Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04
We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.
Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Miura, Daisuke*; Torikai, Naoya*
J-PARC 20-02, p.38 - 40, 2021/00
Kumada, Takayuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Sahara, Masae*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Torikai, Naoya*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 52(5), p.1054 - 1060, 2019/10
We developed a technique of spin-contrast-variation neutron reflectometry (SCV-NR). Polarized-neutron reflectivity curves of film samples vary as a function of their proton-polarization P. The P-dependent reflectivity curves of a polystyrene film was precisely reproduced using a common set of structure parameters and the P-dependent neutron scattering length. The reflectivity curve of poly (styrene-block-isoprene) (PSPI) presented a shoulder attributed to holes with the depth corresponding to one period of periodic lamellae on the free surface only at a specific P. In this way, structural information about specific surfaces or interfaces can be obtained by controlling the P.
Nemoto, Fumiya*; Kofu, Maiko; Nagao, Michihiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Takata, Shinichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Ueki, Takeshi*; Kitazawa, Yuzo*; et al.
Journal of Chemical Physics, 149(5), p.054502_1 - 054502_11, 2018/08
Nakajima, Taro*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Oike, Hiroshi*; Kagawa, Fumitaka*; Kikkawa, Akiko*; Taguchi, Yasujiro*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Tokura, Yoshinori*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014424_1 - 014424_5, 2018/07
We investigated the phase-transition kinetics of magnetic skyrmion lattice (SkL) in MnSi by means of stroboscopic small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Temporal evolutions of SANS patterns were measured with time resolution of 13 ms while sweeping temperature as fast as 50 Ks. It turned out that the paramagnetic-to-SkL transition immediately occurs upon traversing the equilibrium phase boundary on the rapid cooling, whereas the SkL-to-conical transition can be kinetically avoided to realize the low-temperature metastable SkL with a long-range magnetic order. The formation of the metastable SkL was found to be strongly dependent not only on cooling rate, but also on magnetic eld and trajectory in the H-T phase diagram.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takata, Shinichi; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(2), p.334 - 339, 2017/04
Oba, Yojiro; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*
Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Steel Science (ISSS 2017), p.151 - 154, 2017/00
Small-angle neutron scattering and neutron diffraction are powerful tools to characterize microstructures in steels. Several new experimental techniques such as Bragg edge transmission analysis and energy-resolved small-angle neuron scattering have been recently developed with the opening of new-generation pulsed neutron sources. In this talk, the combined use of these diffraction and small-angle scattering techniques are discussed for the total characterization of the microstructures in steels.
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12
Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1659 - 1664, 2016/10
Shu, L.*; Higemoto, Wataru; Aoki, Yuji*; Hillier, A. D.*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Ishida, Kenji*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Bernal, O. O.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 83(10), p.100504_1 - 100504_4, 2011/03
Zero-field muon spin relaxation experiments have been carried out in the Pr(OsRu)Sb and PrLaOsSb alloy systems to investigate broken time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in the superconducting state, signaled by the onset of a spontaneous static local magnetic field B. In both alloy series B initially decreases linearly with solute concentration. Ru doping is considerably more efficient than La doping, with a 50% faster initial decrease. The data suggest that broken TRS is suppressed for Ru concentration 0.6 but persists for essentially all La concentrations. Our data support a crystal-field excitonic cooper pairing mechanism for TRS-breaking superconductivity.
Oishi, Kazuki*; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Yamazaki, Takahiro*; Uehara, Akira*; Kozawa, Katsuya*; Kimishima, Yoshihide*; Uehara, Masatomo*
Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S705 - S706, 2010/12
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Aoki, Yuji*; Toda, Shizuka*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Baines, C.*
Physical Review B, 82(1), p.014420_1 - 014420_8, 2010/07
An antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state and a possible high-field ordered state in magnetic fields T of a filled-skutterudite compound CeOsSb were investigated by the muon spin rotation and relaxation method. In a zero applied field, a spontaneous local filed due to the weak AFM ordering was observed below 1.6 K. The magnetic volume fraction gradually increases below 1.6 K with decreasing temperature, suggesting that this phase is sensitive to sample quality. The magnitude of the ordered dipole moment in the AFM state was estimated to be in the range from 0.11 to 0.17 /Ce at 0.1 K. In a field of 2 T applied along the  direction, clear anomalies in the muon Knight shift and line width were observed at 1.5 K, consistent with the phase transition scenario into the high-field ordered state suggested from specific heat, resistivity, elastic, and NMR anomalies.
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Heffner, R. H.; Aoki, Yuji*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Tanida, Hiroshi*; Takagi, Shigeru*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012021_1 - 012021_6, 2010/06
The diffusion of positive muon in condensed matter has been investigated for many years by using spin rotation/relaxation (SR) technique. The SR studies have provided deep insight into quantum diffusion at low temperatures as well as hopping process at high temperatures, which are closely related to hydrogen dynamics in the dilute limit. We here report transverse field (TF) SR studies of the diffusion in cubic -electron compounds PrPb and SmAgIn. The site splits into two magnetically labeled sites when high TF is applied to single-crystalline specimens along the  direction. The SR lines show drastic variation according to the motion between the magnetically labeled sites. From detailed analysis of the SR lines, we deduced hopping parameters for both compounds.
Heffner, R.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; Andreica, D.*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Amato, A.*; Spehling, J.*; Klauss, H. H.*; Bauer, E. D.*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012011_1 - 012011_6, 2010/06
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.761 - 764, 2009/04
We report on detailed longitudinal field (LF) SR studies in SmRuP in order to characterize magnetic fluctuations in a magnetically ordered state below K. A magnitude and fluctuation rate of the fluctuating field are derived as functions of temperature from LF dependence of the longitudinal relaxation rate. Possible low-energy excitations of magnetic multipoles are discussed.
Aoki, Yuji*; Higemoto, Wataru; Tsunashima, Yoshino*; Yonezawa, Yuki*; Sato, Koki*; Koda, Akihiro*; Ito, Takashi; Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.757 - 760, 2009/04
Zero field (ZF) and transverse field (TF) muon spin relaxation and rotation (SR) study has been carried out in filled-skutterudite SmOsSb in order to investigate the magnetically robust heavy-fermion (HF) state and the weak ferromagnetic anomaly. A large-amplitude oscillating signal appears in the ZF-SR spectra at low temperatures, confirming that the weak ferromagnetic anomaly is an intrinsic bulk property. Analysis reveals that the weak ferromagnetic moment is carried by itinerant heavy quasiparticles.
Sato, Hideyuki*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Ito, Takashi; Heffner, R. H.; Saha, S. R.*; Koda, Akihiro*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.749 - 753, 2009/04
Wide varieties of strongly correlated electron phenomena are performed on the stage of a filled skutterudite structure. Especially when one of the players contains a plural number of 4f electrons, the orbital degrees of freedom play a major role as a new type of nonmagnetic and/or weak-magnetic phenomena. Several examples found in Pr- and Sm-based filled skutterudites are introduced in relation to muon spin relaxation experiments.
Sato, Kazuhiko*; Fujita, Hidemi*; Katayama, Kazuhiro*; Taniguchi, Hiromi*; Ito, Takashi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Higemoto, Wataru
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.597 - 599, 2009/04
Zero-field muon spin relaxation and high-field transverse muon spin rotation have been measured for an organic superconductor -(BEDT-TTF)HgBr. No anomaly is found in zero-field relaxation spectrum at the superconducting transition temperature, 4.2 K. The muon Knight shift determined by transverse muon spin rotation at 6 T exhibits Curie-Weiss like behavior down to 2 K, whereas static magnetic susceptibility shows a peak around 30 K. The muon Knight shift does not scale with the magnetic susceptibility at low temperatures.