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Journal Articles

Quantum paramagnet near spin-state transition

Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Ito, Naoko*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Takahashi, Yuki*; Onodera, Mitsugi*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Aoyama, Takuya*; Ogushi, Kenya*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; et al.

Advanced Quantum Technologies (Internet), 1(3), p.1800057_1 - 1800057_7, 2018/12

Spin-state transition, also known as spin crossover, plays a key role in diverse systems. In theory, the boundary range between the low- and high-spin states is expected to enrich the transition and give rise to unusual physical states. However, no compound that realizes a nearly degenerate critical range as the ground state without requiring special external conditions has yet been experimentally identified. This study reports that the Sc substitution in LaCoO3 destabilizes its nonmagnetic low-spin state and generates an anomalous paramagnetic state accompanied by the enhancement of transport gap and magneto-lattice-expansion as well as the contraction of Co-O distance with the increase of electron site transfer. These phenomena are not well described by the mixture of conventional low- and high-spin states, but by their quantum superposition occurring on the verge of a spin-state transition.

Journal Articles

Magnetic properties of electron-doped LaCoO$$_3$$

Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Sato, Mika*; Koyama, Shunichi*; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ji, S.*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(9), p.094706_1 - 094706_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:31.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Commensurate and incommensurate vortex states confined in mesoscopic triangles of weak pinning superconducting thin films

Kokubo, Nobuhito*; Miyahara, Hajime*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_4, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.74(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the direct observation of vortex states confined in equilateral and isosceles triangular dots of weak pinning amorphous superconducting thin films with a scanning superconducting quantum interference device microscope. The observed images illustrate not only pieces of a triangular vortex lattice as commensurate vortex states, but also incommensurate vortex states including metastable ones. We comparatively analyze vortex configurations found in different sample geometries and discuss the symmetry and stability of commensurate and incommensurate vortex configurations against deformations of the sample shape.

Journal Articles

Direct imaging of vortex polygons and vortex shells in mesoscopic squares of a weak pinning superconducting thin film

Kokubo, Nobuhito*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Tamochi, Hirotaka*; Shinozaki, Bunju*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:67.22(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Oral presentation

Observation of vortex states in small superconductors with artificial pinning centres

Kitano, Kohei*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Kokubo, Nobuhito*

no journal, , 

We try to observe a new vortex state including anti-vortex by introducing small bores or hollows in microscopic superconductors. We made direct observations of vortex states of microscopic square superconducting samples with 5 bores, located the center of the sample and four corners, by using a scanning SQUID microscope. A unique vortex alignment at low vorticity (L$$<$$5) is observed in comparison with the previous measurements on the samples with no bore. It becomes clear that the vortex alignment is determined by the distance of bores and the interaction among the vortices.

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