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Journal Articles

Mesospheric ionization during substorm growth phase

Murase, Kiyoka*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Nishiyama, Takanori*; Nishimura, Koji*; Hashimoto, Taishi*; Tanaka, Yoshimasa*; Kadokura, Akira*; Tomikawa, Yoshihiro*; Tsutsumi, Masaki*; Ogawa, Yasunobu*; et al.

Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Internet), 12, p.18_1 - 18_16, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We identified two energetic electron precipitation (EEP) events during the growth phase of moderate substorms and estimated the mesospheric ionization rate for an EEP event for which the most comprehensive dataset from ground-based and space-born instruments was available. The mesospheric ionization signature reached below 70 km altitude and continued for ~15 min until the substorm onset, as observed by the PANSY radar and imaging riometer at Syowa Station in the Antarctic region. We also used energetic electron flux observed by the Arase and POES 15 satellites as the input for the air-shower simulation code PHITS to quantitatively estimate the mesospheric ionization rate. Combining the cutting-edge observations and simulations, we shed new light on the space weather impact of the EEP events during geomagnetically quiet times, which is important to understand the possible link between the space environment and climate.

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:91.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Termination of electron acceleration in thundercloud by intracloud/intercloud discharge

Wada, Yuki*; Bowers, G. S.*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Smith, D.*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 45(11), p.5700 - 5707, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:78.9(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of irradiation behavior on oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel claddings irradiated in Joyo/CMIR-6

Yano, Yasuhide; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Sekine, Manabu; Endo, Toshiaki; Yamagata, Ichiro; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Tanno, Takashi; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-030, 57 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Research-2013-030.pdf:48.2MB

It is necessary to develop the fast reactor core materials, which can achieve high-burnup operation improving safety and economical performance. Ferritic steels are expected to be good candidate core materials to achieve this objective because of their excellent void swelling resistance. Therefore, oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel and 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel (PNC-FMS) have been respectively developed for cladding and wrapper tube materials in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In this study, the effects of fast neutron irradiation on mechanical properties and microstructure of 9Cr-and 12Cr-ODS steel claddings for fast reactor were investigated. Specimens were irradiated in the experimental fast reactor Joyo using the CMIR-6 at temperatures between 420 and 835$$^{circ}$$C to fast neutron doses ranging from 16 to 33 dpa. The post-irradiation ring tensile tests were carried out at irradiation temperatures.

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of friction stir welded 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel

Yano, Yasuhide; Sato, Yutaka*; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Kokawa, Hiroyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S524 - S528, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:76.24(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Friction stir welding was applied to the wrapper tube materials, 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel, intended for fast reactors and defect-free welds were successfully produced. Then, the mechanical and microstructural properties of the friction stir welded steel were investigated. The hardness values of the stir zone were about 550 Hv, and they had hardly any dependence on the rotational speed, although they were much higher than that of the base material. However, tensile strengths and elongations of the stir zones were better at 298 K, compared to those of the base material. These excellent tensile properties were attributable to the fine grain formation during friction stir welding. A part of this study is the result of "Friction stir welding of the wrapper tube materials for Na fast reactors" carried out under the Strategic Promotion Program for Basic Nuclear Research by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

Journal Articles

High-temperature continuous operation of the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro; Ogawa, Masuro; Komori, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Toshio*; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Nishihara, Tetsuo; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.290 - 300, 2011/12

A high temperature (950$$^{circ}$$C) continuous operation has been performed for 50 days on the HTTR from January to March in 2010, and the potential to supply stable heat of high temperature for hydrogen production for a long time was demonstrated for the first time in the world. This successful operation could establish technological basis of HTGRs and show potential of nuclear energy as heat source for innovative thermo-chemical-based hydrogen production, emitting greenhouse gases on a "low-carbon path" for the first time in the world.

JAEA Reports

Experiments of sodium nitrate liquid waste treatment by biological method

Takahashi, Kuniaki; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Kawato, Yoshimi; Kuroda, Kazuhiko*; Ogawa, Naoki*

JAEA-Technology 2008-084, 12 Pages, 2009/02

JAEA-Technology-2008-084.pdf:1.06MB

Low level liquid waste discharged from a Reprocessing Facility includes sodium nitrate. In the case that it is directly solidified with cement and so on and then the solidified waste are disposed under the ground, sodium nitrate soaks into the environment through underground water layer. We planned to apply the biological treatment system that many ordinary industrial plants are running in the field of waste water treatment to reduce nitrate. We carried out degradation experiments of nitrate for 4wt% sodium nitrate solution by biological method. To solve the assignments that biological treatment technology has, we tested and obtained the results as shown below; (1) The amount of sludge ash could be cut down a tenth as much as usual. The disposal cost reduction of secondary waste is just in sight. (2) Treatment performance could be improved up to 7 kg-N/m$$^{3}$$/d from 4 kg-N/m$$^{3}$$/d. It could be expected the more compact system by improvement of the membrane set into the biological treatment tanks.

Journal Articles

Fuel performance evaluation of rock-like oxide fuels

Shirasu, Noriko; Kuramoto, Kenichi; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Yamashita, Toshiyuki; Kimura, Yasuhiko; Nihei, Yasuo; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 376(1), p.88 - 97, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:66.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The concept of the rock-like oxide (ROX) fuel has been developed for the annihilation of excess plutonium in light water reactors. Irradiation tests and post-irradiation examinations were carried out on candidate ROX fuels. The ternary fuel of YSZ-spinel-corundum system, the single-phase fuels of YSZ, the particle dispersed fuels of YSZ in spinel or corundum matrix, and the blended fuels of YSZ and spinel or corundum matrix were fabricated and submitted to irradiation tests. The fuels containing spinel showed chemical instabilities with the vaporization of MgO component, which caused fuel restructuring. The swelling behavior was improved with the particle-dispersed fuels. However, the particle-dispersed fuels showed higher fractional gas release (FGR) than blended type fuels. The FGR of YSZ single-phase fuels were comparable to what would be expected for UO$$_{2}$$ fuels. The YSZ single-phase fuel showed the best irradiation performance among the ROX fuels investigated.

Journal Articles

Study of rock-like oxide fuels under irradiation

Shirasu, Noriko; Kuramoto, Kenichi; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Yamashita, Toshiyuki; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 2(1), p.145 - 152, 2008/00

To evaluate the irradiation behavior of the rock-like oxide fuel, irradiation experiments were carried out. Three fuels were prepared; a single phase fuel of yttria-stabilized zirconia containing UO$$_{2}$$ (U-YSZ) and two types of particle-dispersed fuels of U-YSZ particles in spinel or corundum matrix. These fuels were irradiated in JRR-3 for about 280 days. The burnups were about 11% FIMA. The fission gas release rate (FGR) was determined by puncture test and gas analysis. Corundum-based fuel showed extremely high FGR (88%). The temperature of U-YSZ single-phase fuel pellets was highest among the fuels, because of its low thermal conductivity. Nevertheless the U-YSZ single-phase fuel showed very low FGR (5%). Microstructure analyses of irradiated fuel pellets were carried out by ceramography and EPMA. The restructuring of fuel pellet was not observed in the spinel-based fuel irradiated below 1400 K.

Journal Articles

Study of rock-like oxide fuels under irradiation

Shirasu, Noriko; Kuramoto, Kenichi; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Yamashita, Toshiyuki; Ogawa, Toru

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2007/04

To evaluate the irradiation behavior of the rock-like oxide fuel, irradiation experiments were carried out. Three fuels were prepared; a single phase fuel of yttria-stabilized zirconia containing UO$$_{2}$$ (U-YSZ) and two particle-dispersed fuels of U-YSZ particles in spinel or corundum matrix. These fuels were irradiated in JRR-3 for about 280 days. The burnups were about 11% FIMA. The fission gas release rate (FGR) was determined by puncture test and gas analysis. Corundum-based fuel showed extremely high FGR (88%). On the other hand, the U-YSZ single-phase fuel showed very low FGR (5%). Microstructure analyses for irradiated fuel pellets were carried out by ceramography and EPMA. The restructuring of fuel pellet was not observed in the spinel-based fuel irradiated below 1400 K. Significant appearance changes were not also observed for corundum-based fuel.

Journal Articles

Nuclear energy and waste management; Pyroprocess for system symbiosis

Ogawa, Toru; Minato, Kazuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nishihara, Kenji

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 360(1), p.12 - 15, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:70.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The actinide management has become a key issue in nuclear energy due to increasing proliferation concern and long-term environmental perception. The better way of waste management will be made by system symbiosis: a combination of light-water reactor and fast reactor and/or accelerator-driven transmutation system should be sought. The new recycling technology should be able to achieve good economy with smaller plants, which can process fuels from different types of reactors on a common technical basis. Pyroprocess with the use of molten salts is regarded as the strong candidate for such recycling technology. In JAEA, the first laboratory for the high temperature chemistry of transuranium elements, mainly Am and Cm, has been established. The fundamental data on the molten-salt chemistry of transuranium oxides and nitrides will be combined with the computer code for predicting the molten-salts electrolytic processes.

Journal Articles

Concentrations and their ratios od $$^{222}$$Rn decay products in rainwater measured by $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry using a low-background Ge detector

Takeyasu, Masanori; Iida, Takao*; Tsujimoto, Tadashi*; Yamasaki, Keizo*; Ogawa, Yoshihiro*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 88(1), p.74 - 89, 2006/00

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:48.6(Environmental Sciences)

The concentrations of $$^{214}$$Pb and $$^{214}$$Bi in rainwater was measured by a low background Ge detector. The concentrations of $$^{214}$$Pb and $$^{214}$$Bi were inverse relations with rainfall rate in some rainfall events, and the concentration ratio of $$^{214}$$Bi to $$^{214}$$Pb would be a weak inverse relation with rainfall rate. The model was considered about the scavenging effects of rainfall to Radon decay products, and those results were discussed with the model.

Journal Articles

JAERI's hot stuff

Sakaba, Nariaki; Tachibana, Yukio; Onuki, Kaoru; Komori, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Masuro

Nuclear Engineering International, 50(612), p.20 - 22, 2005/07

The HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor) at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute's Oarai Research Establishment attained its maximum reactor-outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C in April 2004 and ready to connect nuclear heat for industrial applications. The hydrogen production system by thermochemical water-splitting Iodine Sulphur cycle is also developing and succeeded to produce 30 normal L/h hydrogen in a closed cycle in June 2004.

Journal Articles

The HTTR project as the world leader of HTGR research and development

Shiozawa, Shusaku; Komori, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Masuro

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(5), p.342 - 349, 2005/05

For the purpose to extend high temperature nuclear heat application, JAERI constructed the HTTR, High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor, and has carried out research and development of high temperature gas cooled reactor system aiming at high efficiency power generation and hydrogen production. This paper explains the history, main results, present status of research and development of HTTR project, international cooperation of research and development of HTGR and future plan aiming at development of Japanese original future HTGR-Hydrogen production system. This paper includes results from the study, which is entrusted from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

Journal Articles

IAEA'97 expedition to the NW Pacific Ocean; Results of oceanographic and radionuclide investigations of the water column

Povinec, P. P.*; Livingston, H. D.*; Shima, Shigeki*; Aoyama, Michio*; Gastaud, J.*; Goroncy, I.*; Hirose, Katsumi*; Huynh-Ngoc, L.*; Ikeuchi, Yoshihiro*; Ito, Toshimichi; et al.

Deep Sea Research Part 2: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 50(17-21), p.2607 - 2637, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:91 Percentile:88.81(Oceanography)

An international sampling cruise, IAEA'97, was carried out in 1997 in the NW Pacif1c Ocean. The main results of this study are following: (1) The levels of oceanographic parameter showed differences from the historical data, (2) Transuranics water profiles showed typical sub-surface concentration maxima with decrease in concentration by about a factor of 4 from the historical results, deepening their positions by about a factor of 2 and declining the water column inventory by about 20% over 24 years, (3) Sr-90 and Cs-137 data confirmed that the observed changes in concentration profiles have been resulting from the regional water masses circulation, and (4) The concentrations of these radionuclides in surface water after 40 years of their main introduction to the NW Pacific are still showing a latitudinal dependence. The results present the most comprehensive recent study on the distribution of radionuclides in the NW Pacific Ocean with the implications for behaviour of these radionuclides in the water column and physical forcing of water mass circulation over the last 24 years.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption study of molten uranium chloride system

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akabori, Mitsuo; Ito, Akinori; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.638 - 641, 2002/11

We report local structural features of molten UCl$$_3$$ with LiCl-KCl eutectic probed by the U L$$_3$$-edge XAFS(X-ray absorption fine structure). The XAFS measurements were performed in a transmission mode at the BL27B station of the Photon Factory(High Energy Accelerator Organization, Tsukuba, JAPAN). Sample prepared by chlorination of uranium hydride and then reduction with zinc powder was sealed in a quartz cell under reduced pressure. The nearest U$$^{3+}$$-Cl$$^-$$ distance and the coordination number of Cl$$^-$$ around U$$^{3+}$$ ion were obtained by a curve fitting of the 1st shell XAFS function k$$^3$$$$chi$$(k). The pair potential in the U$$^{3+}$$-Cl$$^-$$ correlation was evaluated from XAFS simulation by combinational use of the MD and the FEFF8. In addition, valence state of uranium in the melt was evaluated by XANES(X-ray absorption near edge structure) spectra.

Journal Articles

Density measurement of molten NdCl$$_3$$-NaCl and NdCl$$_3$$-KCl system by $$gamma$$ ray attenuation

Sato, Tadashi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.635 - 637, 2002/11

Densities of molten chlorides mixtures of NdCl$$_3$$-NaCl and NdCl$$_3$$-KCl systems have been measured using $$gamma$$-ray attenuation method as a function of temperature. Gamma ray spectra of Ho-166m radiation source were taken before and after passing through the molten chlorides in a quartz cell by a Ge-detector coupled with muluti-channel analyzer. The density was calculated with observed attenuation factor, cross section data of photons for relevant elements and length of the cell. The measured densities of molten NdCl$$_3$$-NaCl and NdCl$$_3$$-KCl were compared with literature data by dilatometric method.

Journal Articles

High-temperature XAFS measurement of molten salt systems

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akabori, Mitsuo; Motohashi, Haruhiko*; Ito, Akinori; Ogawa, Toru

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 487(3), p.605 - 611, 2002/07

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:81.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Measurement system for the high temperature XAFS was developed for investigating the local structure of hygroscopic molten salts like rare earth halides. Solid sample was enclosed in the upper tank of the quartz cell having a sandglass shape under reduced pressure to avoid oxygen and moisture. The measurement was carried out at the electric furnace of the highest arrival temperature 1273K. After melting, the sample runs down through the melt path with 0.1mm(or 0.2mm) thickness to the lower tank. The minimum energy which could be measured was about 10keV mainly due to the absorption of the quartz. It was confirmed that the measurement of the expensive hygroscopic sample became possible in the present work.

Journal Articles

Thermochemical properties of advanced fission fuel materials

Ogawa, Toru; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; R.J.K.Konings*

Advances in Science and Technology, 24, p.381 - 392, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structure and dynamic properties of molten lanthanum tribromide

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Ogawa, Toru

Zeitschrift f$"u$r Naturforschung, A, 54, p.91 - 94, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)