei and implications for the asymmetry term in the nuclear-matter incompressibility

Li, T.*; Garg, U.*; Liu, Y.*; Marks, R.*; Nayak, B. K.*; Madhusudhana Rao, P. V.*; Fujiwara, Mamoru*; Hashimoto, Hisanobu*; Nakanishi, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shun*; et al.

Physical Review C, 81(3), p.034309_1 - 034309_11, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:95 Percentile:97.41(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Designing integrated laser-driven ion accelerator systems for hadron therapy at PMRC (Photo Medical Research Center)

Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Bolton, P.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Kawanishi, Shunichi; Sutherland, K.*; Soda, Hikaru*; Noda, Akira*; Iseki, Yasushi*; et al.

Proceedings of 2009 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '09) (DVD-ROM), p.1309 - 1311, 2009/05

The concept of a compact ion particle accelerator has become attractive in view of recent progress in laser-driven hadrons acceleration. The Photo Medical Research Center (PMRC) of JAEA was recently established to address the challenge of laser-driven ion accelerator development for hadron beam cancer therapy. PMRC considers conceptual designs of such a therapeutic instrument based on the current state in the laser-driven acceleration. We describe a conceptual gantry device that is designed by the general-purpose ion accelerator design code, PARMILA.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:73.21(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Study of stellar reactions in explosive hydrogen burning with CRIB

Kubono, Shigeru*; Teranishi, Takashi*; Notani, Masahiro*; Yamaguchi, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Akito*; He, J. J.*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Fujikawa, Hisashi*; Amadio, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 758, p.733 - 736, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Nuclear)

With using $$^{17}F$$ RNB from CRIB, proton inelastic scattering was observed. From this experiment, some resonance parameters have been deduced for the key reaction, $$^{14}O(alpha,p)^{17}F$$ at the explosive hydrogen burning stage in stars. Proton inelastic scattering of $$^{23}Mg$$ are also reported.

Journal Articles

Study of the IDGS Technique for Mixed Plutonium-Uranium Oxide (MOX) Samples

Sumi, Mika; Masashige, Kobayashi,*; Onishi, Sumitaka; Suzuki, Toru; Li, T. K.*; Vo, D.*

Final Program P.657 #229, 657- Pages, 2004/00

The Isotope Dilution Gamma-ray Spectrometry (IDGS) technique has developed at LANL. Feasibility study to implement IDGS for measuring MOX samples at PFC has performed and its results will be presented.

Journal Articles

Tritium decontamination of TFTR D-T plasma facing components using ultra violet laser

Shu, Wataru; Kawakubo, Yukio*; Ohira, Shigeru; Oya, Yasuhisa; Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Nishi, Masataka; Gentile, C. A.*; Skinner, C. H.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 41(3), p.690 - 694, 2002/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Partially disordered antiferromagnetic phase in Ca$$_{3}$$CoRhO$$_{6}$$

Niitaka, Seiji*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Kosuge, K.*; Nishi, Masakazu*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa

Physical Review Letters, 87(17), p.177202_1 - 177202_4, 2001/10

 Times Cited Count:93 Percentile:91.49(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tritium decontamination of TFTR carbon tiles employing ultra violet light

Shu, Wataru; Ohira, Shigeru; Gentile, C. A.*; Oya, Yasuhisa; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Konishi, Satoshi; Nishi, Masataka; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 290-293, p.482 - 485, 2001/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:57.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of collected charge induced by heavy ion microbeam in SOI devices

Hirao, Toshio; *; *; Nashiyama, Isamu; Matsuda, Sumio*; Nemoto, N.*; Onishi, K.*

SDM97-194, p.57 - 63, 1998/02

no abstracts in English

35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)