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Journal Articles

Space weather benchmarks on Japanese society

Ishii, Mamoru*; Shiota, Daiko*; Tao, Chihiro*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Ishii, Takako*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Koga, Kiyokazu*; Kubo, Yuki*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.108_1 - 108_20, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:60.89(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

We surveyed the relationship between the scale of space weather events and their occurrence rate in Japan and we discussed the social impact of these phenomena during the Project for Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction (PSTEP). The information was compiled for domestic users of space weather forecasts for appropriate preparedness against space weather disasters. This paper gives a comprehensive summary of the survey, focusing on the fields of electricity, satellite operations, communication and broadcasting, satellite positioning usage, aviation, human space activity, and daily life on the Earth's surface, using the cutting-edge knowledge of space weather. Quantitative estimations of the economic impact of space weather events on electricity and aviation are also given.

Journal Articles

PSTEP: Project for solar-terrestrial environment prediction

Kusano, Kanya*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Ishii, Mamoru*; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi*; Yoden, Shigeo*; Akiyoshi, Hideharu*; Asai, Ayumi*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Goto, Tadanori*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.159_1 - 159_29, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.59(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The PSTEP is a nationwide research collaboration in Japan and was conducted from April 2015 to March 2020, supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. It has made a significant progress in space weather research and operational forecasts, publishing over 500 refereed journal papers and organizing four international symposiums, various workshops and seminars, and summer school for graduate students at Rikubetsu in 2017. This paper is a summary report of the PSTEP and describes the major research achievements it produced.

Journal Articles

Development and operation of an electrostatic time-of-flight detector for the Rare RI storage Ring

Nagae, Daisuke*; Abe, Yasushi*; Okada, Shunsuke*; Omika, Shuichiro*; Wakayama, Kiyoshi*; Hosoi, Shun*; Suzuki, Shinji*; Moriguchi, Tetsuro*; Amano, Masamichi*; Kamioka, Daiki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 986, p.164713_1 - 164713_7, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:68.53(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Analysis of the ozone reduction event over the southern tip of South America in November 2009

Akiyoshi, Hideharu*; Kadowaki, Masanao; Nakamura, Haruna*; Sugita, Takafumi*; Hirooka, Toshihiko*; Harada, Yayoi*; Mizuno, Akira*

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(22), p.12523 - 12542, 2018/11


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:2.98(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A reduction of the total ozone over the southern tip of South America lasting 3 weeks occurred in November 2009. Analyses of the ERA-Interim reanalysis data and the total ozone observed by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument indicate that the total ozone reduction event was caused by a migration of the polar vortex toward the South American continent at the time of the vortex breakup. The vortex migration is associated with an enhanced wave flux from the troposphere at 120-150$$^{circ}$$W and 50-60$$^{circ}$$S to the west of the South American continent to the stratosphere over the southern part of the continent, which led to a large negative geopotential height anomaly in the lower stratosphere. In November, a blocking event was diagnosed from the 500-hPa geopotential height over the west of the South American continent. These results suggest a relation between the long-lasting reduction of the total ozone over the southern tip of South America and the blocking phenomenon in the troposphere of the Southern Hemisphere through wave propagation from the blocking region in 2009. Analysis of the total ozone anomaly for 50-60$$^{circ}$$S and 65-75$$^{circ}$$W over the southern tip of South America in November for 1979-2015 indicates that the negative ozone anomaly in November 2009 was one of the largest anomalies in this 37-year period and was associated with the large negative geopotential height anomaly in the lower stratosphere. Analyses of dynamical fields were also conducted for other years with large geopotential height anomalies.

Journal Articles

Nonperturbative evaluation for anomalous dimension in 2-dimensional $$O$$(3) sigma model

Jimmenez, S.*; Oka, Makoto; Sasaki, Kiyoshi*

Physical Review D, 97(11), p.114506_1 - 114506_28, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We nonperturbatively calculate the wave-function renormalization in the two-dimensional $$O$$(3) sigma model. It is evaluated in a box with a finite spatial extent. We determine the anomalous dimension in the finite-volume scheme through an analysis of the step-scaling function. Results are compared with a perturbative evaluation, and reasonable behavior is observed.

Journal Articles

Development of a laser processing head for the inspection and repair of damages inside of a half-inch pipe

Komatsu, Kazumi*; Seki, Takeshi*; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Oka, Kiyoshi*; Nishimura, Akihiko

Hozengaku, 16(3), p.89 - 95, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fano factor evaluation of diamond detectors for alpha particles

Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Kaneko, Junichi*; Sato, Yuki; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Shimmyo, Hiroaki*; Chayahara, Akiyoshi*; Watanabe, Hideyuki*; Umezawa, Hitoshi*; Mokuno, Yoshiaki*

Physica Status Solidi (A), 213(10), p.2629 - 2633, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:38.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Study on the behavior of radiolytically produced hydrogen in a high-level liquid waste tank of a reprocessing plant; Comparison between actual and simulated solutions

Kinuhata, Hiroshi*; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Taguchi, Shigeo; Surugaya, Naoki; Sato, Soichi; Kodama, Takashi*; Tamauchi, Yoshikazu*; Shibata, Yuki*; Anzai, Kiyoshi*; Matsuoka, Shingo*

Nuclear Technology, 192(2), p.155 - 159, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experiments using a small-scale apparatus with 30 ml actual high-level liquid waste from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant were carried out to show that the hydrogen concentration in the gas phase reaches a steady-state value of much less than 4% (lower explosive limit) in the absence of sweeping-air. The H$$_{2}$$ concentration reached a steady-state value as was expected and it was compared with a value predicted from an equation with parameters which had been obtained using the simulated solution. Satisfactory agreement showed that the Pd-ion catalytic H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction previously found in the simulated solution proceeded equally well in the actual solution.

Journal Articles

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Oki, Kensuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:83.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Precise determination of $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C level structure by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy

Hosomi, Kenji; Ma, Y.*; Ajimura, Shuhei*; Aoki, Kanae*; Dairaku, Seishi*; Fu, Y.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Imoto, Wataru*; Kakiguchi, Yutaka*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(8), p.081D01_1 - 081D01_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:66.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Level structure of the $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C hypernucleus was precisely determined by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. We identified four $$gamma$$-ray transitions via the $$^{12}$$C$$(pi^{+},K^{+}gamma)$$ reaction using a germanium detector array, Hyperball2. The spacing of the ground-state doublet $$(2^{-}, 1^{-}_{1})$$ was measured to be $$161.5pm0.3$$(stat)$$pm0.3$$ (syst)keV from the direct $$M1$$ transition. Excitation energies of the $$1^{-}_{2}$$ and $$1^{-}_{3}$$ states were measured to be $$2832pm3pm4$$, keV and $$6050pm8pm7$$, keV, respectively. The obtained level energies provide definitive references for the reaction spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei.

Journal Articles

A Study of cladding technology on tube wall surface by a hand-held laser torch

Terada, Takaya; Nishimura, Akihiko; Oka, Kiyoshi; Moriyama, Taku*; Matsuda, Hiroyasu*

Hozengaku, 13(4), p.87 - 94, 2015/01

Journal Articles

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Development of a GEM-TPC for H-dibaryon search experiment at J-PARC

Sako, Hiroyuki; Ahn, J. K.*; Baek, K. H.*; Bassalleck, B.*; Fujioka, H.*; Guo, L.*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hicks, K.*; Honda, R.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 9(4), p.C04009_1 - C04009_10, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.23(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A TPC has been developed for J-PARC E42 experiment to search for H-dibaryon in ($$K^-$$, $$K^+$$) reaction. An event with 2 $$pi^-$$ and 2 protons decaying from H-dibaryon is searched for inside the TPC. The TPC has octagonal prism shape drift volume with about 50 cm diameter with 55 cm drift length filled with Ar-CH$$_{4}$$ (90:10) gas. At the end of the drift volume, 3-layer GEMs are equipped. In order to analyze momenta of produced particles, the TPC is applied with 1 T dipole magnetic field parallel to the drift electric field with a superconducting Helmholz magnet. In order to maximize the acceptance of H-dibaryon events, a diamond target is installed inside the TPC drift volume, in a cylindrical hole opened from the top to the middle of the drift volume. Since extremely high-rate $$K^-$$ beam is directly injected into the TPC drift volume to the target, a gating grid and GEMs are adopted to suppress positive-ion feedback.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of applicability on multi-axis residual stress formed by hard sphere indentation for stress corrosion cracking test

Ioka, Ikuo; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi*; Takizawa, Masayuki*; Ito, Takeshi*

Nihon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 78(1), p.16 - 22, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

A multi-axis stress field is indispensable to quick and quantitative evaluation of stress corrosion cracking for constructional materials and weld joints of existing industrial plants. The applicability of multi-axis residual stress field into SCC tests was evaluated. The hard sphere ball was stuffed into small flat-plate of type 304SS. Numerical analysis was conducted in order to compare with the experimental results. The numerical analysis was comparatively in agreement with the experimental results. Parameters of the test were selected by numerical analysis to optimize the residual stress of specimen. SCC test in MgCl$$_{2}$$ was performed using the specimen with optical residual stress condition. It is confirmed that the multi-axis residual stress field was useful in quick and quantitative SCC test by comparing the initiation of cracks with the distribution of residual stress obtained by numerical analysis.

Journal Articles

Study of plasma meniscus formation and beam halo in negative hydrogen ion sources

Okuda, Shin*; Miyamoto, Kenji*; Fukuyama, Toshishige*; Nishioka, Shu*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Fukano, Azusa*; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.107 - 113, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:94.07

A meniscus of plasma-beam boundary in H$$^{-}$$ ion sources largely affects the extracted H$$^{-}$$ ion beam optics. Recently it is shown that the beam halo is mainly caused by the meniscus, i.e. ion emissive surface, close to the plasma grid (PG) where its curvature is large. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of H$$^{-}$$ surface production rate on plasma meniscus and beam halo formation with PIC (particle-in-cell) modeling. It is shown that the plasma meniscus and beam halo formation is strongly dependent on the amount of surface produced H$$^{-}$$ ions.

Journal Articles

Mach-Zehnder polymer waveguides fabricated using proton beam writing

Miura, Kenta*; Sato, Takahiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Koka, Masashi; Kiryu, Hiromu*; Ozawa, Yusuke*; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Okubo, Takeru; Yamazaki, Akiyoshi; Kada, Wataru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 126, 2013/01

Journal Articles

Fabrication of Mach-Zehnder polimer waveguides by a direct-drawing technique using a focused proton beam

Miura, Kenta*; Sato, Takahiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Kiryu, Hiromu*; Ozawa, Yusuke*; Koka, Masashi; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Okubo, Takeru; Yamazaki, Akiyoshi; Kada, Wataru; et al.

Key Engineering Materials, 534, p.158 - 161, 2013/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:90.02

Journal Articles

Study of optimum composition of extra high purity Ni-Cr-W-Si alloy for advanced reprocessing plant

Ioka, Ikuo; Suzuki, Jun; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Nakayama, Jumpei*

Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS-2), p.391 - 400, 2012/12

Optimization of composition for high Cr-W-Si Ni base alloy has been studied to apply to a nitric acid with high oxidation-reduction potential of advanced reprocessing plants. The corrosion resistance of the Ni base alloy is superior to that of conventional stainless steels. In addition, The Ni base alloy has an excellent resistance of weld crack and ability of plastic deformation caused by extra high purity (EHP) refining technology. However, the Ni base alloy has a technical limitation in hot working and welding for practical use. Several Ni base EHP alloys with different content of Si and W were manufactured to choose an optimum composition range without losing corrosion resistance. High strain rate tensile tests at high temperature, corrosion tests and weldability tests were carried out to examine the optimum composition range of Ni base EHP alloy.

Journal Articles

Microstructural evolution and void swelling in extra high purity Ni-base superalloy under multi-ion irradiation

Kim, G.; Shiba, Kiyoyuki; Sawai, Tomotsugu; Ioka, Ikuo; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Nakayama, Jumpei*

Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS-2), p.273 - 279, 2012/12

296 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)