Takagi, Hirotaka*; Takagi, Rina*; Minami, Susumu*; Nomoto, Takuya*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Michito*; Yanagi, Yuki*; Hirayama, Motoaki*; Khanh, N.*; Karube, Kosuke*; et al.
Nature Physics, 19(7), p.961 - 968, 2023/07
Kumada, Takayuki; Miura, Daisuke*; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Oku, Takayuki; Torikai, Naoya*; Niizeki, Tomotake*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 55(5), p.1147 - 1153, 2022/10
Spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectivity obtains multiple reflectivity curves from a single sample and a single beam source. We used the strong point of the technique to reveal that, although methylated-perhydropolysilazane-derived silica layer has a higher porosity near the interface with acrylic urethane resin, the resin did not permeate the pore network.
Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04
We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.
Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Miura, Daisuke*; Torikai, Naoya*
J-PARC 20-02; J-PARC MLF Annual Report 2019, p.38 - 40, 2021/00
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12
Yang, S.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Matsuura, Chihiro*; Hiroishi, Daisuke*; Lertnaisat, P.*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa
Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 123, p.14 - 19, 2016/06
-radiolysis of boiling water has been investigated. The G-value of H evolution was found to be very sensitive to the purity of water. In high-purity water, both H and O gases were formed in the stoichiometric ratio of 2:1; a negligible amount of HO remained in the liquid phase. The G-values of H and O gas evolution depend on the dose rate: lower dose rates produce larger yields. To clarify the importance of the interface between liquid and gas phase for gas evolution, the gas evolution under Ar gas bubbling was measured. A large amount of H was detected, similar to the radiolysis of boiling water. The evolution of gas was enhanced in a 0.5 M NaCl aqueous solution. Deterministic chemical kinetics simulations elucidated the mechanism of radiolysis in boiling water.
Ogura, Koichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4), p.048003_1 - 048003_2, 2012/04
A proton beam driven by a repetitive high-intensity-laser is utilized to induce a Li(p,n)Be nuclear reaction. The total activity of Be are evaluated by two different methods. The activity obtained measuring the decay -rays after 1912 shots at 1 Hz is 1.70.2 Bq. This is in good agreement with 1.60.3 Bq evaluated from the proton energy distribution measured using a time-of-flight detector and the nuclear reaction cross-sections. We conclude that the production of activity can be monitored in real time using the time-of-flight-detector placed inside a diverging proton beam coupled with a high-speed signal processing system.
Oishi, Daisuke*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Akahama, Hiroshi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Kambe, Takashi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Kimizuka, Noboru*; Kano, Jun*; Yoshii, Kenji
Ferroelectrics, 415(1), p.51 - 56, 2011/10
The variation of AC dielectric constant in the function of the DC magnetic fields was found in low oxygen vacant LuFeO single crystal in which the electric polarization arise from the polar charge ordering. These magneto-electric coupling should be explained by a novel mechanism where the boundary motion of the polar charge ordered domain is affected by the magnetic (spin) domain boundary motion.
Shu, L.*; Higemoto, Wataru; Aoki, Yuji*; Hillier, A. D.*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Ishida, Kenji*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Bernal, O. O.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 83(10), p.100504_1 - 100504_4, 2011/03
Zero-field muon spin relaxation experiments have been carried out in the Pr(OsRu)Sb and PrLaOsSb alloy systems to investigate broken time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in the superconducting state, signaled by the onset of a spontaneous static local magnetic field B. In both alloy series B initially decreases linearly with solute concentration. Ru doping is considerably more efficient than La doping, with a 50% faster initial decrease. The data suggest that broken TRS is suppressed for Ru concentration 0.6 but persists for essentially all La concentrations. Our data support a crystal-field excitonic cooper pairing mechanism for TRS-breaking superconductivity.
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Aoki, Yuji*; Toda, Shizuka*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Baines, C.*
Physical Review B, 82(1), p.014420_1 - 014420_8, 2010/07
An antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state and a possible high-field ordered state in magnetic fields T of a filled-skutterudite compound CeOsSb were investigated by the muon spin rotation and relaxation method. In a zero applied field, a spontaneous local filed due to the weak AFM ordering was observed below 1.6 K. The magnetic volume fraction gradually increases below 1.6 K with decreasing temperature, suggesting that this phase is sensitive to sample quality. The magnitude of the ordered dipole moment in the AFM state was estimated to be in the range from 0.11 to 0.17 /Ce at 0.1 K. In a field of 2 T applied along the  direction, clear anomalies in the muon Knight shift and line width were observed at 1.5 K, consistent with the phase transition scenario into the high-field ordered state suggested from specific heat, resistivity, elastic, and NMR anomalies.
Kambe, Takashi*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Hayakawa, Hiroki*; Oishi, Daisuke*; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 200, p.012077_1 - 012077_4, 2010/02
A magneto-electric effect (ME) was observed in a charge-ordered ferroelectric LuFeO. The dielectric response in a three-dimensional charge-ordered phase is strongly influenced by magnetic field, especially around the ferri-magnetic ordering temperature. We also show the relation between the oxygen stoichiometry and the ME signal character above the magnetic transition temperature.
Yogo, Akifumi; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Mori, Michiaki; Teshima, Teruki*; Numasaki, Hodaka*; Murakami, Masao*; Demizu, Yusuke*; Akagi, Takashi*; Nagayama, Shinichi*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 94(18), p.181502_1 - 181502_3, 2009/05
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.761 - 764, 2009/04
We report on detailed longitudinal field (LF) SR studies in SmRuP in order to characterize magnetic fluctuations in a magnetically ordered state below K. A magnitude and fluctuation rate of the fluctuating field are derived as functions of temperature from LF dependence of the longitudinal relaxation rate. Possible low-energy excitations of magnetic multipoles are discussed.
Aoki, Yuji*; Higemoto, Wataru; Tsunashima, Yoshino*; Yonezawa, Yuki*; Sato, Koki*; Koda, Akihiro*; Ito, Takashi; Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.757 - 760, 2009/04
Zero field (ZF) and transverse field (TF) muon spin relaxation and rotation (SR) study has been carried out in filled-skutterudite SmOsSb in order to investigate the magnetically robust heavy-fermion (HF) state and the weak ferromagnetic anomaly. A large-amplitude oscillating signal appears in the ZF-SR spectra at low temperatures, confirming that the weak ferromagnetic anomaly is an intrinsic bulk property. Analysis reveals that the weak ferromagnetic moment is carried by itinerant heavy quasiparticles.
Sato, Hideyuki*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Ito, Takashi; Heffner, R. H.; Saha, S. R.*; Koda, Akihiro*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.749 - 753, 2009/04
Wide varieties of strongly correlated electron phenomena are performed on the stage of a filled skutterudite structure. Especially when one of the players contains a plural number of 4f electrons, the orbital degrees of freedom play a major role as a new type of nonmagnetic and/or weak-magnetic phenomena. Several examples found in Pr- and Sm-based filled skutterudites are introduced in relation to muon spin relaxation experiments.
Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daito, Izuru; Ikegami, Masahiro; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 94(6), p.061107_1 - 061107_3, 2009/02
A pair of conventional permanent magnet quadrupoles is used to focus a 2.4 MeV laser-driven proton beam at a 1 Hz repetition rate. The magnetic field strengths are 55 T/m and 60 T/m for the first and second quadrupoles respectively. The proton beam is focused to a spot size (full width at half maximum) of 2.78 mm at a distance of 650 mm from the source. This result is in good agreement with a Monte Carlo particle trajectory simulation.
Lin, M.; Katsumura, Yosuke; Muroya, Yusa*; He, H.*; Miyazaki, Toyoaki*; Hiroishi, Daisuke*
Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 77(10-12), p.1208 - 1212, 2008/10
Sodium formate neutral aqueous solutions saturated with NO were studied by pulse radiolysis techniques from room temperature to 400 C. The absorption spectra of CO show a red shift from = 235 nm at 25 C to 280 nm at 400 C. The second-order decay of CO is not monotonically temperature-dependent: the rate constant (2/) slightly increases with temperature up to 200 C, then decreases to a valley at 300 C, and it sharply increases again for temperature 350 C. (CO) increases with temperature from room temperature to 400 C. Significant density effect on (CO) is found at 400 C. Assumed (CO) is independent on temperature, at 400 C, the density dependence of (CO) in the presence of NO agrees well with that of [(e)+(H)+(OH)].
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68(11), p.2072 - 2075, 2007/11
no abstracts in English
Shu, L.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Aoki, Yuji*; Tsunashima, Yoshino*; Yonezawa, Yuki*; Sanada, Shotaro*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Heffner, R. H.; Higemoto, Wataru; et al.
Physical Review B, 76(1), p.014527_1 - 014527_8, 2007/07
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Fujimoto, Tatsuya*; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(5), p.053707_1 - 053707_4, 2007/05
A filled skutterudite compound SmRuP shows metal-insulatortransition at =16.5K with magnetic anomaly. A possibility of magnetic octupole ordering has been discussed on the basis of multipole degrees of freedom belonging to thecrystalline-electric-field ground state. We investigated local magnetic states in the ordered state by using the muon spin relaxation method. An increase of muon spin relaxation rate was detected in zeroapplied field just below , indicating time-reversal-symmetry breaking in the ordered state. This result suggests that the order parameter includes magnetic octupole and/ordipole. Magnitude of the internal field at the muon site monotonically increases with decreasing temperature, growing steeply below =3K. The longitudinal relaxation rate has a maximum at around , suggesting suppression of magnetic fluctuations. We discussed these experimental facts on the basis of the multipoledegrees of freedom.