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JAEA Reports

Selection of nuclides for mass-balance analysis of fission products

Okamura, Tomohiro*; Oizumi, Akito; Nishihara, Kenji; Nakase, Masahiko*; Takeshita, Kenji*

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-023, 32 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-023.pdf:1.67MB

Nuclear Material Balance code (NMB code) have been developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The NMB code will be updated with the function of mass balance analysis at the backend process such as reprocessing, vitrification and geological disposal. In order to perform its analysis with high accuracy, it is necessary to expand the number of FP nuclides calculated in the NMB code. In this study, depletion calculation by ORIGEN code was performed under 3 different burn-up conditions such as spent uranium fuel from light water reactor, and nuclides were selected from 5 evaluation indexes such as mass and heat generation. In addition, the FP nuclides required to configure a simple burnup chain with the same calculation accuracy as ORIGEN in the NMB code was selected. As the result, two lists with different number of nuclides, such as "Detailed list" and a "Simplified list", were created.

Journal Articles

Non-proliferation features in partitioning and transmutation cycle using accelerator-driven system; Evaluation of ${it Material Attractiveness}$ of fuel assembly in early period of burnup cycle

Oizumi, Akito; Sugawara, Takanori; Sagara, Hiroshi*

Dai-41-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2020/11

Research and development of partitioning and transmutation cycle with accelerator drive systems (ADSs) transmuting minor actinides (MAs) separated from the commercial cycles has been continuously conducted to reduce the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) contained in spent fuel discharged from nuclear power plants. Since the chemical form and composition of the fuels are different from those of the current commercial cycles, it is necessary to examine the accuracy of the safeguards (SGs) and the level of physical protections (PPs) which are required for the partitioning and transmutation cycle. In this study, ${it Material Attractiveness}$ of the first cycle fuel assemblies (fresh and spent fuels) in the fuel storage pool in the ADS facility was evaluated and it was compared with that of the MOX fuel assemblies (fresh and spent fuels) for a general boiling water reactor (BWR). As a result, it made clear that the fuel storage pool in the ADS facility storing the first cycle fuel assemblies were required the SG detection accuracy and PP level equal to or lower than the MOX fuel assembly of the BWR since the ADS fuel assembly in the first cycle was less attractive than the MOX fuel assembly for the BWR.

Journal Articles

Measurement of $$^{243}$$Am fission rates in low-enriched uranium region at A-core of KUCA

Oizumi, Akito; Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 14, 2020/08

In the nuclear transmutation system such as ADS, the nuclear data validation of MA is required to reduce the uncertainty caused by the nuclear data of MA. This study aims to measure the fission reaction rate ratios (FRRs) of Americium-243 ($$^{243}$$Am) to Uranium-235 ($$^{235}$$U) by using a single fission chambers in the KUCA. The result showed that the measured FRR of $$^{243}$$Am/$$^{235}$$U were 0.042 $$pm$$0.002. These measured values will be used for verification of evaluated nuclear data by conducting detailed analyses.

Journal Articles

Sample worth measurements of lead and bismuth in low-enriched uranium region at A-core of KUCA for ADS

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 143, 2020/08

For the design study of ADS, integral experimental data of nuclear characteristics of LBE is necessary to validate cross sections of lead (Pb) and bismuth (Bi). The calculation agree with experiment for the Bi sample worth. On the other hand, the calculation overestimates for the Pb sample worth.

Journal Articles

Systematic measurements and analyses for lead void reactivity worth in a plutonium core and two uranium cores with different enrichments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Goda, J.*; Oizumi, Akito; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hayes, D.*; Hutchinson, J.*; McKenzie, G.*; McSpaden, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 194(2), p.138 - 153, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worth was conducted systematically in three fast spectra with different fuel compositions on the Comet critical assembly of the National Criticality Experiments Research Center. Previous experiments in a high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb and a low-enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb systems had been performed in 2016 and 2017, respectively. A follow-on experiment in a plutonium (Pu)/Pb system has been completed. The Pu/Pb system was constructed using lead plates and weapons grade plutonium plates that had been used in the Zero Power Physics Reactor (ZPPR) of Argonne National Laboratory until the 1990s. Furthermore, the HEU/Pb system was re-examined on the Comet critical assembly installed newly with a device that can guarantee the gap reproducibility with a higher accuracy and precision, and then the experimental data was re evaluated. Using the lead void reactivity worth measured in these three cores with different fuel compositions, the latest nuclear data libraries, JENDL 4.0 and ENDF/B VIII.0, were tested with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP version 6.1. As a result, the calculations by ENDF/B-VIII.0 were confirmed to agree with lead void reactivity worth measured in all the cores. It was furthermore found that the calculations by JENDL 4.0 overestimate by more than 20% for the Pu/Pb core while being in good agreements for the HEU/Pb and LEU/Pb cores.

Journal Articles

Measurement of MA reaction rates under sub-critical condition with spallation neutron source in A-core of KUCA for ADS

Oizumi, Akito; Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Chiba, Go*; Yamanaka, Masao*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 38, 2019/08

In the nuclear transmutation system such as ADS, the nuclear data validation of MA is required to reduce the uncertainty caused by the nuclear data of MA. This study aims to measure the fission reaction rate ratios (FRRs) of Neptunium-237 ($$^{237}$$Np) or Americium-241 ($$^{241}$$Am) to Uranium-235 ($$^{235}$$U) by using a back-to-back (BTB) fission chamber in the KUCA built as a sub-critical core (k$$_{rm eff}$$ = 0.998) with the nuclear spallation neutron source. The result showed that the measured FRRs of $$^{237}$$Np/$$^{235}$$U and $$^{241}$$Am/$$^{235}$$U were 0.014 $$pm$$0.002 and 0.023 $$pm$$0.005, respectively. These measured values will be used for verification of evaluated nuclear data by conducting detailed analyses.

Journal Articles

Sample worth measurements with systematically changed mixing ratios of lead and bismuth in A-core of KUCA for ADS

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 143, 2019/08

For the design study of ADS, integral experimental data of nuclear characteristics of LBE is necessary to validate cross sections of lead (Pb) and bismuth (Bi). In present study, sample worth measurements were carried out with systematically changed mixing ratios of lead and bismuth, which would be complementary to the previous data of Pb and Bi samples individually measured in FY 2013 and FY 2017, respectively.

Journal Articles

Measurement of MA reaction rates using spallation neutron source

Oizumi, Akito; Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Yamanaka, Masao*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 50, 2018/08

In the nuclear transmutation system such as ADS, the nuclear data validation of MA is required to reduce the uncertainty caused by the nuclear data of MA. This study aims to measure the reaction rates of Neptunium-237 ($$^{237}$$Np) and Americium-241 ($$^{241}$$Am) using the nuclear spallation neutron source in the KUCA for 3 hours. The observed distributions of pulse-height of $$^{237}$$Np and $$^{241}$$Am fission reactions were significantly different from the ones generally observed in critical and pulsed neutron source (PNS) experiments because of the influence of the $$gamma$$-ray generated by the nuclear spallation reaction. On the other hand, the capture reaction rate of $$^{237}$$Np was measured in this experiment. The capture reaction rate of the critical experiment which was available to be measured the fission reaction rate of $$^{237}$$Np and $$^{241}$$Am was almost 8 times larger than that of this experiment. Consequently, reducing the influence of the $$gamma$$ generated by the nuclear spallation reaction and extending the duration of the irradiation to 24 or more hours would be necessary for detecting signals of fission reactions under the spallation neutron source.

Journal Articles

Research and development activities for accelerator-driven system in JAEA

Sugawara, Takanori; Takei, Hayanori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Oizumi, Akito; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 106, p.27 - 33, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:78.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has investigated an accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinides which will be partitioned from the high level waste. There are various inherent issues for the research and development on the ADS. The recent two activities to realize a feasible and reliable ADS concept are introduced in this paper. For the feasibility, the design of a beam window which is a boundary of the accelerator and the subcritical core, is one of the most important issues. To mitigate the design condition of the beam window, namely to reduce the proton beam current, the subcritical core concept with subcriticality adjustment rods were investigated. For the reliability, the beam-trip is the inherent and serious issue for the ADS design because it induces rapid temperature change to coolant and structures in the subcritical core. To improve the beam-trip frequencies, a double-accelerator concept was proposed and its beam-trip frequency was estimated.

Journal Articles

Lead void reactivity worth in two critical assembly cores with differing uranium enrichments

Fukushima, Masahiro; Goda, J.*; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hutchinson, J.*; James, M.*; McKenzie, G.*; Sanchez, R.*; Oizumi, Akito; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 189, p.93 - 99, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:57.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worths was conducted in a high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb system and a low enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb system using the Comet Critical Assembly at NCERC. The critical experiments were designed to provide complementary data sets having different sensitivities to scattering cross sections of lead. The larger amount of the $$^{238}$$U present in the LEU/Pb core increases the neutron importance above 1 MeV compared with the HEU/Pb core. Since removal of lead from the core shifts the neutron spectrum to the higher energy region, positive lead void reactivity worths were observed in the LEU/Pb core while negative values were observed in the HEU/Pb core. Experimental analyses for the lead void reactivity worths were performed with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP6.1 together with nuclear data libraries, JENDL 4.0 and ENDF/B VII.1. The calculation values were found to overestimate the experimental ones for the HEU/Pb core while being consistent for the LEU/Pb core.

Journal Articles

Investigation for subcriticality adjustment mechanism of LBE-cooled Accelerator-Driven System

Oizumi, Akito; Sugawara, Takanori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

NEA/NSC/R(2017)2, p.152 - 160, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Development of three-dimensional reactor analysis code system for accelerator-driven system, ADS3D and its application with subcriticality adjustment mechanism

Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Oizumi, Akito; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.2018 - 2027, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:67.58(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to perform the parametric survey for an Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) core with the subcriticality adjustment mechanism, a new calculation code system, ADS3D, was developed on MARBLE which is a comprehensive and versatile framework for reactor analysis. ADS3D can calculate the transportation of neutrons, the burn-up performance and the fuel exchange by deterministic method in three-dimensional calculation models. The application of ADS3D was also presented for the neutronics design of the ADS core with the control rod. Through the neutronics calculation, it was shown that the maximum proton beam current was decreased from 20.5mA to 11.6mA by the installation of control rods.

Journal Articles

Current activities for research and development on accelerator-driven system in JAEA

Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Takei, Hayanori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Oizumi, Akito; Sasa, Toshinobu; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.648 - 656, 2015/09

The JAEA has investigated an accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinides which will be partitioned from the high level waste. There are various inherent issues for the research and development on the ADS. This study introduces the current two activities to get a feasible and reliable ADS concept. For the feasibility, the beam window design is one of the most important issues. To mitigate the design condition of the beam window, namely to reduce the proton beam current, the subcritical core concepts with subcriticality adjustment mechanism were investigated. As the result, the proton beam current reduced from 20mA to 10mA by the installation of the control rods. For the reliability, the two accelerators concept was proposed and the beam trip frequency was estimated by the J-PARC LINAC data and Monte-Carlo method. Through these investigations, it was confirmed that the two accelerators concept was useful to realize reliable accelerator operation for the ADS.

Journal Articles

Physical mechanism analysis of burnup actinide composition in light water reactor MOX fuel and its application to uncertainty evaluation

Oizumi, Akito; Jin, Tomoyuki*; Ishikawa, Makoto; Kugo, Teruhiko

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 81, p.117 - 124, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The uncertainty associated with physical quantities, such as nuclear data, needs to be quantitatively analyzed. The present paper illustrates an analysis methodology to investigate the physical mechanisms of burnup actinide composition with nuclear-data sensitivity based on the generalized depletion perturbation theory. The target in this paper is the MOX fuel of the light water reactor. We start with the discussion of the basic physical mechanisms for burnup actinide compositions using the reaction-rate flow chart on the burnup chain. After that, the physical mechanisms of the productions of $$^{244}$$Cm and $$^{238}$$Pu are analyzed in detail with burnup sensitivity calculation. Conclusively, we can identify the source of actinide productions and evaluate the indirect influence of the nuclear reactions if the physical mechanisms of burnup actinide composition are analyzed using the reaction-rate flow chart on the burnup chain and burnup sensitivity calculation. Finally, we demonstrate the usefulness of the burnup sensitivity coefficients in an application to determine the priority of accuracy improvement in nuclear data in combination with the covariance of the nuclear data. In addition, the target actinides and reactions are categorized into patterns according to a sensitivity trend.

JAEA Reports

Establishment of benchmark problems for TRU fission rate ratios of FCA-IX assemblies

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitamura, Yasunori

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-030, 50 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-030.pdf:10.34MB

In the IX-th experimental series in 1980's at the fast critical assembly (FCA) facility, central fission rate ratios for TRU such as $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Am and $$^{244}$$Cm to $$^{239}$$Pu were measured in the seven uranium-fueled assemblies with systematically changed neutron spectra. In the present report, benchmark problems with respect to central fission rate ratios were established for the assessment of the TRU's fission cross sections. We reported the sample calculation results on the benchmark problems by using JENDL-4.0.

Journal Articles

Neutronic characteristics of lead-bismuth in KUCA A core for accelerator-driven system

Sugawara, Takanori; Oizumi, Akito; Kitamura, Yasunori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Yagi, Takahiro*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURRI Progress Report 2013, 1 Pages, 2014/10

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has investigated the accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinides discharged from nuclear power plants. The ADS investigated by JAEA is a lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled-tank-type ADS. It has been known that there was a major upgrade for the cross section data of lead isotopes from JENDL-3.3 to JENDL-4.0. Due to this upgrade, the value of $$k_{eff}$$ of the core was significantly changed, from 0.97 calculated by JENDL-3.3 to 1.00 calculated by JENDL-4.0. The difference was mainly caused by the cross section data of the lead isotopes from JENDL-3.3 to JENDL-4.0. This study aims to measure sample worth reactivity from aluminum plates to lead or LBE ones to validate the nuclear data of lead and bismuth isotopes.

JAEA Reports

Report on decontamination pilot projects to establish guidelines for environmental remediation of residential areas contaminated with radioactive materials discharged from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident

Kihara, Shinji; Amazawa, Hiroya; Sakai, Akihiro; Nakata, Hisakazu; Kugo, Teruhiko; Matsuda, Norihiro; Oizumi, Akito; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Miyahara, Kaname

JAEA-Research 2013-033, 320 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA-Research-2013-033.pdf:119.17MB

JAEA performed decontamination experiments at two test sites that combined a range of buildings and different types of land use, located in Date and Minami Soma municipalities as field pilot projects in order to accumulate knowledge and data for full-scale decontamination activities performed by local governments. In the pilot projects, we established its plan using practical decontamination methods that can be easily implemented, according to decontamination targets (e.g., forests, agricultural land, residential house and roads) at each site. As a result of the decontamination, the average air dose rates were reduced to approximately one half of the values before decontamination.

Journal Articles

Development of a calculation system for the estimation of decontamination effect

Satoh, Daiki; Kojima, Kensuke; Oizumi, Akito; Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kugo, Teruhiko; Sakamoto, Yukio*; Endo, Akira; Okajima, Shigeaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(5), p.656 - 670, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A calculation system for the estimation of decontamination effect (CDE) has been developed to support planning a rational and effective decontamination. The method calculates the dose-rate distribution before and after decontamination, according to the distribution of radioactivity and the decontamination factor (DF), and uses a dose rate reduction factor (DRRF) to estimate the decontamination effect. The results that were calculated by using the CDE were compared with the results of measurements as well as with the results of calculations that were performed using a Monte Carlo particle transport code PHITS. It was found that the CDE successfully reproduced the measured as well as the calculated dose-rate distributions, requiring less than several seconds of calculation time.

JAEA Reports

Database for nuclear data sensitivity of burnup composition in light water reactors

Oizumi, Akito; Jin, Tomoyuki*; Yokoyama, Kenji; Ishikawa, Makoto; Kugo, Teruhiko

JAEA-Data/Code 2013-019, 278 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2013-019.pdf:13.33MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2013-019-appendix-(CD-ROM).zip:114.27MB

In design work for nuclear fuel cycle plants, decommissioning facilities and light water reactors (LWRs), it has been feasible to quantitatively evaluate the uncertainty of fuel burnup characteristics with identifying error sources arising from the analytical modeling or the related physical property such as nuclear data. Owing to the recent improvement of sensitivity analysis method and enhancement of computer capability, this new evaluation technology would be a promising strategy against the current demand for quality assurance, verification & validation (V&V) and accountability. The present report summarizes nuclear-data sensitivity of atomic number densities after burnup for the LWR fuels of UO$$_{2}$$ and MOX in PWR and BWR. The analysis method is based on the generalized perturbation theory with JENDL-4.0 and a multi-purpose reactor analysis code MARBLE. The present study focuses on 35 fission products and 18 actinides. Sensitivities are calculated with respect to multigroup cross sections, half-lives and fission yields. Electronic files of the sensitivities are stored in a compact disk as a database. Important trends of the sensitivities are presented and their physical mechanisms are discussed. By incorporating the sensitivities with nuclear data covariance and post irradiation examination data, it would be possible to meet the demand for V&V and to break down the uncertainty due to nuclear data into dominant error sources. Thus, the sensitivities can be used to suggest the needs for nuclear data measurements and to extract those for reactor physics experiments in order to make the strategic deliberation of design rationalization.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of neutron economical effect of new cladding materials in light water reactors

Oizumi, Akito; Akie, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kugo, Teruhiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(1), p.77 - 90, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

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