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Journal Articles

Performance of in situ gamma-ray spectrometry in the assessment of radioactive cesium deposition around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Ji, Y.-Y.*; Ochi, Kotaro; Hong, S. B.*; Nakama, Shigeo; Sanada, Yukihisa; Mikami, Satoshi

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 179, p.109205_1 - 109205_11, 2021/02

In situ gamma-ray spectrometry using diverse survey platforms has been conducted in contaminated areas with several dose rate levels around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). Six survey sites, including two evacuation zones around the FDNPP, were selected for ground-based gamma-ray spectrometry using HPGe (high purity Ge) and LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detectors to assess the radioactive cesium deposition in the ground. The diverse levels of radioactivity of $$^{137}$$Cs were then distributed to six survey sites from 30 to 3000 kBq m$$^{-2}$$ in the measurement period of October 2018. A method to directly calculate the depth profile using in situ measurement was introduced so as to have representation over a wide area, and the results were successfully compared with those of sample analysis at one point in the site.

JAEA Reports

Development of measurement system of radioactive plume using unmanned airplane in the fiscal year 2018 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Ochi, Kotaro; Ishizaki, Azusa

JAEA-Research 2020-006, 60 Pages, 2020/07

JAEA-Research-2020-006.pdf:4.84MB

At the accident of nuclear facilities, a prediction of the behavior of released radioactive plume is indispensable to make a decision on a refuge plan of inhabitants. Currently, prediction system which is based on atmospheric dispersion simulation has been implemented as a tool of the atomic energy disaster prevention. However, the direct measurement method of the radioactive plume has not existed. In this study, some component technologies were developed for the establishment of direct measurement methods of radioactive plume using unmanned aerial vehicle whose technological innovation is remarkable. In addition, the spray test using mock aerosol was conducted to obtaining the deposition rate to the airplane body. The algorism of making a flight plan was developed based on a prediction model of the radioactive plume. This report summarized the outcome of the last year of the three-year plan.

Journal Articles

The Ecological half-life of radiocesium in surficial bottom sediments of five ponds in Fukushima based on ${it in situ}$ measurements with Plastic Scintillation Fibers

Katengeza, E. W.*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Ochi, Kotaro; Iimoto, Takeshi*

Environmental Science; Processes & Impacts, 22(7), p.1566 - 1576, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Student and Young researcher's view of research on health physics and environment science

Miwa, Kazuji; Terasaka, Yuta; Ochi, Kotaro; Futemma, Akira; Sasaki, Miyuki; Hirouchi, Jun

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 61(9), p.687 - 691, 2019/09

This report summarizes the contents of the session of the Health Physics and Environment Science Division, which was held in Atomic Energy Society of Japan 2019 Spring Meeting. In this session, six students and young researchers who engaged in the field of nuclear energy and radiation gave a lecture about health physics and environmental science research through their expertise. After the all presentations end, we took discussion time about the issues and future development in this field with all attendees. In this report, we summarized each lecture outline and discussion contents.

JAEA Reports

Development of measurement system of radioactive plume using unmanned airplane in the fiscal year 2017 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu*; Ochi, Kotaro; Yuki, Yoichi*; Ishizaki, Azusa; Osada, Naoyuki*

JAEA-Research 2018-009, 48 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Research-2018-009.pdf:14.77MB

At the accident of nuclear facilities, a prediction of the behavior of released radioactive plume is indispensable to make a decision on a refuge plan of inhabitants. Currently, prediction system which is based on atmospheric dispersion simulation has been implemented as a tool of the atomic energy disaster prevention. However, the direct measurement method of the radioactive plume has not existed. In this study, some component technologies were developed for the establishment of direct measurement methods of radioactive plume using unmanned aerial vehicle whose technological innovation is remarkable. In addition, the spray test using mock aerosol was conducted to obtaining the deposition rate to the airplane body. The algorism of making a flight plan was developed based on a prediction model of the radioactive plume. This report summarized the outcome of the second year of the three-year plan.

Journal Articles

Comparison of airborne and ground-based tools used for radiation measurement in the environment

Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.103 - 107, 2019/01

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, a large amount of radionuclides was spread out all over the world. In our previous study, we developed the aerial radiation monitoring technique using unmanned helicopter for investigating the dose rate derived deposited radionuclides over wide area. In addition, many monitoring techniques were developed for investigating the local distribution of radionuclides using unmanned aerial vehicle, handheld instrument and car within small area. Distinction of these methods depends on desirable position resolution of dose rate. However, the comparison method of the measurement result between different methods is not established. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the some methods of airborne and ground radiation measurement in same extended farm.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ecological half-life of dose rate based on airborne radiation monitoring following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Sanada, Yukihisa; Urabe, Yoshimi*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ochi, Kotaro; Torii, Tatsuo

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.417 - 425, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.19(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of the unmanned surface vehicle for radiation monitoring at seabed; Observation of temporal change of radiocesium concentration in the sea bottom sediment at coastal zone of Fukushima

Sanada, Yukihisa; Miyamoto, Kenji*; Ochi, Kotaro; Matsuzaki, Koji*; Ogawa, Toshihiro*; Senga, Yasuhiro*

Kaiyo Riko Gakkai-Shi, 24(2), p.9 - 18, 2018/12

Seven years passed since Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident which was caused large amount of radionuclide release to the sea. Elucidation of behavior mechanism of radiocesium in the seabed is required for restarting fishing industry. We developed radiation detection system using the unmanned surface vehicle for in-situ measurement of radiocesium concentration in seabed sediment. This system is able to automatically navigate to measurement point and obtain the radiation data on the bottom sediment. The detector was calibrated by comparing the actual sediment samples. The periodical measurement off-shore the Fukushima Prefecture was performed using developed this system. As these results, distribution of radiocesium concentration was changed due to oceanographic condition. However, radiocesium inventory was tendency to decrease according to radiocesium half-life in measurement area. This system is effective for elucidation of behavior mechanism of radiocesium because it can easily measure the radiocesium concentration in the bottom sediment.

Journal Articles

Development of an analytical method for estimating three-dimensional distribution of sediment-associated radiocesium at a reservoir bottom

Ochi, Kotaro; Urabe, Yoshimi*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Analytical Chemistry, 90(18), p.10795 - 10802, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.24(Chemistry, Analytical)

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident, the distributions of sediment-associated radiocesium have been investigated to evaluate the dispersion and accumulation of radiocesium in the reservoir field. To develop an analytical method for measuring the horizontal and vertical distributions of radiocesium on a wide scale, we obtained 253 $$gamma$$-ray spectra using a NaI(Tl) scintillation detector at the bottom of 64 ponds in Fukushima during 2014-2016. The depth profile of sediment-associated radiocesium was found to be correlated with intensities of scattered and photo peaks. In parallel, core sediments were collected in same ponds to validate the estimates. Good agreement was observed between the results of in situ spectrometry and core sampling. These results indicated that our developed method would be a good approach for understanding the behavior of radiocesium and determining whether decontamination of reservoirs is required.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of physicochemical properties of radioactive cesium in municipal solid waste incineration fly ash by particle size classification and leaching tests

Fujii, Kengo*; Ochi, Kotaro; Obuchi, Atsushi*; Koike, Yuya*

Journal of Environmental Management, 217, p.157 - 163, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:13.48(Environmental Sciences)

After the Fukushima Daiichi-Nuclear Power Plant accident, environmental recovery was a major issue because a considerable amount of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash was highly contaminated with radioactive cesium. In this study, MSWI fly ash was sampled in Fukushima Prefecture, and the physicochemical properties of radioactive cesium in MSWI fly ash were evaluated by particle size classification and the Japanese leaching test No. 13 (JLT-13). The results obtained from the classification of fly ash indicated that the activity concentration of radioactive cesium and the content of the coexisting matter (i.e., chloride, potassium, and sylvite) temporarily change in response to the particle size of fly ash. X-ray diffraction results indicated that water-soluble radioactive cesium exists as CsCl because of the cooling process and that insoluble cesium is bound to the inner sphere of amorphous matter.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil on the basis of the characteristics of $$gamma$$-ray spectra obtained via aerial radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter

Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Hamamoto, Shoichiro*; Nishimura, Taku*; Sanada, Yukihisa

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8), p.926_1 - 926_14, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:72.84(Environmental Sciences)

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil has been investigated to better understand the behavior of radiocesium in the environment. The typical method used for measuring the vertical distribution of radiocesium is troublesome because it requires collection and measurement of the activity of soil samples. In this study, we established a method of estimating the vertical distribution of radiocesium by focusing on the characteristics of $$gamma$$-ray spectra obtained via aerial radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter. In this method, the change in the ratio of direct $$gamma$$ rays to scattered $$gamma$$ rays at various depths in the soil was utilized to quantify the vertical distribution of radiocesium. The results show a positive correlation between the abovementioned and the actual vertical distributions of radiocesium measured in the soil samples.

Oral presentation

Estimation of depth profile of radiocesium in soil based on characteristics of $$gamma$$-ray spectra obtained by airborne radiation monitoring

Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Sato, Tomohiko*; Hamamoto, Shoichiro*; Nishimura, Taku*; Sanada, Yukihisa

no journal, , 

A large amount of radiocesium ($$^{134}$$Cs & $$^{137}$$Cs) were released into the atmosphere as a result of 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. To estimate the impact of the accident to the environment, dose rate around FDNPP have been measured by MEXT. Dose rate nearby FDNPP, however, still stay high even though decontamination work was carried out, which means it is necessary to develop an effective decontamination method promptly. Information of depth profile of radiocesium in soil is required to realize it, though, most of measurement methods have trouble due to collection and measurement of soil samples. As we have developed the radiation measurement techniques using unmanned aerial vehicle to measure dose rate distribution over wide areas for years, we attempt to establish the estimation method of depth profile of radiocesium in soil based on characteristics of $$gamma$$-ray spectra obtained by airborne radiation monitoring in this paper.

Oral presentation

Advancement of airborne radiation measurement technology, 2; Estimation of vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil using an unmanned helicopter

Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Sanada, Yukihisa

no journal, , 

In previous studies, our group have developed the airborne radiation measurement (ARM) technique. We mounted a radiation detector under an unmanned aerial vehicle to evaluate the deposition of Fukushima accident-derived radiocesium over wide area. In this study, we performed ARM with mounting a LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detector under an unmanned helicopter. A rapid and simple estimation of depth profile of radiocesium in soil was developed on the basis of the relationship between spectra obtained via ARM and actual depth profile of radiocesium. Our goal is same to series 1 that we attempt to achieve the advancement of airborne radiation measurement technique.

Oral presentation

Characterization of radiocesium in core soil collected at Kawasaki

Ichihashi, Jun*; Kasari, Mitsuki*; Ochi, Kotaro; Koike, Yuya*

no journal, , 

In this study, we sampled a core soil using a core sampler (0-30 cm) at Kawasaki. A sequential extraction procedure was used to characterize radiocesium in each layer of soil. We selected six sampling points in cosideration of the vegetation. Four soils were collected at 900 cm$$^{2}$$ range area. Core sample (0-30 cm) was devided into 5 cm layer and put in U-8 container, respectively. From measurement results, the vertival distribuition of radiocesium in core soil was 2.5 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (0-5 cm), 22.3 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (5-10 cm), 3.4 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (10-15 cm), 0.3 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (15-20 cm), 0.8 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (20-25 cm), 1.0 Bq kg$$^{-1}$$ (25-30 cm). It is indicated that radiocesium penetrate to deeper layer at Kawasaki.

Oral presentation

Advancement of airborne radiation measurement technology, 2; Simulations of unmanned helicopter and LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detector used for estimating radiocesium distribution in soil

Malins, A.; Ochi, Kotaro; Nakasone, Takamasa*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Machida, Masahiko; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Saito, Kimiaki; Sanada, Yukihisa

no journal, , 

Here we report PHITS Monte Carlo simulations of a LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) gamma spectroscopy system used in unmanned helicopter radiation surveys in Fukushima Prefecture. The simulated spectra were verified against measurements taken under controlled laboratory conditions. Simulations were used to characterize the peak-to-Compton method for estimating the vertical distribution of radiocesium in soil from airborne surveys.

Oral presentation

Advancement of airborne radiation measurement technology, 1; Aerial radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter with a LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) detector for estimating radiocesium distribution in soil

Ochi, Kotaro; Malins, A.; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Nakasone, Takamasa*; Sanada, Yukihisa

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Simulating gamma spectrometers with PHITS; Examples of LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) airborne detector and shielded HPGe detector inside a vehicle

Malins, A.; Ochi, Kotaro; Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamaguchi, Ichiro*; Sato, Tatsuhiko

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Oral presentation

Oral presentation

Spatial-temporal variation is radiocesium concentration in agricultural ponds of Fukushima

Katengeza, E.*; Ochi, Kotaro; Sanada, Yukihisa; Iimoto, Takeshi*

no journal, , 

26 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)