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Journal Articles

Numerical modeling of radiation heat transfer under sodium spray combustion in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Uno, Masayoshi*

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2018/10

Heat radiation is one of dominant heat transfer process during a sodium fire event which is a concern in sodium-cooled fast reactor plants. This study aims to model radiation heat transfer from combusting droplets. Radiation energy transport on the combustion flame surface around a sodium droplet is formulated considering emission, absorption and scattering through a similar approach to the formulation of the wall boundary condition. The improved model is tested trough a simple verification analysis and a benchmark analysis on an upward sodium spray combustion experiment. As the result, overestimation of atmospheric temperature and pressure is mitigated by the improved model due to increase in heat transfer to structure.

Journal Articles

Application of multi-dimensional sodium fire analysis code AQUA-SF to severe accident; Benchmark analysis of upward spray combustion experiment

Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Uno, Masayoshi*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 84(859), p.17-00374_1 - 17-00374_13, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Splash during liquid jet impingement onto a horizontal plate

Zhan, Y.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments are performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It is shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number and dimensionless impact frequency.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sodium pool fire and thermal consequence in two-cell configuration

Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Tajima, Yuji*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00577_1 - 16-00577_11, 2017/06

Evaluation of accidental sodium leak, combustion, and its thermal consequence is one of the important issues to be assessed in the field of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). The present paper deals with the sodium pool fire and subsequent heat transfer behavior in air atmosphere two-cell geometry both experimentally and analytically because such two-cell configuration is considered as a typical one to possess important characteristic of multi-compartment system seen in an actual plant. As a result of the numerical analysis using a lumped-parameter based zonal model safety analysis code SPHINCS, the applicability of the ventilation model implemented in SPHINCS has been demonstrated. It is also investigated that the buoyancy- driven ventilation is dominant in the experiment.

Journal Articles

Identification of important phenomena under sodium fire accidents based on PIRT process

Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Uchibori, Akihiro; Kikuchi, Shin; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR-17) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/06

The present PIRT process is aimed to identify key phenomena involved in sodium fire accidents that involve complex phenomena in sodium-cooled fast reactor plants. In this PIRT process, the figures of merit (FOMs) are specified through factor analysis. Associated phenomena are identified through the element- and sequence-based phenomena analyses. Importance of each associated phenomenon is evaluated by considering the sequence-based analysis of associated phenomena correlated with the FOMs. Then, we complete the ranking table through the factor and phenomenon analyses. An assessment matrix of important phenomena and experiments is completed finally for model validation.

Journal Articles

Production of droplets during liquid jet impingement onto a flat plate

Yi, Z.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2016/11

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments were performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It was shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number, the Strouhal number and the Ohnesorge number of the droplets impinging the liquid film.

Journal Articles

Identification of important phenomena under sodium fire accidents based on PIRT process with factor analysis in sodium-cooled fast reactor

Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Uchibori, Akihiro; Kikuchi, Shin; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/11

The present PIRT process was aimed to identify key phenomena involved in sodium fire accidents that involve complex phenomena in sodium-cooled fast reactor plants. In this PIRT process, the figures of merit (FOMs) were specified through factor analysis. Associated phenomena were identified through the element- and sequence-based phenomena analyses. Importance of each associated phenomenon was evaluated by considering the sequence-based analysis of associated phenomena correlated with the FOMs. Then, we complete the ranking table through the factor and phenomenon analyses.

Journal Articles

Study on self-wastage phenomenon at heat transfer tube in steam generator of sodium-cooled fast reactor with consideration of thermal coupling of fluid and structure

Kojima, Saori*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2016/11

Analytical evaluation on a self-wastage phenomenon at heat transfer tubes in the steam generator of sodium cooled fast reactors has been performed by using the sodium-water reaction analysis code SERAPHIM. In this study, a fluid-structure thermal coupling model was developed and incorporated in the SERAPHIM code to evaluate heat transfer between the sodium-side reacting flow and the outer surface of the heat transfer tube. The effect of the fluid-structure thermal coupling model on the temperature field was demonstrated through the numerical analyses.

Journal Articles

Secondary sodium fire measures in JSFR

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Kubo, Shigenobu; Ohno, Shuji; Iwasaki, Mikinori*; Hara, Hiroyuki*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Sakaba, Hiroshi*

Nuclear Technology, 196(1), p.61 - 73, 2016/10

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JSFR adopts double boundary for all sodium components. However, design measures are investigated for the secondary sodium fire inside the reactor building, which might be assumed as design extension conditions (DECs). Candidates of sodium fire measures in the secondary sodium systems such as sodium drain, nitrogen injection, pressure release valve, catch pan and leak sodium drain system have been compared from the view point of safety. Wide range of sodium fires in the steam generator room and air cooler have been analyzed evaluating performances of the candidate sodium fire measures.

Journal Articles

Development of unstructured mesh-based numerical method for sodium-water reaction phenomenon in steam generators of sodium-cooled fast reactors

Uchibori, Akihiro; Watanabe, Akira*; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of OECD/NEA & IAEA Workshop on Application of CFD/CMFD Codes to Nuclear Reactor Safety and Design and their Experimental Validation (CFD4NRS-6) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2016/09

For assessment of the wastage environment under tube failure accident in a steam generator of sodium-cooled fast reactors, a mechanistic computer code called SERAPHIM calculating compressible multicomponent multiphase flow with sodium-water chemical reaction has been developed. The original SERAPHIM code is based on the finite difference method. In this study, unstructured mesh-based numerical method was developed and introduced into the SERAPHIM code to advance a numerical accuracy for the complex-shaped domain including multiple heat transfer tubes. Validity of the unstructured mesh-based SERAPHIM code was investigated through the analysis of an under expanded jet experiment. The calculated pressure profile showed good agreement with the experimental data. Numerical analysis of water vapor discharging into liquid sodium was also performed. It was demonstrated that the proposed numerical method could be applicable to evaluation of the sodium-water reaction phenomenon.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sodium pool fire and thermal consequence in two-cell configuration

Ohno, Shuji; Takata, Takashi; Tajima, Yuji*

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

From various kinds of sodium fire situations postulated in SFR plants, the present paper treats the sodium pool fire and subsequent heat transfer behavior in an important air atmosphere two-cell geometry as one of the important cell configuration conditions. The detailed analysis and investigation of sodium fire and thermal-hydraulics in horizontally arranged two cells with an opening between them are made both from experimental measurement and from numerical simulation with a multi-cell sodium fire analysis code SPHINCS.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on splashing during liquid jet impingement onto a liquid film

Yi, Z.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments were performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It was shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number and the Strouhal number of the droplets impinging the liquid film.

Journal Articles

Experimental study and kinetic analysis on sodium oxide-silica reaction

Kikuchi, Shin; Koga, Nobuyoshi*; Seino, Hiroshi; Ohno, Shuji

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(5), p.682 - 691, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), if considering hypothetical severe accidental condition such as the steel liner failure of structural concrete caused by intensive leakage of liquid sodium (Na) coolant, the liquid sodium-concrete reaction (SCR) may take place. The major consequences of SCR are hydrogen release, energy release and concrete ablation. Thus, it is important to understand the phenomenology of SCR. As a part of a series of studies on SCR, this study focused on the reaction between sodium oxide (Na$$_{2}$$O) and silica (SiO$$_{2}$$). Through thermoanalytical and X-ray diffraction measurements, it was revealed that Na$$_{2}$$O-SiO$$_{2}$$ reaction to form sodium orthosilicate (Na$$_{4}$$SiO$$_{4}$$) occurs at significantly lower temperature in comparison with Na-SiO$$_{2}$$ reaction.

Journal Articles

Development of V2UP (V&V plus uncertainty quantification and prediction) procedure for high cycle thermal fatigue in fast reactor; Framework for V&V and numerical prediction

Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 299, p.174 - 183, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A procedure called as V2UP (Verification and Validation plus Uncertainty quantification and Prediction) was made by referring to the existing guidelines on V&V and the methodologies of the safety assessment (CSAU, ISTIR, EMDAP). The V2UP consisted of five components as follows: (1) phenomena analysis with the Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table (PIRT) method, (2) implementation of the V&V, (3) design and rearrangement of experiments for the V&V, (4) uncertainty quantification in each problem and integration of uncertainties and (5) numerical prediction (estimation) for the target issue. Although the complete application of the procedure has not been performed at this moment, a flow chart of the V2UP procedure was described in this paper with recent results of the examinations.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of thermal consequence in sodium fire experiment in two-cell geometry

Ohno, Shuji

Nippon Kikai Gakkai 2015-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu (DVD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2015/09

A liquid metal sodium leak and pool fire experiment has provided the transient temperature data measured in more than 100 positions for atmospheric gas and structures. The experiment was performed in an air-filled 2-cell geometry that was made by partitioning the room of rectangular cell with an opening between the cells. The analyses of the measured data clarified the basic characteristics of sodium pool combustion and consequential heat and mass transfer in the cells. The data also suggested several features of multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulic behaviors that occurred in the experimental geometry during the fire. The measured data are expected to be utilized for the validation study of numerical sodium fire analysis tools.

Journal Articles

Proposal of benchmark problem of thermal striping phenomena in planar triple parallel jets tests for fundamental code validation in sodium-cooled fast reactor development

Kobayashi, Jun; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.6664 - 6677, 2015/08

Numerical simulation is recognized an essential tool for the physical phenomena analysis and plant design study of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). In order to enhance credibility of the numerical results in the activities for plant design by using numerical simulations, it is recognized that verification and validation (V&V) process is very important. In this study, experiments for planar triple parallel jets mixing phenomena conducted in JAEA were proposed as benchmark problems for the code validation in the area of thermal striping study in the SFR development.

Journal Articles

Kinetic study on liquid sodium-silica reaction for safety assessment of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Shin; Koga, Nobuyoshi*; Seino, Hiroshi; Ohno, Shuji

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 121(1), p.45 - 55, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:67.82(Thermodynamics)

In this study, the kinetic behavior of the sodium (Na)-silica (SiO2) reaction was investigated for an assessment method of reactivity/stability of siliceous concrete against the sodium-concrete reaction (SCR) by postulating a severe accidental condition in the sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). The reaction behavior was tracked using a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) equipped with a videoscope for viewing the changes in the sample during the reaction. From detail kinetic analysis, it was revealed that the kinetic results determined from the kinetic data at the maximum reaction rate can be interpreted as is for the major reaction stage. In addition, the k value at a constant temperature calculated using the Arrhenius parameters determined by the simplified Kissinger method can be used for the reactivity/stability assessment of the siliceous concrete in view of the kinetics of the major reaction stage of the Na-SiO$$_{2}$$ reaction.

Journal Articles

Development of fast reactor containment safety analysis code, CONTAIN-LMR, 1; Outline of development project

Miyahara, Shinya; Seino, Hiroshi; Ohno, Shuji; Konishi, Kensuke

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

A CONTAIN-LMR code has been developed in JAEA for application to PRA of LMFRs since the original CONTAIN code had been introduced from SNL of U.S. in 1982. The code is a best-estimate, integrated analysis tool for predicting the physical, chemical and radiological conditions inside a containment building of LMFRs following a severe accident with reactor vessel melt-through. The code is also able to predict the source term to the environment in the accident. This code can treat many important phenomena consistently such as sodium fire, radioactive aerosol behavior, hydrogen burn, sodium-concrete reaction and core debris-concrete interaction occurred in the accident with inter-cell heat and mass flow under the multiple cell geometry. This paper describes the chronology of the code development in JAEA briefly as an introduction, and after that, the outline of computational models in the code, the examples of the code validation, and the future plan of the code application are described.

Journal Articles

Behavior of entrainment droplet formed by high velocity air jet flow in stagnant water

Akabane, Masaaki*; Horiki, Sachiyo*; Osakabe, Masahiro*; Koizumi, Yasuo; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ohno, Shuji; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

Behavior of liquid droplets in a high-velocity gaseous jet was experimentally investigated to provide validation data for the evaluation method of sodium-water reaction phenomenon. The visualization experiment on the entrained liquid droplets in the air jet submerged in a water pool was carried out. Filament-like wisps from the wavy gas-liquid interface were observed. The wisps were broken off and entrained into the air jet. The velocity of the entrained liquid droplets was estimated from an image processing. The axial velocity of the liquid droplets increased as the air inlet velocity increased. Acceleration behavior of the liquid droplets was also confirmed quantitatively.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of gas entrainment flow rate using numerical simulation with interface-tracking method

Ito, Kei; Ohno, Shuji; Koizumi, Yasuo*; Kawamura, Takumi*

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2014/12

199 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)