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Journal Articles

Probing carbon edge exposure of iron phthalocyanine-based oxygen reduction catalysts by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Niwa, Hideharu*; Saito, Makoto*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Moriya, Shogo*; Matsubayashi, Katsuyuki*; Nabae, Yuta*; Kuroki, Shigeki*; Ikeda, Takashi; et al.

Journal of Power Sources, 223, p.30 - 35, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:54.86(Chemistry, Physical)

To design non-platinum, inexpensive, but high performance carbon-based cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells, it is important to elucidate the active site for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, it is difficult to directly identify the active site by applying conventional structural or electronic probes to such complex systems. Here, we used C 1${it s}$ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to observe electronic structure of carbon in iron phthalocyanine-based catalysts, and found a signature of edge exposure below the $$pi^{ast}$$ edge, whose intensity is well correlated with the ORR activity. These results demonstrate that C 1${it s}$ XAS can be used to characterize the ORR activity of carbon-based cathode catalysts in terms of the edge exposure.

Journal Articles

Study on the oxygen adsorption property of nitrogen-containing metal-free carbon-based cathode catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Kiuchi, Hisao*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Chokai, Masayuki*; Nabae, Yuta*; Kuroki, Shigeki*; Kakimoto, Masaaki*; Ikeda, Takashi; et al.

Electrochimica Acta, 82(1), p.291 - 295, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:34.28(Electrochemistry)

We study the characteristics of oxygen adsorption on metal-free carbon-based cathode catalysts derived from nitrogen-containing polyamide (PA) and nitrogen-free phenolic resin (PhRs). Electrochemical analysis and Raman spectroscopy showed higher 2-electron oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and more defect sites in PA than PhRs. The increase in the amount of adsorbed oxygen in PA was also identified by oxygen adsorption isotherms. ${it In-situ}$ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that graphite-like nitrogen contributes to oxygen adsorption and C=O components are dominant in PA. These experimental results indicate that the adsorbed C=O components near the graphite-like nitrogen can be assigned as active sites for 2-electron ORR.

Journal Articles

Development of velocity measurement on a liquid lithium flow for IFMIF

Sugiura, Hirokazu*; Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Niwa, Yuta*; Yamaoka, Nobuo*; Miyamoto, Seiji*; Ida, Mizuho; Nakamura, Hiroo; Matsushita, Izuru*; Muroga, Takeo*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(7-11), p.1803 - 1807, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To develop a diagnostics system in view of its application on International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) liquid lithium (Li) target, velocity measurements on a liquid Li flow were performed in a Li circulation loop at Osaka University with a test section having a contraction nozzle 1/2.5 scale of IFMIF and producing a flat plane jet of 70 mm width and 10 mm thickness. Based on the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique, a local Li flow velocity distribution was measured by tracking brightness intensity patterns of surface waves generated on the flow. Measured surface velocity showed good agreement with a surface velocity obtained in previous water experiments, and had an insignificant effect at an area corresponding to a deuteron beam irradiation area on the IFMIF target.

Oral presentation

The Development targets and the summary of phase II study in the feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle systems

Mukai, Kazuo; Niwa, Hajime; Sagayama, Yutaka; Ono, Katsumi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Measurement of free surface velocity of liquid metal lithium jet

Kanemura, Takuji*; Kondo, Hiroo*; Ko, Kazuhira*; Yoshida, Yusuke*; Niwa, Yuta*; Yamaoka, Nobuo*; Miyamoto, Seiji*; Ida, Mizuho; Nakamura, Hiroo; Matsushita, Izuru*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Measurement of propagation speed of surface waves on IFMIF lithium target

Sugiura, Hirokazu*; Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Niwa, Yuta*; Yamaoka, Nobuo*; Miyamoto, Seiji*; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Ida, Mizuho; Nakamura, Hiroo; Matsushita, Izuru*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Screening of low-cesium-absorbing rice mutants from mutagenized population with ion beams

Hase, Yoshihiro; Sakaniwa, Hideyasu; Ono, Yutaka

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of high- and low-cesium-absorbing plants by ion beam breeding

Hase, Yoshihiro; Sakaniwa, Hideyasu; Ono, Yutaka

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D of lithium target and test facilities for the fusion neutron source

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Ito, Yuzuru*; Hoashi, Eiji*; Yoshihashi, Sachiko*; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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