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Journal Articles

Trial synthesis of Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ for high-functional tritium breeders

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Oikawa, Fumiaki; Natori, Yuri*; Kato, Kenichi*; Sakka, Tomoko*; Nakamura, Mutsumi*; Tatenuma, Katsuyoshi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2268 - 2271, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Lithium titanate with additional Li (Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$) and lithium orthosilicate (Li$$_{4}$$SiO$$_{4}$$) is one of the most promising candidates for use in a tritium breeder because of its good chemical and mechanical stabilities. Currently, mixtures of tritium breeder pebble and neutron multiplier (Be or Be$$_{12}$$Ti) pebble are being considered for use in increasing the tritium breeding ratio in a breeding blanket. However, lithium and beryllium are gradually reacted under practical operating conditions, and therefore a high-functional tritium breeder such as lithium beryllium oxide (Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) needs to be developed to compensate for this reactive characteristic under high temperature use. In this study, methods of synthesizing Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ have been extensively investigated by means of solid-phase reaction. The solid-phase reaction of LiOH(H$$_{2}$$O) and BeO is a suitable synthesis method for lithium beryllium oxide (Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$). It is expected that single-phase Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ will be stable under the mixture conditions of a tritium breeder and neutron multiplier in the blanket region at high temperatures.

Journal Articles

Trial fabrication tests of advanced tritium breeder pebbles using sol-gel method

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Oikawa, Fumiaki

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2172 - 2175, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:92.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Lithium titanate (Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$) is one of the most promising candidates among tritium breeding materials because of its good tritium release characteristics. However, the mass of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ decreased with time in a hydrogen atmosphere by Li evaporation and with Li burn up. In order to prevent the mass decrease at high temperatures, Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ with added Li have been developed as one of advanced tritium breeders. We have been promoting the development of fabrication technique of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebbles by the sol-gel method. The fabrication techniques of advanced tritium breeder pebbles have not been established for large quantities. Therefore, trial fabrication tests of advanced breeder pebbles were carried out using previous sol-gel method. The diameter of the pebbles is 1.18 mm, and the sphericity is 1.04. It is expected that an advanced tritium breeder with added Li will be stable under operating conditions, namely in a neutron environment at a high temperatures. Thus, these results show that the pebble fabrication using the sol-gel method is a promising production technique for mass production of the advanced tritium breeder pebbles.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeding material with added lithium for ITER-TBM

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kato, Kenichi*; Natori, Yuri*; Oikawa, Fumiaki; Nakano, Natsuko*; Nakamura, Mutsumi*; Sasaki, Kazuya*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tatenuma, Katsuyoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.684 - 687, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:95.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Lithium titanate (Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$) is one of the most promising candidates among tritium breeding materials because of its good tritium release. Addition of H$$_{2}$$ to inert sweep gas has been proposed for enhancing the tritium release from tritium breeding materials. However, the mass of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ was decreased with time in the hydrogen atmosphere. It is assumed that the mass decrease indicates the loss of the oxygen contained in the sample caused by the change from Ti $$^{4+}$$ to Ti $$^{3+}$$, and that the partial pressures of Li-containing species were increased in the hydrogen atmosphere. In order to decrease the mass-change at high temperature, advanced tritium breeding material with added Li should be developed to improve the physical and chemical stability in hydrogen atmosphere. In the case of the Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$ samples used by the present study, LiOHH$$_{2}$$O and H$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ were proportionally mixed with the molar ratio Li/Ti of either 2.0 and 2.2. These samples are designated as L20 (Li/Ti = 2.0) and L22 (Li/Ti = 2.2), respectively. The results of XRD measurement showed that the phases in advanced tritium breeding material were as follows. L22 existed as non-stoichiometric compound Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$.

Oral presentation

Synthetic test of Li$$_{2}$$Be$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ for high-functional tritium breeder

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Natori, Yuri*; Sakka, Tomoko*; Kato, Kenichi*; Oikawa, Fumiaki; Nakamura, Mutsumi*; Tatenuma, Katsuyoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Status of R&D of advanced neutron multiplier in ITER-BA activity, 10; Evaluation on beryllide compositions

Oikawa, Fumiaki; Kim, Jae-Hwan; Yonehara, Kazuo; Wakai, Daisuke; Nakamichi, Masaru

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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