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Journal Articles

Temperature effects on local structure, phase transformation, and mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrates

Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Morooka, Satoshi; Koyama, Taku*; Nishio, Yuhei*; Machida, Akihiko*; Kim, J.*; Bae, S.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 104(9), p.4803 - 4818, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout reaction reveals a small $$s$$-Orbital component in the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B

Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:98.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A quasifree ($$p$$,$$pn$$) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for $$1s_{1/2}$$ and $$0d_{5/2}$$ orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for $$1s_{1/2}$$. Our finding of such a small $$1s_{1/2}$$ component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in $$^{17}$$B. The present work gives the smallest $$s$$- or $$p$$-orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of $$s$$ or $$p$$ orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.

Journal Articles

Study of quasielastic barrier distributions as a step towards the synthesis of superheavy elements with hot fusion reactions

Tanaka, Taiki*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Boll, R. A.*; Brewer, N. T.*; Van Cleve, S.*; Dean, D. J.*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(5), p.052502_1 - 052502_6, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:72.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Validation of the multinucleon transfer method for the determination of the fission barrier height

Kean, K. R.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Vermeulen, M. J.; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Andreyev, A. N.; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Chiba, Satoshi*

Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014611_1 - 014611_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:39.22(Physics, Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2017 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 16-17, 2017, iVil, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, Japan

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Utsuno, Yutaka; Chiba, Satoshi*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakamura, Shoji

JAEA-Conf 2018-001, 226 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Conf-2018-001.pdf:22.81MB

The 2017 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at iVil in Tokai on November 16-17, 2017. The symposium was hosted by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) and Advanced Science Research Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and co-hosted by Japanese Nuclear Data Committee of AESJ and North Kanto Branch of AESJ. In the symposium, a tutorial was given by Prof. Rykaczewski (ORNL) "New nuclear data from total absorption spectroscopy and beta-delayed neutron measurements", as well as six oral sessions, "Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Data" (two sessions), "Nuclear Theory and Nuclear Data", "Reactors" and "Nuclear Data and Their Applications" (two sessions). In addition, recent advances in experiment, theory, evaluation, benchmark, and application were presented in the poster session. The symposium had 79 participants, who contributed to very active and fruitful discussions. This report consists of 37 papers, including those of 14 oral and 23 poster presentations.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2016 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 17-18, 2016, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Sanami, Toshiya*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nakamura, Shoji

JAEA-Conf 2017-001, 222 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Conf-2017-001.pdf:30.89MB

The 2016 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Kobayashi Hall of High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, on November 17 and 18, 2016. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan in cooperation with Radiation Science Center, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Nuclear Science and Engineering Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency and North Kanto Branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. In the symposium, there were one tutorial, "Historical Evolution of Accelerators" and four oral sessions, "Overview of the ImPACT Program - Reduction and Resource Recycling of High Level Wastes through Nuclear Transmutation", "Facilities and experiments for nuclear data in Japan", "Nuclear data from measurement to application", and "Progress of neutron nuclear data measurement and research for its basics and application". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in the poster session. Among 65 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 31 papers including 10 oral and 21 poster presentations.

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 3; Recent advancement of fission studies; Experimental and theoretical approaches

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Chiba, Satoshi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 59(12), p.717 - 721, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Four-dimensional Langevin approach to low-energy nuclear fission of $$^{236}$$U

Ishizuka, Chikako*; Usang, M. D.*; Ivanyuk, F. A.*; Maruhn, J. A.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Chiba, Satoshi

Physical Review C, 96(6), p.064616_1 - 064616_9, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:97.38(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Role of multichance fission in the description of fission-fragment mass distributions at high energies

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tanaka, Shoya*; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:90.41(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission-fragment mass distributions were measured for $$^{237-240}$$U, $$^{239-242}$$Np and $$^{241-244}$$Pu populated in the excitation-energy range from 10 to 60 MeV by multi-nucleon transfer channels in the reaction $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA tandem facility. Among them, the data for $$^{240}$$U and $$^{240,241,242}$$Np were observed for the first time. It was found that the mass distributions for all the studied nuclides maintain a double-humped shape up to the highest measured energy in contrast to expectations of predominantly symmetric fission due to the washing out of nuclear shell effects. From a comparison with the dynamical calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, this behavior of the mass distributions was unambiguously attributed to the effect of multi-chance fission.

Journal Articles

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Vermeulen, M. J.; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Sato, Tetsuya; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 163, p.00041_1 - 00041_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:69.68

Journal Articles

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Tanaka, Shoya*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Fission and Properties of Neutron-rich Nuclei (ICFN-6), p.590 - 597, 2017/11

Journal Articles

Experimental fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Tanaka, Shoya*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.04009_1 - 04009_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:92.06

Journal Articles

Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced fission and capture cross sections for $$^{241}$$Am at neutron energies below fission threshold

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Ota, Shuya*; Nagayama, Tatsuro*; Tamura, Nobuyuki*; Goto, Shinichi*; Andreyev, A.; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 856, p.133 - 138, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:40.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Fission fragments mass distributions of nuclei populated by the multinucleon transfer channels of the $$^{18}$$O + $$^{232}$$Th reaction

L$'e$guillon, R.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 761, p.125 - 130, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:92.7(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

A Comprehensive approach to determination of nuclear data of unstable nuclei

Chiba, Satoshi*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Hirose, Kentaro

EPJ Web of Conferences, 106, p.04004_1 - 04004_9, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0

Journal Articles

Development of a measurement system for the determination of ($$n,gamma$$) cross-sections using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Makii, Hiroyuki; Ota, Shuya*; Ishii, Tetsuro; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Chiba, Satoshi; Igashira, Masayuki*; Czeszumska, A.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 797, p.83 - 93, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.14(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have installed new experimental apparatus to measure $$gamma$$ rays from highly excited states populated by the multi-nucleon transfer reactions with heavy-ion projectiles to determine the ($$n, gamma$$) cross sections by means of the surrogate reaction method. Apparatus consists of two anti-Compton LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) spectrometers to measure the $$gamma$$ rays and a Si $${Delta}E$$-$$E$$ detector system to detect outgoing projectile-like particles. Reactions of 153-MeV $$^{18}$$O beams with $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd targets were used to study the performance of apparatus. By using the LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) scintillators with relatively large volume (101.6 mm in diameter and 127 mm in length), we have successfully measured $$gamma$$ rays from the compound nuclei, which have excitation energy above neutron separation energy, populated by $$^{155}$$Gd($$^{18}$$O, $$^{16}$$O)$$^{157}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd($$^{18}$$O, $$^{16}$$O)$$^{159}$$Gd two-neutron transfer reactions. The present study has demonstrated high capability of apparatus to measure the de-excitation $$gamma$$ rays in the compound nuclei produced by the multi-nucleon transfer reactions for determination of the ($$n, gamma$$) cross sections by using the surrogate reaction method.

Journal Articles

Surrogate reactions research at JAEA/Tokyo Tech

Chiba, Satoshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Makii, Hiroyuki; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ishii, Tetsuro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hashimoto, Shintaro; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.229 - 232, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Development of anti-Compton LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) spectrometer for measurement of surrogate reactions

Makii, Hiroyuki; Ota, Shuya*; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.361 - 364, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

Anti-Compton LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) spectrometers have been installed at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility in order to measure the $$gamma$$ rays from the highly excited states produced by surrogate reactions. Each spectrometer consists of a central LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detector with a diameter of 10.2 cm and a length of 12.7 cm, and an annular BGO detector with a thickness of 2.5 cm and a length of 25.4 cm. In this contribution, we will present the results of performance test using the standard $$gamma$$ ray source and high-energy $$gamma$$ rays from the $$^{27}$$Al(p,$$gamma$$)$$^{28}$$Si reaction, and a measurement plan for (n,$$gamma$$) cross sections using a surrogate reaction at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility.

Journal Articles

Dynamical approach to heavy-ion induced fission using actinide target nuclei at energies around the Coulomb barrier

Aritomo, Yoshihiro; Hagino, Koichi*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Chiba, Satoshi

Physical Review C, 85(4), p.044614_1 - 044614_15, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:92.5(Physics, Nuclear)

In order to describe heavy-ion fusion reactions around the Coulomb barrier with an actinide target nucleus, we propose a model which combines the coupled-channels approach and a fluctuation-dissipation model for dynamical calculations. Fusion-fission, quasi-fission and deep quasi-fission are separated as different Langevin trajectories on the potential energy surface. Using this model, we analyze the experimental data for the mass distribution of fission fragments (MDFF) in the reactions of $$^{34,36}$$S+$$^{238}$$U and $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U at several incident energies around the Coulomb barrier. We find that the time scale in the quasi-fission as well as the deformation of fission fragments at the scission point are different between the $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U and $$^{36}$$S+$$^{238}$$U systems, causing different mass asymmetries of the quasi-fission.

Journal Articles

Dynamical model of surrogate reactions

Aritomo, Yoshihiro; Chiba, Satoshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa

Physical Review C, 84(2), p.024602_1 - 024602_10, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.49(Physics, Nuclear)

A new dynamical model is developed to describe the whole process of surrogate reactions; the transfer of several nucleons at an initial stage, thermal equilibration of residues leading to washing out of shell effects and decay of populated compound nuclei are treated in a unified framework. Multi-dimensional Langevin equations are employed to describe time-evolution of the system. The new model is capable of calculating the spin distribution of the compound nuclei, one of the most important quantities in the surrogate technique. Furthermore, observable of surrogate reactions can be calculated. It is found that spin distributions of compound nuclei produced in $$^{18}$$O+$$^{238,236}$$U $$rightarrow ^{16}$$O+$$^{240,238*}$$U reactions are equivalent and much less than 10$$hbar$$, therefore satisfy conditions proposed by Chiba and Iwamoto if they are used as a pair in the surrogate ratio method.

169 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)