Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.
Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01
We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.
Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Edao, Yuki; Taniuchi, Junichi*
Fusion Science and Technology, 68(3), p.596 - 600, 2015/10
We have newly developed the hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalysts applicable to tritium oxidation reactor since the honeycomb-shape catalyst can decrease the pressure drop. Two types of hydrophobic honeycomb catalyst have been test-manufactured. One is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a metal honeycomb. The other is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a ceramic honeycomb made of silicon carbide. The fine platinum particles around a few nanometers significantly improve the catalytic activity for the oxidation tritium at a tracer concentration. The hydrogen concentration in the gaseous feed slightly affects the overall reaction rate constant for hydrogen oxidation. Due to the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and water molecules on platinum surface, the overall reaction rate constant has the bottom value. The hydrogen concentration for the bottom value is 100 ppm under the dry feed gas. We have experimentally confirmed the activity of these honeycomb catalysts is as good as that of pellet-shape hydrophobic catalyst. The results support the hydrophobic honeycomb catalysts are applicable to tritium oxidation reactor.
Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Katata, Genki; Noguchi, Izumi*; Sakai, Shigekatsu*; Watanabe, Yoko*; Uematsu, Mitsuo*; Furutani, Hiroshi*
Atmospheric Research, 151, p.82 - 92, 2015/01
To evaluate water and nitrogen input via fog water deposition, fog chemistry and deposition around a crater lake (Mashu) in northern Japan were investigated in the growing seasons of trees in 2006-2012. The fog samples were collected using an active fog collector and droplet size distribution was measured by a droplet size spectrometer. Compared to previous iterature of exposure experiments of acid mist on plants, fog acidity in this study did not seem to injure plant leaves. The visibility (VIS)-liquid water content of fog (LWC) relationship differed between summer and autumn. Fog water deposition was calculated from LWC empirically derived from past VIS data and deposition velocity estimated using wind speed and vegetation parameters. The water and nitrogen inputs via fog water deposition accumulated for each growing season were estimated as 107-161 mm and 20-41 meq m, respectively.
Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Sato, Katsumi; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Taniuchi, Junichi*
Proceedings of 7th Tokyo Conference on Advanced Catalytic Science and Technology (TOCAT-7) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2014/06
Hydrophobic platinum catalysts have been developed especially for combustion of hydrogen isotopes released in a nuclear facility. A new type of hydrophobic hydrogen combustion catalyst commercially named TKK-KNOITS catalyst is hardly susceptible to water mist and water vapor in the atmosphere and water produced by hydrogen combustion. It is capable of maintaining the activity even at relatively low temperatures. The TKK-KNOITS catalyst is superior to other previous hydrophobic catalysts in applicability to wide range of hydrogen concentration from very thin to dense. The catalyst which carrier is composed of inorganic oxide has thermal stability up to 873 K.
Takegami, Hiroaki; Terada, Atsuhiko; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kamiji, Yu; Ono, Masato; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Ito, Chikara; Hino, Ryutaro; Suzuki, Keiichi*; Onuma, Hiroshi*; et al.
JAEA-Research 2013-032, 25 Pages, 2013/12
We focused on a non-destructive inspection method using cosmic-ray muons as a candidate method for observation of internal the reactor from the outside of a reactor building. In this study, the applicability of this method for the reactor investigation was confirmed by a preliminary examination with High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). From the results of this examination, it appears that high density structures, such as the core and concrete walls, were able to observe by using muon telescope with coincidence method from the outside of the pressure vessel. Furthermore, we proposed some improvements of this muon inspection system for on-site investigation at the Fukushima Daiichi NPS.
Noguchi, Yuto; Anzai, Katsunori; Kozaka, Hiroshi; Aburadani, Atsushi; Kazawa, Minoru; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi
Dai-31-Kai Nihon Robotto Gakkai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yokoshu (DVD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2013/09
Katata, Genki; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Sato, Haruna*; Watanabe, Yoko*; Noguchi, Izumi*; Hara, Hiroshi*; Nagai, Haruyasu
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment, 7(1), p.17 - 24, 2013/03
Fog deposition onto the cool-temperate deciduous forest in northern Japan was estimated by the inferential method using the parameterizations of deposition velocity and liquid water content of fog (LWC). Two parameterizations of fog deposition velocity derived from the field experiments and numerical simulations were tested. The empirical function between horizontal visibility (VIS) and LWC was applied to produce hourly LWC as input data of the inferential method. Weekly mean LWC computed from VIS had a good correlation with the one sampled by an active string-fog collector. Fog deposition calculated by the inferential method agreed with that computed from thorough fall data within the factors of 2 to 3. The results indicated that the inferential method using the current parameterizations of deposition velocity and LWC can provide a rough estimation of water input due to fog deposition onto cool-temperature deciduous forests.
Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Noguchi, Izumi*; Watanabe, Yoko*; Katata, Genki; Sato, Haruna*; Hara, Hiroshi*
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment, 7(1), p.8 - 16, 2013/03
Fog water chemistry was measured and the fog water deposition rate was estimated by a throughfall method at Lake Mashu, northern Japan, from May to November, 2010. NH and SO were the most abundant cation and anion, respectively. The fog water pH ranged from 4.2 to 6.4 (mean value: 5.1). The [NH]/[SO] equivalent ratio in fog water was more than 1.0 throughout the measuring period, indicating that NH was the major factor in the neutralization of fog water. The estimated fog water deposition rate and fog water deposition were 0.110.22 mm h and 117.0 mm, respectively. The estimated seasonal deposition of nitrogen in fog water, 26.1 meq m, was considerable amount compared to that of reported nitrogen deposition in rainfall.
Iwai, Yasunori; Sato, Katsumi; Taniuchi, Junichi*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Harada, Nobuo*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(8), p.1184 - 1192, 2011/08
The inorganic-based hydrophobic Pt-catalyst named H1P has been developed especially for efficient oxidation of a tracer level of tritium in the ambient temperature range even in the presence of saturated water vapor. The overall reaction rate constant for H1P catalyst in the ambient temperature range was considerably larger than that for traditionally applied Pt/AlO catalyst. Moreover, the decrease in reaction rate for H1P in the presence of saturated water vapor compared with in the absence of water vapor was slight due to its excellence in hydrophobic performance. Oxidation reaction on the catalyst surface is the rate-controlling step in the ambient temperature range and diffusion in a catalyst substratum above 313 K due to its fine porosity. The overall reaction rate constant in the ambient temperature range was dependent on the space velocity and hydrogen concentration in carrier.
Nagao, Keisuke*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Miura, Yayoi*; Osawa, Takahito; Bajo, Kenichi*; Matsuda, Shintaro*; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Ireland, T.*; Kitajima, Fumio*; et al.
Science, 333(6046), p.1128 - 1131, 2011/08
A steroid surface materials record regolith processes and a history of cosmic-ray irradiation. Noble gas isotopes in three rocky grains from Itokawa have been determined. High concentrations of solar He, Ne, and Ar, as high as those in lunar soils, are released at variable temperatures from each sample. The isotopic compositions are essentially identical to those of solar wind but distinguishable in He relative abundance. These noble gas characteristics can be explained by repeated implantation and preferential loss of solar He by removal of weathered He-rich rim on the grain surface through friction among regolith grains on Itokawa. Residence time of regolith materials on Itokawa is alculated to be shorter than 10 Myr, suggesting that regolith materials of small asteroids would escape easily to space.
Umemori, Kensei*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Sato, Masato*; Shishido, Toshio*; Watanabe, Ken*; Yamamoto, Yasuchika*; Shinoe, Kenji*; et al.
Proceedings of 15th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (SRF 2011) (Internet), p.956 - 961, 2011/07
The Compact ERL (cERL) project is advanced in Japan. Its aim is to demonstrate the circulation of 100 mA electron beams with energy of 35-200 MeV. Superconducting cavities are key components for realizing ERL and used for injector part and main linac part. Critical issue for the injector part is the development of input power coupler. Prototype input couplers were fabricated and high power test was performed. Cooling ability of HOM coupler is also important for CW operation of cavity. At main linac part, HOM damped 9-cell cavities are applied to avoid BBU instabilities. Prototypes were fabricated for the cavity, the input coupler and the HOM absorber. Their performance was investigated. For both parts, cryomodules are under construction and will be completed in 2012.
Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.
Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05
Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.
Sakai, Hiroshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sato, Masato*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Shishido, Toshio*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Watanabe, Ken*; et al.
Proceedings of 45th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL '09) (Internet), p.57 - 62, 2010/05
Development of a SC Cavity Injector Cryomodule and Main linac Cryomodule for the compact ERL is being continued at KEK since 2006. Design of an injector cryomodule containing three 2-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Injector Cryomodule and two 9-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Main linac Cryomodule are almost completed. Status of R&D and design details are reported.
Sato, Kaoru; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Emoto, Yutaka*; Koga, Sukehiko*; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(9), p.907 - 913, 2009/09
A Japanese adult female voxel (()lume pi()) phantom (the JF phantom) was developed using CT images of a healthy female volunteer. The height (152cm) and weight (44kg) of JF are smaller than the averages of Japanese adult female. The voxel size of JF is 0.980.981mm. Therefore, the shapes of small or complicated organs such as thyroid and stomach wall are realistically reproduced. The shapes of female specific organs such as ovaries and uterus are also distinctly represented. These suggest that the JF phantom will enable to evaluate accurately organ doses due to diverse exposures to Japanese adult females.
Umemori, Kensei*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Sato, Masato*; Shishido, Toshio*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Ken*; Yamamoto, Yasuchika*; et al.
Proceedings of 14th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (SRF 2009) (Internet), p.896 - 901, 2009/09
Construction of the Compact ERL is planned in Japan, in order to test the key technology to realize a future ERL based X-ray light source. The operation of 60-200 MeV beam energy and 100 mA beam current are proposed. The superconducting cavity is one of the key components and applied for the injector part and the main linac part. At the injector part, most challenging issue is an input coupler, which has to handle more than 300 kW input power per cavity. On the other hand, strong HOM damping is required for the main linac, in order to avoid beam instabilities and large heat load at cryomodules. Status of cavity developments, together with cryomodule developments, including input couplers and HOM couplers/absorbers, are described in this paper.
Kanematsu, Manabu*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Noguchi, Takafumi*; Iikura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Naoko*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605(1-2), p.154 - 158, 2009/06
Maruyama, Ippei*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Noguchi, Takafumi*; Iikura, Hiroshi; Teramoto, Atsushi*; Hayano, Hiroyuki*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605(1-2), p.159 - 162, 2009/06
Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.
Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06
Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.
Yamamoto, Yasuchika*; Hayano, Hitoshi*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sato, Masato*; Shishido, Toshio*; Umemori, Kensei*; Watanabe, Ken*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Shinoe, Kenji*; et al.
Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.888 - 891, 2008/00
In KEK, the new Superconducting RF Test Facility(STF) is being constructed, including the electro-polish system (EP), the high pressure rinsing system (HPR), the clean-room, the refrigerator system, the high power RF source system, and the vertical test system. The cavity is generally measured in the vertical cryostat for the performance test. The new vertical test facility was constructed since the last year, and completed at the beginning of March. The first test was done for the total system check at the beginning of July.
Yokoyama, Sumi; Sato, Kaoru; Manabe, Kentaro; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Kaneko, Hirohisa; Oki, Yuichi*; Iida, Takao*; Tanaka, Susumu*
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 127(1-4), p.392 - 397, 2007/11
To estimate internal doses due to the inhalation of radionuclides produced by the nuclear spallation of the air nuclei in high-energy proton accelerator facilities, the physicochemical properties of radionuclides are very important. However, there is not enough information of the properties for airborne radioactive chlorine formed from argon gas in the air of a high-energy proton irradiation field. Thus we have measured the ratio of aerosol and gases of radioactive chlorine which are formed by irradiating argon gas-added air with a 48 MeV proton beam. In addition, the particle size distribution and chemical form of non-radioactive aerosol were examined. It was found that Cl-38 and Cl-39 exist as aerosol, acidic and non-acidic gases. The percentages of Cl-38 and Cl-39 aerosols are more than 70%. In total radioactive chlorine gas, about 30% and 70% are acidic and non-acidic gases, respectively. The concentration of non-radioactive aerosol had a peak at an aerodynamic diameter of 20-30 nm in the early irradiation period. The particle size of non-radioactive aerosol shifted to larger with time. After 10 min, the aerosols grew very slowly and many of the non-radioactive aerosols were distributed widely under 200 nm. This suggests that the diameter of the radioactive chlorine aerosol formed by the attachment of the radioactive chlorine to the non-radioactive aerosol around a beam line of the accelerator is much smaller than the default value adopted in ICRP Publication 66.