Hirano, Koichiro; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Ito, Takashi; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Sato, Yoshikatsu; et al.
Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.310 - 313, 2016/11
We have used a beam scraper with the incident angle of 65deg to reduce the beam power deposition density in the MEBT between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC linac. The 65 scraper was irradiated by the H beam up to particle number of 1.47E22. We observed a lot of surface projections with several hundred micrometers high in the beam irradiation damage on the scraper by using the laser microscope. In order to study the limits of scrapers, we constructed a new 3 MeV linac at J-PARC. We will conduct the scraper irradiation test at the end of this year.
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hirata, Shingo; Obata, Hiroyuki*
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 273, p.1 - 9, 2014/07
JSFR is going to adopt an advanced fuel handling system. As for ex-vessel spent fuel handling, a transfer pot with two fuel subassembly positions has been developed so as to shorten refueling period increasing plant availability. The pot is required to provide sufficient cooling capability in case of transportation malfunction. In this study, a three dimensional analysis model for heat transfer evaluation of the JSFR fuel transfer pot has been developed. The heat transfer models inside and outside the pot have been validated by reference experiments. Using the developed three-dimensional model, the JSFR fuel transfer pot has been analyzed. For a simpler design tool, a two dimensional analysis model has been developed. Comparison of the three and two dimensional analyses shows that two dimensional analyses could estimate pot cooling performance conservatively.
Matsui, Hiroki; Suzuki, Miho; Obata, Hiroki; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki
JAEA-Technology 2014-017, 57 Pages, 2014/06
The Reactor Fuel Examination Facility in JAEA has been used for Post Irradiation Examinations to verify the reliability and safety of the nuclear fuels irradiated in commercial reactors. EPMA (Electron Probe Micro Analyzer) has been utilized for the qualitative analysis of the fission product in the fuel pellet and the detailed observation of the oxide layers formed at the inner and outer surfaces of fuel cladding. Commercial EPMAs were remodeled so that the EPMAs can be applied for radioactive samples. Several shields was set in the EPMA to avoid the -rays which radiate from a radioactive sample to the proportional counter in the EPMA. It is important to calculate this shielding performance adequately to maintain the precision of analysis. This report describes the results of re-evaluation of the performance of the shields in the EPMAs in the RFEF by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport Code System and the examination results of -ray effect to the X-ray spectrum data by using a radioactive sample.
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Hirata, Shingo*; Obata, Hiroyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(6), p.798 - 808, 2014/06
JSFR is going to adopt an advanced fuel handling system. As for ex-vessel spent fuel handling, a transfer pot with two fuel subassembly positions has been developed so as to shorten refueling period increasing plant availability. The pot is required to provide sufficient cooling capability in case of transportation malfunction. To evaluate cooling capacity of the transfer pot, a mockup pot has been fabricated and heat transfer experiments have been conducted on the mockup pot.
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Uzawa, Masayuki*; Koga, Kazuhiro*; Chishiro, Ryo*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(4), p.437 - 447, 2014/04
A simplified fuel handling system design for the demonstration JSFR has been proposed. FaCT phase I results of key technology evaluations on a pantograph fuel handling machine, a fuel transfer pot with two core component positions, dry spent fuel cleaning and minor actinide-bearing fresh fuel shipping cask are being developed. Experimental and analytical efforts have shown that key technologies to develop simplified fuel handling system are matured enough to proceed large scale sodium experiments and conceptual design study for the demonstration JSFR.
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Obata, Hiroyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(10), p.988 - 997, 2013/10
Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) is going to adopt an advanced fuel handling system. From the viewpoint of spent fuel cleaning, a new dry cleaning process instead of the conventional process with water rinse is under developing. In this study, drain performance tests on the JSFR subassembly inner duct and dry cleaning performance tests with a full-scale mockup subassembly are summarized. Based on the experimental data of the inner duct and mockup subassembly tests, residual sodium on the spent fuel subassembly after argon gas cleaning has been evaluated to be 400g. Water alkalinity and purification performance has been evaluated and the JSFR water pool system has shown capability to accept 400g residual sodium on the spent fuel subassembly after argon gas cleaning.
Kato, Atsushi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Uto, Nariaki; Hirata, Shingo; Obata, Hiroyuki*
Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2012/00
A basic feasibility of the helium gas cask has been evaluated by thermal analyses. There have been conducted two analyses: whole cask and detail inside subassembly analyses. The detail inside subassembly analysis has shown that the temperature distribution is mainly governed by thermal conductivity and natural convection of coolant helium hardly contributes heat removal. In the case of a cask with five subassemblies with 2.2 kW decay heat per each, the maximum cladding temperature is evaluated to be 361 C satisfying cladding temperature limit of 395 C. Those results have shown the basic feasibility of the helium gas fresh fuel shipping cask.
Hirata, Shingo; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Uto, Nariaki; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*
Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/00
In Fast Reactor Cycle Technology Development (FaCT) project, Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) is going to adopt an advanced fuel handling system. As for ex-vessel spent fuel handling, a pot which contains two fuel subassemblies simultaneously and is applicable size to compact reactor vessel, has been developing so as to shorten a refueling period leading to an improvement of plant availability. The pot is required to provide sufficient cooling capability even in case of transportation malfunction during transportation of spent fuel subassemblies with high decay heat. In the present study, experimental and analytical studies to evaluate the cooling capacity of the pot are summarized.
Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Nishiyama, Noboru; Uzawa, Masayuki*; Tozawa, Katsuhiro*; Chishiro, Ryo*
Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-19) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2011/10
A preliminary design of the JSFR fuel handling system has been proposed. FaCT phase I results of key technology evaluations on preliminary safety assessment, a pantograph fuel handling machine, a sodium pot with two core component positions, dry spent fuel cleaning and minor actinide-bearing fresh fuel shipping cask are provided.
Kato, Atsushi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(7), p.642 - 651, 2010/07
We have fabricated a full-scale mockup of the JSFR FHM and performed tests in the air. From tests, the FHM mock-up shows sufficient performance about positioning accuracy, motion speed and stiffness to enable to be durable about practical use in commercial plants. Structural analyses have been conducted to validate and improve the seismic analysis model and the positioning control of the FHM.
Kato, Atsushi; Hirata, Shingo; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Uto, Nariaki; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*; Uzawa, Masayuki*
Proceedings of 2010 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '10) (CD-ROM), p.692 - 699, 2010/06
In the JSFR design, a single rotating plug and an upper inner structure (UIS) with a vertically penetrating slit are proposed, so that the fuel handling machine (FHM) can access any subassembly by horizontal movement of the FHM arm in the slit space. As a result of a full-scale mockup test, excellent performance in normal operation has been shown. In this study, from the viewpoint of achieving reliability of the pantograph type FHM, behavior of the FHM mockup have been investigated under abnormal conditions.
Kato, Atsushi; Hirata, Shingo; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Uto, Nariaki; Obata, Hiroyuki; Kotake, Shoji
Proceedings of 2009 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '09) (CD-ROM), p.9281_1 - 9281_6, 2009/05
One of the most important challenges to commercialize a Fast Reactor is to increase economic competitiveness. For that purpose, Japan Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (hereafter JSFR) aims to simplify the plant system and reduce the raw and processed material by adopting innovative technologies. In the JSFR design, a single rotating plug and a reactor upper inner structure (hereafter UIS) with a vertically penetrating slit are proposed, so that the fuel handling machine (hereafter FHM) can access any subassembly by horizontal movement of the FHM arm in the slit space. The feature of this FHM enables no need for the UIS removal when the rotational plug moves round above the core, which can achieve a compact reactor vessel to enhance the economic competitiveness. We fabricated the full scale FHM test equipment to perform comprehensive tests in the air for demonstrating the feasibility of the key characteristics of this FHM concept.
Usui, Shinichi; Mihara, Takatsugu; Obata, Hiroyuki; Kotake, Shoji
Proceedings of 2008 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '08) (CD-ROM), p.512 - 518, 2008/06
Refueling operation of sodium fast reactor (SFR) is one of major technical issue due to the chemical activities and opaqueness of sodium coolant properties in comparison with that of LWR. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) sodium cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) design study, the further reliable and rational fuel handling system (FHS) has been developing based on the experience of safe and reliable fuel handling operation in the existent SFR plants. Some of advanced concepts for the FHS have being studied in order to increase economic competitiveness further by attempting reduction of the amount of the material and the refueling time, and are scheduled to execute elemental tests and/or mock-up tests to confirm their feasibilities.
Ueta, Shohei; Umeda, Masayuki; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sozawa, Shizuo; Shimizu, Michio; Ishigaki, Yoshinobu; Obata, Hiroyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(8), p.1081 - 1088, 2007/08
The future post-irradiation program for the first-loading fuel of the HTTR is scheduled using the HTTR fuel handling facilities and the Hot Laboratory in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) to confirm its irradiation performance and to obtain data on its irradiation characteristics in the core. This report describes the result of preliminary test and the future plan for post-irradiation examination for the HTTR fuel. In the preliminary test, dimension measurement, weight measurement, fuel failure fraction measurement, burnup measurement, X-ray radiograph, SEM and EPMA observations have been carried out. Finally, it was confirmed that the first-loading fuel of the HTTR showed good quality under irradiation condition.
Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Ioka, Ikuo; Tanabe, Makoto*; Nanjo, Yoshiyasu*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Ishijima, Yasuhiro; Tsukatani, Ichiro; Ochiai, Takamasa; Kizaki, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; et al.
JAEA-Research 2006-023, 173 Pages, 2006/03
The research concerning new cladding materials for ultra-high burnup of fuel elements with MOX fuels aiming at 100 GWd/t of BWR was pursued for 5 years from 2001 to 2005. On the Phase 1, the modified stainless steel of Fe-25Cr-35Ni-0.2Ti as fuel claddings and Nb-Mo alloy as a liner for inhibiting the pellet- clad interaction were selected as candidate materials, by evaluating fundamental properties required to BWR cladding materials, that are the nuclear economy, radioactivity, mass-transfer, irradiation properties, mechanical properties so on. On the present study, the making process of cladding tubes, lining by diffusion bonding, end plug by laser welding were developed and optimized, by considering the practical use of fuel elements consists of these candidates. The practical applicability was basically examined by irradiation tests using the accelerator of TIARA and the research reactor of JRR-3, for mainly confirming the resistance to IGSCC as one of the current important issues of BWR core materials of low carbon grade stainless steels. Creep and fatigue testing data were also obtained for evaluating the long performance of candidate materials. The behavior as fuel elements was analyzed with the safety calculation code for BWRs. The obtained results were established as a data base system, by considering the applicability to the fuel design and in-pile loop tests.
Nojiri, Naoki; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Mori, Tomoaki; Obata, Hiroyuki*
JAERI-Data/Code 2004-012, 65 Pages, 2004/10
DELIGHT code is a fuel cell burnup analysis code which can produce the group constants necessary for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGR) core analyses. Collision probability method is used to the lattice calculation. The lattice calculation model is a cylinder type fuel or a ball type fuel of the HTGR. This code characterizes the burnup calculation considering the double heterogeneity caused by coated fuel particles of the HTGR fuel. DELIGHT code has updated its nuclear data library to the latest JENDL-3.3 data, and included new burnup chain models in order to calculate high burnup HTGR cores. The material regions of the periphery burnable poisons (BPs) were divided into details in order to improve calculation accuracy of the BP lattice calculation. This report presents the revised points of the DELIGHT-8 and can be used as user's manual.
Kondo, Masaya; Nakamura, Hideo; Anoda, Yoshinari; Saishu, Sadanori*; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Rumi*; Kawamura, Shinichi*
Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 10) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2002/00
no abstracts in English
Arai, Kenji*; Kurita, Tomohisa*; Nakamaru, Mikihide*; Fujiki, Yasunobu*; Nakamura, Hideo; Kondo, Masaya; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Rumi*; Yamaguchi, Ken*
Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 10) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2002/00
no abstracts in English
Dung, N. P.; Murayama, Takashi; Otsuji, Katsuhiro*; Obata, Kazuichi; Murakami, Hiroyuki
JAERI-Tech 2001-047, 28 Pages, 2001/07
no abstracts in English
Onuki, Akira; Nakamura, Hideo; Anoda, Yoshinari; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Saishu, Sadanori*
Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-9) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2001/00
A passive containment cooling system (PCCS) is under planning to use in a next-generation-type BWR for long-term cooling by condensing steam using horizontal heat exchangers. Heat transfer behavior in a secondary water pool is one of important phenomena governing heat removal performance of the PCCS. Boiling and condensation can be supposed under high heat flux regions and the two-phase natural circulation might enhance the heat transfer due to an increase of flow rate and a flow agitation. However, some heat transfer tubes might be covered only by steam and the heat transfer is degraded in such region (Steam-blanket effect). This study evaluated the characteristics of the heat transfer behavior in the secondary water pool by multi-dimensional two-fluid model code ACE-3D. It was found from the analyses that no any heat transfer tubes are covered only by steam and the heat transfer is enhanced due to the nucleate boiling and the increase of local liquid flow rate.