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Journal Articles

Characterization of the PTW 34031 ionization chamber (PMI) at RCNP with high energy neutrons ranging from 100 - 392 MeV

Theis, C.*; Carbonez, P.*; Feldbaumer, E.*; Forkel-Wirth, D.*; Jaegerhofer, L.*; Pangallo, M.*; Perrin, D.*; Urscheler, C.*; Roesler, S.*; Vincke, H.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 153, p.08018_1 - 08018_5, 2017/09

 Percentile:100

At CERN, gas-filled ionization chambers PTW-34031 (PMI) are commonly used in radiation fields including neutrons, protons and $$gamma$$-rays. A response function for each particle is calculated by the radiation transport code FLUKA. To validate a response function to high energy neutrons, benchmark experiments with quasi mono-energetic neutrons have been carried out at RCNP, Osaka University. For neutron irradiation with energies below 200 MeV, very good agreement was found comparing the FLUKA simulations and the measurements. In addition it was found that at proton energies of 250 and 392 MeV, results calculated with neutron sources underestimate the experimental data due to a non-negligible gamma component originating from the target $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)Be reaction.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments of concrete and iron for the 244 MeV and 387 MeV quasi-mono energetic neutrons using a Bonner sphere spectrometer (at RCNP, Osaka Univ.)

Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Masuda, Akihiko*; Nishiyama, Jun*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Shima, Tatsushi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 153, p.08016_1 - 08016_3, 2017/09

 Percentile:100

Neutron energy spectra behind concrete and iron shields were measured for quasi-monoenergetic neutrons above 200 MeV using a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS). Quasi-monoenergetic neutrons were produced by the $$^{7}$$Li(p,xn) reaction with 246-MeV and 389-MeV protons. The response function of BSS was also measured at neutron energies from 100 MeV to 387 MeV. In data analysis, the measured response function was used and the multiple neutron scattering effect between the BSS and the shielding material was considered. The neutron energy spectra behind the concrete and iron shields were obtained by the unfolding method using the MAXED code. Ambient dose equivalents were obtained as a function of a shield thickness successfully. For the case of the 244 MeV neutron incidence, the multiple neutron scattering effect on the effective dose is large under 50 cm thickness of the concrete shield.

Journal Articles

Applicability of the two-angle differential method to response measurement of neutron-sensitive devices at the RCNP high-energy neutron facility

Masuda, Akihiko*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nishiyama, Jun*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 849, p.94 - 101, 2017/03

 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Quasi-monoenergetic high-energy neutron fields induced by $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reactions are used for the response evaluation of neutron-sensitive devices. The quasi-monoenergetic high-energy field consists of high-energy monoenergetic peak neutrons and unwanted continuum neutrons down to the low-energy region. A two-angle differential method has been developed to compensate for the effect of the continuum neutrons in the response measurements. In this study, the two-angle differential method was demonstrated for Bonner sphere detectors, which are typical examples of moderator-based neutron-sensitive detectors, to investigate the method's applicability and its dependence on detector characteristics. Through this study, the adequacy of the two-angle differential method was experimentally verified, and practical suggestions were made pertaining to this method.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:10.17

Journal Articles

Report on special sessions in the 49th Annual Meeting of the Japan Health Physics Society

Sakoda, Akihiro; Kataoka, Noriaki*; Ishikawa, Junya*; Ota, Akio*; Suzuki, Tatsuhiko*; Nishiyama, Yuichi*; Hirouchi, Jun; Hokama, Tomonori

Hoken Butsuri, 51(3), p.181 - 186, 2016/09

The 49th annual meeting of the Japan Health Physics Society was held in Hirosaki, Aomori between June 30th and July 1st, 2016. This article gives the report on all of twelve special sessions in this meeting.

Journal Articles

Info session on human networking held in Japan-IAEA Joint Nuclear Energy Management School; Aiming to develop human network among nuclear young generation in the world

Nishiyama, Jun*; Ohgama, Kazuya; Sakamoto, Tatsujiro*; Watanabe, Rin*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 57(2), p.123 - 125, 2015/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dismantlement of large fusion experimental device JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Akino, Noboru; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(4), p.167 - 178, 2014/12

The JT-60U torus was disassembled so as to newly install the superconducting tokamak JT-60SA torus. The JT-60U used the deuterium for 18 years, so the disassembly project of the JT-60U was the first disassembly experience of a fusion device with radioactivation in Japan. All disassembly components were stored with recording the data such as dose rate, weight and kind of material, so as to apply the clearance level regulation in future. The lessons learned from the disassembly project indicated that the cutting technologies and storage management of disassembly components were the key factors to conduct the disassembly project in an efficient way. After completing the disassembly project, efforts have been made to analyze the data for characterizing disassembly activities, so as to contribute the estimation of manpower needs and the radioactivation of the disassembly components on other fusion devices.

Journal Articles

Safe disassembly and storage of radioactive components of JT-60U torus

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Hanada, Masaya; Sakasai, Akira; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akino, Noboru; Chiba, Shinichi; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2018 - 2023, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Disassembly of the JT-60U torus was started in 2009 after 18-years D$$_{2}$$ operations, and was completed in October 2012. The JT-60U torus was featured by the complicated and welded structure against the strong electromagnetic force, and by the radioactivation due to D-D reactions. Since this work is the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device in Japan, careful disassembly activities have been made. About 13,000 components cut into pieces with measuring the dose rates were removed from the torus hall and stored safely in storage facilities by using a total wokers of 41,000 person-days during 3 years. The total weight of the disassembly components reached up to 5,400 tons. Most of the disassembly components will be treated as non-radioactive ones after the clearance verification under the Japanese regulation in future. The assembly of JT-60SA has started in January 2013 after this disassembly of JT-60U torus.

Journal Articles

Assembly metrology for JT-60SA using the laser tracker

Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Masaki, Kei; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira

Heisei-26-Nendo Hokkaido Daigaku Sogo Gijutsu Kenkyukai Hokokushu (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2014/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron energy spectra behind shields for quasi-monoenergetic neutrons generated by 246-MeV and 389-MeV protons using a Bonner sphere spectrometer

Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Masuda, Akihiko*; Nishiyama, Jun*; Harano, Hideki*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.332 - 336, 2014/04

Recently, many high-energy accelerators are used for various fields. Shielding data for high-energy neutrons are therefore very important from the point of view of radiation protection in high energy accelerator facilities. However, the shielding experimental data for high energy neutrons above 100 MeV are very poor both in quality and in quantity. In this study, neutron penetration spectral fluence and ambient dose through iron and concrete shields were measured with a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS). Quasi-monoenergetic neutrons were produced by the $$^{7}$$Li(p,xn) reaction by bombarding a 1-cm thick Li target with 246-MeV and 389-MeV protons in the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP) of the Osaka University. Shielding materials are iron blocks with a thickness from 10 cm to 100 cm and concrete blocks with a thickness from 25 cm to 300 cm.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and ancillary facilities for JT-60 tokamak

Okano, Fuminori; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; Ishige, Yoichi; Suzuki, Hiroaki; Komuro, Kenichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-003, 125 Pages, 2014/03

JAEA-Technology-2014-003.pdf:13.32MB

The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 5400 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device and ancillary facilities for tokamak device.

Journal Articles

JT-60SA assembly and metrology

Suzuki, Sadaaki; Yagyu, Junichi; Masaki, Kei; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Saeki, Hisashi; Hoshi, Ryo; Sawai, Hiroaki; Hasegawa, Koichi; Arai, Takashi; et al.

NIFS-MEMO-67, p.266 - 271, 2014/02

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Assembly work and transport of JT-60SA cryostat base

Okano, Fuminori; Masaki, Kei; Yagyu, Junichi; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakasai, Akira; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-032, 32 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Technology-2013-032.pdf:8.86MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency started to construct a fully superconducting tokamak experiment device, JT-60SA, to support the ITER since January, 2013 at the Fusion Research and Development Directorate in Naka, Japan. The JT-60SA will be constructed with enhancing the previous JT-60 infrastructures, in the JT-60 torus hall, where the ex-JT-60 machine was disassembled. The JT-60SA Cryostat Base, for base of the entire tokamak structure, were assembly as first step of this construction. The Cryostat Base (CB, 250 tons) is consists of 7 main made of stainless steel, 12m diameter and 3m height. It was built in the Spain and transported to the Naka site with the seven major parts split, via Hitachi port. The assembly work of these steps, preliminary measurements, sole plate adjustments of its height and flatness, and assembly of the CB. Introduces the concrete result of assembly work and transport of JT-60SA cryostat base.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device

Okano, Fuminori; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-031, 42 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Technology-2013-031.pdf:18.1MB

The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 6200 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device.

Journal Articles

Response measurement of a Bonner sphere spectrometer for high-energy neutrons

Masuda, Akihiko*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Harano, Hideki*; Nishiyama, Jun*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakamura, Takashi*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 59(1), p.161 - 166, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:22.82(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In this study, responses of Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS) for 245 and 388 MeV neutrons was measured at RCNP, Osaka University. The neutrons are generated in the $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reaction and its spectra consist of a high-energy peak and a continuum down to the low energy. Therefore, the observed counts of BSS caused by the continuum need to be subtracted. Adjusting a Li target angle and a collimator position, 0 deg and 30 deg component of generated neutron are available. While the 0 deg component contains both the peak and the continuum, the 30 deg component is considered to contain only the continuum. Therefore, the response of the peak is obtained. The spectra were measured using the time-of-flight (TOF) method with a NE213 scintillator.

Journal Articles

Technical development for in-pile IASCC growth tests by using a 0.5T-CT specimen in JMTR

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Shibata, Akira; Ise, Hideo; Kasahara, Shigeki; Kawaguchi, Yoshihiko*; Nakano, Junichi; Omi, Masao; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting 2011 (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2011/10

In order to load a large specimen of 0.5T-CT up to a high stress intensity factor of $$sim$$30 MPa$$sqrt{m}$$, we have adopted a lever type loading unit for in-pile irradiation-assisted stress corrosion crack (IASCC) growth tests in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). In this unit, the applied load is generated by shrinking a bellows with lower inner gas pressure than surrounding water pressure and enlarged by leverage. The crack length of the specimen is monitored by potential drop method (PDM) using mineral insulator (MI) cables. In this paper, technical concerns of the in-pile crack growth test unit, especially the estimation procedure of applied load to the specimen inside the irradiation capsule and the evaluation of precision of the PDM signals are presented.

Journal Articles

Study on microstructural changes in thermally-aged stainless steel weld-overlay cladding of nuclear reactor pressure vessels by atom probe tomography

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Kameda, Jun*; Nagai, Yasuyoshi*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Onizawa, Kunio

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415(2), p.198 - 204, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:7.94(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Microstructural changes by thermal aging in stainless steel weld overlay cladding of nuclear reactor pressure vessels were investigated using atom probe tomography. The cladding material was composed of about 90% austenite phase and 10% $$delta$$-ferrite phase and thermally aged at 400$$^{circ}$$C for 10,000 h. In the ferrite phase, the thermal aging increased a fluctuation of Cr concentration due to spinodal decomposition and caused the precipitation of G phase with chemical composition of Ni:Si:Mn = 16:7:6. Moreover, significant hardening of the ferrite phase was induced by the thermal aging. On the other hand, the thermal aging did not affect on the microstructures and the hardness in the austenite phase, which indicates the microstructural changes were responsible for the hardening in the ferrite phase. The analyses of the magnitude of the spinodal decomposition and the hardness implied that the spinodal decomposition was the main cause of the hardening.

Journal Articles

In-pile tests for IASCC growth behavior of irradiated 316L stainless steel under simulated BWR condition in JMTR

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki; Ise, Hideo; Kawaguchi, Yoshihiko*; Nakano, Junichi; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors (CD-ROM), p.1219 - 1228, 2011/08

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has a plan of irradiation tests using the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), in order to evaluate the effects of change in material properties and water chemistry caused by the neutron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation on stress corrosion crack (SCC) growth of stainless steels from the view points of the integrity of reactor core internals for boiling water reactors (BWRs). The difference of SCC growth and its electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP) dependence between in-pile and out-of-pile tests is not fully understood because of a few in-pile data which is comparable with out-of-pile database. This paper presents a systematic review on SCC growth data of irradiated stainless steels and the outline of the in-pile test plan for crack growth of irradiated SUS316L stainless steel under simulated BWR conditions in the JMTR, together with the development of the in-pile test techniques.

Journal Articles

Characterisation of quadi-monoenergetic neutron energy spectra using $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reactions at 246-389 MeV

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Itoga, Toshiro*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Meeting of the Task Force on Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities (SATIF-10), p.53 - 61, 2011/03

The neutron energy spectra penetrating 10 to 100 cm thick iron and 25 to 200 cm thick concrete shields have been measured using 138, 243 and 387 MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutron sources at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP) facility, Osaka University. The source neutrons were produced from a 1 cm thick lithium target bombarded with 140, 245 and 388 MeV protons. Two types of NE213 liquid organic scintillators and Bonner ball neutron spectrometers were used for the neutron energy spectrum measurement. The TOF and unfolding methods were applied to estimate the energy spectra behind the shield in the peak energy region and continuous energy region, respectively. We have also measured the neutron energy spectra and angular distribution of the source neutron above 1 MeV in the angular range from 0$$^{circ}$$ to 30$$^{circ}$$ with the TOF method. All measured data were compared with the PHITS Monte Carlo calculations.

Journal Articles

Quasi-monoenergetic neutron energy spectra for 246 and 389 MeV $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reactions at angles from 0$$^{circ}$$ to 30$$^{circ}$$

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Itoga, Toshiro*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 629(1), p.43 - 49, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:9.37(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The authors measured the neutron energy spectra of a quasi-monoenergetic $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) neutron source with 246 and 389 MeV protons set at seven angles (0$$^{circ}$$, 2.5$$^{circ}$$, 5$$^{circ}$$, 10$$^{circ}$$, 15$$^{circ}$$, 20$$^{circ}$$ and 30$$^{circ}$$), using a time-of-flight (TOF) method employing organic scintillators NE213 at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP) of Osaka University. The energy spectra of the source neutrons were precisely deduced down to 2 MeV at 0$$^{circ}$$ and 10 MeV at other angles. The cross sections of the peak neutron production reaction at 0$$^{circ}$$ were on the 35-40 mb line of other experimental data, and the peak neutron angular distribution agreed well with the Taddeucci formula. Neutron energy spectra below 100 MeV at all angles were comparable, but the shapes of the continuum above 150 MeV changed considerably with the angle.

48 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)