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Journal Articles

Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

Tsuchikawa, Yusuke; Abe, Yuta; Oishi, Yuji*; Kai, Tetsuya; Toh, Yosuke; Segawa, Mariko; Maeda, Makoto; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Masahide; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

In the decommissioning of the Fukushima-Daiichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant, it is essential to understand characteristics of the melted core materials. The estimation of boride in the real debris is of great importance to develop safe debris removal plans. Hence, it is required to investigate the amount of boron in the melted core materials with nondestructive methods. Prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) is one of the useful techniques to determine the amount of borides by means of the 478 keV prompt gamma-ray from neutron absorption reaction of boron. Moreover, it is well known that the width of the 478 keV gamma-ray peak is typically broadened due to the Doppler effect. The degree of the broadening is affected by coexisting materials, and can be recognized by the width of the prompt gamma-ray peak. As a feasibility study, the prompt gamma-ray from boride samples were measured using the ANNRI, NOBORU, and RADEN beamlines at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC).

Journal Articles

Study on magnetic property change on neutron irradiated austenitic stainless steel

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Oishi, Makoto; Ito, Masayasu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Keyakida, Satoshi*

Hozengaku, 14(4), p.83 - 90, 2016/01

Authors previously reported that magnetic data obtained by using Eddy current method and AC magnetization method showed correlation with the increase of susceptibility of the irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) on neutron irradiated austenitic stainless alloy specimens. To discuss the mechanism of the correlation, microstructure observation was conducted on the irradiated specimen, and magnetic permalloy phase (FeNi$$_{3}$$) formation along grain boundary was revealed in this work. From this result, the radiation induced magnetic phase formation along grain boundary seems to be a factor of the magnetic property change of the irradiated materials, and related to the correlation between magnetic data and IASCC susceptibility. In addition, sensor probe development was conducted in this work to obtain higher sensitivity and resolution. It was applied for magnetic measurement on type304 stainless steel irradiated up to different doses. In this case, magnetic ferrite phase was existed in the type304 stainless steel sample before irradiation therefore it was concerned that magnetic measurement on the irradiated ones would be disturbed by the magnetic signal from the pre-existing ferrite phase. In the magnetic measurements, increase of the magnetic data was clearly seen on the irradiated specimens. Thus, it was thought that the developed magnetic measurement technics can be applied for the irradiated austenite stainless steels which contain certain quantity of ferrite phase before irradiation.

Journal Articles

Study on magnetic property change on neutron irradiated austenitic stainless steel

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Oishi, Makoto; Ito, Masayasu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-12-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.105 - 112, 2015/07

Authors previously reported that Eddy current method and AC magnetization method have potential to be applied for development of diagnostic technics to detect the sign of material degradation before cracking on the austenitic stainless steels used as structural material in nuclear power plants. In typical austenitic stainless steels such as type304, magnetic ferrite phase would exist in the alloy before irradiation, and it is concerned to disturb the magnetic measurement on irradiated material. Magnetic measurements were conducted in this work on type304 austenitic stainless steel specimens irradiated up to different doses. In addition, microstructure observation was conducted on the area including grain boundary to discuss the correlation of magnetization on irradiated austenitic stainless alloy and grain boundary cracking. Obtained magnetic data on irradiated type304 stainless steel were seen clearly different from that on un-irradiated specimen, and showed positive correlation with radiation dose, therefore it was thought that magnetic measurement technics can be applied for the material which contains certain quantity of ferrite phase before irradiation. In the microstructural observation, magnetic phase (FeNi$$_{3}$$) formation along the grain boundary was revealed.

Journal Articles

Current post irradiation examination techniques at the JMTR Hot laboratory

Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Oishi, Makoto; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Ito, Masayasu; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kawamata, Kazuo

KAERI/GP-418/2015, p.151 - 165, 2015/05

The JMTR stopped its operation in 2006 for refurbishment. The reactor facilities have been refurbished from 2007. After refurbishment, JMTR Hot laboratory is expected to perform various post irradiation examinations. In this report, installations of experimental apparatuses and recent experimental method are introduced. (1) A nano-indenter with radius spherical indenter. Inverse analysis using FEM could presume material constants from load-depth curve of indentation. Mechanical properties of oxide layer of zirconium alloy and irradiated stainless steel will be analyzed. (2) Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). TEM is capable of imaging at a significantly higher resolution than light microscopes or normal SEM. JAEA installed a TEM apparatus (JEOL JEM-2800) in JMTR Hot laboratory. The maximum magnification is 150,000,000 times. It can be operated from a remote location using a computer network. This contributes to the convenience of remote researchers and reducing the amount of exposure.

Journal Articles

Structural and valence changes of europium hydride induced by application of high-pressure H$$_{2}$$

Matsuoka, Takahiro*; Fujihisa, Hiroshi*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Masuda, Ryo; Seto, Makoto*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Shimizu, Katsuya*; Machida, Akihiko; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 107(2), p.025501_1 - 025501_4, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:77.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Europium-hydride EuH$$_{x}$$ exposed to high-pressure H$$_{2}$$ conditions has been found to exhibit structural and valence changes, $$Pnma$$ ($$x$$=2, divalent) $$rightarrow$$ $$P$$63/$$mmc$$ ($$x$$=2, 7.2-8.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$m$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 8.7-9.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 9.7 GPa-, trivalent). Having trivalent character and distorted cubic fcc structure, the $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ structure is the $$beta$$-phase which has been commonly observed for other rare-earth metal hydrides. Our study clearly demonstrates that EuH$$_{x}$$ is no longer an "irregular" member of the rare earth metal hydrides.

Journal Articles

Proton generation and terahertz radiation from a thin-foil target with a high-intensity laser

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ma, J.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.702 - 705, 2010/09

High-intensity laser and thin-foil interactions produce high-energy particles, hard X-ray, high-order harmonics, and terahertz (THz) radiation. A proton beam driven by a high-intensity laser has received attention as a compact ion source for medical applications. In this study we have tested simultaneous generation of protons and THz radiation from a thin-foil target. We use a Ti:sapphire laser system (J-KAREN) at JAEA. A laser beam is focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror at the thin-foil target. We observed the high-energy proton in the rear side of the target and THz radiation in the reflected direction. Next, high energy protons are observed by reducing the size of preformed plasma.

Journal Articles

Ultrahigh-pressure measurement in the multimegabar range by energy-domain synchrotron radiation $$^{57}$$Fe-M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy using focused X-rays

Mitsui, Takaya; Seto, Makoto; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Higashitaniguchi, Satoshi*; Masuda, Ryo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2, 46(16), p.L382 - L384, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:41.17(Physics, Applied)

Energy-domain synchrotron radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy was performed by a single-line M$"o$ssbauer filtering technique and focusing X-ray optics. Pure nuclear Bragg reflection from a heated $$^{57}$$FeBO$$_{3}$$ single crystal was used for a neV order bandwidth ultrahigh energy resolution X-ray analyzer. As an example of small target research, the M$"o$ssbauer transmission spectrum of polycrystalline iron metal was observed using a diamond anvil cell at multimegabar pressures (252 GPa) for the first time.

Journal Articles

Generation and application of ultrahigh monochromatic X-ray using high-quality $$^{57}$$FeBO$$_{3}$$ single crystal

Mitsui, Takaya; Seto, Makoto; Kikuta, Seishi*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Takei, Fumihiko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Higashitaniguchi, Satoshi*; Masuda, Ryo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 46(2), p.821 - 825, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:71.15(Physics, Applied)

Ultrahigh monochromatic 14.4 keV X-rays with a narrow bandwidth of 15.4 neV were generated successfully with a high counting rate of 12,000 counts/s at the undulator beamline (BL11XU) of SPring-8. It was achieved by combining an intense X-ray from the third generation synchrotron radiation facility SPring-8 and pure nuclear Bragg scattering of a very highquality $$^{57}$$FeBO$$_{3}$$ perfect single crystal at the N$'e$el temperature. We describe the detailed study of the beam characteristics and some performance test experiments of energy-domain synchrotron radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy, including a highpressure experiment using a diamond anvil cel.

Journal Articles

Intense femto-second laser-driven X-ray source coupled with multiple directional quantum beams for applications

Daido, Hiroyuki; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Li, Z.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2006; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.115, p.595 - 605, 2007/00

At present, using ultra-short high intensity lasers at APRC, JAEA Kansai photon research institute, we are developing laser driven multiple quantum beams such as protons, X-rays, electrons and THz waves. These beams are perfectly synchronized with each other. The pulse duration of each beam is lass than a pico-second. They have sharp directionality with high brightness. If we properly combined these, we have new pump-probe techniques for various applications.

Journal Articles

CsI(Tl)/Plastic phoswich detector enhanced in low-energy $$gamma$$-ray detection

Yamasoto, Kotaro; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya*; Yoshizawa, Michio; Yoshida, Makoto

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 550(3), p.609 - 615, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:31.24(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A phoswich detector composed of a thin plate CsI(Tl) scintillator and a plastic scintillator (BC-400) has been designed and evaluated to improve the sensitivity in the low-energy region of large-area plastic scintillation detector. Applicability of the CsI(Tl)/Plastic phoswich detector was examined on radioactivity measurement of massive and large-area materials. The rise-time discrimination technique was applied in order to further improve the minimum detectable activity in the low-energy region. On the basis of the estimation of minimum detectable activity, it was made clear that the energy range of large-area plastic scintillation detector can be expanded down to a few tens of keV by adding a thin plate CsI(Tl) scintillator.

JAEA Reports

Development of elemental components in NDA systems for certifying radioactive wastes with the clearance level

Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya*; Yamasoto, Kotaro; Yoshida, Makoto

JAERI-Research 2004-021, 43 Pages, 2004/12

JAERI-Research-2004-021.pdf:8.55MB

We have designed and developed a $$gamma$$ measurement system to certify radioactive wastes below the clearance level. By advancing non-destructive $$gamma$$-ray assay technology, it aims at quantitative determination of radionuclides contained in 200 litter drum/container wastes. Unlike the waste from a nuclear power plant, you have to assume that the waste originating from radioisotope usage and nuclear research laboratory have a variety of contents and a complex mixture of radionuclides, and furthermore the uniformity of activity concentration is unknown. To cope with the problems, we have developed the $$gamma$$-ray measuring instruments (units) with effective improvement of capability against each problem. They are (1) germanium $$gamma$$ spectrometry unit for enhanced peak identification, (2) positioning detection unit for positioning of $$gamma$$ interactions and (3)high-efficiency detection unit for separation of low-energy component. This report summarizes the direction of the clearance level measuring system and the three developed measuring units with their performances.

Journal Articles

Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle

Isshiki, Maiko*; Irifune, Tetsuo*; Hirose, Kei*; Ono, Shigeaki*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Nishibori, Eiji*; Takata, Masaki*; Sakata, Makoto*

Nature, 427(6969), p.60 - 63, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:205 Percentile:96.47(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An EGS4 user code developed for design and optimization of $$gamma$$-ray detection systems

Oishi, Tetsuya; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Sugita, Takeshi*; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(6), p.441 - 445, 2003/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An EGS4 user code has been developed to design and optimize $$gamma$$ ray detection systems for several types of radiation sources. The code is fundamentally based on the PRESTA-CG, which is improved on the electron transport in the EGS4 and specialized for the utilization of a combinatorial geometry (CG) method. The main additional functions in the present user code are classified into two parts of the definition of radiation sources and the transport of photons. The developed user code was applied to two types of detection systems in order to demonstrate its availability. As the result, it was found that the present code allows the detailed response analysis of complicated detection systems for several sources with just a simple handling.

Journal Articles

An EGS4 user code for designing $$gamma$$ ray detection systems

Oishi, Tetsuya; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Sugita, Takeshi*; Yoshida, Makoto

Proceedings of 1st Asian and Oceanic Congress for Radiation Protection (AOCRP-1) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2002/10

An EGS4 user code has been developed to design gamma ray detection systems for complex shapes of radioactive sources. The code is fundamentally based on the PRESTA-CG, which is improved on the electron transport in the EGS4 and specialized for using a combinatorial geometry (CG) method. The newly added functions are classified mainly into two parts of the transport of particles and the definition of sources. This user code was applied to some detectors used for low-level radioactive wastes monitoring in order to demonstrate the availability of this code. As the result, it was found that the response of anti-Compton spectrometer and the radiation background in a concrete building could be suitably estimated.

Journal Articles

Design of an anti-compton spectrometer for low-level radioactive wastes using Monte Carlo techniques

Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(9), p.957 - 963, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An anti-Compton spectrometer with semi-2$$pi$$ Compton suppression is designed to identify the photons emitted from low-level radioactive wastes from radioisotope usage and nuclear research laboratory. Since the objective sample is massive and large, the system has a full opening towards the sample position. The characteristics and features of the system concerning Compton suppression and reduction of the background component due to natural radioactive source are estimated by the Monte Carlo simulations. The anti-Compton technique is shown to be quite advantageous for the reduction of the surrounding natural background radiation, as well as the suppression of the background for the higher energy photons.

Journal Articles

A Simple method evaluating collection performance of air filters with imaging plates

Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Oishi, Tetsuya; Yoshida, Makoto

Radioisotopes, 51(7), p.266 - 271, 2002/07

Collection performance such as collection efficiency and surface colletion efficiency is considerably important in order to select a suitable filter for the measurement of the concentrations of airborne radioactive particles. A simple method with imaging plates is proposed to evaluate the collection performance of air filters. By comparing the collection performance of some filters with natural airborne radioactivity as a test aerosol, it was confirmed that the method could reliably evaluate the collection performance of filters.

Journal Articles

Development of a plutonium air monitor for emergency environmental monitoring

Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Oishi, Tetsuya; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Makoto; Kato, Shohei; Ito, Katsuhito*

Radioisotopes, 51(2), p.71 - 77, 2002/02

We have developed an air monitor which is possible to measure rapidly and sensitively the concentration of plutonium for the environmental monitoring at an accident of a nuclear reprocessing plant. The monitor is designed to collect airborne plutonium by drawing the ambient air through a filter and to detect the activity by alpha spectroscopy. The following two methods are equipped with the monitor: continuous measurement at atomospheric pressure and batch measurement at vacuum. The description of the air monitor and the results of performance test are reported.

Journal Articles

Simulation of the background for $$gamma$$ detection system in the indoor environments of concrete buildings

Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(12), p.1109 - 1114, 2001/12

In order to predict the indoor background spectra to gamma detection systems, the gamma radiation field in a concrete building is studied by the Monte Carlo simulations. The parameters of wall thickness, room shape and dimensions were considered in the modeling. The indoor source geometry was simulated by a spherical layer model with the intention of easy and effective calculations. The model was applied to an unshielded germanium detector and the detection system with a more complex shielding configuration. As the results, we found that the indoor radiation field in concrete buildings can be predicted well with the source geometry of a spherical concrete layer of 25cm thickness and with the source of the natural major three components of the $$^{238}$$U series, $$^{232}$$Th series and $$^{40}$$K that are homogeneously distributed. The simulation model is useful for designing and optimizing gamma detection systems or shielding assemblies.

Journal Articles

Response analysis of radioactive gas monitors for short duration inflow of radioactive gas

Oishi, Tetsuya; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(12), p.1115 - 1119, 2001/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of port plug handling tractor for ITER

Ise, Hideo*; Izaki, Makoto*; Oishi, Haruo*; Mori, Seiji*; Ako, Kentaro*; Moriyama, Hisashi*; Kagaya, Hiroaki*; Kobayashi, Masami*; Taguchi, Ko*; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi

FAPIG, (159), p.10 - 14, 2001/11

no abstracts in English

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)