Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 195

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd purified by selective precipitation from spent nuclear fuel by laser ablation ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Ohata, Masaki*; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 411(5), p.973 - 983, 2019/02

 Percentile:100(Biochemical Research Methods)

Determination of radiopalladium $$^{107}$$Pd is required for ensuring the radiation safety of Pd extracted from spent nuclear fuel for recycling or disposal. We employed laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to simplify an analytical procedure of $$^{107}$$Pd. Pd was separated through selective Pd precipitation reaction from spent nuclear fuel. Laser ablation allows direct measurement of the Pd precipitates, skipping the dissolution and dilution procedure. In this study, $$^{102}$$Pd in natural Pd standard solution was used as an internal standard, taking advantage of its absence in spent nuclear fuel. The Pd precipitate was uniformly embedded on the surface of the centrifugal filter, forming a microscopically thin flat surface of Pd. The resulting homogeneous Pd layer is suitable for obtaining a stable signal ratio of $$^{107}$$Pd/$$^{102}$$Pd. The amount of $$^{107}$$Pd obtained by LA-ICP-MS corresponds to the values obtained by conventional solution nebulization measurement.

Journal Articles

Advanced analysis technology for new material and product development

Sasaki, Hirokazu*; Nishikubo, Hideo*; Nishida, Shinsuke*; Yamazaki, Satoshi*; Nakasaki, Ryusuke*; Isomatsu, Takemi*; Minato, Ryuichiro*; Kinugawa, Kohei*; Imamura, Akihiro*; Otomo, Shinya*; et al.

Furukawa Denko Jiho, (138), p.2 - 10, 2019/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and related resonance spectroscopy for nuclear fuel cycle management and for decommissioning of "Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station"

Wakaida, Ikuo; Oba, Hironori; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Tamura, Koji; Saeki, Morihisa

Kogaku, 48(1), p.13 - 20, 2019/01

By Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and by related resonance spectroscopy, elemental and isotope analysis of Uranium and Plutonium for nuclear fuel materials and in-situ remote analysis under strong radiation condition for melt downed nuclear fuel debris at damaged core in "Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station", are introduced and performed as one of the application in atomic energy research field.

JAEA Reports

Expansion characteristics of particles in ablation plume measured with resonance absorption spectroscopy; Comparison of neutral atoms of titanium and hafnium

Jung, K.; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2017-008, 26 Pages, 2017/08

JAEA-Research-2017-008.pdf:5.99MB

We are developing an analytical method using laser ablation absorption spectroscopy (LAAS) to analyze radioactive waste mixed with zirconium, uranium and so on. It is essential to evaluate the characteristics of the plume formed by the objective particles for LAAS analysis. Therefore, in this study, titanium and hafnium whose chemical properties are similar to those of Zr were chosen as analytical object. And the difference in expanding behavior of the plume due to the weight of the particles was investigated. As a result of changing the height of the probe beam and applying the optical time-of-flight method to the plume, it was found that the influence of the background gas is larger for Ti than Hf. The meaning of the resonance absorption signal of the waste sample mixed with nuclear fuel materials and nuclear reactor materials was understood by this study and basic knowledge to optimize experimental conditions were also obtained.

Journal Articles

Laser ablation absorption spectroscopy for isotopic analysis of plutonium; Spectroscopic properties and analytical performance

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Jung, K.; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Kato, Masaaki; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Khumaeni, A.*; Wakaida, Ikuo

Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 134, p.42 - 51, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:22.02(Spectroscopy)

Spectroscopic properties of atomic species of plutonium were investigated by combining laser ablation and resonance absorption techniques for the analysis of a plutonium oxide sample. For 17 transitions of Pu atoms and ions, the absorbance, isotope shift, and hyperfine splitting were determined via Voigt profile fitting of the recorded absorption spectra. Three transitions were selected as candidates for analytical use. Using these transitions, we investigated the analytical performance that was attainable and determined a correlation coefficient R2 between the absorbance and plutonium concentration of 0.9999, a limit of detection of 30-130 ppm, and a relative standard deviation of approximately 6% for an abundance of $$^{240}$$Pu of 2.4%. These results demonstrate that laser ablation absorption spectroscopy is applicable to the remote isotopic analysis of highly radioactive nuclear fuels and waste materials containing multiple actinide elements.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of uranium spectrum using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; High resolution spectroscopy (470-670 nm)

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2016-005, 40 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Research-2016-005.pdf:1.82MB

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) method is an attractive technique because real-time, in-situ and remote elemental analysis is possible without any sample preparation. The LIBS technique can be applied for analyzing elemental composition of samples under severe environments such as the estimation of impurities in the next generation nuclear fuel material containing minor actinide (MA) and the detection of fuel debris in the post-accident nuclear core reactor of TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For applying LIBS to the analysis of nuclear fuel materials, it is indispensable to identify the emission spectrum and its intensity on impurities intermingled within complex emission spectra of matrix elements such as uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu). In the present study, an echelle spectrometer with a resolving power of 50,000 was employed to identify spectra of natural uranium of wavelength ranging from 470 to 670 nm. The 173 atomic spectra and 119 ionic spectra can be identified. We have confirmed that the measured wavelength and oscillator strength of spectra are consistent with published values.

Journal Articles

Effect of defocusing on laser ablation plume observed by laser-induced fluorescence imaging spectroscopy

Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Wakaida, Ikuo

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(2), p.022401_1 - 022401_4, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.08(Physics, Applied)

We used laser-induced fluorescence imaging with a varying beam focal point to observe ablation plumes from metal and oxide samples of gadolinium. The plumes expand vertically when the focal point is far from the sample surface. In contrast, the plume becomes hemispherical when the focal point is on the sample surface. In addition, the internal plume structure and the composition of the ablated atomic and ionic particles also vary significantly. The fluorescence intensity of a plume from a metal sample is greater than that from an oxide sample, which suggests that the number of monatomic species produced in each plume differs. For both the metal and oxide samples, the most intense fluorescence from atomic (ionic) species is observed with the beam focal point at 3-4 mm (2 mm) from the sample surface.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of uranium spectrum using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; High resolution spectroscopy (350-470 nm)

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2015-012, 48 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Research-2015-012.pdf:2.22MB

It is important to analyze the next generation nuclear fuel material containing minor actinide (MA) and the fuel debris generated at the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Therefore, the remote analysis for nuclear fuel materials using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is studied. For applying Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to the analysis of nuclear fuel materials, it is very important to identify the emission spectrum and its intensity on impurities intermingled within complex emission spectra of matrix elements such as uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu). Then, the high resolution spectra of natural uranium of wavelength region of 350-470 nm are measured using LIBS, 247 atomic spectra and 294 single ion spectra were identified. We have confirmed that the measured wavelength and oscillator strength of spectra are consistent with published values.

Journal Articles

Ablation plume structure and dynamics in ambient gas observed by laser-induced fluorescence imaging spectroscopy

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Khumaeni, A.*; Kato, Masaaki; Wakaida, Ikuo

Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 110, p.101 - 117, 2015/08

AA2015-0183.pdf:3.11MB

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:14.06(Spectroscopy)

The dynamic behavior of an ablation plume in ambient gas has been investigated by laser-induced fluorescence imaging spectroscopy. The second harmonic beam from an Nd:YAG laser (0.5-6J/cm$$^{2}$$) was focused on a sintered oxide pellet or a metal chip of gadolinium. The produced plume was subsequently intersected with a sheet-shaped UV beam from a dye laser so that time-resolved fluorescence images were acquired with an intensified CCD camera at various delay times. The obtained cross-sectional images of the plume indicate that the ablated ground state atoms and ions of gadolinium accumulate in a hemispherical contact layer between the plume and the ambient gas, and a cavity containing a smaller density of ablated species is formed near the center of the plume. At earlier expansion stage, another luminous component also expands in the cavity so that it coalesces into the hemispherical layer. The splitting and coalescence for atomic plume occur later than those for ionic plume. Furthermore, the hemispherical layer of neutral atoms appears later than that of ions; however, the locations of the layers are nearly identical. This coincidence of the appearance locations of the layers strongly suggests that the neutral atoms in the hemispherical layer are produced as a consequence of three-body recombination of ions through collisions with gas atoms. The obtained knowledge regarding plume expansion dynamics and detailed plume structure is useful for optimizing the experimental conditions for ablation-based spectroscopic analysis.

Journal Articles

Absorption spectroscopy of uranium plasma for remote isotope analysis of next-generation nuclear fuel

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Oba, Hironori; Tampo, Motonobu; Wakaida, Ikuo

Applied Physics A, 112(1), p.87 - 92, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:48.46(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A uranium oxide sample was ablated by 2nd harmonic radiation from a Nd:YAG laser at a fluence of 0.5 J/cm$$^{2}$$. The temporal evolution of the ablation plume was investigated in vacuum and helium environments. In vacuum, the flow velocity perpendicular to the sample surface was determined to be 2.7 km/s for neutral atoms and 4.0 km/s for singly charged atoms. From the evolution of the plume in helium we found that an observation time of 3-5 $$mu$$s and an observation height of about 2.5 mm are most suited for obtaining higher sensitivity. Observation times less than 3 $$mu$$s were unsuitable for precise isotope analysis since the spectral modifications arising from the Doppler splitting effect are different between the two uranium isotopes. Using the established conditions, we evaluated the calibration curve linearity, limit of detection, and precision for three samples having different abundances of $$^{235}$$U.

Journal Articles

Laser ablation absorption spectroscopy for remote analysis of uranium

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Oba, Hironori; Tampo, Motonobu; Wakaida, Ikuo

Hyperfine Interactions, 216(1-3), p.71 - 77, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.6

To determine experimental conditions suitable for isotope analysis, we studied the plume dynamics of uranium. A uranium oxide sample was ablated by 2nd harmonic radiation from a Nd:YAG laser at a fluence of 0.5 J/cm$$^{2}$$. The temporal evolution of the ablation plume was investigated in 800 Pa helium environment. It was found that the observation at 3-5$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$s after the ablation at the height of about 2.5 mm are most suited for obtaining higher sensitivity. Using the established conditions, we obtained the limit of detection of the isotope ratio ($$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U) to be 0.01%. In addition, the limit of detection of elemental abundance of uranium in uranium glass was also evaluated.

Journal Articles

Effect of defocusing on ablated volume of gadolinium oxide

Oba, Masaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Wakaida, Ikuo

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 52(4), p.042403_1 - 042403_3, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.95(Physics, Applied)

We used nanosecond (ns) and femtosecond (fs) laser pulses to ablate gadolinium oxide samples and measured the ablated volume as a function of the laser pulse focal position. The defocusing effect of the ablated volume, which decreases as the ablation pulse focal position approaches the sample surface, was observed for both ns and fs pulses.

Journal Articles

Doppler-shifted optical absorption characterization of plume-lateral expansion in laser ablation of a cerium target

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Oba, Hironori; Tampo, Motonobu; Wakaida, Ikuo

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(12), p.123303_1 - 123303_10, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:69.24(Physics, Applied)

The temporal evolution of the ablation plume of cerium was investigated by absorption spectroscopy. Cerium oxide pellets were ablated in helium by 2nd harmonic radiation from a YAG laser. The lateral velocity of the plume was determined from the magnitude of the Doppler splitting of the absorption spectra. The velocities of neutral and ionized atoms were systematically investigated by varying several parameters. Temporal profiles of the transmittance signal were measured by detuning the probe laser frequency from the atomic resonant frequency in order to evaluate the temporal variation of the lateral velocity. On the basis of the drag force model, the slowing coefficients for atomic and ionic species in helium were evaluated along with the lateral velocity in a vacuum. This study may help in understanding the plume dynamics effect on deposited film properties as well as optimizing experimental conditions for ablation-based spectroscopic analysis.

Journal Articles

Nanomodification of gold surface by picosecond soft X-ray laser pulse

Norman, G.*; Starikov, S.*; Stegailov, V.*; Fortov, V.*; Skobelev, I.*; Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Kato, Yoshiaki*; Ishino, Masahiko; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(1), p.013104_1 - 013104_8, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:14.2(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Review on the seismic safety of JRR-3 according to the revised regulatory code on seismic design for nuclear reactors

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Araki, Masaaki; Oba, Toshinobu; Torii, Yoshiya; Takeuchi, Masaki*

JAEA-Conf 2011-003, p.83 - 86, 2012/03

Journal Articles

Double-pulse LIBS of gadolinium oxide ablated by femto- and nano-second laser pulses

Oba, Masaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Wakaida, Ikuo

Applied Physics A, 101(3), p.545 - 549, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:28.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Emission characteristics of gadolinium (Gd) oxide are studied, using ns and fs laser pulses for ablation in double-pulse laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). In the current conditions of pulse energy and signal detection timing, emission intensity enhancement in the reheating mode is 25-fold, but the little effect can be observed in a pre-pulse mode. It is shown that the optimum focus position of the ablation pulse is about 5 mm apart from the sample surface in the reheating mode. Although little emission can be observed in single-pulse configuration with fs ablation pulses, the intense emission can be observed in the reheating mode in the double-pulse configuration.

JAEA Reports

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of the uranium including calcium; Dependence of laser power (Contract research)

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2010-036, 14 Pages, 2010/10

JAEA-Research-2010-036.pdf:2.18MB

For the remote analysis of low DF TRU (Decontamination Factor Transuranic) fuel, Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to uranium oxide including a small amount of calcium oxide (3306ppm(weight)) as a sample, and the spectrum emitted from laser-breakdown plasma was examined. The characteristics, such as spectrum intensity and plasma excitation temperature as a function of laser power, were measured using time-resolved spectroscopy. As a result, the laser power of around 5 mJ was found optimum to obtain the stable intensity and narrow line width of spectrum.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopy of laser-produced cerium plasma for remote isotope analysis of nuclear fuel

Miyabe, Masabumi; Oba, Masaki; Iimura, Hideki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Maruyama, Yoichiro; Wakaida, Ikuo

Applied Physics A, 101(1), p.65 - 70, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:51.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A cerium oxide sample was ablated by 2nd harmonic radiation of Nd:YAG laser at a power density of 0.1 GW/cm$$^{2}$$. The velocities of the ablated atomic and ionic species were measured with the resonance absorption spectroscopy. It was found that the ablated ionic plume consists of at least two components having different velocities whereas the ablated atomic plume has roughly a single component. The flow velocity perpendicular to the sample surface in vacuum was determined to be 3.5 km/s for neutral atoms, and 4.7 km/s and 9.3 km/s for singly charged ions. From detailed plume evolution in ambient gas with several pressures we obtained some experimental conditions suitable for isotope analysis of atomic cerium.

JAEA Reports

Refurbishment of helium compressor for heavy water cooling system in JRR-3

Oba, Toshinobu; Fukushima, Manabu; Takeuchi, Masaki; Uno, Yuki; Owada, Minoru; Terakado, Yoshibumi

JAEA-Technology 2010-020, 31 Pages, 2010/07

JAEA-Technology-2010-020.pdf:1.33MB

Japan research reactor No.3 (JRR-3) has a heavy water tank. The heavy water tank surrounds the reactor core to use thermalize neutrons for experiments. The heavy water cooling system removes the heat generated by $$gamma$$ ray in the heavy water reflector. The heavy water cooling system is composed of the cooling system and the helium gas system. The helium gas system has an important role of helium gas circulation. The helium gas system also has a role to recombine deuterium gas and oxygen gas. We had overhauled the helium compressor regularly and replaced consumable parts. However, in recent year, the helium compressor had sometimes stopped by the leakage of seal oil. In 2007, we refurbished the helium compressor with new one. This report describes refurbishment of helium compressor.

JAEA Reports

Emission characteristics of gadolinium plasma in orthogonal double-pulse laser breakdown spectroscopy using femto and nanosecond laser (Contract research)

Maruyama, Yoichiro; Oba, Masaki; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2010-003, 19 Pages, 2010/07

JAEA-Research-2010-003.pdf:2.47MB

Emission characteristics of gadolinium plasma in the double-pulse LIBS using a femtosecond laser as an ablation source have been studied to achieve high sensitivity for analyzing next generation nuclear fuel in a future. In experiment, effects of the ablation laser focusing lens position and relative position of two plasmas were studied. The optimum ablation laser focusing lens position was about 22 mm from the sample surface, and the emission was maximized with the $$delta$$x of 1-1.2 mm and the $$delta$$y of 0.5-1 mm. As a result, about 200-times higher emission intensity in the double-pulse reheating mode was obtained than the emission in the single-pulse method. Moreover, the spectral width of the emission did not depend on the reheating laser pulse energy, and the high emission intensity could be obtained without the spectral broadening.

195 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)