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JAEA Reports

Progress of general control system for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Watanabe, Akihiko*

JAEA-Technology 2018-011, 57 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-011.pdf:4.98MB

For safely and efficiently operating a spallation neutron source and a muon target, a general control system (GCS) operates within Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). GCS administers operation processes and interlocks of many instruments. It consists of several subsystems such as an integral control system (ICS), interlock systems (ILS), shared servers, network system, and timing distribution system (TDS). Although GCS is an independent system that controls the target stations, it works closely with the control systems of the accelerators and other facilities in J-PARC. Since the first beam injection, GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles after modification based on commissioning for operation and control. Then, significant improvements in GCS such as upgrade of ICS by changing its framework software and function enhancement of ILS were proceeded until 2015. In this way, many modifications have been proceeded in the entire GCS during a period of approximately ten years after start of beam operation. Under these situation, it is important to comprehend upgrade history and present status of GCS in order to decide its upgrade plan. This report summarizes outline, structure, roles and functions of GCS in 2017.

Journal Articles

Maximizing $$T_c$$ by tuning nematicity and magnetism in FeSe$$_{1-x}$$S$$_x$$ superconductors

Matsuura, Kohei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Arai, Yuki*; Sugimura, Yuichi*; Maejima, Naoyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yajima, Takeshi*; Hiroi, Zenji*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.1143_1 - 1143_6, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:10.31(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Progress of the general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Kai, Tetsuya; Kato, Yuko; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takada, Hiroshi

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.593 - 598, 2016/02

For safe and stable beam operation, a MLF general control system (GCS) consists of several subsystems such as an integral control, interlock, server, network, and timing distribution systems. Since the first beam injection in 2008, the GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles in comparison with upgrade of target devices for ramping up beam power and increment of user apparatuses year by year. In recent years, however, it has been improved significantly in view of sustainable long-term operation and maintenance. The monitor and operation system of the GCS has been upgraded by changing its framework software to improve potential flexibility in its maintenance. Its interlock system was also modified in accordance with the re-examination of the risk management system of J-PARC. This paper reports recent progress of the MLF-GCS.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of monitoring and operation systems for the MLF-GCS base on EPICS and CSS

Oi, Motoki; Sakai, Kenji; Watanabe, Akihiko; Akutsu, Atsushi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takada, Hiroshi

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036007_1 - 036007_5, 2015/09

This paper reports on upgrading of the monitor and operation (MO) system for a general control system (GCS) of the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. The MLF-GCS consists of programmable logic controllers (PLCs), operator interfaces (OPIs) for integral control and interlock systems, shared servers, and so on. It is controlling various components of the pulsed spallation neutron source such as a mercury target and hydrogen moderators. The MO system is used for monitoring, alarm notification and remote control from the MLF control room. The GCS has been working well as expected, but current MO system which consists of the OPIs and data servers based on iFix has some problems in view of sustainable maintenance because of its poor flexibility of supported OS and software version compatibility. To overcome the problems, we upgraded the MO system to be operated using the framework of EPICS, the OPI of Control System Studio (CSS) and the server software of Postgre SQL. This improves versatility of the MO system, enabling to run on various platforms such as Windows, Linux and Mac OS. At first, we made a prototype MO system, which processed 100 points of data and 5 operation screens and verified that the MO system functions correctly. Then we made full spec MO system which processes the data point of 7000 and operation screens of 130. It was operated in parallel with the current system to evaluate its performance with real data such as data transmission speed from PLCs, control functions from OPI, storage capability of servers and long-term reliability. As results, the new MO system achieved the communication speed of 2 Hz and its operability compatible to the current system. Now, we are operating and debugging it in comparison with the current system during the operating period as a preparation for the system replacement at the end of 2014.

Journal Articles

Operation status of interlock system of Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.264 - 267, 2014/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of advanced inductive scenarios for ITER

Luce, T. C.*; Challis, C. D.*; Ide, Shunsuke; Joffrin, E.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Politzer, P. A.*; Schweinzer, J.*; Sips, A. C. C.*; Stober, J.*; Giruzzi, G.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 54(1), p.013015_1 - 013015_15, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:22.18(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

JAEA Reports

Upgrade of general control system employed for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of J-PARC

Watanabe, Akihiko; Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takada, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2013-028, 21 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Technology-2013-028.pdf:2.46MB

The General Control System (GCS) of the MLF of J-PARC has a problem that it costs very much in the maintenance because of its poor flexibility on OS, etc. For resolving the problem, we have re-examined framework and application softwares for the MLF-GCS, in considering functions that PLCs in many local control panels are controlled by the plural exclusive PCs, and operating data over 7000 are acquired, stored and distributed with suitable data format by shared servers. Furthermore, we have made a prototype of an upgraded GCS and evaluated its concrete performances with true data such as communication speed between the PLCs and PCs, control functions from operating windows, storage capability of data server, and long-term stability of the system. In conclusion, we decided to adopt following softwares for the upgraded GCS: EPICS as framework software, Takebishi OPC server as data input/output module, CSS as user interface window and PostgreSQL for the data storage server.

Journal Articles

Formation of NaCl-type monodeuteride LaD by the disproportionation reaction of LaD$$_{2}$$

Machida, Akihiko; Honda, Mitsunori*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Watanuki, Tetsu; Katayama, Yoshinori; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Oshita, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 108(20), p.205501_1 - 205501_5, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.44(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Hydrogen atoms absorbed in a metal occupy the interstitial sites of the metal lattice. In an fcc metal lattice, each metal atom has two tetrahedral (T) and one octahedral (O) sites that can accommodate hydrogen. Rare-earth metal La forms T-site occupied LaH$$_2$$ and fully occupied LaH$$_3$$. O-site occupied or NaCl-type monohydride has yet to be reported for rare-earth metals. Previous X-ray diffraction measurements revealed the pressure-induced decomposition of an fcc-LaH$$_{2.3}$$ into H-rich and H-poor phases around 11 GPa. The present neutron diffraction measurements on LaD$$_{2}$$ confirm the formation of NaCl-type LaD as a counterpart of the D-rich LaD$$_{2+delta}$$ by disproportionation. First-principle calculations demonstrate that the NaCl-type LaH is stabilized at high pressures. Finding the NaCl-type LaH will pave the way for investigations on the site-dependent nature of hydrogen-metal interactions.

JAEA Reports

Influence of Great East Japan Earthquake on neutron source station in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Seki, Masakazu; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Wakui, Takashi; Naoe, Takashi; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Tatsumoto, Hideki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-039, 121 Pages, 2012/03

JAEA-Technology-2011-039.pdf:10.87MB

This report investigates the behavior, damage and restoration of a neutron source station of the MLF at the Great East Japan Earthquake and verified the safety design for emergency accidents in the neutron source station. In the MLF, after an occurrence of the Earthquake, strong quakes were detected at the instruments, the external power supply was lost, all of the circulators shut down automatically, and the hydrogen gas was released. The leakages of mercury, hydrogen and radio-activation gases did not occur. While, the quakes made gaps between the shield blocks and ruptured external pipe lines by subsidence around the building. But significant damages to the components were not found though the pressure drop of compressed air lines influenced on a target trolley lock system and so on. These results substantiated the validity of the safety design for emergency accidents in the source station, and suggested several points of improvement.

Journal Articles

Influence of Great East Japan Earthquake on neutron target station in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Takada, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Seki, Masakazu; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Wakui, Takashi; et al.

Proceedings of 20th Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-20) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2012/03

This report investigates behaviors and damages of each component in a neutron target station of the MLF at the J-PARC at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). At the date of the GEJE, in the MLF, strong quakes were detected at several instruments, an external power supply were lost, all of the circulation systems were shut down automatically, and a hydrogen gas was released as planned. Leakage of activation liquids and gases did not occur. While, the quakes made gaps between shield blocks and ruptured external pipe lines for air and water by subsidence. But significant damages on the components of the target station were not found though a loss of compressed air supply affected lock systems with air cylinders and pneumatic operation values. These results substantiated a validity of safety design on the target station for emergency accidents.

Journal Articles

Development of laser cutting technology for reactor decommissioning process

Kobayashi, Kojiro*; Ida, Toshio*; Yamaguchi, Takeshi*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Sano, Kazuya; Tsuboi, Akihiko*; Shamoto, Hideyasu*; Ikeda, Takeshi*

Reza Kako Gakkai-Shi, 19(1), p.63 - 67, 2012/03

Laser cutting method, is that the metal melted by laser power is removed by assist gas, has some advantages which are high speed cutting and narrow line-width cutting for the thin metal. We has conducted the joint research with the relevant organizations on the R&D of the laser cutting technology for cutting stainless and carbon steel of over the 150 mm thickness which is maximum thickness of core structure in Fugen. We report the R&D plan and the current status of the laser cutting test.

Journal Articles

Laser cutting technologies under water for the nuclear reacter dismantlement

Kobayashi, Kojiro*; Ida, Toshio*; Yamaguchi, Takeshi*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Sano, Kazuya; Tsuboi, Akihiko*; Shamoto, Hideyasu*; Ikeda, Takeshi*

Yosetsu Gijutsu, 59(7), p.64 - 69, 2011/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

29th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Isayama, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Furukawa, Masaru*; Matsunaga, Go; Yamazaki, Kozo*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; Tamura, Naoki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(6), p.374 - 377, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Commissioning of operation and control for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Akihiko

JAEA-Technology 2010-001, 35 Pages, 2010/02

JAEA-Technology-2010-001.pdf:12.39MB

A MLF general control system (MLF-GCS) at J-PARC consists of several subsystems of integral control and interlock, network, server, timing distribution systems, and PPS. The design and construction of MLF-GCS has progressed for the first proton beam injection in 2008. After finishing the construction of most of the subsystems, the commissioning on operation and control of the MLF has started step by step in 2007. During short period before the first beam injection, the trial operations, performance tests, and improvements of the MLF-GCS subsystems have been executed under restricted conditions. After the first beam injection in May 2008, the subsystems have been improved according to experience on the beam operations, the administrative structure for the MLF operation shift has been established, and the stable and efficient operations of the MLF-GCS has been realized. This paper reports on the commissioning on the MLF operation and control from April 2007 to March 2009.

Journal Articles

27th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Toi, Kazuo*; Todo, Yasushi*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(12), p.839 - 842, 2009/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design, construction and operation of general control system of Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF-GCS) in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Kaminaga, Masanori

JAEA-Technology 2009-042, 44 Pages, 2009/08

JAEA-Technology-2009-042.pdf:35.33MB

A general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF-GCS) at J-PARC has an advanced and independent system for control of the mercury target, including a large amount of mercury, three moderators with supercritical hydrogen, and cooling systems with radioactive water. Although the MLF-GCS is an independent system, it works closely with the accelerator and other facility control systems within J-PARC. The MLF have succeeded in the first proton beam injection and neutron beam generation in May 2008, and succeeded the muon beams generation in September 2008. The design and construction of the MLF-GCS has finished before the first proton beam injection. It has been operated stably and efficiently in the off- and on- beam commissioning. This paper reports on the design, construction and operation of the MLF-GCS.

JAEA Reports

The Outline of investigation on integrity of JMTR concrete structures, cooling system and utility facilities

Ebisawa, Hiroyuki; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Asano, Norikazu; Kusunoki, Hidehiko; Yanai, Tomohiro; Sato, Shinichi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Oto, Tsutomu; Kimura, Tadashi; Kawamata, Takanori; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-030, 165 Pages, 2009/07

JAEA-Technology-2009-030.pdf:69.18MB

The condition of facilities and machinery used continuously were investigated before the renewal work of JMTR on FY 2007. The subjects of investigation were reactor building, primary cooling system tanks, secondary cooling system piping and tower, emergency generator and so on. As the result, it was confirmed that some facilities and machinery were necessary to repair and others were used continuously for long term by maintaining on the long-term maintenance plan. JMTR is planed to renew by the result of this investigation.

Journal Articles

A New measurement of the astrophysical $$^8$$Li(d,t)$$^7$$Li reaction

Hashimoto, Takashi; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Jeong, S.-C.*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; Nomura, Toru*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 674(4-5), p.276 - 280, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:53.05(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The excitation function of the $$^8$$Li(d,t)$$^7$$Li reaction was directly measured using $$^8$$Li beams at E$$_{mathrm{cm}}$$ = 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.7, 0.8, 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2 MeV with CD$$_2$$ targets. The beam energies covered the Gamow peaks for 1$$sim$$3$$times$$10$$^9$$ K. Large cross sections were observed at around E$$_{mathrm{cm}}$$ = 0.8 MeV, implying a resonance state located at 22.4 MeV in $$^{10}$$Be. The present astrophysical reaction rate is higher in one order magnitude than the presently adopted rate at around 1$$times$$10$$^9$$ K.

Journal Articles

Construction status of a general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Kawasaki, Susumu; Watanabe, Akihiko; Kaminaga, Masanori; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.75 - 77, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In order to operate all equipment of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) safely and efficiently, the MLF general control system (MLF-GCS) is designed to have several subsystems such as the facility control system centering on the control of the targets, interlock systems for protecting personnel, machine and the neutron target, and so on. Although it is an independent system, the MLF-GCS should also be as a part of the control system of the whole J-PARC operated from the central control room (CCR). The construction of MLF-GCS has been almost finished, and its performance test is in progress to check and adjust remote operations and integral interlocks from the control room of MLF. This paper gives an overview of the MLF-GCS and reports its construction status.

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA meetings, 24

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Maiko; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tamura, Naoki*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(12), p.952 - 955, 2008/12

no abstracts in English

58 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)