Nakayama, Shinsuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.805 - 821, 2021/07
Intensive fast neutron sources using deuteron accelerators have been proposed for various applications. To contribute to the design study of such neutron sources, a deuteron nuclear data library for Li, Be, and C up to 200 MeV, JENDL/DEU-2020 is developed. The evaluation of JENDL/DEU-2020 are performed by employing the code system DEURACS with particular attention to neutron production data. Toward the evaluation of JENDL/DEU-2020, some modifications are made to DEURACS. The validation of the library is performed though simulation with the Monte Carlo transport calculation codes. From the simulation, it is shown that the calculation results based on JENDL/DEU-2020 reproduce the measured neutron production data well in the incident energies up to 200 MeV. The new library is expected to make a large contribution to diverse design studies of deuteron accelerator neutron sources.
Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06
Direct proton-knockout reactions of Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of Ca were investigated through -ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.
Taniguchi, Yasutaka*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Chiba, Yohei*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.L031305_1 - L031305_5, 2021/03
Based on the Ti(,)Ca reaction analysis, this study reports that -particle formation in the medium-mass Ti nucleus is pronounced more compared to that expected through mean-field approximations. Moreover, the estimated average distance between the particle and residue equals approximately 4.5 fm. This result poses a challenge to describe the four nucleon correlations using microscopic nuclear models.
Juhsz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03
The nuclear structure of Ar was studied by the (,2) reaction using -ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.
Chazono, Yoshiki*; Yoshida, Kenichi*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 103(2), p.024609_1 - 024609_7, 2021/02
The isoscalar pair is expected to emerge in nuclei. We aim to clarify the correspondence between the pairing strength in many-body calculation and the cross section of proton-induced deuteron knockout (, ) reaction on O. The radial wave function of the isoscalar pair with respect to the center of O is calculated with the energy density functional (EDF) approach and is implemented in the distorted wave impulse approximation framework. The pairing strength in the EDF calculation is varied and the corresponding change in the cross section is investigated. A clear dependence of the cross section is found. The nuclear distortion is found to make the dependence stronger. Because of the clear -coross section correspondence, the (, ) reaction will be a promising probe for the isoscalar pair in nuclei. For quantitative discussion, further modification of the description of the reaction process will be necessary.
Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02
A quasifree (,) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for and orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for . Our finding of such a small component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in B. The present work gives the smallest - or -orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of or orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.
Tanaka, Junki*; Yang, Z.*; Typel, S.*; Adachi, Satoshi*; Bai, S.*; Van Beek, P.*; Beaumel, D.*; Fujikawa, Yuki*; Han, J.*; Heil, S.*; et al.
Science, 371(6526), p.260 - 264, 2021/01
By employing quasi-free -cluster-knockout reactions, we obtained direct experimental evidence for the formation of clusters at the surface of neutron-rich tin isotopes. The observed monotonous decrease of the reaction cross sections with increasing mass number, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction, implies a tight interplay between -cluster formation and the neutron skin.
Corts, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Menndez, J.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Schwenk, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Simonis, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064320_1 - 064320_9, 2020/12
Low-lying excited states in the = 32 isotope Ar were investigated by in-beam -ray spectroscopy following proton- and neutron-knockout, multinucleon removal, and proton inelastic scattering at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The energies of the two previously reported transitions have been confirmed, and five additional states are presented for the first time, including a candidate for a 3 state. The level scheme built using coincidences was compared to shell-model calculations in the model space and to predictions based on chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions. Theoretical proton- and neutron-knockout cross sections suggest that two of the new transitions correspond to 2 states, while the previously proposed 4 state could also correspond to a 2 state.
Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05
The structure of a neutron-rich F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree () knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of orbital is found to be 1.0 0.3. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus, and the core consists of 35% O, and 65% excited O. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the proton considerably changes the neutron structure in F from that in O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.
Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03
The structures of the neutron-rich Co isotopes were investigated via () knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the Co isotopes.
Sun, Y. L.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Duguet, T.*; Liu, H. N.*; Navrtil, P.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 802, p.135215_1 - 135215_7, 2020/03
no abstracts in English
Corts, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Menndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01
Excited states in the = 40 isotone Ti were populated via the V(,)Ti reaction at 200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using -ray spectroscopy. The energies of the and transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring Cr and Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.
Phuc, N. T. T.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 100(6), p.064604_1 - 064604_8, 2019/12
Our goal is to investigate the effects of various corrections and uncertainties within the standard distorted-wave impulse approximation (DIWA) formalism on the (,) cross sections. We analyze the (,) and (,) reactions data measured at the R3B/LAND setup at GSI for carbon, nitrogen and oxygen isotopes in the incident energy range of 300-450 MeV/u. Cross sections and reduction factors are calculated by the DWIA method. We have found that including the nonlocality corrections and Mller factor affects the cross sections considerably. The proton-neutron asymmetry dependence of reduction factors extracted by the DWIA calculation is very weak and consistent with those given by other reaction methods and ab initio structure calculations. They also suggest that some higher-order effects, which is essential for an accurate cross section description at large recoil momentum, is missing in the current DWIA and other reaction models.
Yoshida, Kazuki; Chiba, Yohei*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Taniguchi, Yasutaka*; En'yo, Yoshiko*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 100(4), p.044601_1 - 044601_6, 2019/10
The proton-induced knockout reaction is one of the reaction probes for the clustering. However, it was reported that the theoretical description of the reaction cannot reproduce experimental data. In this work, we describe the Ne(,)O reaction within the distorted wave impulse approximation with a -O cluster wave function constructed by the antisymmetrized molecular dynamics. We show that the Ne(,)O cross section is quantitatively well reproduced by the present framework without any adjustable parameters. This success demonstrates that the proton-induced knockout reaction is a quantitative probe for the clustering.
Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navrtil, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10
no abstracts in English
Lyu, M.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; En'yo, Yoshiko*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064610_1 - 064610_9, 2019/06
Our objective is to provide direct probing of the -cluster formation in the Be target through associating the structure information obtained by a microscopic theory with the experimental observables of -knockout reactions. We formulate a new wave function of the Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-Rpke type for the structure of Be and adopt it to the distorted wave impulse approximation framework for the knockout reaction calculation. We reproduced the low-lying spectrum of Be, and the knockout cross section is theoretically predicted.
Elekes, Z.*; Kripk, *; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01
The nuclear structure of the Ni nucleus was investigated by (,) reaction using a NaI(Tl) array to detect the deexciting prompt rays. A new transition with an energy of 2227 keV was identified by and coincidences. Our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, and Sieja interaction produced good candidates for the experimental proton hole states in the observed energy region, and the theoretical cross sections showed good agreement with the experimental values. Although we could not assign all the experimental states to the theoretical ones unambiguously, the results are consistent with a reasonably large Z = 28 shell gap for nickel isotopes in accordance with previous studies.
Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*
Physical Review C, 98(2), p.024614_1 - 024614_6, 2018/08
In clustering studies, it is very important to probe the cluster amplitude at nuclear surface since spectroscopic factor is not necessarily a direct measure of the clustering. We consider Ne(,)O and Sn(,)Cd at 100 - 400 MeV within the distorted wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. We introduce a which shows how the reaction amplitude in the nuclear interior is suppressed and defines the probed region of the cluster wave function. It is clearly shown by means of the masking function that thanks to the absorption of distorting potentials, the knockout reaction probes the cluster amplitude in the nuclear surface region, which is the direct measure of well-developed cluster states.
Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
JAEA-Conf 2017-001, p.135 - 140, 2018/01
In recent years, the demand for intense neutron sources has been increasing in various applications such as nuclear transmutation of high-level radioactive waste and medical radioisotopes production. Deuteron accelerator-based neutron sources are promised as one of the candidates. Therefore, we have developed a code system dedicated for the deuteron-induced reactions, called DEURACS. In the present work, we focus on deuteron-induced neutron production from Li target. The calculated double differential cross sections for reactions at incident energies of 25, 40, and 102 MeV are compared with the measured ones, and the applicability of DEURACS is discussed.
Nakayama, Shinsuke; Kono, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.12025_1 - 12025_4, 2017/09
Recently, intensive neutron sources using deuteron accelerator have been proposed for various applications. Accurate and comprehensive deuteron nuclear data library over wide ranges of target mass number and incident energy are indispensable for the design of deuteron accelerator neutron sources. Thus, we have developed an integrated code system dedicated for analysis and prediction of deuteron-induced reactions, which is called DEUteron-induced Reaction Analysis Code System (DEURACS). In the present work, the analysis of reactions is extended to higher incident energy up to nearly 100 MeV and also DEURACS is applied to reactions at 80 and 100 MeV. The DEURACS calculations reproduce the experimental double-differential cross sections for the and reactions well.